AuthorLoree Armstrong Beniuk, Jo-Anne Hughes, and Jack Reynolds
Accused. A person who is charged with a crime.
Adjudication. The determination of guilt or innocence of the accused by
a judge.
Admissible evidence. Evidence that is relevant to the trial and that can be
presented to the court. In some situations, the judge can rule that certain
evidence is not admissible and should not be heard.
Af‌f‌idavit. A sworn wrien statement to be used as evidence.
Af‌f‌irmation. A legally binding promise to tell the truth. A person who does
not want to swear to tell the truth on a religious document makes a solemn
af‌f‌irmation to tell the truth.
Aggravating circumstances. Any circumstances accompanying the commis-
sion of a crime that may justify a harsher sentence.
Appearance notice. Issued to the accused requiring them to appear in court
on a specif‌ic date and time. An appearance notice is issued to the accused
instead of arresting them.
Arraignment. One of the “due process” constitutional rights is the right of an
accused person to be told exactly what the accusations are when the police
lay criminal charges. This happens during a procedure called the arraign-
ment. The judge reads the charges that have been f‌iled, asks if the accused
understands the accusations, and asks how they plead.

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