R. v. G.A.B., 2015 BCCA 210

JudgeNewbury, Saunders and Savage, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (British Columbia)
Case DateApril 29, 2015
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations2015 BCCA 210;(2015), 371 B.C.A.C. 306 (CA)

R. v. G.A.B. (2015), 371 B.C.A.C. 306 (CA);

    636 W.A.C. 306

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2015] B.C.A.C. TBEd. MY.049

Regina (respondent) v. G.A.B. (appellant)

(CA042248; 2015 BCCA 210)

Indexed As: R. v. G.A.B.

British Columbia Court of Appeal

Newbury, Saunders and Savage, JJ.A.

May 1, 2015.

Summary:

The accused digitally penetrated his common law partner T.P. numerous times while she was either asleep or unconscious and incapable of consent. The accused videotaped the assaults of T.P. and surreptitiously videotaped T.P. during consensual sex. The accused also surreptitiously videotaped R.A. while she used a toilet. A few days before his relationship with T.P. ended, the accused threw T.P. across a room during an argument.

The British Columbia Supreme Court, in a decision reported at [2013] B.C.T.C. Uned. 1878, convicted the accused of sexual assault, common assault and voyeurism in relation to T.P. and voyeurism in relation to R.A.

The British Columbia Supreme Court, in a decision reported at [2014] B.C.T.C. Uned. 284, sentenced the accused to two years' imprisonment for sexual assault, one day for common assault and nine months consecutive for voyeurism in relation to T.P. and two months concurrent for voyeurism in relation to R.A. The accused was credited for 59 days of presentence custody on a 1:1 basis. He sought an extension of time to appeal and leave to appeal.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal granted an extension of time to appeal and leave to appeal and allowed the appeal in part by increasing the credit for presentence custody to 80 days (1.5:1). The sentences imposed, individually and together, were not clearly unreasonable or demonstrably unfit.

Editor's Note: Certain names in the following case have been initialized or the case otherwise edited to prevent the disclosure of identities where required by law, publication ban, Maritime Law Book's editorial policy or otherwise.

Criminal Law - Topic 5803

Sentencing - General - Consecutive sentences - See paragraphs 25 to 32.

Criminal Law - Topic 5831.9

Sentencing - Considerations on imposing sentence - Domestic violence - See paragraphs 25 to 32.

Criminal Law - Topic 5848.2

Sentencing - Considerations on imposing sentence - Time already served (incl. bail) - See paragraphs 14 and 15.

Criminal Law - Topic 5848.10

Sentencing - Considerations on imposing sentence - Sexual offences - See paragraphs 25 to 32.

Criminal Law - Topic 5861

Sentence - Assault (incl. common) - See paragraphs 25 to 32.

Criminal Law - Topic 5924.2

Sentence - Voyeurism - See paragraphs 25 to 32.

Criminal Law - Topic 5932

Sentence - Sexual assault (incl. by multiple parties) - See paragraphs 25 to 32.

Criminal Law - Topic 6204

Sentencing - Appeals - Variation of sentence - Grounds for refusing to vary sentence - See paragraphs 25 to 32.

Cases Noticed:

R. v. Summers (S.) (2014), 456 N.R. 1; 316 O.A.C. 349; 2014 SCC 26, appld. [para. 12].

R. v. Hindes (S.C.) (2000), 261 A.R. 108; 225 W.A.C. 108; 2000 ABCA 197, refd to. [para. 17].

R. v. Calder Berg (S.L.) (2007), 243 B.C.A.C. 179; 401 W.A.C. 179; 221 C.C.C.(3d) 449; 2007 BCCA 343, refd to. [para. 17].

R. v. Kandola (B.S.) et al. (2014), 363 B.C.A.C. 226; 624 W.A.C. 226; 2014 BCCA 443, refd to. [para. 17].

R. v. Codner (F.) (2013), 303 O.A.C. 91; 2013 ONCA 138, refd to. [para. 17].

R. v. Wills (B.) (2014), 318 O.A.C. 99; 2014 ONCA 178, refd to. [para. 17].

R. v. B.D.W. (1996), 81 B.C.A.C. 290; 132 W.A.C. 290; 32 W.C.B.(2d) 25 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 18].

R. v. William (Q.R.), [2014] B.C.T.C. Uned. 1639; 2014 BCSC 1639, refd to. [para. 18].

R. v. D.S., [2011] O.T.C. Uned. 3627; 2011 ONSC 3627, refd to. [para. 18].

R. v. J.T.M., [2014] A.R. Uned. 464; 2014 ABPC 125, refd to. [para. 18].

R. v. Gauthier (T.J.) (1996), 78 B.C.A.C. 85; 128 W.A.C. 85; 108 C.C.C.(3d) 231 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 23].

R. v. Dycko (J.) (1997), 94 B.C.A.C. 177; 152 W.A.C. 177 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 23].

R. v. Wells (J.W.) (2000), 250 N.R. 364; 250 A.R. 273; 213 W.A.C. 273; 2000 SCC 10, refd to. [para. 23].

R. v. M.R.G. (2005), 215 B.C.A.C. 288; 355 W.A.C. 288; 2005 BCCA 426, refd to. [para. 23].

R. v. Rosenthal (A.R.) (2015), 365 B.C.A.C. 281; 627 W.A.C. 281; 2015 YKCA 1, refd to. [para. 24].

R. v. Yamelst (K.A.), [2013] B.C.T.C. Uned. 1689; 2013 BCSC 1689, refd to. [para. 27].

R. v. G.M. (2015), 371 B.C.A.C. 44; 636 W.A.C. 44; 2015 BCCA 165, refd to. [para. 31].

R. v. Nasogaluak (L.M.) (2010), 398 N.R. 107; 474 A.R. 88; 479 W.A.C. 88; 2010 SCC 6, refd to. [para. 32].

Counsel:

C. Elden, for the appellant;

J.R.W. Caldwell, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard at Vancouver, B.C., on April 29, 2015, by Newbury, Saunders and Savage, JJ.A., of the British Columbia Court of Appeal. On May 1, 2015, Savage, J.A., delivered the following oral reasons for judgment for the court.

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12 practice notes
  • R. v. Milne,
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • December 3, 2020
    ...of sentence for sexual assault in cases similar to this one is two to six years imprisonment: R. v. B.S.B., 2010 BCCA 40; R. v. Berry, 2015 BCCA 210; R. v. Boya, 2006 YKCA 15; R. v. G.M., 2015 BCCA 165; R. v. Goodliffe, 2005 BCCA 426; R. v. Law, 2018 BCSC 1683; R. v. Pouce Coupe, 2014 BCCA ......
  • R. v. Lai, 2018 BCSC 2441
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • December 10, 2018
    ...at para. 7. [52] Another consideration is the serious view that is taken of assaults on unconscious or sleeping victims. In R. v. Berry, 2015 BCCA 210, at paras. 27 and 28, the Court of Appeal considered previous cases showing a range of 14 months to three years to be the most helpful when ......
  • R. v. Law, 2018 BCSC 1683
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • September 27, 2018
    ...that Mr. Law is a real future risk to public safety. [82] Mr. Montrichard relied on three cases (R. v. G.M., R. v. Berry, 2014 BCSC 284; 2015 BCCA 210 and R. v. Lemmon, 2012 ABCA 103) to establish general ranges of sentence for sexual assault, voyeurism and administering a stupefying substa......
  • R. v. Milne,
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • April 14, 2021
    ...sexual assaults against adults is two to six years: see, for example, R. v. G.M., 2015 BCCA 165; R. v. B.S.B., 2010 BCCA 40; R. v. Berry, 2015 BCCA 210. For children, the range is higher. As she also stated, the circumstances surrounding the transmission of the child pornography in this cas......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
12 cases
  • R. v. Milne,
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • December 3, 2020
    ...of sentence for sexual assault in cases similar to this one is two to six years imprisonment: R. v. B.S.B., 2010 BCCA 40; R. v. Berry, 2015 BCCA 210; R. v. Boya, 2006 YKCA 15; R. v. G.M., 2015 BCCA 165; R. v. Goodliffe, 2005 BCCA 426; R. v. Law, 2018 BCSC 1683; R. v. Pouce Coupe, 2014 BCCA ......
  • R. v. Lai, 2018 BCSC 2441
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • December 10, 2018
    ...at para. 7. [52] Another consideration is the serious view that is taken of assaults on unconscious or sleeping victims. In R. v. Berry, 2015 BCCA 210, at paras. 27 and 28, the Court of Appeal considered previous cases showing a range of 14 months to three years to be the most helpful when ......
  • R. v. Law, 2018 BCSC 1683
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
    • September 27, 2018
    ...that Mr. Law is a real future risk to public safety. [82] Mr. Montrichard relied on three cases (R. v. G.M., R. v. Berry, 2014 BCSC 284; 2015 BCCA 210 and R. v. Lemmon, 2012 ABCA 103) to establish general ranges of sentence for sexual assault, voyeurism and administering a stupefying substa......
  • R. v. Milne,
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • April 14, 2021
    ...sexual assaults against adults is two to six years: see, for example, R. v. G.M., 2015 BCCA 165; R. v. B.S.B., 2010 BCCA 40; R. v. Berry, 2015 BCCA 210. For children, the range is higher. As she also stated, the circumstances surrounding the transmission of the child pornography in this cas......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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