R. v. Dalton, (1976) 11 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 287 (NFCA)

JudgeFurlong, C.J.N., Morgan and Gushue, JJ.A.
CourtNewfoundland Court of Appeal
Case DateJuly 02, 1976
JurisdictionNewfoundland and Labrador
Citations(1976), 11 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 287 (NFCA)

R. v. Dalton (1976), 11 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 287 (NFCA);

    22 A.P.R. 287

MLB headnote and full text

R. v. Dalton

Indexed As: R. v. Dalton

Newfoundland Supreme Court

Court of Appeal

Furlong, C.J.N., Morgan and Gushue, JJ.A.

July 2, 1976.

Summary:

This headnote contains no summary.

Criminal Law - Topic 25

General principles - Prosecution of crime - Authority to prosecute crimes - Indictable offences - The accused was charged by the complainant with an indictable offence - The complainant retained counsel to conduct the prosecution without the intervention of the Crown - The accused was convicted and appealed - The Newfoundland Court of Appeal allowed the appeal, quashed the conviction and held that only the Crown had the authority to conduct the prosecution of an indictable offence.

Cases Noticed:

Beauvais v. The Queen (1956), 116 C.C.C. 183, appld. [para. 11].

R. v. Woo Tuck (1928), 51 C.C.C. 365, appld. [para. 11].

Gaboury v. Gagne (1929), 48 Que. K.B. 353, appld. [para. 11].

Lavoie v. The Queen, [1954] Que. Q.B. 416, appld. [para. 11].

Regina v. Schwerdt (1957), 19 C.C.C. 81, appld. [para. 16].

R. v. Stoopnikoff (1964), 47 C.R. 341, appld. [para. 16].

R. v. Ostler, [1966] 1 C.C.C. 249, appld. [para. 16].

R. v. Ward, 49 C.R. 307, appld. [para. 16].

Mandelbaum v. Denstedt, 5 C.R.N.S. 307, appld. [para. 16].

Campbell v. Sumida, 45 C.R. 198, appld. [para. 22].

R. v. Whiteford, 89 C.C.C. 74, appld. [para. 22].

Statutes Noticed:

Criminal Code of Canada, R.S.C. 1970, c. C-34, sect. 2 [paras. 8 and 18]; sect. 320(1)(a), sect. 455 [para. 8]; sect. 496, sect. 505 [para. 20].

Authors and Works Noticed:

Halsbury's Laws of England (3rd Ed.), vol. 7, p. 240 [para. 21]; vol. 10, p. 221 [para. 10]; p. 272 [paras. 10 and 21].

Counsel:

John McGrath, for the respondent;

Patrick Kennedy, for the appellant.

This case was heard at St. John's, Newfoundland, before FURLONG, C.J.N., and MORGAN and GUSHUE, JJ.A., of the Newfoundland Supreme Court, Court of Appeal.

On July 2, 1976, the judgment of the Court of Appeal was delivered and the following opinions were filed:

FURLONG, C.J.N. - see paragraphs 1 - 5.

MORGAN, J.A. - see paragraphs 6 - 13.

GUSHUE, J.A. - see paragraphs 14 - 23.

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