Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd., (1986) 13 O.A.C. 392 (CA)

JudgeDubin, Morden and Grange, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (Ontario)
Case DateNovember 12, 1985
JurisdictionOntario
Citations(1986), 13 O.A.C. 392 (CA)

Addison v. Loeb Ltd. (1986), 13 O.A.C. 392 (CA)

MLB headnote and full text

Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd.

Indexed As: Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd.

Ontario Court of Appeal

Dubin, Morden and Grange, JJ.A.

March 14, 1986.

Summary:

An employee started work with an I.G.A. store in 1963. He became assistant manager during his first year of employment. In 1981 the store was placed in receivership and was purchased by the respondent. The respondent continued to employ the employee for one and a half years until he sold the store and terminated the employee's job with eight weeks pay. The employee brought an action against the respondent for damages for wrongful dismissal. The trial judge in a decision reported at 45 O.R.(2d) 399 held that the employee was wrongfully dismissed. The judge awarded the employee damages equal to six months' notice based on 18 months' employment with the respondent. The employee appealed.

The Ontario Court of Appeal allowed the appeal and held that the employee was entitled to damages equal to 12 months' notice.

Master and Servant - Topic 7502

Dismissal of employees - General principles - Dismissal or discharge - What constitutes - The Ontario Court of Appeal held that a contract of personal service cannot be assigned to a new employer without the consent of the parties; therefore, the sale of a business resulting in a change in the legal identity of the employer constitutes a constructive termination of employment - See paragraphs 7 to 11.

Master and Servant - Topic 8000

Dismissal without cause - Notice of dismissal - Reasonable notice - What constitutes - An employee began work with an I.G.A. store in 1963 - In 1981 the store was placed in receivership and purchased by a new owner - The employee was employed by the new owner for another 18 months until the owner sold the store and terminated his employment - The Ontario Court of Appeal held that the employee was entitled to 12 months' notice because of his length of service at the store and the experience he brought to the new owner.

Statutes - Topic 1626

Interpretation - Extrinsic aids - Other statutes - Similar statutes in other jurisdictions - In interpreting s. 13 of the Ontario Employment Standards Act, the Ontario Court of Appeal examined comparable provisions in the Saskatchewan Labour Standards Act - See paragraphs 16 to 18.

Cases Noticed:

White v. Stenson Holdings Ltd. and David Thompson Motor Inn Ltd. et al. (third parties) (1983), 22 B.L.R. 25; 43 B.C.L.R. 340, appld. [para. 10].

Engel v. Clarkson Co. Ltd., [1983] 1 W.W.R. 657; 19 Sask.R. 305; 22 B.L.R. 7, consd. [para. 17].

Statutes Noticed:

Employment Standards Act, R.S.O. 1980, c. 137, sect. 6 [para. 19]; sect. 13(2) [paras. 12-18]; sect. 40(1) [paras. 13-16].

Labour Standards Act, R.S.S. 1978, c. L-1 [para. 17].

Authors and Works Noticed:

Grosman, M. Norman (1984-85), 5 Advocates' Quarterly 500, p. 502 [para. 11].

Counsel:

Richard F.L. Rose, for the appellant;

Mary E. Marshman and J.R. Fisher, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard on November 12, 1985, before Dubin, Morden and Grange, JJ.A., of the Ontario Court of Appeal. On March 14, 1986, the following decision of the court was delivered by Dubin, J.A.:

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18 practice notes
  • Cronk v. Canadian General Insurance Co., (1995) 85 O.A.C. 54 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Ontario Court of Appeal (Ontario)
    • September 21, 1995
    ...10, 93]. Hall v. Giant Yellowknife Mines Ltd. (1992), 44 C.C.E.L. 101 (N.W.T.S.C.), refd to. [para. 10]. Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd. (1986), 13 O.A.C. 392; 53 O.R.(2d) 602 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 10]. Szwez v. Allied Van Lines Ltd. (1993), 45 C.C.E.L. 39 (Ont. Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 11].......
  • Turner v. Uniglobe Custom Travel Ltd. et al., (2005) 383 A.R. 70 (QB)
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta (Canada)
    • April 15, 2005
    ...Hydro and Power Authority (2001), 161 B.C.A.C. 53; 263 W.A.C. 53; 2001 BCCA 695, refd to. [Schedule A]. Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd. (1986), 13 O.A.C. 392; 11 C.C.E.L. 100; 25 D.L.R.(4th) 151 (C.A.), refd to. [Schedule A]. Wallace v. United Grain Growers Ltd., [1997] 3 S.C.R. 701; 219 N.R. 161......
  • Murphy v. Optipress Inc., (2008) 271 N.S.R.(2d) 100 (SC)
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Supreme Court of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • March 28, 2008
    ...Centres Ltd. et al. (1994), 128 Sask.R. 1; 85 W.A.C. 1; 120 D.L.R.(4th) 456 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 17]. Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd. (1986), 13 O.A.C. 392; 53 O.R.(2d) 602 (C.A.), refd to. [para. Sorel v. Tomenson Saunders Whitehead Ltd. et al. (1987), 39 D.L.R.(4th) 460 (B.C.C.A.), refd to. ......
  • Bodnarus v. Buchok et al., 2000 MBCA 53
    • Canada
    • Manitoba Court of Appeal (Manitoba)
    • June 7, 2000
    ...134; 171 A.P.R. 134 (T.D.), affd. (1986), 74 N.S.R.(2d) 84; 180 N.S.R.(2d) 84 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 19]. Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd. (1986), 13 O.A.C. 392; 25 D.L.R.(4th) 151 (C.A.), refd to. [para. MacLean v. Saunders Home Comfort Ltd. (1992), 152 N.B.R.(2d) 241; 390 A.P.R. 241 (C.A.), ref......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
18 cases
  • Cronk v. Canadian General Insurance Co., (1995) 85 O.A.C. 54 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Ontario Court of Appeal (Ontario)
    • September 21, 1995
    ...10, 93]. Hall v. Giant Yellowknife Mines Ltd. (1992), 44 C.C.E.L. 101 (N.W.T.S.C.), refd to. [para. 10]. Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd. (1986), 13 O.A.C. 392; 53 O.R.(2d) 602 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 10]. Szwez v. Allied Van Lines Ltd. (1993), 45 C.C.E.L. 39 (Ont. Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 11].......
  • Turner v. Uniglobe Custom Travel Ltd. et al., (2005) 383 A.R. 70 (QB)
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta (Canada)
    • April 15, 2005
    ...Hydro and Power Authority (2001), 161 B.C.A.C. 53; 263 W.A.C. 53; 2001 BCCA 695, refd to. [Schedule A]. Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd. (1986), 13 O.A.C. 392; 11 C.C.E.L. 100; 25 D.L.R.(4th) 151 (C.A.), refd to. [Schedule A]. Wallace v. United Grain Growers Ltd., [1997] 3 S.C.R. 701; 219 N.R. 161......
  • Murphy v. Optipress Inc., (2008) 271 N.S.R.(2d) 100 (SC)
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Supreme Court of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • March 28, 2008
    ...Centres Ltd. et al. (1994), 128 Sask.R. 1; 85 W.A.C. 1; 120 D.L.R.(4th) 456 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 17]. Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd. (1986), 13 O.A.C. 392; 53 O.R.(2d) 602 (C.A.), refd to. [para. Sorel v. Tomenson Saunders Whitehead Ltd. et al. (1987), 39 D.L.R.(4th) 460 (B.C.C.A.), refd to. ......
  • Bodnarus v. Buchok et al., 2000 MBCA 53
    • Canada
    • Manitoba Court of Appeal (Manitoba)
    • June 7, 2000
    ...134; 171 A.P.R. 134 (T.D.), affd. (1986), 74 N.S.R.(2d) 84; 180 N.S.R.(2d) 84 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 19]. Addison v. Loeb (M.) Ltd. (1986), 13 O.A.C. 392; 25 D.L.R.(4th) 151 (C.A.), refd to. [para. MacLean v. Saunders Home Comfort Ltd. (1992), 152 N.B.R.(2d) 241; 390 A.P.R. 241 (C.A.), ref......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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