Credit Unions and Caisses Populaires Act, 1994, S.O. 1994, c. 11 (Historical version for the period April 27, 2021 to February 28, 2022)

JurisdictionOntario
Coming into Force27 April 2021
End of Effective Date28 February 2022
Statushistorical

Credit Unions and Caisses Populaires Act, 1994

S.O. 1994, CHAPTER 11

Historical version for the period April 27, 2021 to February 28, 2022.

Note: This Act is repealed on March 1, 2022, the day named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor. (See: 2020, c. 36, Sched. 7, s. 291)

Last amendment: 2021, c. 8, Sched. 1.

CONTENTS

PART I
INTERPRETATION

Definitions

1 In this Act,

“affiliate” means an affiliated body corporate within the meaning of section 5; (“membre du même groupe”)

“articles of incorporation” or “articles” means the original or restated articles of incorporation, articles of amalgamation, articles of amendment, memorandum of association, a special Act or other instrument by which a credit union is incorporated and includes any amendment thereto; (“statuts constitutifs” ou “statuts”)

“Authority” means the Financial Services Regulatory Authority of Ontario continued under subsection 2 (1) of the Financial Services Regulatory Authority of Ontario Act, 2016; (“Autorité”)

“Authority rule” means a rule made under subsection 321.0.4 (1) of this Act or under subsection 21 (2) of the Financial Services Regulatory Authority of Ontario Act, 2016; (“règle de l’Autorité”)

“board” means, with respect to a credit union, its board of directors; (“conseil”)

“body corporate” means any body corporate with or without share capital and whether or not it is a corporation to which this Act applies; (“personne morale”)

“borrow” does not include the taking of deposits; (“emprunter”)

“Chief Executive Officer” means the Chief Executive Officer appointed under subsection 10 (2) of the Financial Services Regulatory Authority of Ontario Act, 2016; (“directeur général”)

“court”, except where the context indicates otherwise, means the Superior Court of Justice; (“tribunal”)

“credit union” means a corporation incorporated or continued as a credit union or caisse populaire under this Act or a predecessor of this Act; (“caisse”, “caisse populaire”)

“debt obligation” means a bond, debenture, note or other evidence of indebtedness of an entity, whether secured or unsecured; (“titre de créance”)

“deposit” includes money deposited with a credit union under a federal or provincial registered savings plan or fund; (“dépôt”)

“depositor” means a person with funds on deposit with a credit union; (“déposant”)

“entity” means a body corporate, trust, partnership, fund, an unincorporated organization, Her Majesty in right of Canada or of a province, an agency of Her Majesty in either of such rights and the government of a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof and any agency thereof; (“entité”)

“financial institution” means,

(a) a bank or authorized foreign bank within the meaning of section 2 of the Bank Act (Canada),

(b) an insurer licensed under the Insurance Act,

(c) a corporation registered under the Loan and Trust Corporations Act,

(d) an entity that is,

(i) incorporated or formed by or under an Act of the Parliament of Canada or of the legislature of a province, and

(ii) primarily engaged in dealing in securities, including portfolio management and investment counselling,

(e) a credit union,

(f) a league,

(g) a retail association as defined under the Cooperative Credit Associations Act (Canada), and

(h) such other entities or classes of entities as may be prescribed; (“institution financière”)

“financial statement” means a financial statement referred to in subsection 212 (4); (“état financier”)

“firm of accountants” means,

(a) a partnership, the members of which are accountants engaged in the practice of accounting, or

(b) a body corporate that is incorporated by or under an Act of the legislature of a province and engaged in the practice of accounting; (“cabinet de comptables”)

“incorporator” means an individual who signs articles of incorporation; (“fondateur”)

“league” means a corporation incorporated as a credit union league or federation under this Act or a predecessor of this Act; (“fédération”)

“member” means a person who is a member or enrolled as a member of a credit union under this Act, the articles and the by-laws of the credit union governing membership; (“sociétaire”)

“membership share” means an interest in the equity of a credit union that confers the rights referred to in subsection 52 (1); (“part sociale”)

“Minister” means the Minister of Finance; (“ministre”)

“officer”, in respect of a credit union, means,

(a) the chair of the board required under section 94.2,

(b) the corporate secretary required under subsection 140 (1),

(c) the chief executive officer required under subsection 140 (1), and

(d) any other officer provided for in the by-laws referred to in subsection 140 (1); (“dirigeant”)

“patronage share” means a share of a class provided for by the articles of a credit union in accordance with section 53; (“part de ristourne”)

“personal representative” means a person who stands in place of and represents another person and includes, as the circumstances require, a trustee, an executor, an administrator, a committee, a guardian, a curator, an assignee, a receiver, an agent or an attorney of any person, but does not include a delegate; (“représentant personnel”)

“prescribed” means prescribed by the regulations; (“prescrit”)

“regulations” means the regulations made under this Act; (“règlement”)

“regulatory capital” in respect of a credit union, has the meaning given to that expression by the regulations; (“capital réglementaire”)

“related person”, when used to indicate a relationship with any person, means,

(a) a spouse of the person,

(b) any son or daughter of the person, or

(c) any relative of the person or of any person mentioned in clause (a) or (b); (“personne liée”)

“relative” means a relative by blood, marriage or adoption; (“membre de la famille”)

“security” means a security as defined under the Securities Act but does not include a deposit with a financial institution or any instrument evidencing the deposit; (“valeur mobilière”)

“share” includes a membership share unless specifically excluded by this Act; (“action”)

“shareholder” means a shareholder as defined in subsection 8 (1); (“actionnaire”)

“special resolution” means a resolution passed by two-thirds or more of the votes cast by or on behalf of the persons who voted in respect of that resolution; (“résolution extraordinaire”)

“spouse” means a spouse as defined under Part III of the Family Law Act; (“conjoint”)

“subordinated indebtedness” means an instrument evidencing an indebtedness of a credit union that, by its terms, provides that the indebtedness will, in the event of the insolvency or winding up of the credit union, be subordinate in right of payment to all deposit liabilities of the credit union and all other liabilities of the credit union except those that, by their terms, rank equally with or are subordinate to the indebtedness; (“titre secondaire”)

“Tribunal” means the Financial Services Tribunal continued under the Financial Services Tribunal Act, 2017. (“Tribunal”) 1994, c. 11, s. 1; 1997, c. 28, s. 52; 1999, c. 6, s. 19 (1, 2); 2002, c. 18, Sched. H, s. 3 (1); 2004; c. 8, ss. 46, 47 (1); 2005, c. 5, s. 18 (1, 2); 2006, c. 19, Sched. C, s. 1 (1); 2007, c. 7, Sched. 7, s. 1; 2016, c. 23, s. 45; 2017, c. 34, Sched. 17, s. 19; 2018, c. 8, Sched. 7, s. 1; 2018, c. 17, Sched. 11, s. 1; 2019, c. 7, Sched. 16, s. 1; 2020, c. 36, Sched. 14, s. 6 (1).

Section Amendments with date in force (d/m/y)

1997, c. 28, s. 52 - 01/07/1998; 1999, c. 6, s. 19 (1, 2) - 01/03/2000

2002, c. 18, Sched. H, s. 3 (1) - 26/11/2002

2004, c. 8, s. 46, Table - 01/11/2005; 2004, c. 8, s. 47 (1) - 01/11/2005

2005, c. 5, s. 18 (1, 2) - 9/03/2005

2006, c. 19, Sched. C, s. 1 (1) - 22/06/2006

2007, c. 7, Sched. 7, s. 1 (1-9) - 01/10/2009

2016, c. 23, s. 45 - 05/12/2016

2017, c. 34, Sched. 17, s. 19 - 01/04/2019

2018, c. 8, Sched. 7, s. 1 - 08/06/2019; 2018, c. 17, Sched. 11, s. 1 - 08/06/2019

2019, c. 7, Sched. 16, s. 1, 50 - 08/06/2019

2020, c. 36, Sched. 14, s. 6 (1) - 08/12/2020

Joint shareholders

2 (1) For the purposes of this Act, two or more persons holding the same share or shares jointly are considered as one member or shareholder. 1994, c. 11, s. 2 (1).

Exception

(2) Despite subsection (1), two or more persons jointly holding enough membership shares to entitle each of them to be a member in their own right are all considered as separate members. 1994, c. 11, s. 2 (2); 2007, c. 7, Sched. 7, s. 2.

Section Amendments with date in force (d/m/y)

2007, c. 7, Sched. 7, s. 2 - 01/10/2009

Subsidiary

3 For the purposes of this Act, a body corporate is a subsidiary of another body corporate if,

(a) it is controlled by,

(i) that other,

(ii) that other and one or more bodies corporate each of which is controlled by that other, or

(iii) two or more bodies corporate that are that other’s subsidiary; or

(b) it is a subsidiary of a body corporate that is that other’s subsidiary. 1994, c. 11, s. 3.

Holding body corporate

4 For the purposes of this Act, a body corporate is another’s holding body corporate if that other is its subsidiary. 1994, c. 11, s. 4.

Affiliation

5 (1) For the purposes of this Act, one body corporate is affiliated with another body corporate if one of them is the subsidiary of the other or both are subsidiaries of the same body corporate or each of them is controlled by the same person. 1994, c. 11, s. 5 (1).

Affiliate by order

(2) On application in writing by a credit union, the Chief Executive Officer may, by order and on the terms specified in the order, deem a corporate body named in the order to be an affiliate for the purposes of this Act or for the purpose of specific provisions of this Act. 1994, c. 11, s. 5 (2); 1997, c. 28, s. 53; 2007, c. 7, Sched. 7, s. 3 (1); 2019, c. 7, Sched. 16, s. 50.

Revocation of order

(3) The Chief Executive Officer may, by order, revoke an order under subsection (2) if the Chief...

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