R. v. Debot, (1989) 102 N.R. 161 (SCC)

JudgeDickson, C.J.C., Lamer, Wilson, Sopinka and Cory, JJ.
CourtSupreme Court (Canada)
Case DateJune 22, 1989
JurisdictionCanada (Federal)
Citations(1989), 102 N.R. 161 (SCC);[1989] 2 SCR 1140;1989 CanLII 13 (SCC);52 CCC (3d) 193;73 CR (3d) 129;102 NR 161;[1989] CarswellOnt 111;JE 90-12;[1989] SCJ No 118 (QL);[1989] ACS no 118;37 OAC 1;45 CRR 49;8 WCB (2d) 803

R. v. Debot (1989), 102 N.R. 161 (SCC)

MLB headnote and full text

[French language version follows English language version]

[La version française vient à la suite de la version anglaise]

.........................

Kevin Joseph Debot (appellant) v. Her Majesty The Queen (respondent)

(No. 20099)

Indexed As: R. v. Debot

Supreme Court of Canada

Dickson, C.J.C., Lamer, Wilson, Sopinka and Cory, JJ.

December 7, 1989.

Summary:

The accused was acquitted of possession of a controlled drug for the purpose of trafficking, contrary to s. 34 (2) of the Food and Drugs Act. The Crown appealed.

The Ontario Court of Appeal, in a decision reported 17 O.A.C. 141, allowed the appeal, set aside the acquittal and ordered a new trial. The accused appealed.

The Supreme Court of Canada dismissed the appeal.

Civil Rights - Topic 1213

Security of the person - Lawful or reasonable search - For reasonable and probable cause - The Supreme Court of Canada stated that "the police officer who must have reasonable and probable grounds for believing a suspect is in possession of a controlled drug is the one who decides that the suspect should be searched. That officer may or may not perform the actual search. If another officer conducts the search, he or she is entitled to assume that the officer who ordered the search had reasonable and proper grounds for doing so ..." - See paragraphs 1, 50.

Civil Rights - Topic 1213

Security of the person - Lawful or reasonable search - For reasonable and probable cause - The Supreme Court of Canada discussed the significance of the past record and reputation of an accused in determining whether police have reasonable grounds for a search - See paragraphs 1, 56 to 64.

Civil Rights - Topic 1214

Security of the person - Lawful or reasonable search - Searches incidental to arrest - [See first Civil Rights - Topic 4604 below].

Civil Rights - Topic 1217

Security of the person - Lawful or reasonable search - Unreasonable search and seizure - What constitutes - The Supreme Court of Canada referred to the test for when a search is reasonable - See paragraph 5.

Civil Rights - Topic 1217

Security of the person - Lawful or reasonable search - Unreasonable search and seizure - What constitutes - The Supreme Court of Canada rejected the notion that a denial of the right to counsel (Charter, s. 10(b)) is a factor when determining the reason ableness of a search - The court stated that it is only in exceptional circumstances that a denial of the right to counsel will trigger a violation of s. 8 of the Charter (the protection against unreasonable search and seizure) - The court referred to such an exceptional circumstance - See paragraph 4.

Civil Rights - Topic 1217

Security of the person - Lawful or reasonable search - Unreasonable search and seizure - What constitutes - [See second Civil Rights - Topic 4604 below].

Civil Rights - Topic 4602

Right to counsel - Denial of - Evidence taken inadmissible - [See second Civil Rights - Topic 4604 below].

Civil Rights - Topic 4604

Right to counsel - Denial of - What constitutes - The Supreme Court of Canada stated that a person detained for a search incidental to arrest has "the right to be informed of the right to retain and instruct counsel. However the police are not obliged to suspend the search incident to arrest until the detainee has the opportunity to retain counsel" - The court thereafter set out exceptions to this general rule - See paragraph 3.

Civil Rights - Topic 4604

Right to counsel - Denial of - What constitutes - Police had an accused under surveillance for drug activities - They stopped his vehicle and conducted a warrantless frisk search of the accused under s. 37 of the Food and Drugs Act - They found one ounce of speed in his pocket - He was then placed under arrest, informed of his right to counsel and charged with a drug offence - The Supreme Court of Canada held that there was no violation of s. 8 of the Charter (the search and seizure provision) - The court held however that s. 10(b) (the right to counsel) was violated and that the police should have advised the accused of his right to counsel before the search, although they were not obliged to suspend the search to give him an opportunity to consult with counsel - The court held that the evidence should be admitted pursuant to s. 24(2) of the Charter, notwithstanding the s. 10(b) Charter violation.

Civil Rights - Topic 4605.1

Right to counsel - Denial of - Effect on reasonableness of search and seizure - [See second Civil Rights - Topic 1217 above].

Civil Rights - Topic 4608

Right to counsel - Right to be advised of - [See first Civil Rights - Topic 4604 above].

Civil Rights - Topic 4608

Right to counsel - Right to be advised of - [See second Civil Rights - Topic 4604 above].

Civil Rights - Topic 8368

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms - Denial of rights - Remedies - Exclusion of evidence - [See second Civil Rights - Topic 4604 above].

Food and Drug Control - Topic 1225

Drugs - Search and seizure - Warrantless searches and seizures - [See first Civil Rights - Topic 1213 above].

Food and Drug Control - Topic 1225

Drugs - Search and seizure - Warrantless searches and seizures - [See second Civil Rights - Topic 4604 above].

Cases Noticed:

R. v. Leclair and Ross, [1989] 1 S.C. R. 3; 91 N.R. 81, refd to. [para. 3].

R. v. Simmons, [1988] 2 S.C.R. 495; 89 N.R. 1, refd to. [paras. 3, 4, 6, 37, 38, 42, 65, 75, 79].

R. v. Collins, [1987] 1 S.C.R. 265; [1987] 3 W.W.R. 699; 74 N.R. 276; 33 C.C.C.(3d) 1; 56 C.R.(3d) 193, refd to. [paras. 5, 34, 52, 75].

R. v. Strachan, [1988] 2 S.C.R. 980; 90 N.R. 273, refd to. [paras. 6, 37, 40, 42, 65, 75, 84].

R. v. Jacoy, [1988] 2 S.C.R. 548; 89 N.R. 61, refd to. [paras. 6, 37, 38, 42, 65, 67, 75].

Southam Inc. v. Hunter, [1984] 2 S.C. R. 145; 55 N.R. 241; 55 A.R. 291; 9 C.R.R. 355; 14 C.C.C.(3d) 97; 41 C.R.(3d) 97; [1984] 6 W.W.R. 577; 33 Alta. L.R.(2d) 193; 27 B.L.R. 297; 84 D.T.C. 6467; 2 C.P.R.(3d) 1; 11 D.L.R.(4th) 641, refd to. [paras. 22, 24, 69].

Eccles v. Bourque, [1975] 2 S.C.R. 739; 3 N.R. 259, refd to. [paras. 27, 52].

R. v. Rao (1984), 4 O.A.C. 162; 12 C.C.C.(3d) 97, refd to. [para. 29].

R. v. Kelly (1985), 7 O.A.C. 46; 17 C.C.C.(3d) 419, refd to. [para. 31].

R. v. Guberman (1985), 37 Man.R.(2d) 219; 23 C.C.C.(3d) 406, refd to. [para. 32].

R. v. Therens, [1985] 1 S.C.R. 613; 40 Sask.R. 122; 59 N.R. 122; 18 C.C.C.(3d) 481; 45 C.R.(3d) 97; 18 D.L.R.(4th) 655; [1985] 4 W.W.R. 286; 32 M.V.R. 153, refd to. [paras. 32, 36, 37, 41, 45].

R. v. Manninen, [1987] 1 S.C.R. 1233; 76 N.R. 198, refd to. [para. 42].

Spinelli v. U.S. (1969), 393 U.S. 410, refd to. [para. 56].

R. v. Saunders (1988), 41 C.C.C.(3d) 532, refd to. [para. 84].

R. v. Bonin (1989), 47 C.C.C.(3d) 230, refd to. [para. 84].

Statutes Noticed:

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 1982, sect. 8, sect. 10(b), sect. 24(2).

Food and Drugs Act, R.S.C. 1970, c. F-27, sect. 37 [paras. 8, 22, 26, 35, 45, 46, 63, 69]; sect. 37(1) [para. 11]; sect. 37(1)(a), sect. 37(1)(b) [para. 29].

Counsel:

Andrew Z. Kerekes, for the appellant;

Robert W. Hubbard, for the respondent.

Solicitors of Record:

Kerekes, Collins, Toronto, Ontario, for the appellant;

John C. Tait, Ottawa, Ontario, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard on June 22, 1989, before Dickson, C.J.C., Lamer, Wilson, Sopinka and Cory, JJ., of the Supreme Court of Canada. The judgment of the court was rendered in both official languages on December 7, 1989, including the following opinions:

Lamer (Dickson, C.J.C. and Cory, J., concurring) - see paragraphs 1 to 9;

Wilson, J., dissenting in part - see paragraphs 10 to 79;

Sopinka, J. - see paragraphs 80 to 86.

To continue reading

Request your trial
1468 practice notes
  • R. v. Baker (D.F.), 2004 ABPC 218
    • Canada
    • Provincial Court of Alberta (Canada)
    • November 25, 2004
    ...46 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 14]. R. v. Strachan (1988), 90 N.R. 273; 46 C.C.C.(3d) 479 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 14]. R. v. Debot (1989), 102 N.R. 161; 37 O.A.C. 1; 52 C.C.C.(3d) 193 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. R. v. Hufsky (1988), 84 N.R. 365; 27 O.A.C. 103; 40 C.C.C.(3d) 398 (S.C.C.), cons......
  • R. v. Sattar (F.H.), (2008) 443 A.R. 349 (PC)
    • Canada
    • Provincial Court of Alberta (Canada)
    • January 22, 2008
    ...308; 241 D.L.R.(4th) 214, refd to. [paras. 39, 131]. R. v. Chan, 2007 CarswellAlta 960 (C.A.), refd to. [paras. 41, 131]. R. v. Debot, [1989] 2 S.C.R. 1140; 102 N.R. 161; 37 O.A.C. 1; 52 C.C.C.(3d) 193; 45 C.R.R. 49, refd to. [paras. 43, R. v. Campbell (D.B.) (2003), 177 Man.R.(2d) 117; 304......
  • Harkat, Re, (2014) 458 N.R. 67 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court (Canada)
    • May 14, 2014
    ...494; 38 N.R 588, refd to. [para. 122]. R. v. F.A. et al., [2009] O.T.C. Uned. X66 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [para. 127]. R. v. Debot, [1989] 2 S.C.R. 1140; 102 N.R. 161; 37 O.A.C. 1, refd to. [para. R. v. Garofoli et al., [1990] 2 S.C.R. 1421; 116 N.R. 241; 43 O.A.C. 1; 36 Q.A.C. 161, refd to. [......
  • R. v. Bernshaw (N.), (1995) 53 B.C.A.C. 1 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court (Canada)
    • January 27, 1995
    ...to. [para. 97]. Baron v. Minister of National Revenue et al., [1993] 1 S.C.R. 416; 146 N.R. 270, refd to. [para. 97]. R. v. Debot, [1989] 2 S.C.R. 1140; 102 N.R. 161; 37 O.A.C. 1; 52 C.C.C.(3d) 193; 73 C.R.(3d) 129; 45 C.R.R. 49, refd to. [para. R. v. McKinlay Transport Ltd. and C.T. Transp......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
1350 cases
  • R. v. Baker (D.F.), 2004 ABPC 218
    • Canada
    • Provincial Court of Alberta (Canada)
    • November 25, 2004
    ...46 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 14]. R. v. Strachan (1988), 90 N.R. 273; 46 C.C.C.(3d) 479 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 14]. R. v. Debot (1989), 102 N.R. 161; 37 O.A.C. 1; 52 C.C.C.(3d) 193 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. R. v. Hufsky (1988), 84 N.R. 365; 27 O.A.C. 103; 40 C.C.C.(3d) 398 (S.C.C.), cons......
  • R. v. Sattar (F.H.), (2008) 443 A.R. 349 (PC)
    • Canada
    • Provincial Court of Alberta (Canada)
    • January 22, 2008
    ...308; 241 D.L.R.(4th) 214, refd to. [paras. 39, 131]. R. v. Chan, 2007 CarswellAlta 960 (C.A.), refd to. [paras. 41, 131]. R. v. Debot, [1989] 2 S.C.R. 1140; 102 N.R. 161; 37 O.A.C. 1; 52 C.C.C.(3d) 193; 45 C.R.R. 49, refd to. [paras. 43, R. v. Campbell (D.B.) (2003), 177 Man.R.(2d) 117; 304......
  • Harkat, Re, (2014) 458 N.R. 67 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court (Canada)
    • May 14, 2014
    ...494; 38 N.R 588, refd to. [para. 122]. R. v. F.A. et al., [2009] O.T.C. Uned. X66 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [para. 127]. R. v. Debot, [1989] 2 S.C.R. 1140; 102 N.R. 161; 37 O.A.C. 1, refd to. [para. R. v. Garofoli et al., [1990] 2 S.C.R. 1421; 116 N.R. 241; 43 O.A.C. 1; 36 Q.A.C. 161, refd to. [......
  • R. v. Bernshaw (N.), (1995) 53 B.C.A.C. 1 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court (Canada)
    • January 27, 1995
    ...to. [para. 97]. Baron v. Minister of National Revenue et al., [1993] 1 S.C.R. 416; 146 N.R. 270, refd to. [para. 97]. R. v. Debot, [1989] 2 S.C.R. 1140; 102 N.R. 161; 37 O.A.C. 1; 52 C.C.C.(3d) 193; 73 C.R.(3d) 129; 45 C.R.R. 49, refd to. [para. R. v. McKinlay Transport Ltd. and C.T. Transp......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
14 firm's commentaries
  • Ontario Court Of Appeal Summaries (July 8 – 12, 2019)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • July 23, 2019
    ...ABCA 70, 49 Alta. L.R. (6th) 213; R. v. Storrey, [1990] 1 S.C.R. 241; R. v. Canary, 2018 ONCA 304, 361 C.C.C. (3d) 63; R. v. Debot, [1989] 2 S.C.R. 1140; R. v. Shepherd, 2009 SCC 35, [2009] 2 S.C.R. 527; R. v. Anang, 2016 ONCA 825, 367 C.R.R. (2d) 289; R. v. Rocha, 2012 ONCA 707, 112 O.R. (......
  • Ontario Court Of Appeal Summaries (December 10 – 14, 2018)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • December 20, 2018
    ...160, 161, 184(1), Provincial Offences Act, RSO 1990, c P.33, s 131, Legislation Act, 2006, SO 2006, c 21, Sched F, s 64(1), R v Debot, [1989] 2 SCR 1140, R v Kalsatos, 2016 ONCJ 252, Castonguay Blasting Ltd v Ontario (Environment), 2013 SCC 52, Dow Chemical Canada Inc (2000), 47 OR (3d) 577......
  • Ontario Court Of Appeal Summaries (September 24 – 28, 2018)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • October 3, 2018
    ...Principled Exception to Hearsay Rule, Confidential Informants, Charter of Rights and Freedoms, ss. 8, ss. 9, s. 24(2), R v Debot, [1989] 2 SCR 1140, R v Baldree, 2013 SCC 35, R v Bridgman, 2017 ONCA 940, R v Malcolm-Evans, 2016 ONCA 28 CIVIL DECISIONS Dunsmuir v. Royal Group, Inc, 2018 ONCA......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (November 4 – November 8 2019)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • November 19, 2019
    ...Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, S.C. 1996, c. 19, s 5(2), Criminal Code, ss. 487.012(3), 492.1, 492.2, 487.012(3), R. v. Debot, [1989] 2 S.C.R. 1140, R. v. Araujo, 2000 SCC 65, R. v. Nero, 2016 ONCA 160 v. S., 2019 ONCA 880 Keywords: Criminal Law, Trafficking, Possession for the Purpos......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
103 books & journal articles
  • Improperly Obtained Evidence
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books The Law of Evidence. Eighth Edition
    • June 25, 2020
    ...2 SCR 495 [ Taylor ], exclusion was supported because the police took no steps to facilitate Taylor’s right to counsel. 150 R v Debot (1989), 73 CR (3d) 129 (SCC). This is because, while the police must give detainees immediate information about their Charter rights before conducting a sear......
  • Digest: R v McMahon, 2018 SKCA 26
    • Canada
    • Saskatchewan Law Society Case Digests
    • April 5, 2018
    ...56 CR (3d) 193, 28 CRR 122 R v Daniels, 2003 CarswellOnt 3001, 58 WCB (2d) 327 R v Davidson, 2017 ONCA 257, 352 CCC (3d) 420 R v Debot, [1989] 2 SCR 1140, 102 NR 161, 37 OAC 1, 52 CCC (3d) 193, 73 CR (3d) 129, 45 CRR 49 R v Dedman, [1985] 2 SCR 2, 60 NR 34, 20 DLR (4th) 321, 11 OAC 241, 20 ......
  • Table of Cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books National Security Law. Second Edition Accountability
    • August 5, 2021
    ...69 R v Davis (PW), 2013 ABCA 15, rev’d 2014 SCC 4 ............................................ 672 R v Debot, [1989] 2 SCR 1140 ...................................................................... 57, 664 R v Déry, [2006] 2 SCR 669, 272 DLR (4th) 385, 2006 SCC 53......................... ......
  • Unchecked power: the constitutional regulation of arrest reconsidered.
    • Canada
    • McGill Law Journal Vol. 48 No. 2, June 2003
    • June 1, 2003
    ...are reasonable and probable grounds to support the charge(s) upon which an individual is rearrested at 736). (77) See R. v. Debot, [1989] 2 S.C.R. 1140 at 1166, 52 C.C.C. (3d) 193 [Debot cited to S.C.R.]. See also Storrey, supra note 3 at (78) Baron v. Canada, [1993] 1 S.C.R. 414 at 448, 99......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT