Fraser Health Authority v. Jongerden et al., (2015) 367 B.C.A.C. 190 (CA)

JudgeDonald, D. Smith and Groberman, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (British Columbia)
Case DateFebruary 12, 2015
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations(2015), 367 B.C.A.C. 190 (CA);2015 BCCA 72

Health Authority v. Jongerden (2015), 367 B.C.A.C. 190 (CA);

    631 W.A.C. 190

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2015] B.C.A.C. TBEd. MR.013

Fraser Health Authority (respondent/applicant) v. Michael Schmidt (appellant/respondent)

(CA040965; 2015 BCCA 72)

Indexed As: Fraser Health Authority v. Jongerden et al.

British Columbia Court of Appeal

Donald, D. Smith and Groberman, JJ.A.

February 12, 2015.

Summary:

The British Columbia Supreme Court, in a decision reported at [2013] B.C.T.C. Uned. 986, found Schmidt guilty of civil contempt of court for packaging and distributing raw milk for human consumption, contrary to the terms of a permanent injunction granted in 2010. Schmidt had contended that the raw milk was being packaged and distributed for cosmetic purposes only. The trial judge rejected that contention. Schmidt appealed, alleging the following errors: the trial judge interpreted the injunction too broadly; the trial judge relied on inadmissible hearsay to ground his finding of contempt; the judge failed to apply the standard of reasonable doubt to Schmidt's evidence and to the circumstantial case; there were reversals of the onus of proof by the trial judge, or, alternatively, findings of fact that were unsupported by evidence; and the trial judge failed to consider the evidence as a whole, misapprehended the evidence, or made palpable and overriding errors of fact.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal.

Contempt - Topic 42

Elements of contempt - Mens rea - See paragraphs 3 to 8.

Contempt - Topic 683

What constitutes contempt - Judgments and orders - Requirement of clear and unambiguous order - See paragraphs 3 to 8.

Contempt - Topic 3024

Persons liable - Particular matters - Injunctions - Violation of - See paragraphs 3 to 8.

Contempt - Topic 5082

Practice - Evidence and proof - Standard of proof - See paragraphs 14 to 16.

Contempt - Topic 5083

Practice - Evidence and proof - Burden of proof - See paragraphs 17 to 26.

Contempt - Topic 5087

Practice - Evidence and proof - Hearsay evidence - See paragraphs 9 to 13.

Cases Noticed:

Hama v. Werbes (2000), 139 B.C.A.C. 290; 227 W.A.C. 290; 2000 BCCA 367, refd to. [para. 4].

Gurtins v. Panton-Goyert et al. (2008), 254 B.C.A.C. 102; 426 W.A.C. 102; 2008 BCCA 196, refd to. [para. 4].

F.H. v. McDougall, [2008] 3 S.C.R. 41; 380 N.R. 82; 260 B.C.A.C. 74; 439 W.A.C. 74; 2008 SCC 53, refd to. [para. 15].

Bhatnager v. Minister of Employment and Immigration, [1990] 2 S.C.R. 217; 111 N.R. 185, refd to. [para. 15].

Vidéotron ltée et Premier Choix: TVEC Inc. v. Industries Microlec produits électroniques Inc. et autres, [1992] 2 S.C.R. 1065; 141 N.R. 281; 50 Q.A.C. 161, refd to. [para. 15].

Ahmed v. Vancouver (City) et al. (2012), 323 B.C.A.C. 109; 550 W.A.C. 109; 2012 BCCA 261, refd to. [para. 15].

L.S. v. G.S. (2014), 360 B.C.A.C. 239; 617 W.A.C. 239; 2014 BCCA 334, refd to. [para. 15].

Palleson-Stallan v. Palleson-Stallan, [2014] B.C.A.C. Uned. 81; 2014 BCCA 474, refd to. [para. 15].

R. v. D.W., [1991] 1 S.C.R. 742; 122 N.R. 277; 46 O.A.C. 352, refd to. [para. 16].

R. v. C.W.H. (1991), 3 B.C.A.C. 205; 7 W.A.C. 205; 68 C.C.C.(3d) 146 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 16].

R. v. Morrissey (R.J.) (1995), 80 O.A.C. 161; 97 C.C.C.(3d) 193 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 24].

R. v. Swales (M.G.) (2014), 360 B.C.A.C. 291; 617 W.A.C. 291; 2014 BCCA 350, refd to. [para. 24].

Counsel:

J.B. Gratl, for the appellant;

S.L. Beach, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard on February 12, 2015, at Vancouver, B.C., before Donald, D. Smith and Groberman, JJ.A., of the British Columbia Court of Appeal. The following judgment of the Court of Appeal was delivered orally by Groberman, J.A., on the same date.

To continue reading

Request your trial
11 practice notes
  • 2023 BCSC 313,
    • Canada
    • January 1, 2023
    ...limits that the alleged contemnor is entitled to the most favourable interpretation of the order: Fraser Health Authority v. Schmidt, 2015 BCCA 72 at para. 4. [Emphasis added] 135 The Court of Appeal's approach in Dhillon to interpretation is not new. For example, the Court took the sa......
  • Axion Ventures Inc. v Bonner,
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • March 3, 2023
    ...limits that the alleged contemnor is entitled to the most favourable interpretation of the order: Fraser Health Authority v. Schmidt, 2015 BCCA 72 at para. 4. [Emphasis added] 135 The Court of Appeal's approach in Dhillon to interpretation is not new. For example, the Court took the sa......
  • Bell Media Inc. v. Macciacchera (Smoothstreams.tv),
    • Canada
    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • June 7, 2023
    ...interpret the order in accordance with its ordinary meaning, taking into account its context”: Fraser Health Authority v Schmidt, 2015 BCCA 72, at para 4 [Schmidt]. Moreover, “a defendant cannot hide behind a restrictive and literal interpretation to circumvent the order and m......
  • Partridge v. Partridge, 2020 BCCA 55
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • February 3, 2020
    ...2000 BCCA 367 at para. 8; Palleson-Stallan v. Stallan, 2014 BCCA 474 at para. 6; and Schmidt v. Fraser Health Authority, 2015 BCCA 72 at para. 15. The applicant submits that either leave to appeal should be granted, or in the alternative, if leave is not required, the no......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
11 cases
  • 2023 BCSC 313,
    • Canada
    • January 1, 2023
    ...limits that the alleged contemnor is entitled to the most favourable interpretation of the order: Fraser Health Authority v. Schmidt, 2015 BCCA 72 at para. 4. [Emphasis added] 135 The Court of Appeal's approach in Dhillon to interpretation is not new. For example, the Court took the sa......
  • Axion Ventures Inc. v Bonner,
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • March 3, 2023
    ...limits that the alleged contemnor is entitled to the most favourable interpretation of the order: Fraser Health Authority v. Schmidt, 2015 BCCA 72 at para. 4. [Emphasis added] 135 The Court of Appeal's approach in Dhillon to interpretation is not new. For example, the Court took the sa......
  • Bell Media Inc. v. Macciacchera (Smoothstreams.tv), 2023 FC 801
    • Canada
    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • June 7, 2023
    ...interpret the order in accordance with its ordinary meaning, taking into account its context”: Fraser Health Authority v Schmidt, 2015 BCCA 72, at para 4 [Schmidt]. Moreover, “a defendant cannot hide behind a restrictive and literal interpretation to circumvent the order and m......
  • Partridge v. Partridge, 2020 BCCA 55
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • February 3, 2020
    ...2000 BCCA 367 at para. 8; Palleson-Stallan v. Stallan, 2014 BCCA 474 at para. 6; and Schmidt v. Fraser Health Authority, 2015 BCCA 72 at para. 15. The applicant submits that either leave to appeal should be granted, or in the alternative, if leave is not required, the no......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT