Allen v. Ainsworth Lumber Co., (2013) 339 B.C.A.C. 113 (CA)

JudgeFinch, C.J.B.C., Ryan and Neilson, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (British Columbia)
Case DateFebruary 26, 2013
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations(2013), 339 B.C.A.C. 113 (CA);2013 BCCA 271

Allen v. Ainsworth Lumber (2013), 339 B.C.A.C. 113 (CA);

    578 W.A.C. 113

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2013] B.C.A.C. TBEd. JN.021

Robert Allen (respondent/plaintiff) v. Ainsworth Lumber Co. Ltd. (appellant/defendant)

(CA039617; 2013 BCCA 271)

Indexed As: Allen v. Ainsworth Lumber Co.

British Columbia Court of Appeal

Finch, C.J.B.C., Ryan and Neilson, JJ.A.

June 6, 2013.

Summary:

Allen was employed with Ainsworth Lumber. Allen's employment contract stated that he would be given 15 months' notice or pay in lieu if Ainsworth terminated his employment. In October 2009, Ainsworth notified Allen that his employment would be terminated in 15 months, that it was no longer necessary for him to report to work, and that he should focus on securing new employment. Ainsworth continued paying Allen's salary and benefits until June 2010, when he obtained new employment. Allen sued for breach of contract.

The British Columbia Supreme Court, in a decision reported at [2011] B.C.T.C. Uned. 1707, determined that Ainsworth had dismissed Allen in October 2009 and that Allen was entitled to 15 months' pay and benefits in lieu of notice, pursuant to the employment contract. The court granted judgment for the balance owed. Ainsworth appealed.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal.

Damages - Topic 6753

Contracts - Employment relationship or contract - Breach by employer - Mitigation by employee - See paragraph 38.

Master and Servant - Topic 2264

Breach of contract - Repudiation by employer or employee - What constitutes repudiation - See paragraphs 19 to 37.

Master and Servant - Topic 7502

Dismissal of employees - General principles - What constitutes dismissal or discharge (incl. constructive dismissal) - See paragraphs 19 to 37.

Master and Servant - Topic 7510

Dismissal of employees - General principles - Summary dismissal - See paragraphs 19 to 37.

Master and Servant - Topic 8064

Dismissal without cause - Damages - Mitigation - See paragraph 38.

Master and Servant - Topic 8071

Dismissal without cause - Damages - Effect of contractual provision setting notice period - See paragraph 38.

Practice - Topic 3604.7

Evidence - Affidavits - General - Time for filing - See paragraphs 40 to 45.

Practice - Topic 5013

Conduct of trial - General principles - Adjudicative fairness - See paragraphs 40 to 45.

Cases Noticed:

Farber v. Compagnie Trust Royal, [1997] 1 S.C.R. 846; 210 N.R. 161; 145 D.L.R.(4th) 1, refd to. [para. 19].

Farquahar v. Butler Brothers Supplied Ltd., [1988] 3 W.W.R. 347; 23 B.C.L.R.(2d) 89 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 19].

Wronko v. Western Inventory Service Ltd. (2008), 237 O.A.C. 1; 292 D.L.R.(4th) 58; 2008 ONCA 327, refd to. [para. 20].

Park v. Parsons Brown and Co. (1989), 39 B.C.L.R.(2d) 107; 62 D.L.R.(4th) 108 (C.A.), dist. [para. 23].

Kalaman v. Singer Valve Co. et al., [1998] 2 W.W.R. 122; 93 B.C.A.C. 93; 151 W.A.C. 93; 38 B.C.L.R.(3d) 331 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 27].

Housen v. Nikolaisen et al., [2002] 2 S.C.R. 235; 286 N.R. 1; 219 Sask.R. 1; 272 W.A.C. 1; 2002 SCC 33, refd to. [para. 27].

Philp v. Expo 86 Corp. (1987), 45 D.L.R.(4th) 449 (B.C.C.A.), refd to. [para. 38].

Bowes v. Goss Power Products Ltd. (2012), 293 O.A.C. 1; 351 D.L.R.(4th) 219; 2012 ONCA 425, refd to. [para. 38].

Authors and Works Noticed:

Harris, David, Wrongful Dismissal (2013) (Looseleaf), para. 3-4.1 [para. 27].

Counsel:

R. Press, for the appellant;

K. Wellburn, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard in Vancouver, B.C., on February 26, 2013, before Finch, C.J.B.C., Ryan and Neilson, JJ.A., of the British Columbia Court of Appeal. Neilson, J.A., delivered the following judgment for the court on June 6, 2013.

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13 practice notes
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Remedies: The Law of Damages. Third Edition Limiting Principles
    • June 21, 2014
    ...Estate v Co-operators Life Insurance Co, 1999 BCCA 35 ........................ 210 Allen v Ainsworth Lumber Co, 2011 BCSC 1707, aff’d 2013 BCCA 271 ............. 39 All-Up Consulting Enterprises Inc v Dalrymple, 2013 NSSC 46 ...................... 426 Altman v Steve’s Music Store Inc, 2011 ......
  • Compensation for Harm to Economic Interests
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Remedies: The Law of Damages. Third Edition Compensatory Damages
    • June 21, 2014
    ...or if they are late 74 or damaged. If the goods are for use as components 69 Allen v Ainsworth Lumber Co , 2011 BCSC 1707, aff’d 2013 BCCA 271. 70 See Ticketnet Corp v Air Canada (1997), 154 DLR (4th) 271 (Ont CA), leave to appeal to SCC refused (1998), 161 DLR (4th) vii [ Ticketnet ]. 71 R......
  • Irvine v. Gauthier (Jim) Chevrolet Oldsmobile Cadillac Ltd., 2013 MBCA 93
    • Canada
    • Manitoba Court of Appeal (Manitoba)
    • May 21, 2013
    ...v. Dominion Masonry Ltd. (2013), 337 B.C.A.C. 103; 576 W.A.C. 103; 2013 BCCA 184, refd to. [para. 48]. Allen v. Ainsworth Lumber Co. (2013), 339 B.C.A.C. 113; 578 W.A.C. 113; 2013 BCCA 271, refd to. [para. 48]. Lewis v. Terrace Tourism Society (2010), 290 B.C.A.C. 105; 491 W.A.C. 105; 2010 ......
  • Ostrow v. Abacus Management Corp. Mergers & Acquisitions, [2014] B.C.T.C. Uned. 938
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • May 29, 2014
    ...significant component of the employee's overall compensation. [123] In Allen v. Ainsworth Lumber Co ., 2011 BCSC 1707, aff'd on appeal at 2013 BCCA 271 [ Allen ], Justice Holmes found that the plaintiff was entitled to compensation for lost bonus. The plaintiff had received a bonus for seve......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
9 cases
  • Irvine v. Gauthier (Jim) Chevrolet Oldsmobile Cadillac Ltd., 2013 MBCA 93
    • Canada
    • Manitoba Court of Appeal (Manitoba)
    • May 21, 2013
    ...v. Dominion Masonry Ltd. (2013), 337 B.C.A.C. 103; 576 W.A.C. 103; 2013 BCCA 184, refd to. [para. 48]. Allen v. Ainsworth Lumber Co. (2013), 339 B.C.A.C. 113; 578 W.A.C. 113; 2013 BCCA 271, refd to. [para. 48]. Lewis v. Terrace Tourism Society (2010), 290 B.C.A.C. 105; 491 W.A.C. 105; 2010 ......
  • Ostrow v. Abacus Management Corp. Mergers & Acquisitions, [2014] B.C.T.C. Uned. 938
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • May 29, 2014
    ...significant component of the employee's overall compensation. [123] In Allen v. Ainsworth Lumber Co ., 2011 BCSC 1707, aff'd on appeal at 2013 BCCA 271 [ Allen ], Justice Holmes found that the plaintiff was entitled to compensation for lost bonus. The plaintiff had received a bonus for seve......
  • Steinebach v. Clean Energy Compression Corp., 2015 BCSC 460
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • March 25, 2015
    ...citing Starks v. Corner Brook Garage Ltd . (2002), 220 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 332 (S.C.T.D.); and, Allen v. Ainsworth Lumber Co . Ltd. , 2013 BCCA 271, that the plaintiff had working notice from March 3, 2014 until May 2, 2014, at which point he was terminated, and that if, for example, the n......
  • Maxwell v. British Columbia et al., 2014 BCCA 339
    • Canada
    • British Columbia Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • June 2, 2014
    ...to do so imposed by the contract. That principle was confirmed by the Court of Appeal recently in Allen v. Ainsworth Lumber Co. Ltd., 2013 BCCA 271 at para. 38, citing Philp v. Expo 86 Corp. (1987), 45 D.L.R.(4th) 449 (BCCA) and Bowes v. Goss Power Products Ltd. , 2012 ONCA 425, 351 D.L.R.(......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
2 firm's commentaries
2 books & journal articles
  • Compensation for Harm to Economic Interests
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Remedies: The Law of Damages. Third Edition Compensatory Damages
    • June 21, 2014
    ...or if they are late 74 or damaged. If the goods are for use as components 69 Allen v Ainsworth Lumber Co , 2011 BCSC 1707, aff’d 2013 BCCA 271. 70 See Ticketnet Corp v Air Canada (1997), 154 DLR (4th) 271 (Ont CA), leave to appeal to SCC refused (1998), 161 DLR (4th) vii [ Ticketnet ]. 71 R......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Remedies: The Law of Damages. Third Edition Limiting Principles
    • June 21, 2014
    ...Estate v Co-operators Life Insurance Co, 1999 BCCA 35 ........................ 210 Allen v Ainsworth Lumber Co, 2011 BCSC 1707, aff’d 2013 BCCA 271 ............. 39 All-Up Consulting Enterprises Inc v Dalrymple, 2013 NSSC 46 ...................... 426 Altman v Steve’s Music Store Inc, 2011 ......

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