C.M. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al., (2004) 248 Sask.R. 1 (QB)

JudgeZarzeczny, J.
CourtCourt of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
Case DateApril 29, 2004
JurisdictionSaskatchewan
Citations(2004), 248 Sask.R. 1 (QB);2004 SKQB 174

C.M. v. Can. (A.G.) (2004), 248 Sask.R. 1 (QB)

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2004] Sask.R. TBEd. MY.025

C.M. (plaintiff) v. Attorney General of Canada and W.S. (defendants)

(1997 Q.B.G. No. 2264)

D.A. (plaintiff) v. Attorney General of Canada and W.S. (defendants)

(1997 Q.B.G. No. 2324)

(2004 SKQB 174)

Indexed As: C.M. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al.

Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench

Judicial Centre of Regina

Zarzeczny, J.

April 29, 2004.

Summary:

C.M. sued the administrator of an Indian residential school and the federal Crown, asserting that the administrator had sexually assaulted her while she was a resident at the school.

The Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench allowed the action and awarded C.M. damages totalling $37,500.

Damage Awards - Topic 627

Torts - Injury to the person - Sexual assault - The administrator of a residential school sexually assaulted C.M. while she was a school resident - The assault involved anal penetration - C.M. continued to suffer from feelings of humilation, shame and self-blame, a diminished sense of self-worth and fears of sexual assault or a similar occurrence for herself and her children - Suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder and a degree of depression - Although C.M.'s condition was partly attributable to other traumatic incidents in her life, the assault was the most significant intrusive and traumatic incident - C.M's coping strategies had included alcohol and drug dependency, violent physical behaviour and an exaggerated and overprotective concern for her children - The Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench awarded C.M. $30,000 for general damages and $7,500 for aggravated damages - Aggravated damages were appropriate where this was an offence against C.M.'s dignity interests - See paragraphs 75 to 82.

Damage Awards - Topic 2408

Aggravated damages - Sexual assault (incl. sexual abuse) - [See Damage Awards - Topic 627 ].

Damages - Topic 903

Aggravation - General - Aggravated damages - Sexual abuse - [See Damage Awards - Topic 627 ].

Damages - Topic 972

Aggravation - Arising from circumstances of injury - Personal indignity - [See Damage Awards - Topic 627 ].

Evidence - Topic 1251

Relevant facts, relevance and materiality - Similar acts - General - The Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench reviewed the law respecting similar fact evidence in civil cases - See paragraphs 62 to 65.

Evidence - Topic 1251

Relevant facts, relevance and materiality - Similar acts - General - C.M. sued the administrator of an Indian residential school and the federal Crown, asserting that the administrator had sexually assaulted her while she was a resident at the school - C.M. sought to introduce similar fact evidence - The Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench admitted the evidence - The administrator, as a witness for the defence, raised the issue of his sexual activity being confined to males and denied any such activity with females - The similar fact evidence was admissible for the sole purpose of contradicting that position - See paragraphs 66 to 68.

Cases Noticed:

D.B. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al., [2001] 5 W.W.R. 128; 201 Sask.R. 29; 2000 SKQB 574, refd to. [para. 27].

Mood Music Publishing Co. v. Dewolfe Ltd., [1976] 1 All E.R. 763 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 63].

Rock v. Canadian Northern Railway Co. (1921-22), 15 Sask. L.R. 194 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 64].

R. v. Arp (B.), [1998] 3 S.C.R. 339; 232 N.R. 317; 114 B.C.A.C. 1; 186 W.A.C. 1; 166 D.L.R.(4th) 296; 129 C.C.C.(3d) 321, refd to. [para. 65].

Kotylak v. McLean's Agra Centre Ltd. et al. (2000), 198 Sask.R. 136 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 65].

H.L. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al., [2003] 5 W.W.R. 421; 227 Sask.R. 165; 287 W.A.C. 165; 2002 SKCA 131, refd to. [para. 77].

M.A. and T.A. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al., [2003] 3 W.W.R. 599; 227 Sask.R. 260; 2003 SKCA 2, refd to. [para. 77].

D.W. v. Canada (Attorney General) and Starr (1999), 187 Sask.R. 21; 1999 SKQB 187 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 80].

Authors and Works Noticed:

Sopinka, John, Lederman, Sidney N., and Bryant, Alan W., The Law of Evidence in Canada (2nd Ed. 1999), pp. 594, 595, 596 [para. 63]; 602 [para. 65].

Counsel:

Jeffery W. Deagle, for the plaintiffs;

Ian D. Wagner and Lauri M. Miller, for the Attorney General of Canada.

This action was heard by Zarzeczny, J., of the Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench, Judicial Centre of Regina, who delivered the following judgment on April 29, 2004.

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    ...et al., [1995] 4 S.C.R. 634; 190 N.R. 241; 67 B.C.A.C. 1; 111 W.A.C. 1, refd to. [para. 29]. C.M. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al. (2004), 248 Sask.R. 1; 2004 SKQB 174, refd to. [para. F. Cabanos, for Triple 3 Holdings and Mustang Vac Services; A. Rudakoff, Q.C., and J. Sadovnick, for Pa......
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    ...168]. Curran v. MacDougall et al., [2006] B.C.T.C. 933; 2006 BCSC 933, dist. [para. 168]. C.M. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al. (2004), 248 Sask.R. 1; 2004 SKQB 174, dist. [para. Poirier v. Dyer and Dyer (1989), 91 N.S.R.(2d) 119; 233 A.P.R. 119 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 177]. Authors and ......
  • K.M. v. Canada (Attorney General), 2004 SKQB 287
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    ...- Circumstances when amendment denied - [See Practice - Topic 2106 ]. Cases Noticed: C.M. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al., (2004), 248 Sask.R. 1, refd to. [para. M.A. and T.A. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al., [2002] 5 W.W.R. 686; 212 Sask.R. 241; 2001 SKQB 504, refd to. [para. 18]. ......
  • RE: THE LIGHTHOUSE SUPPORTED LIVING INC.,
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    • Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • December 6, 2021
    ...Counsel for the plaintiff referred the Court to the Saskatchewan decisions in C.M. v. Canada (Attorney General), 2004 SKQB 174, 248 Sask. R. 1 and K.M. v. Canada, 2004 SKQB 287, [2006] 2 W.W.R. 272, as examples of the application of this statement of the law. Counsel for the defendant argue......
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9 cases
  • Triple 3 Holdings Ltd. et al. v. Paccar Inc. et al., 2014 SKQB 427
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    • Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • December 31, 2014
    ...et al., [1995] 4 S.C.R. 634; 190 N.R. 241; 67 B.C.A.C. 1; 111 W.A.C. 1, refd to. [para. 29]. C.M. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al. (2004), 248 Sask.R. 1; 2004 SKQB 174, refd to. [para. F. Cabanos, for Triple 3 Holdings and Mustang Vac Services; A. Rudakoff, Q.C., and J. Sadovnick, for Pa......
  • B.M.G. v. Nova Scotia (Attorney General), (2007) 250 N.S.R.(2d) 154 (SC)
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Supreme Court of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • January 29, 2007
    ...168]. Curran v. MacDougall et al., [2006] B.C.T.C. 933; 2006 BCSC 933, dist. [para. 168]. C.M. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al. (2004), 248 Sask.R. 1; 2004 SKQB 174, dist. [para. Poirier v. Dyer and Dyer (1989), 91 N.S.R.(2d) 119; 233 A.P.R. 119 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 177]. Authors and ......
  • K.M. v. Canada (Attorney General), 2004 SKQB 287
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    • Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • June 24, 2004
    ...- Circumstances when amendment denied - [See Practice - Topic 2106 ]. Cases Noticed: C.M. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al., (2004), 248 Sask.R. 1, refd to. [para. M.A. and T.A. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al., [2002] 5 W.W.R. 686; 212 Sask.R. 241; 2001 SKQB 504, refd to. [para. 18]. ......
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    • Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • December 6, 2021
    ...Counsel for the plaintiff referred the Court to the Saskatchewan decisions in C.M. v. Canada (Attorney General), 2004 SKQB 174, 248 Sask. R. 1 and K.M. v. Canada, 2004 SKQB 287, [2006] 2 W.W.R. 272, as examples of the application of this statement of the law. Counsel for the defendant argue......
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