Pyrotech Products Ltd. et al. v. Ross Southward Tree Ltd. et al., (1975) 5 N.R. 541 (SCC)

JudgeLaskin, C.J.C., Judson, Spence, Beetz and de Grandpré, JJ.
CourtSupreme Court (Canada)
Case DateMay 22, 1974
JurisdictionCanada (Federal)
Citations(1975), 5 N.R. 541 (SCC);[1976] 2 SCR 35;[1975] SCJ No 62 (QL);5 NR 541;1975 CanLII 25 (SCC);57 DLR (3d) 248;57 DLR (3d) 248;[1975] SCJ No 62 (QL);[1976] 2 SCR 35

Pyrotech Products v. Ross Southward Tree (1975), 5 N.R. 541 (SCC)

MLB headnote and full text

Pyritech Products Ltd. et al. v. Ross Southward Tree Ltd. et al.

Indexed As: Pyrotech Products Ltd. et al. v. Ross Southward Tree Ltd. et al.

Supreme Court of Canada

Laskin, C.J.C., Judson, Spence, Beetz and de Grandpré, JJ.

June 26, 1975.

Summary:

This case arose out of a subrogated action against a tenant of a commercial building. The building was lost by fire caused by the negligence of the employees of the tenant. In the lease the tenant agreed to pay fire insurance premiums to the landlord. The trial court allowed the plaintiff's action against the tenant.

On appeal to the Ontario Court of Appeal the appeal was dismissed and the judgment of the trial court was affirmed.

On appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada the appeal was allowed and the judgments of the Ontario Courts were set aside. The Supreme Court of Canada dismissed the action by the landlord against the tenant for damages for loss of the premises. The Supreme Court of Canada stated that the effect of the term requiring the tenant to pay fire insurance premiums to the landlord resulted in the assumption by the landlord of the risk of loss of the premises by fire - see paragraph 7.

Beetz and de Grandpré, JJ., dissenting, in the Supreme Court of Canada, would have dismissed the appeal and would have affirmed the judgment of the Ontario Court of Appeal - see paragraphs 14 to 23.

Landlord and Tenant - Topic 1629

The premises - Insurance - Fire loss - Effect of an agreement by a tenant to pay fire insurance premiums to a landlord - The Supreme Court of Canada held that the effect of such a term in a lease resulted in the assumption by the landlord of the risk of loss of the premises by the fire - See paragraph 7 - The Supreme Court of Canada dismissed an action by the landlord against the tenant for damages for loss of the premises by fire caused by the negligence of employees of the tenant.

Cases Noticed:

Upjohn v. Hitchens, [1918] 2 K.B. 48, refd to. [para. 6].

United Motor Services Ltd. v. Hutson, [1937] S.C.R. 294, dist. [para. 9]; folld. [para. 15].

Shell Oil of Canada Ltd. v. White Motor Company Ltd., [1957] O.W.N. 229, dist. [para. 9].

Norman v. L.J. Edwards Motor Sales Ltd. (1958), 15 D.L.R.(2d) 211, dist. [para. 9].

Cummer-Yonge Investments Ltd. v. Agnew-Surpass Shoe Stores Ltd., [1972] 2 O.R. 341; 4 N.R. 547, dist. [paras. 9, 21].

Canada Steamship Lines Ltd. v. The King, [1952] A.C. 192, folld. [para. 15].

Statutes Noticed:

Conveyancing and Law of Property Act, R.S.O. 1960, c. 66, sect. 30, sect. 31, sect. 32, sect. 33 [para. 15].

Counsel:

C.F. McKeon, Q.C., for the appellants;

R.S. Montgomery, Q.C., for the respondent.

This appeal was heard by the Supreme Court of Canada on May 22, 1974. Judgment was delivered by the Supreme Court of Canada on June 26, 1975 and the following opinions were filed:

Laskin, C.J.C. - see paragraphs 1 to 13

de Grandpre, J. - see paragraphs 14 to 23.

Judson and Spence, JJ., concurred with Laskin, C.J.C.

Beetz, J., concurred with de Grandpre, J.

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82 practice notes
  • Ontario Court Of Appeal Summaries (April 8 – 12, 2019)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • April 30, 2019
    ...Investments Ltd. v. Agnew Surpass Shoe Stores Ltd., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 221, Pyrotech Products Ltd. v. Ross Southward Tire Ltd., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 35, T. Eaton Co. v. Smith et al., [1978] 2 S.C.R. 749, Bell Canada v. The Plan Group, 2009 ONCA 548, Lincoln Canada Services LP v. First Gulf Design B......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Insurance Law Enforcing insurance contracts
    • September 1, 2004
    ...Ross Southward Tire Ltd. v. Pyrotech Products Ltd., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 35, 57 D.L.R. (3d) 248 ......................................................................................305 Ryan v. Canada Life Assurance Co. (1999), 179 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 306, 546 A.P.R. 306 (Nfld. C.A.) ....................
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Insurance Law. Second Edition Enforcing Insurance Contracts
    • June 23, 2015
    ...432 Ross Southward Tire Ltd v Pyrotech Products Ltd (1975), [1976] 2 SCR 35, [1975] ILR 1235, 1975 CanLII 25 .....................................537 Royal Bank of Canada v Kings Mutual Insurance Co (1996), 153 NSR (2d) 17, 35 CCLI (2d) 255, [1996] NSJ No 224 (CA) .................... 595 R......
  • B.C. Rail Partnership v. Standard Car Truck Co. et al., 2009 NSSC 240
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Supreme Court of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • August 13, 2009
    ...4 N.R. 547; 1975 CarswellOnt 304 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 72]. Pyrotech Products Ltd. et al. v. Ross Southward Tree Ltd. et al. (1975), 5 N.R. 541; 1975 CarswellOnt 303 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. Smith et al. v. Eaton (T.) Co. et al. (1977), 15 N.R. 315; 1977 CarswellOnt 491 (S.C.C.), refd ......
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60 cases
  • B.C. Rail Partnership v. Standard Car Truck Co. et al., 2009 NSSC 240
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Supreme Court of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • August 13, 2009
    ...4 N.R. 547; 1975 CarswellOnt 304 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 72]. Pyrotech Products Ltd. et al. v. Ross Southward Tree Ltd. et al. (1975), 5 N.R. 541; 1975 CarswellOnt 303 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. Smith et al. v. Eaton (T.) Co. et al. (1977), 15 N.R. 315; 1977 CarswellOnt 491 (S.C.C.), refd ......
  • Howalta Electrical Services Inc. v. CDI Career Development Institutes Ltd. et al., 2011 ABCA 234
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • June 6, 2011
    ...is that the co-defendant be liable to the plaintiff ." Cases Noticed: Pyrotech Products Ltd. et al. v. Ross Southward Tire Ltd. et al., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 35; 5 N.R. 541, refd to. [para. 11]. Alberta Importers and Distributors (1993) Inc. et al. v. Phoenix Marble Ltd. et al. (2008), 432 A.R. 1......
  • Condominium Corp. No. 9813678 et al. v. Statesman Corp. et al., (2007) 409 A.R. 152 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • May 7, 2007
    ...Stores Ltd., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 221; 4 N.R. 547, refd to. [para. 70]. Pyrotech Products Ltd. et al. v. Ross Southward Tire Ltd. et al., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 35; 5 N.R. 541, refd to. [para. 70]. Smith et al. v. Eaton (T.) Co. et al., [1978] 2 S.C.R. 749; 15 N.R. 315, refd to. [para. 70]. Tony and Ji......
  • Greenwood Shopping Plaza Ltd. v. Beattie and Pettipas, (1980) 32 N.R. 163 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court (Canada)
    • June 17, 1980
    ...Younge Investments Ltd., 4 N.R. 547; [1976] 2 S.C.R. 221, refd to. [para. 3]. Ross Southward Tire Ltd. v. Pyrotech Products Ltd. et al., 5 N.R. 541; [1976] 2 S.C.R. 35, refd to. [para. Smith et al. v. T. Eaton Company Ltd. et al., 15 N.R. 315; [1978] 2 S.C.R. 749, refd to. [para. 3]. Scrutt......
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15 firm's commentaries
  • Ontario Court Of Appeal Summaries (April 8 – 12, 2019)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • April 30, 2019
    ...Investments Ltd. v. Agnew Surpass Shoe Stores Ltd., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 221, Pyrotech Products Ltd. v. Ross Southward Tire Ltd., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 35, T. Eaton Co. v. Smith et al., [1978] 2 S.C.R. 749, Bell Canada v. The Plan Group, 2009 ONCA 548, Lincoln Canada Services LP v. First Gulf Design B......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (January 10-14, 2022)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • January 18, 2022
    ...v. Cummer-Yonge, [1976] 2 S.C.R. 221, T. Eaton Co. v. Smith et al., [1978] 2 S.C.R. 749, Ross Southward Tire v. Pyrotech Products, [1976] 2 S.C.R. 35, Madison Developments Ltd. v. Plan Electric Co. (1997), 36 O.R. (3d) 80 (C.A.), Royal Host G.P. Inc. v. 1842259 Ontario Ltd., 2018 ONCA 467, ......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (January 10-14, 2022)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • January 18, 2022
    ...v. Cummer-Yonge, [1976] 2 S.C.R. 221, T. Eaton Co. v. Smith et al., [1978] 2 S.C.R. 749, Ross Southward Tire v. Pyrotech Products, [1976] 2 S.C.R. 35, Madison Developments Ltd. v. Plan Electric Co. (1997), 36 O.R. (3d) 80 (C.A.), Royal Host G.P. Inc. v. 1842259 Ontario Ltd., 2018 ONCA 467, ......
  • Liability Limits In Subrogation
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • December 14, 2015
    ...Ltd. v. Agnew-Surpass Shoe Stores Ltd. [1975], 55 D.L.R. (3d) 676 (S.C.C.), Pyrotech Products Ltd. v. Ross Southward Tire Ltd. [1975], 57 D.L.R. (3d) 248 (S.C.C.), Smith v. T. Eaton Co. [1977], 92 D.L.R. (3d) 425 (S.C.C.). 5 Sanofi Pasteur Limited v. UPS SCS, Inc. et al., 2014 ONSC 2695, af......
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4 books & journal articles
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Insurance Law. Second Edition Enforcing Insurance Contracts
    • June 23, 2015
    ...432 Ross Southward Tire Ltd v Pyrotech Products Ltd (1975), [1976] 2 SCR 35, [1975] ILR 1235, 1975 CanLII 25 .....................................537 Royal Bank of Canada v Kings Mutual Insurance Co (1996), 153 NSR (2d) 17, 35 CCLI (2d) 255, [1996] NSJ No 224 (CA) .................... 595 R......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Insurance Law Enforcing insurance contracts
    • September 1, 2004
    ...Ross Southward Tire Ltd. v. Pyrotech Products Ltd., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 35, 57 D.L.R. (3d) 248 ......................................................................................305 Ryan v. Canada Life Assurance Co. (1999), 179 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 306, 546 A.P.R. 306 (Nfld. C.A.) ....................
  • Subrogation
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Insurance Law. Second Edition Enforcing Insurance Contracts
    • June 23, 2015
    ...164 Cummer-Yonge Investments Ltd v Agnew-Surpass Shoe Stores Ltd , [1976] 2 SCR 221; Ross Southward Tire Ltd v Pyrotech Products Ltd , [1976] 2 SCR 35; Smith v T Eaton Co , [1978] 2 SCR 749 [ Eaton ]. INSUR ANCE LAW 538 of the landlords. Unlike the case in Fraser River and Commonwealth Cons......
  • Subrogation
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Insurance Law Enforcing insurance contracts
    • September 1, 2004
    ...Investments Ltd. v. Agnew-Surpass Shoe Stores Ltd ., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 221; Ross Southward Tire Ltd. v. Pyrotech Products Ltd ., [1976] 2 S.C.R. 35; Smith v. T. Eaton Co ., [1978] 2 S.C.R. 749 [ Eaton ]. 306 Insurance Law However, did the promise to insure contained in the lease constitute an......

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