Anderson, James and Eric Van Wincoop (2004)."Trade Costs."Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. XIII, pp. 691-751.
Bergstrand, Jeffrey and Peter Egger (2008)."The Growth of FDI Relative to Trade: Measurement, Determinants and Consequences of International Trade Flows in Intermediates." University of Notre Dame, mimeo, http://www.jhubc.it/FULLEVENTCAL/UPLOADFILE2/Bergstrand%20Paper.pdf
Blank, Stephen (2009)."The North American Free Trade Agreement and North America." Portal for North America, The Centre for International Governance Innovation, available at: http:// www.portalfornorthamerica.org/es/teaching-resources/north-american-free-trade-agreement-and-north-America.
Blank, Stephen (2013). "Getting to North American Governance: Practice, Practice, Practice." Ottawa: Centre on Governance, Conference Summary Report, No. 1.
Bridgman, Benjamin (2010)."Intemational Supply Chains and the Volatility of Trade." Bureau of Economic Analysis, Working Paper No. 0067.
Burt, Michael (2009)."Tighter Border Security and Its Effect on Canadian Exports."Canadian Public Policy, XXXV (2), pp. 149-169.
Chen, Pu (2010)."Trade Volatility and Intermediate Goods."University of Minnesota, mimeo.
Chen, Hogan, Matthew Kondratowicz and Kei-Mu Yi (2005). "Vertical Specialization and Three Facts about International Trade." North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Vol. 16, pp. 3559.
Feenstra, Robert (1998)"Integration of Trade and Disintegration of Production in the Global Economy." journal of Economic Perspectives, 12 (4), pp. 31-50.
Feenstra, Robert and Gordon Hanson (1999). "The Impact of Outsourcing and High Technology Capital on Wages: Estimates for the U.S., 1979-1990."Quarterly journal of Economics, Vol. 114, pp. 907-940.
Georgopoulos, George (2008). "The J-Curve Revisited: An Empirical Analysis for Canada."Atlantk Economic Journal, 36 (3), 315-332.
Globerman, Steven and Paul Storer (2008). The Impacts of 9/11 on Canada-US Trade. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Globerman, Steven and Paul Storer (2009). "Border Security and Canadian Exports to the United States: Evidence and Policy Implications."Canadian Public Policy, XXXV (2), pp. 172-186.
Globerman, Steven and Paul Storer (2011)."Regional and Temporal Variations in Transportation Costs for U.S. Imports from Canada."The Journal of Regional Analysis & Policy, 41(1), pp. 3855.
Goldfarb, Danielle (2007). "Reaching a Tipping Point? Effects of Post-9/11 Border Security on Canada's Trade and Investment." Ottawa: The Conference Board of Canada.
Goldfarb, Danielle and Doris Chu (2008). "Stuck in Neutral: Canada's Engagement in Regional and Global Supply Chains." Ottawa: The Conference Board of Canada.
Grady, Paul (2008), "How Much Were Canadian Exports Curtailed by Post 9/11 Thickening of the U.S. Border?" Unpublished manuscript. Accessed 25 May 2009 at http://www.global-eco-nomics.ca/border_post911.pdf
Hart, Michael (2010). A Matter of Trust: Expanding the Preclearance of Commerce between Canada and the United States. Toronto: C.D. Howe Institute, mimeo.
Hodgson, Glen (2008). "Making Integrative Trade Real: Creating a Value Chain Trade Policy for North America." Ottawa: The Conference Board of Canada.
Klier, Thomas and James Rubenstein (2013)."Medco Growing Importance in North American Auto Production." Chicago: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Fed Letter.
Mirou dot, Sebastien, Rainer Lanz and Alexandros Ragoussis (2009). "Trade in Intermediate Goods and Service." OECD Trade Policy Working Paper No. 93, Paris: OECD.
Oguro, Yoko, Kyoji Fukao and Yougesh Katu (2008)."Trade Sensitivity to Exchange Rates in the Context of Intra-Industrv Trade." Vashington, D.C.: IMF Working Paper, wp/08/134.
Sturgeon, Timothy and Olga Memodovic (2011). "Mapping Global Value Chains: Intermediate Goods Trade and Structured Change in the World Economy." Vienna: United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
(1.) See Blank (2009) for a discussion of the distinction and its relevance to policymakers.
(2.) The results for Canada's total trade are similar to those for trade with its North American partners.
(3.) Hodgson (2008).
(4.) The share of entry-stage exports was the same in 2006 as in 1990, while end-stage exports' share was correspondingly higher in 2006 than in 1990. The share of entry-stage imports was lower in 2006 than in 1990, while the reverse was true for end-stage imports. The changes were relatively small in all cases.
(5.) Goldfarb and Chu...