Immigrant Canada: demographic, economic and social challenges.

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Halli, Shiva S. and Leo Driedger, editors.

Immigrant Canada: Demographic, Economic and Social Challenges. Toronto/Buffalo/London: University of Toronto Press, 1999. 358 + xiv pp. ISBN: 0-8020-8111-8. $65.00.

Immigrant Canada is a follow-up to Ethnic Demography (Trovato, Driedger and Halli 1990). While the earlier volume examined the various factors that contributed to increases and decreases in the Canadian population, such as immigration and emigration respectively, Immigrant Canada focuses on the impact of immigration on Canadian society. The book is a reader consisting of four parts and 14 articles over all. The editors' purpose is not only to present articles which detail demographic and socio-economic status differences between immigrant groups, but also to examine immigrant integration in terms of social, economic and cultural adjustment. Immigrant integration is a major aspect of the papers in this edited volume.

The papers in Part One focus on immigration policy and provide a theoretical framework for the study of integration. Simmons contrasts immigration policies in Great Britain, the U.S., Europe, Australia and Japan with those of Canada. He concludes that Canada is very much like other societies of massive immigration in its immigration policy. Simmons develops a model for the interpretation of historical immigration policies. In so doing, he follows three "historical phases of Canadian immigration policy", to show how Canada has dealt with its demographic, economic and social/cultural needs through immigration. The editors state that the rest of the reader is organized around Simmons' options as reflected in these three needs. The rest of the papers in Part I are also theoretical in nature. Neuwirth, for example, examines 5 principles for immigrant settlement followed by Frideres who focuses on Canada's multicultural policy and the social impact it has on immigrants.

Part Two consists of four papers that are demographic in nature and that contribute to a better understanding of the demographic impact of immigrants on Canadian society. Beaujot, for example, examines immigration and the demographic structures, while Balakrishnan and Hou examine patterns or residential segregation in Canada's census metropolitan areas. Ram and Shin look at internal migration and its effects...

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