I.J. v. T.S., 2015 NBQB 86

Judge:Robichaud, J.
Court:Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick
Case Date:February 12, 2015
Jurisdiction:New Brunswick
Citations:2015 NBQB 86;(2015), 435 N.B.R.(2d) 42 (FD)
 
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I.J. v. T.S. (2015), 435 N.B.R.(2d) 42 (FD);

    435 R.N.-B.(2e) 42; 1134 A.P.R. 42

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[French language version follows English language version]

[La version française vient à la suite de la version anglaise]

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Temp. Cite: [2015] N.B.R.(2d) TBEd. MY.002

Renvoi temp.: [2015] N.B.R.(2d) TBEd. MY.002

I.J. (applicant) v. T.S. (respondent)

(FDM 6-12; 2015 NBQB 86; 2015 NBBR 86)

Indexed As: I.J. v. T.S.

Répertorié: I.J. v. T.S.

New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench

Family Division

Judicial District of Moncton

Robichaud, J.

April 2, 2015.

Summary:

Résumé:

The Quebec Superior Court, per Corriveau, J., granted the wife a divorce judgment in 2013, including an order that the parties share custody of their three year old child, alternating every two weeks. The divorce judgment acknowledged that more permanent custody would have to be decided when the child started kindergarten. The child resided equally in New Brunswick (where the wife resided) and Quebec (where the husband resided). In September 2014, the wife brought an application in New Brunswick for a variation order in respect of Corriveau, J.'s custody order. The husband opposed the application. On its own motion, the Court of Queen's Bench scheduled a hearing to determine the preliminary issue of jurisdiction under s. 6(3) of the Divorce Act.

The New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Family Division, assumed jurisdiction in the proceeding.

Editor's Note: Certain names in the following case have been initialized or the case otherwise edited to prevent the disclosure of identities where required by law, publication ban, Maritime Law Book's editorial policy or otherwise.

Family Law - Topic 2122

Custody and access - Jurisdiction - Where custody order or access order made in another jurisdiction or under Divorce Act - The Quebec Superior Court, per Corriveau, J., granted the wife a divorce judgment in 2013, including an order that the parties share custody of their three year old child, alternating every two weeks - The divorce judgment acknowledged that more permanent custody would have to be decided in 2015 when the child started kindergarten - The child resided equally in New Brunswick (where the wife resided) and Quebec (where the husband resided) - In September 2014, the wife brought an application in New Brunswick for a variation order in respect of Corriveau, J.'s custody order - The husband opposed the application - The New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Family Division, assumed jurisdiction in the proceeding, pursuant to s. 6(3) of the Divorce Act - The child had significant ties to both New Brunswick and Quebec - However, the husband had not satisfied the Court that the child was most substantially connected with Quebec - Had the Court found that the child was most substantially connected with Quebec, it would have exercised its discretion to deny the transfer on the ground that it was not in the best interests of the child, "and that, in this case, New Brunswick is conducive to the better administration of justice as regards the legal steps already taken, the progress already made in the proceeding, the number of witnesses available here and the fact that I am going to order that the variation proceeding filed by the mother be heard by mid-August 2015." - See paragraphs 46 and 47.

Family Law - Topic 2129

Custody and access - Jurisdiction - Transfer to jurisdiction of substantial connection - [See Family Law - Topic 2122 ].

Family Law - Topic 2130

Custody and access - Jurisdiction - Variation of order - [See Family Law - Topic 2122 ].

Family Law - Topic 4067

Divorce - Corollary relief - Custody of children - Transfer to jurisdiction or venue of substantial connection - [See Family Law - Topic 2122 ].

Droit de la famille - Cote 2122

Garde et accès - Compétence - Ordonnance antérieure de garde rendue dans un autre ressort ou en vertu de la Loi sur le divorce - [Voir Family Law - Topic 2122 ].

Droit de la famille - Cote 2129

Garde et accès - Compétence - Renvoi au tribunal du lieu où l'enfant a ses attaches principales - [Voir Family Law - Topic 2129 ].

Droit de la famille - Cote 2130

Garde et accès - Compétence - Modification de l'ordonnance - [Voir Family Law - Topic 2130 ].

Droit de la famille - Cote 4067

Divorce - Mesures accessoires - Garde des enfants - Renvoi au tribunal du lieu où l'enfant a ses attaches principales - [Voir Family Law - Topic 4067 ].

Cases Noticed:

Mann v. Glidden, [2011] N.B.R.(2d) Uned. 66; 2011 NBCA 50, refd to. [para. 18].

Newman v. Newman, [1993] W.D.F.L. 1391; 89 Man.R.(2d) 254 (Fam. Div.), refd to. [para. 21].

S.D.M. v. K.F.M., [2010] B.C.T.C. Uned. 531 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 23].

Cormier v. Cormier (1990), 107 N.B.R.(2d) 442; 267 A.P.R. 442 (Fam. Div.), refd to. [para. 24].

R.S. v. P.M., [2005] J.Q. No. 4313 (Que. S.C.), refd to. [para. 24].

M.L. v. E.M., [2005] J.Q. No. 4674 (Que. S.C.), refd to. [para. 24].

Young v. Young (1998), 195 N.B.R.(2d) 392; 499 A.P.R. 392 (Fam. Div.), refd to. [para. 24].

Shields v. Shields (2001), 281 A.R. 320; 248 W.A.C. 320; 2001 ABCA 140, refd to. [para. 26].

Holt v. Lippert (1996), 107 Man.R.(2d) 302; 109 W.A.C. 302; 21 R.F.L.(4th) 241 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 27].

Gordon v. Goertz, [1996] 2 S.C.R. 27; 196 N.R. 321; 141 Sask.R. 241; 114 W.A.C. 241, refd to. [para. 44].

Statutes Noticed:

Divorce Act, R.S.C. 1985 (2nd Supp.), c. 3, sect. 5(1)(a), sect. 6(3)

Counsel:

Avocats:

Marie-Claude Bélanger-Richard, Q.C., for the applicant;

T.S., respondent, appeared in person.

This preliminary motion was heard on February 12, 2015, before Robichaud, J., of the New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Family Division, Judicial District of Moncton. The Court delivered the following decision, dated April 2, 2015.

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