Labour Relations Act, 1995, S.O. 1995, c. 1, Sched. A
|Original version:||<a href='/vid/labour-relations-act-1995-751589025'>Labour Relations Act, 1995, S.O. 1995, c. 1, Sched. A</a>|
Labour Relations Act, 1995
S.O. 1995, CHAPTER 1
Consolidation Period: From November 8, 2019 to the e-Laws currency date.
1 (1) In this Act,
“accredited employers’ organization” means an organization of employers that is accredited under this Act as the bargaining agent for a unit of employers; (“association patronale accréditée”)
“agriculture” includes farming in all its branches, including dairying, beekeeping, aquaculture, the raising of livestock including non-traditional livestock, furbearing animals and poultry, the production, cultivation, growing and harvesting of agricultural commodities, including eggs, maple products, mushrooms and tobacco, and any practices performed as an integral part of an agricultural operation, but does not include anything that was not or would not have been determined to be agriculture under section 2 of the predecessor to this Act as it read on June 22, 1994; (“agriculture”)
“bargaining unit” means a unit of employees appropriate for collective bargaining, whether it is an employer unit or a plant unit or a subdivision of either of them; (“unité de négociation”)
“Board” means the Ontario Labour Relations Board; (“Commission”)
“certified council of trade unions” means a council of trade unions that is certified under this Act as the bargaining agent for a bargaining unit of employees of an employer; (“conseil de syndicats accrédité”)
“collective agreement” means an agreement in writing between an employer or an employers’ organization, on the one hand, and a trade union that, or a council of trade unions that, represents employees of the employer or employees of members of the employers’ organization, on the other hand, containing provisions respecting terms or conditions of employment or the rights, privileges or duties of the employer, the employers’ organization, the trade union or the employees, and includes a provincial agreement and does not include a project agreement under section 163.1; (“convention collective”)
“construction industry” means the businesses that are engaged in constructing, altering, decorating, repairing or demolishing buildings, structures, roads, sewers, water or gas mains, pipe lines, tunnels, bridges, canals or other works at the site; (“industrie de la construction”)
“council of trade unions” includes an allied council, a trades council, a joint board and any other association of trade unions; (“conseil de syndicats”)
“dependent contractor” means a person, whether or not employed under a contract of employment, and whether or not furnishing tools, vehicles, equipment, machinery, material, or any other thing owned by the dependent contractor, who performs work or services for another person for compensation or reward on such terms and conditions that the dependent contractor is in a position of economic dependence upon, and under an obligation to perform duties for, that person more closely resembling the relationship of an employee than that of an independent contractor; (“entrepreneur dépendant”)
“Director of Dispute Resolution Services” means the Director of Dispute Resolution Services in the Ministry of Labour or, if there ceases to be a public servant with that title, the public servant or servants who are assigned the duties formerly carried out by the Director of Dispute Resolution Services; (“directeur des Services de règlement des différends”)
“employee” includes a dependent contractor; (“employé”)
“employers’ organization” means an organization of employers formed for purposes that include the regulation of relations between employers and employees and includes an accredited employers’ organization and a designated or accredited employer bargaining agency; (“association patronale”)
“lock-out” includes the closing of a place of employment, a suspension of work or a refusal by an employer to continue to employ a number of employees, with a view to compel or induce the employees, or to aid another employer to compel or induce that employer’s employees, to refrain from exercising any rights or privileges under this Act or to agree to provisions or changes in provisions respecting terms or conditions of employment or the rights, privileges or duties of the employer, an employers’ organization, the trade union, or the employees; (“lock-out”)
“member”, when used with reference to a trade union, includes a person who has applied for membership in the trade union; (“membre”)
“Minister” means the Minister of Labour; (“ministre”)
“professional engineer” means an employee who is a member of the engineering profession entitled to practise in Ontario and employed in a professional capacity; (“ingénieur”)
“strike” includes a cessation of work, a refusal to work or to continue to work by employees in combination or in concert or in accordance with a common understanding, or a slow-down or other concerted activity on the part of employees designed to restrict or limit output; (“grève”)
“trade union” means an organization of employees formed for purposes that include the regulation of relations between employees and employers and includes a provincial, national, or international trade union, a certified council of trade unions and a designated or certified employee bargaining agency. (“syndicat”) 1995, c. 1, Sched. A, s. 1 (1); 1998, c. 8, s. 1; 2000, c. 38, s. 1; 2006, c. 35, Sched. C, s. 57 (1); 2009, c. 33, Sched. 20, s. 2 (1).
(2) For the purposes of this Act, no person shall be deemed to have ceased to be an employee by reason only of the person’s ceasing to work for the person’s employer as the result of a lock-out or strike or by reason only of being dismissed by the person’s employer contrary to this Act or to a collective agreement. 1995, c. 1, Sched. A, s. 1 (2).
(3) Subject to section 97, for the purposes of this Act, no person shall be deemed to be an employee,
(a) who is a member of the architectural, dental, land surveying, legal or medical profession entitled to practise in Ontario and employed in a professional capacity; or
(b) who, in the opinion of the Board, exercises managerial functions or is employed in a confidential capacity in matters relating to labour relations. 1995, c. 1, Sched. A, s. 1 (3).
(4) Where, in the opinion of the Board, associated or related activities or businesses are carried on, whether or not simultaneously, by or through more than one corporation, individual, firm, syndicate or association or any combination thereof, under common control or direction, the Board may, upon the application of any person, trade union or council of trade unions concerned, treat the corporations, individuals, firms, syndicates or associations or any combination thereof as constituting one employer for the purposes of this Act and grant such relief, by way of declaration or otherwise, as it may deem appropriate. 1995, c. 1, Sched. A, s. 1 (4).
Duty of respondents
(5) Where, in an application made pursuant to subsection (4), it is alleged that more than one corporation, individual, firm, syndicate or association or any combination thereof are or were under common control or direction, the respondents to the application shall adduce at the hearing all facts within their knowledge that are material to the allegation. 1995, c. 1, Sched. A, s. 1 (5).
Section Amendments with date in force (d/m/y)
1998, c. 8, s. 1 (1, 2) - 29/06/1998
Purposes and Application of Act
2 The following are the purposes of the Act:
1. To facilitate collective bargaining between employers and trade unions that are the freely-designated representatives of the employees.
2. To recognize the importance of workplace parties adapting to change.
3. To promote flexibility, productivity and employee involvement in the workplace.
4. To encourage communication between employers and employees in the workplace.
5. To recognize the importance of economic growth as the foundation for mutually beneficial relations amongst employers, employees and trade unions.
6. To encourage co-operative participation of employers and trade unions in resolving workplace issues.
7. To promote the expeditious resolution of workplace disputes. 1995, c. 1, Sched. A, s. 2.
3 This Act does not apply,
(a) to a domestic employed in a private home;
(b) to a person employed in hunting or trapping;
(b.1) to an employee within the meaning of the Agricultural Employees Protection Act, 2002;
(c) to a person, other than an employee of a municipality or a person employed in silviculture, who is employed in horticulture by an employer whose primary business is agriculture or horticulture;
(d) to a member of a police force within the meaning of the Police Services Act;
Note: On a day to be named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor, clause 3 (d) of the Act is amended by striking out “police force within the meaning of the Police Services Act” at the end and substituting “police service within the meaning of the Community Safety and Policing Act, 2019”. (See: 2019, c. 1, Sched. 4, s. 27)
(e) except as provided in Part IX of the Fire Protection and Prevention Act, 1997, to a person who is a firefighter within the meaning of subsection 41 (1) of that Act;
(f) to a member of a teachers’ bargaining unit within the meaning of the School Boards Collective Bargaining Act, 2014, except as provided by that Act and by the Protecting the School Year Act, 2015, or to a supervisory officer, a principal or a vice-principal within the meaning of the Education Act;
Note: On a day to be named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor, clause 3 (f) of the Act is repealed and the following substituted: (See: 2015, c. 11, s. 20 (2))
(f) to a member of a teachers’ bargaining unit within the meaning of...
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