Ari v. Insurance Corp. of British Columbia, (2015) 379 B.C.A.C. 187 (CA)

JudgeLowry, Groberman and Garson, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (British Columbia)
Case DateOctober 13, 2014
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations(2015), 379 B.C.A.C. 187 (CA);2015 BCCA 468

Ari v. ICBC (2015), 379 B.C.A.C. 187 (CA);

    654 W.A.C. 187

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2015] B.C.A.C. TBEd. NO.026

Ufuk Ari (appellant/respondent on cross-appeal/plaintiff) v. Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (respondent/appellant on cross-appeal/defendant)

(CA41125; 2015 BCCA 468)

Indexed As: Ari v. Insurance Corp. of British Columbia

British Columbia Court of Appeal

Lowry, Groberman and Garson, JJ.A.

November 17, 2015.

Summary:

An employee of the Insurance Corporation of British Columbia (ICBC) improperly accessed the personal information of about 65 ICBC customers. One of those customers (the plaintiff) commenced a proposed class action for damages for breach of privacy based on: (1) a claim for a violation of privacy based on the employee's conduct, for which ICBC was said to be vicariously liable, brought under the Privacy Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 373; and (2) a claim that ICBC breached s. 30 of Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 165. Section 30 required a public body to protect personal information in its custody. The plaintiff contended that ICBC negligently performed the duty imposed on it by statute, and was liable in damages for that breach. ICBC applied to strike out the action pursuant to rule 9-5(1)(a) of the Supreme Court Civil Rules on the grounds that the action failed to disclose a justiciable cause of action.

The British Columbia Supreme Court, in a decision reported at [2013] B.C.T.C. Uned. 1308, dismissed all of the plaintiff's claims against ICBC, except for the breach of privacy claim. The court ordered that the pleadings be amended to reflect the narrowed scope of the claim. The plaintiff appealed. ICBC cross-appealed.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal and cross-appeal. The question of vicarious liability could not be resolved on a pleadings motion. It was not plain and obvious the claim would fail. There was a comprehensive statutory framework for dealing with conduct breaching s. 30 of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act. Therefore, a private law duty of care should not be recognized for public policy reasons.

Actions - Topic 1527

Cause of action - Creation of - By statute - By violation of statute - See paragraphs 33 to 63.

Master and Servant - Topic 3675

Liability of master for acts of servant - Torts - General - See paragraphs 21 to 32.

Practice - Topic 2230

Pleadings - Striking out pleadings - Grounds - Failure to disclose a cause of action or defence - See paragraphs 21 to 32.

Torts - Topic 2530

Vicarious liability - Master and servant - Employer - Liability for acts of employees - See paragraphs 21 to 32.

Torts - Topic 5410

Invasion of privacy - General - Violation of privacy - Statutory tort - See paragraphs 21 to 32.

Torts - Topic 5544

Invasion of privacy - Collection and use of personal information - Actions - Statutory restrictions - See paragraphs 21 to 32.

Torts - Topic 5545

Invasion of privacy - Collection and use of personal information - Actions - Common law - See paragraphs 33 to 63.

Cases Noticed:

Carhoun & Sons Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada (Attorney General) (2015), 370 B.C.A.C. 283; 635 W.A.C. 283; 2015 BCCA 163, refd to. [para. 6].

Tangerine Financial Products Limited Partnership et al. v. Reeves Family Trust et al. (2015), 375 B.C.A.C. 294; 644 W.A.C. 294; 2015 BCCA 359, refd to. [para. 6].

Mohl v. University of British Columbia (2009), 271 B.C.A.C. 211; 458 W.A.C. 211; 2009 BCCA 249, refd to. [para. 9].

Hung v. Gardiner et al., [2002] B.C.T.C. 1234; 2002 BCSC 1234, affd. (2003), 184 B.C.A.C. 4; 302 W.A.C. 4; 2003 BCCA 257, refd to. [para. 9].

Hunt v. T & N plc et al., [1990] 2 S.C.R. 959; 117 N.R. 321, refd to. [para. 13].

British Columbia v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd. et al. (2011), 419 N.R. 1; 308 B.C.A.C. 1; 521 W.A.C. 1; 2011 SCC 42, refd to. [para. 13].

P.A.B. v. Children's Foundation et al., [1999] 2 S.C.R. 534; 241 N.R. 266; 124 B.C.A.C. 119; 203 W.A.C. 119, refd to. [para. 16].

Saskatchewan Wheat Pool v. Canada, [1983] 1 S.C.R. 205; 45 N.R. 425; 143 D.L.R.(3d) 9, refd to. [para. 19].

K.L.B. et al. v. British Columbia et al., [2003] 2 S.C.R. 403; 309 N.R. 306; 187 B.C.A.C. 42; 307 W.A.C. 42; 2003 SCC 51, refd to. [para. 20].

Nelson and Byron Price & Assoc., Re (1981), 122 D.L.R.(3d) 340; 1981 CanLII 415 (B.C.C.A.), refd to. [para. 23].

Holland v. Saskatchewan et al., [2008] 2 S.C.R. 551; 376 N.R. 316; 311 Sask.R. 197; 428 W.A.C. 197; 2008 SCC 42, varying (2007), 299 Sask.R. 109; 408 W.A.C. 109; 2007 SKCA 18, refd to. [para. 40].

Anns v. Merton London Borough Council, [1978] A.C. 728 (H.L.), appld. [para. 44].

Cooper v. Hobart - see Cooper v. Registrar of Mortgage Brokers (B.C.) et al.

Cooper v. Registrar of Mortgage Brokers (B.C.) et al. (2001), 277 N.R. 113; 160 B.C.A.C. 268; 261 W.A.C. 268; 2001 SCC 79, appld. [para. 44].

Scheuneman v. Canada (Minister of Human Resources Development) (2005), 337 N.R. 307; 2005 FCA 254, refd to. [para. 48].

Statutes Noticed:

Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 165, sect. 30 [para. 11]; sect. 73(a) [para. 29].

Privacy Act, R.S.B.C. 1996, c. 373, sect. 1 [para. 8].

Counsel:

G.J. Collette, for the appellant;

R.R. Hira, Q.C., and P.E. Waldkirch, for the respondent.

This appeal and cross-appeal were heard at Vancouver, B.C., on October 13, 2014, by Lowry, Groberman and Garson, JJ.A., of the British Columbia Court of Appeal. Garson, J.A., delivered the following reasons for judgment for the court on November 17, 2015.

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28 practice notes
  • Civil Claims for Violation of Privacy
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Information and Privacy Law in Canada
    • June 25, 2020
    ...indicate that it would succeed. 168 Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia , 2013 BCSC 1308 at para 59 [ Ari SC], aff’d 2015 BCCA 468 [ Ari CA 2015]. 169 Fouad v Wijayanayagam , 2015 BCCA 272 at para 25 (credentials of a health professional); Mohl v University of British Columbia ,......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Information and Privacy Law in Canada
    • June 25, 2020
    ...of Privacy Commissioner), 1998 CanLII 6444 (BCCA) ..... 169–70 Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, 2013 BCSC 1308, aff’d 2015 BCCA 468 ................................................. 80, 84, 99, 126, 289, 290 Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, 2019 BCCA 183 ..........
  • Personal Information in the Public Sector
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Information and Privacy Law in Canada
    • June 25, 2020
    ...Act, above note 16, s 167. 308 Canada v Saskatchewan Wheat Pool , [1983] 1 SCR 205; Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia , 2015 BCCA 468 at paras 36–38 [ Ari ]; Hynes v Western Regional Integrated Health Authority , 2014 NLTD(G) 137 at paras 31–33 (regarding a claim for breach of......
  • Kang v MB, 2019 ABQB 246
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta (Canada)
    • April 5, 2019
    ...is no independent cause of action for breach of privacy rights outside of legislation: Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, 2015 BCCA 468 at para 9; Pinder v Canada (Minister of the Environment), 2015 FC 1376 at para 107, aff’d on other grounds, 2016 FCA 317. The law on this iss......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
17 cases
  • Kang v MB, 2019 ABQB 246
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta (Canada)
    • April 5, 2019
    ...is no independent cause of action for breach of privacy rights outside of legislation: Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, 2015 BCCA 468 at para 9; Pinder v Canada (Minister of the Environment), 2015 FC 1376 at para 107, aff’d on other grounds, 2016 FCA 317. The law on this iss......
  • Sherry v. CIBC Mortgages Inc., 2016 BCCA 240
    • Canada
    • British Columbia Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • April 25, 2016
    ...raise an extricable question of law that is reviewable on a standard of correctness: see Ari v. Insurance Corporation of British Columbia 2015 BCCA 468 at para. 6; Johnstone v. Gardiner 2012 BCCA 184 at para. 12. In any event, both standards contemplate appellate intervention where an error......
  • Veeken v British Columbia,
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • June 2, 2023
    ...breach of privacy. According to Ari v. Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, 2013 BCSC 1308 at paras. 63–65, aff'd 2015 BCCA 468, the clear status of the law in British Columbia is that the tort for invasion of privacy does not exist. The Province and the Defendant Hughes s......
  • 2023 BCSC 943,
    • Canada
    • January 1, 2023
    ...breach of privacy. According to Ari v. Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, 2013 BCSC 1308 at paras. 63–65, aff'd 2015 BCCA 468, the clear status of the law in British Columbia is that the tort for invasion of privacy does not exist. The Province and the Defendant Hughes s......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
4 firm's commentaries
4 books & journal articles
  • Civil Claims for Violation of Privacy
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Information and Privacy Law in Canada
    • June 25, 2020
    ...indicate that it would succeed. 168 Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia , 2013 BCSC 1308 at para 59 [ Ari SC], aff’d 2015 BCCA 468 [ Ari CA 2015]. 169 Fouad v Wijayanayagam , 2015 BCCA 272 at para 25 (credentials of a health professional); Mohl v University of British Columbia ,......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Information and Privacy Law in Canada
    • June 25, 2020
    ...of Privacy Commissioner), 1998 CanLII 6444 (BCCA) ..... 169–70 Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, 2013 BCSC 1308, aff’d 2015 BCCA 468 ................................................. 80, 84, 99, 126, 289, 290 Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, 2019 BCCA 183 ..........
  • Personal Information in the Public Sector
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Information and Privacy Law in Canada
    • June 25, 2020
    ...Act, above note 16, s 167. 308 Canada v Saskatchewan Wheat Pool , [1983] 1 SCR 205; Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia , 2015 BCCA 468 at paras 36–38 [ Ari ]; Hynes v Western Regional Integrated Health Authority , 2014 NLTD(G) 137 at paras 31–33 (regarding a claim for breach of......
  • Public Sector Privacy Breaches: should British Columbians have a cause of action for damages under the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act?
    • Canada
    • Appeal: Review of Current Law and Law Reform No. 23, January 2018
    • January 1, 2018
    ...example Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, 2013 BCSC 1308 [Ari BCSC], af’d Ari v Insurance Corporation of British Columbia, 2015 BCCA 468 at paras 51-61 [Ari BCCA]; Albayate v Bank of Montreal, 2015 BCSC 695 [Albayate]. APPEAL VOLUME 23 n 155 Ministry of Education breaches wer......

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