Nalliah v. Canada (Solicitor General) et al., (2004) 264 F.T.R. 148 (FC)

JudgeSnider, J.
CourtFederal Court (Canada)
Case DateNovember 16, 2004
JurisdictionCanada (Federal)
Citations(2004), 264 F.T.R. 148 (FC);2004 FC 1649

Nalliah v. Can. (2004), 264 F.T.R. 148 (FC)

MLB headnote and full text

[French language version follows English language version]

[La version française vient à la suite de la version anglaise]

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Temp. Cite: [2004] F.T.R. TBEd. DE.012

Vivekananthan Nalliah (applicant) v. The Solicitor General for Canada and The Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (respondents)

(IMM-9071-04; 2004 FC 1649; 2004 CF 1649)

Indexed As: Nalliah v. Canada (Solicitor General) et al.

Federal Court

Snider, J.

November 24, 2004.

Summary:

Nalliah applied for leave and for judicial review of a negative decision of a pre-removal risk assessment (PRRA) dated September 9, 2004. He hoped that this judicial review would evolve into a class action including as plaintiffs all individuals (approx. 3700) who received negative PRRA decisions made between December 12, 2003 and October 8, 2004. In this motion, Nalliah sought injunctive relief suspending the effect of the negative decisions made between these dates and also sought an order for directions.

The Federal Court dismissed the motion for injunctive relief, but issued directions respecting how to notify those removed from Canada about the progress of the class action.

Aliens - Topic 1594

Exclusion and expulsion - Pre-removal risk assessment - Judicial review - Injunction pending - [See Aliens - Topic 1797.1 ].

Aliens - Topic 1797.1

Exclusion and expulsion - Deportation and exclusion of persons in Canada - Deportation order - Injunction or prohibition to stop execution of - Nalliah applied for judicial review of a negative decision of a pre-removal risk assessment (PRRA) dated September 9, 2004 - He hoped that the judicial review would evolve into a class action including as plaintiffs all individuals (approx. 3700) who received negative PRRA decisions made between December 12, 2003 and October 8, 2004 - Nalliah claimed that the PRRA program during this time frame lacked independence and impartiality - Nalliah sought an injunction suspending the effect of the negative decisions made between these dates and enjoining removals - The Federal Court refused to grant an injunction - The court held that although there was a serious issue for trial, irreparable harm was not established - The court opined that the balance of convenience favoured refusing the injunction - See paragraphs 1 to 47.

Injunctions - Topic 1610

Interlocutory or interim injunctions - Circumstances when injunction will not be granted - [See Aliens - Topic 1797.1 ].

Practice - Topic 209.8

Persons who can sue and be sued - Individuals and corporations - Status or standing - Class actions - Notice to members of class - Nalliah applied for judicial review of a negative decision of a pre-removal risk assessment (PRRA) dated September 9, 2004 - He hoped that this judicial review would evolve into a class action including as plaintiffs all individuals (approx. 3700) who received negative PRRA decisions made between December 12, 2003 and October 8, 2004 - Nalliah sought injunctive relief - The Federal Court dismissed the motion for injunctive relief - The court, however, agreed that the effect of the denial of the injunctive relief would be the removal of members of the putative class making it impossible to locate these people - The court, therefore, ordered counsel to develop a plan to issue class action notices and use the Canada Border Services Agency website to inform members of the putative class of developments in the case - See paragraphs 49 to 53.

Cases Noticed:

Metropolitan Stores (MTS) Ltd. v. Manitoba Food and Commercial Workers, Local 832 and Labour Board (Man.), [1987] 1 S.C.R. 110; 73 N.R. 341; 46 Man.R.(2d) 241, refd to. [para. 4].

RJR-MacDonald Inc. et Imperial Tobacco Ltd. v. Canada (Procureur général), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311; 164 N.R. 1; 60 Q.A.C. 241, refd to. [para. 4].

Toth v. Minister of Employment and Immigration (1988), 86 N.R. 302 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 5].

Borisova et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2003), 237 F.T.R. 87 (F.C.), refd to. [para. 7].

North American Gateway Inc. v. Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission (1997), 214 N.R. 146 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 11].

Baker v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [1999] 2 S.C.R. 817; 243 N.R. 22, refd to. [para. 20].

Ocean Port Hotel Ltd. v. Liquor Control and Licensing Branch (B.C.) (2001), 274 N.R. 116; 155 B.C.A.C. 193; 254 W.A.C. 193; 2001 SCC 52, refd to. [para. 20].

Suresh v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [1999] 4 F.C. 206; 249 N.R. 28 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 24].

Resulaj v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2003] F.T.R. Uned. 675 (F.C.), refd to. [para. 24].

Grant v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2002] F.T.R. Uned. 74; 2002 FCT 141, refd to. [para. 26].

Mikhailov et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2000), 191 F.T.R. 1 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 26].

Frankowski v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2000] F.T.R. Uned. 162 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 26].

Csanyi et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2000] F.T.R. Uned. 642 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 26].

Atakora v. Minister of Employment and Immigration (1993), 68 F.T.R. 122 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 26].

Kim v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2003] F.T.R. Uned. 201; 2003 FCT 321, refd to. [para. 30].

Selliah et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2004] N.R. Uned. 132 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 31].

Membreno-Garcia v. Minister of Employment and Immigration (1992), 55 F.T.R. 104 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 38].

Smith (L.) v. Minister of Employment and Immigration (1992), 58 F.T.R. 292 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 38].

Chen et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2004), 250 F.T.R. 285 (F.C.), refd to. [para. 50].

Statutes Noticed:

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, S.C. 2001, c. 27, sect. 112(1) [para. 9].

Counsel:

Lorne Waldman, Krassina Kostadinov and D. Clifford Luyt, for the applicant;

Marie-Louise Wcislo, Rhonda Marquis, Angela Marinos and Anshumala Juyal, for the respondents;

Solicitors of Record:

Waldman & Associates, Toronto, Ontario, for the applicant;

Morris Rosenberg, Deputy Attorney General of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, for the respondents.

This motion was heard at Toronto, Ontario, on November 16, 2004, by Snider, J., of the Federal Court, who released the following decision on November 24, 2004.

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23 practice notes
  • Pre-removal Risk Assessments and Refoulement
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    • Irwin Books Immigration Law. Second Edition Part Two
    • June 19, 2015
    ...18 Martin Jones & Sasha Baglay, Refugee Law (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2007) at 332. 19 See, for example, Nalliah v Canada (Solicitor General) , 2004 FC 1649 [ Nalliah ], where Snider J commented that of all the applications processed, only about 3 percent of all PRRA decisions were favourable. S......
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    • June 19, 2015
    ...478, 649 Nakane, Re (1908), 13 BCR 370, [1908] BCJ No 15 (CA) .............................. 32–33 Nalliah v Canada (Solicitor General), 2004 FC 1649 .................................362, 391 Narain Singh, Re (1908), 13 BCR 477, [1908] BCJ No 33 (CA) ..................... 16, 33 Narvaez v C......
  • Appu v. Canada (Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness) et al., 2010 FC 780
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    ...of Citizenship and Immigration) , 2005 FC 145, 137 A.C.W.S. (3d) 156; Ghanaseharan , above; Nalliah v. Canada (Solicitor General) , 2004 FC 1649, 264 F.T.R. 148; Cerna v. M.C.I. , IMM-5744-04, July 12, 2004 (F.C.); Lee v. M.C.I , IMM-5752-04, July 12, 2004 (F.C.); Gill v. M.C.I. , IMM-2763-......
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    ...Immigration), 2001 FCT 325; Akyol v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2003 FC 931; Nalliah v. Canada (Solicitor General), 2004 FC 1649, [2005] 3 F.C.R. 210, 264 F.T.R. 148; Selliah v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2004 FCA 261.AUTHORS CITEDCitizenship an......
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20 cases
  • Appu v. Canada (Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness) et al., 2010 FC 780
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    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • July 22, 2010
    ...of Citizenship and Immigration) , 2005 FC 145, 137 A.C.W.S. (3d) 156; Ghanaseharan , above; Nalliah v. Canada (Solicitor General) , 2004 FC 1649, 264 F.T.R. 148; Cerna v. M.C.I. , IMM-5744-04, July 12, 2004 (F.C.); Lee v. M.C.I , IMM-5752-04, July 12, 2004 (F.C.); Gill v. M.C.I. , IMM-2763-......
  • Lai c. Canada (Citoyenneté et Immigration),
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    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • July 21, 2011
    ...Immigration), 2001 FCT 325; Akyol v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2003 FC 931; Nalliah v. Canada (Solicitor General), 2004 FC 1649, [2005] 3 F.C.R. 210, 264 F.T.R. 148; Selliah v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2004 FCA 261.AUTHORS CITEDCitizenship an......
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    ...at para 5; Ellero v Canada (Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness), 2008 FC 1364 at para 45-47; Nalliah v Canada (Solicitor General), 2004 FC 1649 at para 18). This is the case here with respect to the harm claimed in relation to the situation in Haiti, which was analyzed in the context ......
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    ...[2001] F.T.R. Uned. 899; 2001 FCT 1413, refd to. [para. 26]. Nalliah v. Canada (Solicitor General) et al., [2005] 3 F.C.R. 210; 264 F.T.R. 148 (F.C.), refd to. [para. Salman v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2001] F.T.R. Uned. 307; 2001 FCT 507, refd to. [para. 36]. Tuli......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
3 books & journal articles
  • Pre-removal Risk Assessments and Refoulement
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Immigration Law. Second Edition Part Two
    • June 19, 2015
    ...18 Martin Jones & Sasha Baglay, Refugee Law (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2007) at 332. 19 See, for example, Nalliah v Canada (Solicitor General) , 2004 FC 1649 [ Nalliah ], where Snider J commented that of all the applications processed, only about 3 percent of all PRRA decisions were favourable. S......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Immigration Law. Second Edition Part Four
    • June 19, 2015
    ...478, 649 Nakane, Re (1908), 13 BCR 370, [1908] BCJ No 15 (CA) .............................. 32–33 Nalliah v Canada (Solicitor General), 2004 FC 1649 .................................362, 391 Narain Singh, Re (1908), 13 BCR 477, [1908] BCJ No 33 (CA) ..................... 16, 33 Narvaez v C......
  • Government reorganization and the transfer of powers: does certainty matter?
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    ...A.C.W.S. (3d) 1033 (F.C.T.D.). (60.) Transfer of portions of CIC to CBSA supra note 26. (61.) Branigan, supra note 59 at 311. (62.) (2004), 264 F.T.R. 148 at para. I, [20051 3 F.C.R. 210 (F.C.) [Nalliah cited to (63.) Transfer of portions of CIC to CBSA, supra note 26. (64.) Order Transferr......

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