R. v. Guess (G.), (2000) 143 B.C.A.C. 51 (CA)

JudgeEsson, Prowse and Hall, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (British Columbia)
Case DateOctober 12, 2000
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations(2000), 143 B.C.A.C. 51 (CA);2000 BCCA 547

R. v. Guess (G.) (2000), 143 B.C.A.C. 51 (CA);

    235 W.A.C. 51

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2000] B.C.A.C. TBEd. DE.004

Regina (respondent) v. Gillian Guess (appellant) and The Law Society of British Columbia (intervenor)

(CA024990; 2000 BCCA 547)

Indexed As: R. v. Guess (G.)

British Columbia Court of Appeal

Esson, Prowse and Hall, JJ.A.

October 12, 2000.

Summary:

The accused, while serving as a juror at a first degree murder trial, had an intimate personal relationship with one of those accused of murder. (The accused at that trial were acquitted.) The accused was charged with wilfully attempting to obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice, contrary to s. 139(2) of the Criminal Code. She was con­victed by a jury and appealed her conviction.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal.

Editor's Note: For a preliminary matter involving this accused, see [1997] B.C.T.C. Uned. J57.

Civil Rights - Topic 3137

Trials - Due process, fundamental justice and fair hearings - Criminal and quasi-criminal proceedings - Right to be present at trial - During pretrial proceedings, de­fence counsel was granted access to certain wiretap material, to be non-disclosed to the accused - If certain documents could assist the accused's defence, these could be copied and only then disclosed to the accused - Further, during a pretrial voir dire, the judge ruled that certain wire­tapped conversations were irrelevant and not be disclosed - He permitted defence counsel, in the accused's and Crown's absence, to make submissions concerning disclosure - The British Columbia Court of Appeal found no infringement of the Crim­inal Code, s. 650, because the proceedings in camera were not part of the accused's trial - Nor was s. 7 or 11(b) of the Charter infringed - See paragraphs 8 to 21, 38 to 42.

Criminal Law - Topic 127

General principles - Rights of accused - Right to be present at trial - [See Civil Rights - Topic 3137 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 522

Offences against the administration of law and justice - Obstructing or perverting the course of justice - Attempting to obstruct justice - [See Criminal Law - Topic 523 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 523

Offences against the administration of law and justice - Obstructing or perverting the course of justice - What constitutes - The accused was charged with wilfully at­tempting to obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice, contrary to s. 139(2) of the Criminal Code - She admittedly had an intimate personal relationship with an accused while serving as a juror at his murder trial - The British Columbia Court of Appeal held that in the context of the offence, the term "wilfully" connoted the concept that the offence could not be made out of the basis of accidental or unknowing conduct - The court affirmed the accused's guilt - A more obvious instance of both the actus reus and mens rea of the offence in s. 139(2) would be difficult to envisage - See paragraphs 27 to 31.

Criminal Law - Topic 528

Offences against the administration of law and justice - Obstructing or perverting the course of justice - Intention - [See Crim­inal Law - Topic 523 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 529

Offences against the administration of law and justice - Obstructing or perverting the course of justice - Jury charge - The ac­cused was charged with wilfully attempting to obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice, contrary to s. 139(2) of the Crim­inal Code - She admittedly had an intimate personal relationship with an accused while serving as a juror at his murder trial - The British Columbia Court of Appeal found no error in the jury charge on the requisite intention needed for a conviction - See paragraphs 32 to 35, 45.

Criminal Law - Topic 4351

Procedure - Jury charge - Directions re­garding burden of proof and reasonable doubt - The accused was charged with wilfully attempting to obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice, contrary to s. 139(2) of the Criminal Code - She admit­tedly had an intimate personal relationship with an accused while serving as a juror at his murder trial - The accused alleged that the trial judge failed to adequately define reasonable doubt for the jury - The British Columbia Court of Appeal held that the charge was quite sufficient and would not have put the jury under any misapprehen­sion - See paragraphs 22 to 26, 43 to 44.

Cases Noticed:

R. v. Hertrich (1982), 67 C.C.C.(2d) 510 (Ont. C.A.), leave to appeal refused [1982] 2 S.C.R. x; 45 N.R. 629, consd. [paras. 10, 38, 74].

R. v. Dunbar and Logan (1982), 68 C.C.C.(2d) 13 (Ont. C.A.), consd. [paras. 10, 38, 108].

R. v. Côté and Vézina, [1986] 1 S.C.R. 2; 64 N.R. 93, consd. [paras. 13, 77].

R. v. Fisk (F.E.) (1996), 77 B.C.A.C. 81; 126 W.A.C. 81; 108 C.C.C.(3d) 63 (C.A.), consd. [paras. 14, 88].

R. v. O'Connor (H.P.), [1995] 4 S.C.R. 411; 191 N.R. 1; 68 B.C.A.C. 1; 112 W.A.C. 1, refd to. [paras. 20, 52].

A.M. v. Ryan, [1997] 1 S.C.R. 157; 207 N.R. 81; 85 B.C.A.C. 81; 138 W.A.C. 81; 143 D.L.R.(4th) 1; 29 B.C.L.R.(3d) 133, refd to. [para. 20].

Official Solicitor to the Supreme Court v. K et al., [1965] A.C. 201 (H.L.), refd to. [para. 20].

R. v. Lifchus (W.), [1997] 3 S.C.R. 320; 216 N.R. 215; 118 Man.R.(2d) 218; 149 W.A.C. 218, refd to. [paras. 22, 43, 44].

Victor v. Nebraska (1994), 127 L. Ed.2d 583 (U.S. Sup. Ct.), refd to. [para. 25].

R. v. K.K. (2000), 134 B.C.A.C. 115; 219 W.A.C. 115 (C.A.), refd to. [paras. 26, 43].

R. v. Wijesinha (W.K.K.), [1995] 3 S.C.R. 422; 186 N.R. 169; 85 O.A.C. 241; 100 C.C.C.(3d) 410, refd to. [para. 27].

R. v. Meissner (1994), 130 A.L.R. 547 (Aust. H.C.), refd to. [para. 27].

R. v. Murray (K.), [2000] O.T.C. 275 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [para. 28].

R. v. Buzzanga and Durocher (1979), 49 C.C.C.(2d) 369 (Ont. C.A.), refd to. [para. 30].

R. v. Lalani (1999), 1 Cr. App. R. 481, dist. [para. 34].

R. v. Stinchcombe, [1991] 3 S.C.R. 326; 130 N.R. 277; 120 A.R. 161; 8 W.A.C. 161, refd to. [para. 52].

R. v. Barrow, [1987] 2 S.C.R. 694; 81 N.R. 321; 87 N.S.R.(2d) 271; 222 A.P.R. 271, refd to. [para. 76].

Michaud v. Quebec (Attorney General), [1996] 3 S.C.R. 3; 201 N.R. 241, refd to. [para. 90].

R. v. Laporte (R.A.) et al. (1993), 113 Sask.R. 34; 52 W.A.C. 34; 84 C.C.C.(3d) 343 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 92].

R. v. Keta, [1994] O.J. No. 2986 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 93].

R. v. Meunier (1965), 48 C.R. 14 (Que Q.B.), affd. [1996] S.C.R. 399, refd to. [para. 107].

R. v. Cloutier (1988), 27 O.A.C. 246; 43 C.C.C.(3d) 35 (C.A.), leave to appeal refused (1989), 104 N.R. 160; 37 O.A.C. 320; 50 C.C.C.(3d) vi (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 109].

R. v. Laws (D.) (1998), 112 O.A.C. 353; 41 O.R.(3d) 499 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 110].

R. v. Joinson (1986), 32 C.C.C.(3d) 542 (B.C.C.A.), refd to. [para. 111].

Statutes Noticed:

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 1982, sect. 7, sect. 11(b) [para. 10].

Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, sect. 139(2) [para. 2]; sect. 193 [para. 55]; sect. 193.1(1) [para. 16]; sect. 482(1) [para. 81]; sect. 625.1 [para. 79]; sect. 645(5) [para. 82]; sect. 650 [para. 65]; sect. 686(1)(b)(iv) [para. 108].

Counsel:

D. Butcher and J. Neal, for the appellant;

P. Juk, for the respondent;

L.T. Doust, Q.C., and W. Milman, for the intervenor.

This appeal was heard at Vancouver, British Columbia, on June 12 and 13, 2000, by Esson, Prowse and Hall, JJ.A.

The decision of the court was delivered on October 12, 2000, and the following opin­ions were filed:

Hall, J.A. - see paragraphs 1 to 36;

Esson, J.A. - see paragraphs 37 to 43;

Prowse, J.A. - see paragraphs 44 to 119.

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    ...Law - Topic 4867 ]. Cases Noticed: R. v. Owen (No. 2) (1983), 12 C.C.C.(3d) 148 (N.S.C.A.), consd. [para. 4]. R. v. Guess (G.) (2000), 143 B.C.A.C. 51; 235 W.A.C. 51 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Barrow, [1987] 2 S.C.R. 694 ; 81 N.R. 321 ; 87 N.S.R.(2d) 271 ; 22 A.P.R. 271 ; 38 C.C......
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34 cases
  • Vancouver Sun et al. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al., (2007) 247 B.C.A.C. 1 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court (Canada)
    • October 11, 2007
    ...455 (Que. C.A.), refd to. [para. 138]. Spector v. Ageda, [1971] 3 All E.R. 417 (Ch. D.), refd to. [para. 138]. R. v. Guess (G.) (2000), 143 B.C.A.C. 51; 235 W.A.C. 51; 148 C.C.C.(3d) 321 (C.A.), refd to. [para. Orfus Realty v. D.G. Jewellery of Canada Ltd. (1995), 83 O.A.C. 35; 24 O.R.(3d) ......
  • R. v. Trang (D.) et al., (2002) 307 A.R. 201 (QB)
    • Canada
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    • January 21, 2002
    ...R. v. Lucas (J.D.) et al. (1996), 137 Sask.R. 312; 107 W.A.C. 312; 104 C.C.C.(3d) 550 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 6]. R. v. Guess (G.) (2000), 143 B.C.A.C. 51; 235 W.A.C. 51 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 6]. Boucher v. R., [1955] S.C.R. 16, refd to. [para. 6]. R. v. Mentuck (C.G.) (2001), 277 N.R. 16......
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    ...to. [para. 60]. R. v. Wijesinha (W.K.K.), [1995] 3 S.C.R. 422; 186 N.R. 169; 85 O.A.C. 241, refd to. [para. 66]. R. v. Guess (G.) (2000), 143 B.C.A.C. 51; 235 W.A.C. 51; 148 C.C.C.(3d) 321; 2000 BCCA 547, refd to. [para. 66]. R. v. Vermette, [1987] 1 S.C.R. 577; 74 N.R. 221; 77 A.R. 372; 32......
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