Dugas v. Landry et al., (1997) 194 N.B.R.(2d) 150 (CA)

JudgeRice, Ayles and Ryan, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (New Brunswick)
Case DateDecember 17, 1997
JurisdictionNew Brunswick
Citations(1997), 194 N.B.R.(2d) 150 (CA)

Dugas v. Landry (1997), 194 N.B.R.(2d) 150 (CA);

    194 R.N.-B.(2e) 150; 496 A.P.R. 150

MLB headnote and full text

[French language version follows English language version]

[La version française vient à la suite de la version anglaise]

....................

Temp. Cite: [1997] N.B.R.(2d) TBEd. DE.044

Emérentienne Dugas (plaintiff/appellant) v. Aldéa Landry, Ernest Richard, Dannie David Larocque, Janica Duguay, Fabien Roussel and Marie Delagarde (defendants/respondents) and Cécile Larocque (third party)

(85/97/CA)

Indexed As: Dugas v. Landry et al.

New Brunswick Court of Appeal

Rice, Ayles and Ryan, JJ.A.

December 17, 1997.

Summary:

Dugas commenced a libel action against the defendants. The defendants replied with a motion seeking a preliminary decision dismissing the action on the ground that, given the pleadings and Dugas' admissions, the allegedly defamatory remarks were made in the course of a judicial proceeding and were therefore protected by an absolute privilege and thus, there was no case to submit to the jury.

The New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Trial Division, in a decision reported at 188 N.B.R.(2d) 21; 480 A.P.R. 21, al­lowed the motion and dismissed the action. Dugas appealed.

The New Brunswick Court of Appeal allowed the appeal and quashed the trial judge's judgment.

Editor's note: For a related decision, see 124 N.B.R.(2d) 271; 312 A.P.R. 271.

Libel and Slander - Topic 2928

Defences - Absolute privilege - Statements made in the course of judicial or legal proceedings - Dugas commenced a libel action against the defendants - The trial judge, by preliminary decision based on admissions, dismissed the action - Dugas had defined the circumstances, in her pleadings and her admissions at discovery, by establishing the link between the de­famatory allegations and a legal proceeding brought by the defendants, thus affording absolute privilege - The New Brunswick Court of Appeal allowed Dugas' appeal - The issue could not be resolved by an examination for discovery nor by affidavits because its very basis was dependent on the testimony of witnesses, the credibility of witnesses and the parties - The judge prematurely applied rule 23.01(1)c) and did not take into account admissions by some of the defendants that the defamatory remarks had been repeated to others.

Practice - Topic 5551

Judgments and orders - Judgments on admissions - General - [See Libel and Slander - Topic 2928 ].

Statutes Noticed:

Rules of Court (N.B.), rule 23.01(1)(c) [para. 7].

Authors and Works Noticed:

Brown, Raymond E., The Law of Defama­tion in Canada (2nd Ed. 1994), pp. 573-575 [para. 3].

Counsel:

Jacques F. Cormier, for the appellant;

Gérald Lizotte, for the respondents;

No one appeared for Cécile Larocque.

This appeal was heard on September 18, 1997 before Rice, Ayles and Ryan, JJ.A., of the New Brunswick Court of Appeal.

Rice, J.A., delivered the following decision on December 17, 1997.

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4 practice notes
  • Vihvelin v. New Brunswick Community College et al., 2015 NBCA 17
    • Canada
    • New Brunswick Court of Appeal (New Brunswick)
    • March 24, 2014
    ...363; 2006 NBQB 86, affd. (2007), 316 N.B.R.(2d) 180; 816 A.P.R. 180; 2007 NBCA 58, refd to. [para. 23]. Dugas v. Landry et al. (1997), 194 N.B.R.(2d) 150; 496 A.P.R. 150 (C.A.), consd. [para. New Brunswick v. Rothmans Inc. et al. (2010), 373 N.B.R.(2d) 157; 964 A.P.R. 157; 2010 NBQB 381, le......
  • Westmorland-Albert Solid Waste Corp. v. A.J. Equipment Sales Ltd. et al., (2006) 310 N.B.R.(2d) 178 (TD)
    • Canada
    • New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (Canada)
    • June 12, 2006
    ...sommaires - À la suite d'un aveu - Caractère suffisant - [Voir Practice - Topic 5707 ]. Cases Noticed: Dugas v. Landry et al. (1997), 194 N.B.R.(2d) 150; 496 A.P.R. 150 (C.A.), refd to. [para. Palk v. Canada Life Assurance Co. (1994), 157 N.B.R.(2d) 70; 404 A.P.R. 70 (T.D.), refd to. [para.......
  • Caissie v. Pelletier,
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (Canada)
    • March 23, 2017
    ...on the admission of facts in the Examination of Discovery of the plaintiff pursuant to Rule 23.01(c). In Dugas v. Landry, (1997) 194 N.B.R. (2d) 150 (C.A.), the court stated at para. 11 that “[T]o strike out an application under this rule, the evidence before the Court must be such as to de......
  • Thibodeau v. Gilbert et al., (2011) 382 N.B.R.(2d) 215 (TD)
    • Canada
    • New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (Canada)
    • November 1, 2011
    ...- Topic 5707 ]. Cases Noticed: Wawanesa Mutual Insurance Co. v. Bell, [1957] S.C.R. 581, refd to. [para. 9]. Dugas v. Landry et al. (1997), 194 N.B.R.(2d) 150; 496 A.P.R. 150 (C.A.), refd to. [para. Robert L. Kenny, Q.C., and Jean-Francois G. Dupuis, for the plaintiffs; Jade A. Spalding, fo......
4 cases
  • Vihvelin v. New Brunswick Community College et al., 2015 NBCA 17
    • Canada
    • New Brunswick Court of Appeal (New Brunswick)
    • March 24, 2014
    ...363; 2006 NBQB 86, affd. (2007), 316 N.B.R.(2d) 180; 816 A.P.R. 180; 2007 NBCA 58, refd to. [para. 23]. Dugas v. Landry et al. (1997), 194 N.B.R.(2d) 150; 496 A.P.R. 150 (C.A.), consd. [para. New Brunswick v. Rothmans Inc. et al. (2010), 373 N.B.R.(2d) 157; 964 A.P.R. 157; 2010 NBQB 381, le......
  • Westmorland-Albert Solid Waste Corp. v. A.J. Equipment Sales Ltd. et al., (2006) 310 N.B.R.(2d) 178 (TD)
    • Canada
    • New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (Canada)
    • June 12, 2006
    ...sommaires - À la suite d'un aveu - Caractère suffisant - [Voir Practice - Topic 5707 ]. Cases Noticed: Dugas v. Landry et al. (1997), 194 N.B.R.(2d) 150; 496 A.P.R. 150 (C.A.), refd to. [para. Palk v. Canada Life Assurance Co. (1994), 157 N.B.R.(2d) 70; 404 A.P.R. 70 (T.D.), refd to. [para.......
  • Caissie v. Pelletier,
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (Canada)
    • March 23, 2017
    ...on the admission of facts in the Examination of Discovery of the plaintiff pursuant to Rule 23.01(c). In Dugas v. Landry, (1997) 194 N.B.R. (2d) 150 (C.A.), the court stated at para. 11 that “[T]o strike out an application under this rule, the evidence before the Court must be such as to de......
  • Thibodeau v. Gilbert et al., (2011) 382 N.B.R.(2d) 215 (TD)
    • Canada
    • New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (Canada)
    • November 1, 2011
    ...- Topic 5707 ]. Cases Noticed: Wawanesa Mutual Insurance Co. v. Bell, [1957] S.C.R. 581, refd to. [para. 9]. Dugas v. Landry et al. (1997), 194 N.B.R.(2d) 150; 496 A.P.R. 150 (C.A.), refd to. [para. Robert L. Kenny, Q.C., and Jean-Francois G. Dupuis, for the plaintiffs; Jade A. Spalding, fo......

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