Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada, 1999 BCCA 239

JudgeHollinrake, Ryan and Hall, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (British Columbia)
Case DateFebruary 26, 1999
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations1999 BCCA 239;(1999), 121 B.C.A.C. 275 (CA)

Mannpar Ent. Ltd. v. Can. (1999), 121 B.C.A.C. 275 (CA);

   198 W.A.C. 275

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [1999] B.C.A.C. TBEd. MY.014

Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. (plaintiff/appellant) v. Her Majesty The Queen In Right of Canada (defendant/respondent)

(CA023207; 1999 BCCA 239)

Indexed As: Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada

British Columbia Court of Appeal

Hollinrake, Ryan and Hall, JJ.A.

April 15, 1999.

Summary:

The plaintiff company held a permit to extract sand and gravel from an Indian reserve. The plaintiff sued the federal Crown for damages for alleged wrongful repudiation of the contract. The Crown counterclaimed. The trial judge, in a decision reported in [1997] B.C.T.C. Uned. 548; 33 B.C.L.R.(3d) 203 (additional reasons at [1998] B.C.J. No. 325), dismissed the action and the count­erclaim. The plaintiff appealed.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal.

Contracts - Topic 2065

Terms - Implied terms - To achieve busi­ness efficacy - The British Columbia Court of Appeal stated that a term could be implied in a contract if this was found necessary by a court in order to give busi­ness efficacy to the contract - A court would not, however, imply a term into a contract merely because the court might think that such term would be reasonable or would likely be more satisfactory - See paragraph 56.

Crown - Topic 1224

Contracts with Crown - Operating agree­ments - Renewals - Mannpar held a Crown permit to extract sand and gravel from an Indian reserve - A renewal clause gave Mannpar the right to renew, subject to satisfactory performance and renegotiation of the royalty rate and annual surface rental - The parties generally expected that the arrangement would extend over 10 years - Negotiations for renewal broke down when the Indian band would not consent - The British Columbia Court of Appeal declined to imply a term into the agreement that the federal Crown had a duty to negotiate a renewal in good faith - The court affirmed that "no en­forceable agreement arose out of the lan­guage of the renewal clause" - The Crown was entitled to consider its fiduciary duties to the band.

Cases Noticed:

Chaplin v. Hicks, [1911] 2 K.B. 786, refd to. [para. 22].

Hillas & Co. v. Arcos Ltd., [1932] All E.R. Rep. 494 (H.L.), refd to. [para. 23].

Griffin v. Martins (1988), 27 B.C.L.R.(2d) 152, consd. [para. 23].

Dynamic Transport Ltd. v. O.K. Detailing Ltd., [1978] 2 S.C.R. 1072; 20 N.R. 500; 9 A.R. 308; 85 D.L.R.(3d) 19, consd. [para. 24].

Mesa Operating Ltd. Partnership v. Amoco Canada Resources Ltd. (1994), 149 A.R. 187; 63 W.A.C. 187; 19 Alta. L.R.(3d) 38; 13 B.L.R.(2d) 310 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 25].

Foley v. Classique Coaches Ltd., [1934] 2 K.B. 1 (C.A.), consd. [para. 26].

Corson v. Rhuddlan Borough Council, [1990] 1 E.G.L.R. 255, consd. [para. 29].

Beer v. Bowden (Note), [1981] 1 W.L.R. 522, dist. [para. 35].

Bates (Thomas) & Son Ltd. v. Wyndham's (Lingerie) Ltd., [1981] 1 W.L.R. 505 (C.A.), consd. [para. 35].

B.I.H. Investments Inc. v. Kim, [1996] B.C.J. No. 49, dist. [para. 37].

Empress Towers Ltd. v. Bank of Nova Scotia (1990), 50 B.C.L.R.(2d) 126 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 37].

Murphy v. McSorley, [1929] 4 D.L.R. 247 (S.C.C.), consd. [para. 38].

Young v. Van Beneen, [1953] 3 D.L.R. 702, consd. [para. 39].

Calford Properties Ltd. v. Kelly's Billiards Ltd. (1973), 37 D.L.R.(3d) 300 (Alta. Q.B.), consd. [para. 41].

Allarco Developments Ltd. v. Novelty Pipe Shoppe Ltd. and Alberta (Provincial Treasurer) (1982), 47 A.R. 161 (Q.B. Master), consd. [para. 42].

Nor-Isle Sales Ltd. v. Cadwallander et al. (1977), 1 B.L.R. 256 (S.C.), consd. [para. 43].

Empress Towers Ltd. v. Bank of Nova Scotia (1990), 50 B.C.L.R.(2d) 126 (C.A.), consd. [para. 44].

Gateway Realty Ltd. v. Arton Holdings Ltd. and LaHave Developments Ltd. (No. 3) (1991), 106 N.S.R.(2d) 180; 288 A.P.R. 180 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 50].

Walford et al. v. Miles et al., [1992] 2 A.C. 128; 142 N.R. 179 (H.L.), consd. [para. 52].

Delgamuukw et al. v. British Columbia et al., [1997] 3 S.C.R. 1010; 220 N.R. 161; 99 B.C.A.C. 161; 162 W.A.C. 161, refd to. [para. 56].

Guerin v. Canada, [1984] 2 S.C.R. 335; 55 N.R. 161, refd to. [para. 56].

Opetchesaht Indian Band et al. v. Canada et al. (1994), 41 B.C.A.C. 241; 66 W.A.C. 241; 89 B.C.L.R.(2d) 145 (C.A.), affd. [1997] 2 S.C.R. 119; 211 N.R. 241; 90 B.C.A.C. 1; 147 W.A.C. 1, refd to. [para. 56].

Bobsien v. Wiebe (1985), 64 B.C.L.R. 295 (C.A.), leave to appeal refused (1985), 64 N.R. 394 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 62].

Counsel:

P.G. Voith and J.K. Wright, for the appel­lant;

D.B. Pope, M.J. Hewitt and J.M. Mackenzie, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard in Vancouver, British Columbia, on February 26, 1999, before Hollinrake, Ryan and Hall, JJ.A., of the British Columbia Court of Appeal. The decision of the court was delivered by Hall, J.A., on April 15, 1999.

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24 practice notes
  • Ko v. Hillview Homes Ltd., (2012) 536 A.R. 93
    • Canada
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    ... [2003] O.A.C. Uned. 565 ; 68 O.R.(3d) 467 ; 234 D.L.R.(4th) 367 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 136]. Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada (1999), 121 B.C.A.C. 275; 198 W.A.C. 275 ; 173 D.L.R.(4th) 243 ; 1999 BCCA 239 , refd to. [para. Empress Towers Ltd. v. Bank of Nova Scotia (1990), 50 B.C......
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    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive The Law of Contracts. Second Edition Remedies
    • August 29, 2012
    ...(H.L.) ...........................................................752, 765 THE LAW OF CONTR ACTS 1116 Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada, 1999 BCCA 239, 173 D.L.R. (4th) 243 , [1999] B.C.J. No. 850 ................................. 148, 149, 159 Manulife Bank of Canada v. Conlin, [1996] 3......
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    ...87]. LeMesurier v. Andrus (1986), 12 O.A.C. 299; 54 O.R.(2d) 1 (C.A.), refd to. [paras. 39, 95]. Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada (1999), 121 B.C.A.C. 275; 198 W.A.C. 275; 173 D.L.R.(4th) 243 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 40]. Weiss et al. v. Schad et al., [1999] O.T.C. 228 (Sup. Ct.), refd to.......
  • Mellco Developments Ltd. v. Portage La Prairie (City), 2002 MBCA 125
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    • October 1, 2002
    ...Rent-A-Car Co. v. Clendenning (1978), 83 D.L.R.(3d) 400 (Ont. C.A.), refd to. [para. 86]. Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada (1999), 121 B.C.A.C. 275; 198 W.A.C. 275 ; 173 D.L.R.(4th) 243 (C.A.), refd to. [para. Canada (Attorney General) v. Fontaine (1995), 104 Man.R.(2d) 219 (Q.B.),......
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23 cases
  • Ko v. Hillview Homes Ltd., (2012) 536 A.R. 93
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • June 7, 2012
    ... [2003] O.A.C. Uned. 565 ; 68 O.R.(3d) 467 ; 234 D.L.R.(4th) 367 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 136]. Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada (1999), 121 B.C.A.C. 275; 198 W.A.C. 275 ; 173 D.L.R.(4th) 243 ; 1999 BCCA 239 , refd to. [para. Empress Towers Ltd. v. Bank of Nova Scotia (1990), 50 B.C......
  • Peel Condominium Corp. No. 505 et al. v. Cam-Valley Homes Ltd. et al., (2001) 142 O.A.C. 251 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Ontario Court of Appeal (Ontario)
    • March 6, 2001
    ...87]. LeMesurier v. Andrus (1986), 12 O.A.C. 299; 54 O.R.(2d) 1 (C.A.), refd to. [paras. 39, 95]. Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada (1999), 121 B.C.A.C. 275; 198 W.A.C. 275; 173 D.L.R.(4th) 243 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 40]. Weiss et al. v. Schad et al., [1999] O.T.C. 228 (Sup. Ct.), refd to.......
  • Mellco Developments Ltd. v. Portage La Prairie (City), 2002 MBCA 125
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Manitoba)
    • October 1, 2002
    ...Rent-A-Car Co. v. Clendenning (1978), 83 D.L.R.(3d) 400 (Ont. C.A.), refd to. [para. 86]. Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada (1999), 121 B.C.A.C. 275; 198 W.A.C. 275 ; 173 D.L.R.(4th) 243 (C.A.), refd to. [para. Canada (Attorney General) v. Fontaine (1995), 104 Man.R.(2d) 219 (Q.B.),......
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    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
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    ...the court considered there was an implied term the landlord would negotiate in good faith. [385] In Mannpar Enterprises v. Canada, 1999 BCCA 239, the appellant had entered into a five-year permit to extract sand and gravel from an Indian Reserve. The permit provided for a right of renewal f......
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1 books & journal articles
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive The Law of Contracts. Second Edition Remedies
    • August 29, 2012
    ...(H.L.) ...........................................................752, 765 THE LAW OF CONTR ACTS 1116 Mannpar Enterprises Ltd. v. Canada, 1999 BCCA 239, 173 D.L.R. (4th) 243 , [1999] B.C.J. No. 850 ................................. 148, 149, 159 Manulife Bank of Canada v. Conlin, [1996] 3......

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