AuthorJamie Chai Yun Liew; Donald Galloway
This book builds upon the f‌irst edition as an introductory guide to
immigration, refugee, and citi zenship law. Its aim is to provide an over-
view, or a starting point, both for those who want to investigate t he
mechanics of Canad a’s immigration regime and for those who want to
assess, cr itique, or question the aims and impact s of the law.
The book is divided into four parts and seventeen chapters. Part 1
provides context and delves into the sources and evolution of Canadi an
immigration law. Part 2 exami nes status in Canada, identify ing how
persons may obtain, keep, and lose temporary or permanent status.
Part 3 discusses the devices that the Canadian government uses to en-
force immigration law. Part 4 examines judicial supervision of govern-
ment action under the immigration regime, and in particular judicial
review and constitutional ch allenges.
Throughout the book, we aspire to provide some understanding
of the rules and processes of the immigration system in Canada, a s
well as the effects the system has on migrants and Canadians, but we
also hope that the text w ill plant a seed of skepticism about the policy
rationales and justif‌ic ations offered for various government decisions
and actions. Over the last few year s, the government has devolved
power from the legislature and civ il service to t he hands of a few cab-
inet ministers, permitting them to micromanage th rough the exercise of
discretion. Recent changes h ave resulted in revamped application and
review processes t hat provide fewer checks and balance s for many ap-
plicants. The government has also turned to “mini sterial instructions”

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