R. v. D.M., (2012) 294 O.A.C. 71 (CA)

JurisdictionOntario
JudgeDambrot,Feldman,Watt
Neutral Citation2012 ONCA 520
CourtCourt of Appeal (Ontario)
Date27 January 2012
Citation(2012), 294 O.A.C. 71 (CA),2012 ONCA 520,111 OR (3d) 721,288 CCC (3d) 564,[2012] OJ No 3616 (QL),103 WCB (2d) 104,294 OAC 71,[2012] O.J. No 3616 (QL),294 O.A.C. 71,(2012), 294 OAC 71 (CA),111 O.R. (3d) 721

R. v. D.M. (2012), 294 O.A.C. 71 (CA)

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2012] O.A.C. TBEd. AU.002

Her Majesty the Queen (appellant) v. D.M. (respondent)

(C53994; 2012 ONCA 520)

Indexed As: R. v. D.M.

Ontario Court of Appeal

Feldman and Watt, JJ.A. and Dambrot, J.(ad hoc)

August 1, 2012.

Summary:

The accused was convicted by a jury of sexual assault, sexual exploitation and invitation to sexual touching. The sexual assaults, including approximately 124 acts of sexual intercourse with the victim, occurred over a three-year period, until the victim was 19. The accused was sentenced to three years' imprisonment. The Crown appealed, arguing that the sentence was manifestly unfit.

The Ontario Court of Appeal allowed the appeal and imposed a global sentence of seven years' imprisonment.

Editor's Note: Certain names in the following case have been initialized or the case otherwise edited to prevent the disclosure of identities where required by law, publication ban, Maritime Law Book's editorial policy or otherwise.

Criminal Law - Topic 5799.3

Punishments (sentence) - Prohibition orders - Respecting contact with victims or others - In sentencing an accused for sexual offences, the trial judge imposed a non-communication order for life - On a sentence appeal, the Crown conceded that the non-communication order was not authorized by the Criminal Code - The Ontario Court of Appeal accordingly overturned the non-communication order - Rather, the court ordered that the accused was not to communicate with the complainant directly or indirectly during the balance of the custodial period of his sentence, pursuant to s. 743.21 of the Code - The court stated that the issue of communication could also be further addressed by the Parole Board of Canada - See paragraph 51.

Criminal Law - Topic 5831.1

Sentencing - Considerations on imposing sentence - Offences involving breach of trust - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5846.5 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 5833.1

Sentencing - Considerations - Child abuse - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5846.5 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 5846.5

Sentencing - Considerations on imposing sentence - Sentence precedents (incl. starting point principle and sentencing ranges) - The Ontario Court of Appeal reviewed the case law and discussed the appropriate range of sentence for prolonged sexual assault, including intercourse, by a person in authority on a vulnerable young person - The court concluded that "... on the issue of the proper range of sentence, although sentencing is always an individualized process of decision-making, where there is prolonged sexual abuse and assault of a child, including penetration, by an adult in a position of trust, the minimum sentence will be five or six years in the penitentiary" - See paragraphs 23 to 44.

Criminal Law - Topic 5848.9

Sentencing - Considerations - Sexual offences against children - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5846.5 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 5932

Sentence - Sexual assault - The accused was convicted of sexual assault, sexual exploitation and invitation to sexual touching and sentenced to three years' imprisonment - The victim was an immigrant girl, living with her aunt and uncle by marriage, the accused - Multiple incidents over a three year period - At age 19, the victim entered an arranged marriage to extricate herself from the situation - The Crown appealed - The Ontario Court of Appeal held that the sentence was manifestly unfit - The trial judge erred in law in setting the range of sentence too low, and then imposing a sentence at the bottom of the range because the circumstances were not the worst - The appellate court imposed a global sentence of seven years - Factors considered were: abuse of trust, victim vulnerability, threats of deportation, accused groomed victim for sexual activity by forcing her to watch pornographic videos and inserting carrot into her vagina in preparation for sexual intercourse, complete lack of remorse, no prior record and steady employment record - See paragraphs 1 to 22 and 45 to 51.

Criminal Law - Topic 5949

Sentence - Sexual interference or exploitation by person in position of trust or authority - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5932 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 5963

Sentence - Inviting sexual touching - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5932 ].

Cases Noticed:

R. v. D.D. (2002), 157 O.A.C. 323; 58 O.R.(3d) 788 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 19].

R. v. B. (1990), 36 O.A.C. 307 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 19].

R. v. R.G., [2010] O.T.C. Uned. 4082; 2010 ONSC 4082, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. C.A.M., [1996] 1 S.C.R. 500; 194 N.R. 321; 73 B.C.A.C. 81; 120 W.A.C. 81, refd to. [para. 24].

R. v. L.M., [2008] 2 S.C.R. 163; 374 N.R. 351, refd to. [para. 24].

R. v. Stuckless (G.) (1998), 111 O.A.C. 357; 127 C.C.C.(3d) 225 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 27].

R. v. Woodward (T.E.C.) (2011), 284 O.A.C. 151; 107 O.R.(3d) 81; 2011 ONCA 610, refd to. [para. 37].

R. v. G.A.G. (2006), 206 O.A.C. 134 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 40].

R. v. W.W.M. (2006), 206 O.A.C. 342; 205 C.C.C.(3d) 410 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 40].

R. v. C.B. (2008), 237 O.A.C. 387; 2008 ONCA 486, refd to. [para. 40].

R. v. T.C. (2004), 190 O.A.C. 380 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 40].

R. v. D.A.H. (2003), 168 O.A.C. 176 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 40].

R. v. J.L., [2009] O.A.C. Uned. 538 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 41].

R. v. A.G. (2004), 191 O.A.C. 386; 190 C.C.C.(3d) 508 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 42].

R. v. P.M. (2012), 289 O.A.C. 352; 2012 ONCA 162, refd to. [para. 43].

R. v. Rezaie (M.) (1996), 96 O.A.C. 268; 31 O.R.(3d) 713 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 49].

Counsel:

Matthew Asma, for the appellant;

Mark Halfyard, for the respondent.

This sentence appeal was heard on January 27, 2012, before Feldman and Watt, JJ.A. and Dambrot, J.(ad hoc), of the Ontario Court of Appeal. The following decision was released for the court, by Feldman, J.A., on August 1, 2012.

To continue reading

Request your trial
47 practice notes
  • R. v. D.L.W., [2014] B.C.T.C. Uned. 43 (SC)
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • January 10, 2014
    ...J.A. (as he then was) in R. v. D.D. (2002), 58 O.R. (3d) 788 at paras. 34-38 (C.A.); and Woodward at paras. 72-73. See also: R. v. D.M. , 2012 ONCA 520 at paras. 38-39; and R. v. Bauer , 2013 ONCA 691 at paras. 16-19. [70] The Ontario Court of Appeal has held that adult offenders in a posit......
  • R. v. Friesen, 2020 SCC 9
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court (Canada)
    • April 2, 2020
    ...Citizenship and Immigration), [1999] 2 S.C.R. 817; R. v. L. (J.‑J.) (1998), 126 C.C.C. (3d) 235; R. v. Mills, 2019 SCC 22; R. v. M. (D.), 2012 ONCA 520, 111 O.R. (3d) 721; R. v. L. (W.K.), [1991] 1 S.C.R. 1091; R. v. K.R.J., 2016 SCC 31, [2016] 1 S.C.R. 906; R. v. Rafiq, 2015 ONCA 768, 342 ......
  • Ontario Court Of Appeal Summaries (April 15 – 18, 2019)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • May 6, 2019
    ...R v. D.A., 2019 ONCA 310 Keywords: Criminal Law, Sexual Assault, Sexual Exploitation, Sentencing, Non-Communication Orders, R. v. D.M., 2012 ONCA 520 R v. Goulart, 2019 ONCA 308 Keywords: Criminal Law, Possession for the Purposes of Trafficking, Possession of the Proceeds of Crime, Search W......
  • R. v. Ralph (D.M.), [2014] B.C.T.C. Uned. 467 (SC)
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • March 20, 2014
    ...R. v. Herrera ); R. v. Wright , 2011 BCPC 350; R. v. J.D.M. , 2001 BCSC 563; R. v. O.C.M. , [2012] B.C.J. No. 2924 (S.C.); R. v. D.M. , 2012 ONCA 520; and R .v. R.M.D. , 2014 BCCA 56. Position of the Defence [10] Counsel for the defence submit that a conditional sentence of 18 months to two......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
46 cases
  • R. v. D.L.W., [2014] B.C.T.C. Uned. 43 (SC)
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • January 10, 2014
    ...J.A. (as he then was) in R. v. D.D. (2002), 58 O.R. (3d) 788 at paras. 34-38 (C.A.); and Woodward at paras. 72-73. See also: R. v. D.M. , 2012 ONCA 520 at paras. 38-39; and R. v. Bauer , 2013 ONCA 691 at paras. 16-19. [70] The Ontario Court of Appeal has held that adult offenders in a posit......
  • R. v. Friesen, 2020 SCC 9
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court (Canada)
    • April 2, 2020
    ...Citizenship and Immigration), [1999] 2 S.C.R. 817; R. v. L. (J.‑J.) (1998), 126 C.C.C. (3d) 235; R. v. Mills, 2019 SCC 22; R. v. M. (D.), 2012 ONCA 520, 111 O.R. (3d) 721; R. v. L. (W.K.), [1991] 1 S.C.R. 1091; R. v. K.R.J., 2016 SCC 31, [2016] 1 S.C.R. 906; R. v. Rafiq, 2015 ONCA 768, 342 ......
  • R. v. Ralph (D.M.), [2014] B.C.T.C. Uned. 467 (SC)
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • March 20, 2014
    ...R. v. Herrera ); R. v. Wright , 2011 BCPC 350; R. v. J.D.M. , 2001 BCSC 563; R. v. O.C.M. , [2012] B.C.J. No. 2924 (S.C.); R. v. D.M. , 2012 ONCA 520; and R .v. R.M.D. , 2014 BCCA 56. Position of the Defence [10] Counsel for the defence submit that a conditional sentence of 18 months to two......
  • R. v. L.V., (2016) 480 Sask.R. 181 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Saskatchewan Court of Appeal (Saskatchewan)
    • June 13, 2016
    ...that have been adopted in several other Canadian jurisdictions. See, for example: R v Sidwell, 2015 MBCA 56, [2015] 8 WWR 494; R v D.M., 2012 ONCA 520, 288 CCC (3d) 564; R v S.(W.B.); R v P.(M.) (1992), 73 CCC (3d) 530 (Alta CA). In other words, a four-year sentence here is consistent with ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
1 firm's commentaries
  • Ontario Court Of Appeal Summaries (April 15 – 18, 2019)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • May 6, 2019
    ...R v. D.A., 2019 ONCA 310 Keywords: Criminal Law, Sexual Assault, Sexual Exploitation, Sentencing, Non-Communication Orders, R. v. D.M., 2012 ONCA 520 R v. Goulart, 2019 ONCA 308 Keywords: Criminal Law, Possession for the Purposes of Trafficking, Possession of the Proceeds of Crime, Search W......

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT