basic needs theory

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894 documents for basic needs theory
  • The American Association of School Librarians' Standards for the 21st Century Learner make clear that information skills alone are not sufficient for student success; students must also value those skills, use them in a productive and responsible manner, and have the motivational "dispositions in action" to support successful research and independent lifelong learning. Self-determination theory highlights perceived competence and autonomy as two basic psychological needs that support intrinsically-motivated behavior. This study investigates the extent to which context factors inherent to the school library influence students' perceived competence in the domain of information skills (PCIS), and their intrinsic motivation for research (IMR). The study explores this relationship among 1272...

  • Regardless of whether or not mental health problems are caused in or out of the workplace, the prevalence of mental health problems among the general public makes mental health a pressing issue for employers (WHO, 2000). Despite popular opinion and some media perspectives, there is no conclusive evidence to suggest that the workplace is the sole cause of employee mental health problems. In fact, most evidence suggests the opposite-many people actually experience elevations in mental health as a result of employment and their work-related experiences (Blustein, 2006, 2008; Brown & Lent, 2005; Fassinger, 2008; Fouad & Bynner, 2008; Spector, 2005). Still, given that most adults spend more waking hours in the workplace than anywhere else (Statistics Canada, 2012), some of the psycho...

    ... potential to fulfill three principle human needs, regardless of societal or cultural backgrounds. ... the following areas: 1) the development of theory and basic research surrounding workplace mental ...

  • Based on a study conducted in the fall of 2008, this article highlights relational aspects of the experiences of upper elementary (age 10) children identified as intrinsically motivated for information seeking. Research for the study was conducted using an inductive naturalistic approach in order to address the following question, "What are the experiences in the lives of upper elementary school children that foster an intrinsic motivation to seek information?" The Self-determination Theory provided the basis for the theoretical framework. Participants were selected from a pool of fifth graders from three diverse schools within a single community in the USA. Initially, the children were chosen based on the results of a survey especially developed for the study. Interviews and a drawing ...

    ... learners who can adjust to the changing needs of society and the workplace" (p. 164)? Is the ... theory, causality orientations theory, and basic needs theory. The mini-theory used as the basis ...

  • The hallmark of an organization's success is effective employee performance. However, employees' effort will be driven to this objective if their expectations of fair and just reward system are met. Reward system, therefore, falls into the broader process of performance management in the organization. This study examined the relationship between reward systems and teachers' performance. Data was collected and analysed in terms of descriptive statistics and Pearson chi square was used to test the significance of relationship between rewards and performance. The result indicated a significant relationship between teachers' rewards and job performance. Other motivational factors such as job design and talent management were a contributing factor to the high performance of the teachers. The...

    ... reward system does not satisfy their basic needs and aspirations (Ubom & Joshua, 2004). 1.1 ...2.5 Expectancy Theory and Performance. Expectancy theory was proposed ...

  • ...Legal Infiltrations: Interpreting the Basic Laws A. The Interpretive Mechanism B. Ng Ka Ling ... firm methodological ground, the "classical theory" of mixed legal systems elaborated by Vernon ... can be very flexible according to policy needs and is not subject to consistent technical-legal ...

  • ...Privacy Needs - It has been found that all animals seek ... (1967) argues that privacy consists of four basic states: solitude, intimacy, anonymity, and ... justice, duty, virtue, and social contract theory. In this section, we briefly summarize the ...

  • A complimentary line of research examining the behavioural and well-being consequences associated with different exercise motives has emerged in conjunction with instrument development initiatives. Cross-sectional studies have supported the tenability of SDT' s differentiated approach given that more self-determined exercise motives irrespective of their intrinsic or extrinsic origin predict actual and intended behavioural frequency (Wilson & Rodgers, 2004; [Wilson, Rodgers], Fraser, & Murray, 2004), as well as, markers of behavioural change for exercise (Daley & Duda, 2006; Landry & Solmon, 2004; Mullan & Markland, 1997). It is particularly interesting to note that evidence from these studies implies that self-determined extrinsic motives (particularly identified re...

    ...) that describes the impact of psychological needs and social conditions on the propensity to ...Basic Needs Theory (BNT) is the fourth subcomponent ...

  • In this paper, I provided a justification for human right to the Internet access by using Beitz's theory of human rights. Contrasting to the naturalistic human rights theory that place the normativity of rights on a group of basic values that are derived from the universal human nature, the practical concept of human rights proposed by Beitz grounds the normativity of human rights concept on both the basic interests that are supposed to protect and the political role it is expected to play in current human right practice. I argued that Beitz's conceptualization of human rights is much more inclusive for new potential rights, as his human rights theory gives great deal of normative weight to the actual human rights practice. Since the current human rights practice in political arena stro...

    ...'s methodology, much theoretical effort needs to be made in order to accommodate this change. I ...

  • The students' ability evaluation of local finance and economic universities is conducive to the cultivation of talents, and to promote local economic development. In order to objectively evaluate the students' ability of local finance and economic universities, this paper divides the ability of college students into three dimensions, including basic quality and ability, professional competence, the ability of innovation and practice. This paper builds the students' ability evaluation indicator system of local finance and economic universities, and designs evaluation indicator system scale tables. Collecting data from high school students, teachers and the employers through paper questionnaires and web-based survey, this paper uses principal component analysis to extract ability factors,...

    ... focused on two factors of the ability theory, multiple factors of the ability structure theory ... of the ability evaluation indicator system needs to be decomposed according to training students' ...

  • Rewards systems are one of the most significant issues of the human resource management. Throughout the literature, it is obvious that theorists and academics, as well as practitioners and managers emphasize the important factor of rewards. Additionally, job satisfaction is another crucial term within the same body of literature. Job satisfaction is likely to provide employees of all levels with feelings of fulfillment, achievement and even pleasure for their job. Thus, such feelings can make people more productive, creative and therefore more profitable for the organization. Furthermore, feelings of job satisfaction can strengthen the commitment and loyalty of employees with the organization, which is very necessary in present times where all firms are looking for competitive advantage...

    ... a complex process depending on individual needs and aspirations; both intrinsic and extrinsic ..., the man's attitude to work (the X-Y theory) and the factors of satisfaction and ...He argues that once the basic needs (hunger, thirst, and psychological needs) ...

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