Chambers v. British Columbia (Attorney General) et al., (1997) 94 B.C.A.C. 28 (CA)

JudgeSouthin, Ryan and Proudfoot, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (British Columbia)
Case DateJune 25, 1997
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations(1997), 94 B.C.A.C. 28 (CA);1997 CanLII 2978 (BC CA);116 CCC (3d) 406;94 BCAC 28

Chambers v. B.C. (A.G.) (1997), 94 B.C.A.C. 28 (CA);

    152 W.A.C. 28

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [1997] B.C.A.C. TBEd. JL.023

Lisa Marie Chambers (appellant) v. Attorney General of British Columbia and The Director, Forensic Psychiatric Institute (respondents)

(CA022614)

Indexed As: Chambers v. British Columbia (Attorney General) et al.

British Columbia Court of Appeal

Southin, Ryan and Proudfoot, JJ.A.

June 25, 1997.

Summary:

An HIV positive prostitute was charged with assault and two counts of fraudulently obtaining food. She was found not criminally responsible by reason of a mental disorder and hospitalized. After a year, a fourth hearing was held by the Review Board, which coincided with the annual review date. The Board refused the woman's request for a discharge and ordered that she continue to be detained. The woman appealed under s. 672.54 of the Criminal Code.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal allowed the appeal and ordered that the woman was entitled to a discharge.

Criminal Law - Topic 93.90

General principles - Mental disorder - Dispositions by court or review board - Detention - An HIV positive prostitute, both an alcohol and drug user, was found not criminally responsible of two offences by reason of mental disorder (schizo­phrenia) - She was hospitalized and dis­charged twice but returned for breach of conditions - A fourth hearing of the Review Board ordered that she continue to be detained - The British Columbia Court of Appeal held that the woman's health and lifestyle did not constitute evidence that she was a "significant threat" within the meaning of s. 672.54 of the Criminal Code - The court ruled her continued detention was unreasonable.

Words and Phrases

Significant threat - The British Columbia Court of Appeal discussed the meaning of the words "significant threat" as found in s. 672.54 of the Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46 - See paragraphs 22 to 30.

Cases Noticed:

Orlowski v. British Columbia (Attorney General) (1992), 16 B.C.A.C. 204; 28 W.A.C. 204; 75 C.C.C.(3d) 138 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 21].

Statutes Noticed:

Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, sect. 672.54 [para. 20].

Counsel:

Diane J. Nielsen and Jim Pozer, for the appellant;

Lyle D. Hillaby, for the respondent, Attorney General of British Columbia;

Mary P. Acheson, for the respondent, the Director, Adult Forensic Psychiatric Services.

This appeal was heard at Vancouver, British Columbia, on May 20, 1997, before Southin, Ryan and Proudfoot, JJ.A., of the British Columbia Court of Appeal.

Proudfoot, J.A., delivered the following judgment for the Court of Appeal on June 25, 1997.

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12 practice notes
  • Winko v. Forensic Psychiatric Institute (B.C.) et al., (1999) 241 N.R. 1 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court of Canada
    • June 17, 1999
    ...(Attorney General), [1994] B.C.J. No. 2011 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 57]. Chambers v. British Columbia (Attorney General) et al. (1997), 94 B.C.A.C. 28; 152 W.A.C. 28; 116 C.C.C.(3d) 406 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Lyons, [1987] 2 S.C.R. 309; 80 N.R. 161; 82 N.S.R.(2d) 271; 207 A.P.R. 271; ......
  • Winko v. Forensic Psychiatric Institute (B.C.) et al., (1999) 124 B.C.A.C. 1 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court of Canada
    • June 17, 1999
    ...(Attorney General), [1994] B.C.J. No. 2011 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 57]. Chambers v. British Columbia (Attorney General) et al. (1997), 94 B.C.A.C. 28; 152 W.A.C. 28 ; 116 C.C.C.(3d) 406 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Lyons, [1987] 2 S.C.R. 309 ; 80 N.R. 161 ; 82 N.S.R.(2d) 271 ; 207 A......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Mental Disorder and the Law. A Primer for Legal and Mental Health Professionals
    • June 24, 2017
    ...(Ont CA) ................................................................................... 303 Chambers v British Columbia (AG) (1997), 116 CCC (3d) 406 (BCCA) ................ 300 Chaudry (Re), 2015 ONCA 317 ......................................................................................
  • R. v. Lepage (D.L.), (1997) 103 O.A.C. 241 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Ontario Court of Appeal (Ontario)
    • October 3, 1997
    ...et al. (1995), 80 O.A.C. 307; 100 C.C.C.(3d) 343 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 63]. Chambers v. British Columbia (Attorney General) et al. (1997), 94 B.C.A.C. 28; 152 W.A.C. 28; 116 C.C.C.(3d) 406 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Heywood (R.L.), [1994] 3 S.C.R. 761; 174 N.R. 81; 50 B.C.A.C. 161; 82 ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
10 cases
  • Winko v. Forensic Psychiatric Institute (B.C.) et al., (1999) 241 N.R. 1 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court of Canada
    • June 17, 1999
    ...(Attorney General), [1994] B.C.J. No. 2011 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 57]. Chambers v. British Columbia (Attorney General) et al. (1997), 94 B.C.A.C. 28; 152 W.A.C. 28; 116 C.C.C.(3d) 406 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Lyons, [1987] 2 S.C.R. 309; 80 N.R. 161; 82 N.S.R.(2d) 271; 207 A.P.R. 271; ......
  • Winko v. Forensic Psychiatric Institute (B.C.) et al., (1999) 124 B.C.A.C. 1 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court of Canada
    • June 17, 1999
    ...(Attorney General), [1994] B.C.J. No. 2011 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 57]. Chambers v. British Columbia (Attorney General) et al. (1997), 94 B.C.A.C. 28; 152 W.A.C. 28 ; 116 C.C.C.(3d) 406 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Lyons, [1987] 2 S.C.R. 309 ; 80 N.R. 161 ; 82 N.S.R.(2d) 271 ; 207 A......
  • R. v. Lepage (D.L.), (1997) 103 O.A.C. 241 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Ontario Court of Appeal (Ontario)
    • October 3, 1997
    ...et al. (1995), 80 O.A.C. 307; 100 C.C.C.(3d) 343 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 63]. Chambers v. British Columbia (Attorney General) et al. (1997), 94 B.C.A.C. 28; 152 W.A.C. 28; 116 C.C.C.(3d) 406 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Heywood (R.L.), [1994] 3 S.C.R. 761; 174 N.R. 81; 50 B.C.A.C. 161; 82 ......
  • R v HMH, 2021 ABCA 118
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • March 26, 2021
    ...Finally, the conduct or activity creating the harm must be criminal in nature: Chambers v. British Columbia (Attorney General) (1997), 116 C.C.C. (3d) 406 (B.C.C.A.), at p. 413. In short, Part XX.1 can only maintain its authority over an NCR accused where the court or Review Board concludes......
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2 books & journal articles
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Mental Disorder and the Law. A Primer for Legal and Mental Health Professionals
    • June 24, 2017
    ...(Ont CA) ................................................................................... 303 Chambers v British Columbia (AG) (1997), 116 CCC (3d) 406 (BCCA) ................ 300 Chaudry (Re), 2015 ONCA 317 ......................................................................................
  • Dispositions
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Mental Disorder and the Law. A Primer for Legal and Mental Health Professionals
    • June 24, 2017
    ...of threat posed by the accused. Levels of security 9 Marzec (Re) , 2015 ONCA 658. 10 See also Chambers v British Columbia (AG ) (1997), 116 CCC (3d) 406 (BCCA). 11 Ibid. 12 Penetanguishene Mental Health Centre v Ontario ( AG ), [2004] 1 SCR 498 [ Tulikorpi ]. Chapter Nine: Dispositions 301 ......

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