AuthorJohn D. Holding, John S. Hoff
On 4 November 2003, the Montreal Convention of 1999 came into
force. This historic date marked the cu lmination of many years of
effort in conferences and negotiations intended to reform and consoli-
date the law of international air carriage which had existed since 1933
under the old Warsaw system.
Thirty-one nations, including the United States, were parties to
the Montreal Convention when it came into force. This number rose
to f‌ift y-two by 6 June 2004, on which date the nations of the Euro-
pean Union implemented the treaty, and has since risen to eighty-sev-
en. This leaves, however, sixty-three nations governed by the Warsaw
Convention amended at The Hague, and another f‌ifteen nations still
governed by the unamended Warsaw treaty. The current status in the
United States, therefore, continues as two parallel systems of interna-
tional law; elements of t he Warsaw system consisting of t he original
Convention and two amending Protocols, and the Montreal Conven-
tion intended to consolidate, reform, and supercede the Warsaw sys-
tem. The law governing a particular contract of carriage may be either
one of those two systems, depending on the nations involved in the
Following the time the Montreal Convention came into force there
was recognition of the current need for a practical guide to the law of
international air carriage, particularly as it applied in certain specif‌ic
[xv ]

To continue reading

Request your trial

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT