AuthorElaine L. Hughes, Arlene J. Kwasniak, Alastair R. Lucas
Canada has b een def‌ined and shaped by its “Crown” or public lands
and public resources. Most of the surface land i n Canada, subject to
Aboriginal r ights, is owned by the federal, provincial, or territorial gov-
ernments. These governments a lso own, subject to Aborigin al rights,
the diverse resources w ithin Crown land s, and a variety of resources,
whether they occur within or outside of Crown surface land. Depending
on specif‌ic jurisdictions and circumstances, Crown resources include
subsurface mines or mi nerals; water and rights to use water; wildlife;
f‌ish; beds and shores of rivers; lake s and other water bodies; offshore
and seabed areas; and public land forests, soil, vegetation, and eco-
systems. Crown, or public, lands (used interchangeably in t his book)
and resources contain our past, present, and future wealth in the form
of natural, economic, heritage, and recreational resources and def‌ine
and ref‌lect our history and identity. Indeed, “wealth” is tr uly what
these resources repres ent, from the days of the fur trade to today’s oil
sands, and the expanding network of public land protected areas.
The need for conservation of these resources i s a long-standing issue.
Nineteenth century resource ext inctions and depletions in wildlife
populations, such as bison and whales, spurred early laws, yet through-
out the twentieth century resources continued to become signif‌icantly
depleted from their historic levels (e.g., timber, f‌isheries). Even as re-
source legislation moved to regulate rates of resource use, other kinds

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT