Chiasson v. Baird et al., (2005) 283 N.B.R.(2d) 352 (TD)

JudgeGlennie, J.
CourtCourt of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (Canada)
Case DateMay 03, 2004
JurisdictionNew Brunswick
Citations(2005), 283 N.B.R.(2d) 352 (TD);2005 NBQB 102

Chiasson v. Baird (2005), 283 N.B.R.(2d) 352 (TD);

    283 R.N.-B.(2e) 352; 740 A.P.R. 352

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Temp. Cite: [2005] N.B.R.(2d) TBEd. JN.032

Renvoi temp.: [2005] N.B.R.(2d) TBEd. JN.032

Francois Edmond Chiasson, by his Litigation Guardian, Bonnie Chiasson, both of the Town of St. George and Province of New Brunswick, and Bonnie Chiasson, of the Town of St. George and Province of New Brunswick, and Normand Chiasson, of the Town of St. George and Province of New Brunswick (plaintiffs) v. Anthony Watson Baird, of the Town of St. George and Province of New Brunswick, and Stolt Sea Farm Inc., of the Town of St. George and Province of New Brunswick (defendants)

(S/C/15/01)

(2005 NBQB 102; 2005 NBBR 102)

Indexed As: Chiasson v. Baird et al.

Répertorié: Chiasson v. Baird et al.

New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench

Trial Division

Judicial District of Saint John

Glennie, J.

March 3, 2005.

Summary:

Résumé:

A collision occurred between a motor vehicle driven by the defendant driver and a bicycle driven by the six year old plaintiff. The child and his parents sued the defendant driver and the owner of the motor vehicle for damages. The defendants counterclaimed against the child's parents, alleging that they failed to properly supervise the child or to properly train him regarding the rules of the road.

The New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Trial Division, found that the defendant driver breached the standard of care required of him and that the breach led to the collision. The court also found that the plaintiff child was contributorily negligent where he failed to exercise the degree of care to be expected from a child of like age, intelligence and experience. The court apportioned liability 50% to the defendant driver and 50% to the child. The counterclaim against the parents was dismissed.

Torts - Topic 20

Negligence - Standard of care - Child - Expected of - [See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 359

Negligence - Motor vehicle - Pedestrians and bicyclists - Children on highway and streets - The New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Trial Division, stated that "The law imposes a greater duty upon motorists to be vigilant when operating a motor vehicle near children, and to anticipate that children may act impulsively and perform unexpected operations. However, the law of negligence does not hold that liability is absolute when children are involved. When an accident occurs between a child on a bicycle and a motor vehicle operator, the first issue to be determined is whether it was reasonably foreseeable that the child (or, depending on the facts of the case, any child) may act so as to constitute an imminent danger, and therefore place a duty on the motorist to take steps to be able to take preventative or evasive action if necessary. Where a child's behaviour is reasonably foreseeable, the onus is high on motorists to show that all reasonable measures were taken to avoid the accident ... The analysis of liability and onus on drivers is similar with respect to children cycling as for those running into the street, with the additional element that children on bicycles, in addition to being impulsive, may also be unskilled riders" - See paragraphs 83 to 84.

Torts - Topic 359

Negligence - Motor vehicle - Pedestrians and bicyclists - Children on highway and streets - A collision occurred between a motor vehicle driven by the defendant and a bicycle driven by the six year old plaintiff - The New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Trial Division, found that the plaintiff drove across the street in front of the defendant, who had been driving at approximately 50 kmh (the posted speed limit) - The court held that, given the "roller coaster" nature of the street, its residential character, the dense vegetation growth which affected visibility, and the presence of children playing in the area, the defendant should have driven significantly below the 50 kmh speed limit and should have kept a more watchful lookout - The court also held that the plaintiff was contributorily negligent where he failed to exercise the degree of care to be expected from a child of like age, intelligence and experience - The court apportioned liability for the accident 50% to the defendant and 50% to the plaintiff - The plaintiff's parents did not breach any parental duty of care - They had properly instructed the plaintiff on the use of his bicycle and had properly instructed and supervised him with respect to playing on the street.

Torts - Topic 361

Negligence - Motor vehicle - Pedestrians and bicyclists - Duty of pedestrians and bicyclists to take reasonable care - [See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 362

Negligence - Motor vehicle - Pedestrians and bicyclists - Contributory negligence of - [See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 376

Negligence - Motor vehicle - Standard of care of driver - Keeping a proper lookout -[See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 377

Negligence - Motor vehicle - Standard of care of driver - Visibility reduced - [See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 392

Negligence - Motor vehicle - Standard of care of driver - Respecting pedestrians and bicyclists - [See both Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 462

Negligence - Motor vehicle - Speed - Where reduced speed required - Road conditions - [See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 463

Negligence - Motor vehicle - Speed - Where reduced speed required - Poor or obstructed visibility - [See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 464

Negligence - Motor vehicle - Speed - Where reduced speed required - Pedestrians and animals - [See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 6612

Defences - Contributory negligence - Particular cases - Respecting children - [See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 8904

Duty of care - Particular relationships - Control of conduct of others - Parental control of children - [See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Torts - Topic 8906

Duty of care - Particular relationships - Control of conduct of others - Care of children - [See second Torts - Topic 359 ].

Délits civils - Cote 20

Négligence - Norme de conduite - Enfant - Attentes - [Voir Torts - Topic 20 ].

Délits civils - Cote 359

Négligence - Véhicule à moteur - Piétons et cyclistes - Enfants sur les routes et dans les rues - [Voir Torts - Topic 359 ].

Délits civils - Cote 361

Négligence - Véhicule à moteur - Piétons et cyclistes - Devoir des piétons et des cyclistes de faire preuve de diligence raisonnable - [Voir Torts - Topic 361 ].

Délits civils - Cote 362

Négligence - Véhicule à moteur - Piétons et cyclistes - Négligence contributive des piétons et des cyclistes - [Voir Torts - Topic 362 ].

Délits civils - Cote 376

Négligence - Véhicule à moteur - Norme de conduite du conducteur - Faire preuve de vigilance - [Voir Torts - Topic 376 ].

Délits civils - Cote 377

Négligence - Véhicule à moteur - Norme de conduite du conducteur - Visibilité réduite - [Voir Torts - Topic 377 ].

Délits civils - Cote 392

Négligence - Véhicule à moteur - Norme de conduite du conducteur - Envers piétons et cyclistes - [Voir Torts - Topic 392 ].

Délits civils - Cote 462

Négligence - Véhicule à moteur - Vitesse - Nécessité de réduire la vitesse - État de la route - [Voir Torts - Topic 462 ].

Délits civils - Cote 463

Négligence - Véhicule à moteur - Vitesse - Nécessité de réduire la vitesse - Visibilité mauvaise ou obstruée - [Voir Torts - Topic 463 ].

Délits civils - Cote 464

Négligence - Véhicule à moteur - Vitesse - Nécessité de réduire la vitesse - Piétons et animaux - [Voir Torts - Topic 464 ].

Délits civils - Cote 6612

Défenses - Négligence contributive - Cas particuliers - Enfants - [Voir Torts - Topic 6612 ].

Délits civils - Cote 8904

Devoir de diligence - Relations particulières - Contrôle de la conduite des autres - Contrôle parental des enfants - [Voir Torts - Topic 8904 ].

Délits civils - Cote 8906

Devoir de diligence - Relations particulières - Contrôle de la conduite des autres - Soin des enfants - [Voir Torts - Topic 8906 ].

Cases Noticed:

Power v. Wicks (2001), 202 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 14; 608 A.P.R. 14; 2001 CarswellNfld 159 (Nfld. T.D.), consd. [para. 85].

McEllistrum v. Etches, [1956] S.C.R. 787, refd to. [para. 87].

Connell v. Dyck et al., [1998] B.C.T.C. Uned. A69; 1998 CarswellBC 1656 (S.C.), consd. [para. 88].

McDowell v. Barry (1985), 31 M.V.R. 17 (B.C.S.C.), consd. [para. 91].

Fardon v. Harcourt-Rivington (1932), 48 T.L.R. 215 (H.L.), consd. [para. 93].

Chohan v. Wayenberg, 1990 CarswellBC 863 (C.A.), consd. [para. 95].

Wilkins v. Allaby and Allaby (1988), 87 N.B.R.(2d) 304; 221 A.P.R. 304; 1988 CarswellNB 7 (C.A.), consd. [para. 96].

Boucher and Boucher v. Board of School Trustees for District No. 4, New Brunswick and Jacques (1980), 29 N.B.R.(2d) 416; 66 A.P.R. 416; 1980 CarswellNB 176 (C.A.), consd. [para. 97].

Thériault v. Aubin and Ouellette (1990), 106 N.B.R.(2d) 95; 265 A.P.R. 95 (T.D.), consd. [para. 99].

Guimond and Doiron v. Gallant and Gallant (1977), 19 N.B.R.(2d) 243; 30 A.P.R. 243; 1977 CarswellNB 123 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 100].

McEllistrum v. Etches, [1954] O.R. 814; [1954] 4 D.L.R. 350 (C.A.), revd. in part [1956] S.C.R. 787; 6 D.L.R.(2d) 1, refd to. [para. 102].

Augustine v. Francis (1992), 126 N.B.R.(2d) 89; 317 A.P.R. 89; 1992 CarswellNB 3 (C.A.), consd. [para. 103].

Currie (Guardian ad litem of) v. Fitt, 1996 CarswellBC 2932 (S.C.), consd. [para. 110].

Herrell et al. v. Nickerson and Herrell (1979), 26 N.B.R.(2d) 42; 55 A.P.R. 42 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 160].

Bartosek et al. v. Turret Realties Inc. et al., [2001] O.T.C. 856 (Sup. Ct.), consd. [para. 160].

Lelarge, Cameron and Cameron v. Blakney, Blakney and Gajowiak (1978), 23 N.B.R.(2d) 669; 44 A.P.R. 669 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 161].

Newton v. Newton, [2002] B.C.T.C. 789 (S.C.), consd. [para. 161].

Authors and Works Noticed:

Wright, Cecil A., and Linden, Allen M., Canadian Tort Law, Cases, Notes and Material (6th Ed. 1975), p. 176 [para. 101].

Counsel:

Rodney J. Gillis, Q.C., and John C. Gillis, on behalf of the plaintiff, Francois Edmond Chiasson;

Norman J. Bossé, for the plaintiffs, Bonnie Chiasson and Normand Chiasson (defendants by counterclaim);

John P. Barry, Q.C., and M. Ann MacAulay, on behalf of the defendants, Anthony Watson Baird and Stolt Sea Farm Inc.

This action was heard between April 1-23 and on May 3, 2004, before Glennie, J., of the New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Trial Division, Judicial District of Saint John, who delivered the following judgment on March 3, 2005.

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    • Irwin Books Every Cyclist's Guide to Canadian Law - Second edition
    • April 19, 2022
    ...78 Hadden v Lynch , 2008 BCSC 295 at para 69. 79 Chiasson (Litigation guardian of ) v Baird , 2005 NBQB 102. 80 Deol v Veach , 2011 BCSC 1437. 81 See discussion in Friedrich (Litigation guardian of ) v Vernon (City) , 2008 BCSC 1243 at para 45 [ Friedrich ]. 82 Quade v Schwartz , 2009 BCCA ......
  • Falling Off Your Bicycle
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    • Irwin Books Archive Every Cyclist's Guide to Canadian Law
    • June 19, 2014
    ..., 2013 ONSC 1977 at para 72 [ Kempf ]. 95 Hadden v Lynch , 2008 BCSC 295 at para 69. 96 Chiasson (Litigation guardian of ) v Baird , 2005 NBQB 102. 97 Deol v Veach , 2011 BCSC 1437. 98 See discussion in Friedrich (Litigation Guardian of ) v Vernon (City) , 2008 BCSC 1243 at para 45 [ Friedr......
  • Savard-Nash v. Kenny, 2018 NBQB 131
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    • New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (Canada)
    • July 26, 2018
    ...of a reasonable driver in the circumstances. In these regards, I find that the cases referred to me by the plaintiff (Chiasson v. Baird 2005 NBQB 102; Humble v. Murphy 2015 NBQB 58; Boutin v. Wozcicki and Midland Transport [1985] N.B.J. No. 233) are clearly distinguishable on their [47] The......
1 cases
  • Savard-Nash v. Kenny, 2018 NBQB 131
    • Canada
    • New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (Canada)
    • July 26, 2018
    ...of a reasonable driver in the circumstances. In these regards, I find that the cases referred to me by the plaintiff (Chiasson v. Baird 2005 NBQB 102; Humble v. Murphy 2015 NBQB 58; Boutin v. Wozcicki and Midland Transport [1985] N.B.J. No. 233) are clearly distinguishable on their [47] The......
2 books & journal articles
  • Crashes on Your Bicycle
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Every Cyclist's Guide to Canadian Law - Second edition
    • April 19, 2022
    ...78 Hadden v Lynch , 2008 BCSC 295 at para 69. 79 Chiasson (Litigation guardian of ) v Baird , 2005 NBQB 102. 80 Deol v Veach , 2011 BCSC 1437. 81 See discussion in Friedrich (Litigation guardian of ) v Vernon (City) , 2008 BCSC 1243 at para 45 [ Friedrich ]. 82 Quade v Schwartz , 2009 BCCA ......
  • Falling Off Your Bicycle
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Every Cyclist's Guide to Canadian Law
    • June 19, 2014
    ..., 2013 ONSC 1977 at para 72 [ Kempf ]. 95 Hadden v Lynch , 2008 BCSC 295 at para 69. 96 Chiasson (Litigation guardian of ) v Baird , 2005 NBQB 102. 97 Deol v Veach , 2011 BCSC 1437. 98 See discussion in Friedrich (Litigation Guardian of ) v Vernon (City) , 2008 BCSC 1243 at para 45 [ Friedr......

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