R. v. Howe (C.), 2015 NBQB 75

Judge:Ferguson, J.
Court:Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick
Case Date:February 19, 2015
Jurisdiction:New Brunswick
Citations:2015 NBQB 75;(2015), 434 N.B.R.(2d) 362 (TD)
 
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R. v. Howe (C.) (2015), 434 N.B.R.(2d) 362 (TD);

    434 R.N.-B.(2e) 362; 1132 A.P.R. 362

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[French language version follows English language version]

[La version française vient à la suite de la version anglaise]

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Temp. Cite: [2015] N.B.R.(2d) TBEd. MY.014

Renvoi temp.: [2015] N.B.R.(2d) TBEd. MY.014

Her Majesty the Queen v. Colin Howe

(NCR-2-2014; 2015 NBQB 75; 2015 NBBR 75)

Indexed As: R. v. Howe (C.)

Répertorié: R. v. Howe (C.)

New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench

Trial Division

Judicial District of Miramichi

Ferguson, J.

March 31, 2015.

Summary:

Résumé:

The accused was charged with aggravated assault (Criminal Code, s. 268(1)), assault causing bodily harm (s. 269(a)), and breaching an undertaking (s. 145(5.1)(a)). He argued that he acted in self-defence. He also argued that mistake of fact applied to the breach of undertaking.

The New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Trial Division, in a decision reported at (2014), 430 N.B.R.(2d) 202; 1121 A.P.R. 202, found the accused guilty of aggravated assault and breaching an undertaking, and not guilty of assault causing bodily harm.

The New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Trial Division, sentenced the accused to 15 months' imprisonment for aggravated assault, two months concurrent for breach of undertaking, and one year of supervised probation.

Criminal Law - Topic 5846

Sentencing - Considerations on imposing sentence - Economic or family status of the accused - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5938 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 5848

Sentencing - Considerations on imposing sentence - Provocation - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5938 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 5892

Sentence - Breach of restraining order, recognizance or undertaking - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5938 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 5938

Sentence - Aggravated assault - In 2011, Howe was charged with sexual assault and released on an undertaking which required him to abstain from consuming alcohol - On April 3, 2013, Howe's lawyer (Miller) advised him that the Crown was going to withdraw the charges on April 8, 2013, but that Miller was going to press for a dismissal of the charges instead - Miller told Howe that the prosecution was over "for all intents and purposes" - On April 6, 2013, Howe went to a bar and consumed alcohol - Another bar patron (Piercey) began a verbal altercation with Howe - Piercey's brother-in-law (Barrieau) attempted to act as peacemaker by moving Piercey toward the front door of the bar - When Barrieau returned to the bar and ordered a drink, Howe broke a beer bottle and used it to strike Barrieau on the side of the head and the back of his hand, causing serious lacerations - Howe was found guilty of aggravated assault and breach of undertaking - The New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Trial Division, sentenced Howe to 15 months' imprisonment for aggravated assault, two months concurrent for breach of undertaking, and one year of supervised probation - Mitigating factors included the fact that Howe was provoked, and the serious social and economic consequences that his wife and two young children would face - Howe's conduct in breaching the undertaking fell at the very low end of the moral blameworthiness scale.

Droit criminel - Cote 5846

Détermination de la peine - Facteurs considérés lors de l'infliction de la peine - Situation économique ou familiale du prévenu - [Voir Criminal Law - Topic 5846 ].

Droit criminel - Cote 5848

Détermination de la peine - Facteurs considérés lors de l'infliction de la peine - Provocation - [Voir Criminal Law - Topic 5848 ].

Droit criminel - Cote 5892

Peine - Omission de se conformer à un engagement ou à une promesse - [Voir Criminal Law - Topic 5892 ].

Droit criminel - Cote 5938

Peine - Voies de fait graves - [Voir Criminal Law - Topic 5938 ].

Cases Noticed:

R. v. E.S. (1997), 191 N.B.R.(2d) 3; 488 A.P.R. 3 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 23].

R. v. Muhammad (Y.A.) (2004), 202 B.C.A.C. 41; 331 W.A.C. 41; 186 C.C.C.(3d) 14; 2004 BCCA 396, refd to. [para. 23].

R. v. Zeek (M.J.) (2004), 193 B.C.A.C. 104; 316 W.A.C. 104; 2004 BCCA 42, refd to. [para. 23].

R. v. C.B.H. (2008), 336 N.B.R.(2d) 307; 862 A.P.R. 307; 2008 NBCA 76, refd to. [para. 23].

R. v. Nash (A.W.) (2009), 340 N.B.R.(2d) 320; 871 A.P.R. 320; 2009 NBCA 7, refd to. [para. 23].

R. v. Pulido (R.D.), [2010] O.T.C. Uned. 3143; 2010 ONSC 3143, refd to. [para. 40].

R. v. Greenough, [2013] B.C.J. No. 1822 (Prov. Ct.), refd to. [para. 40].

R. v. MacDonald (J.B.) (2014), 343 N.S.R.(2d) 351; 1084 A.P.R. 351; 2014 NSPC 14, refd to. [para. 40].

R. v. Brushett (J.) (2015), 362 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 285; 1125 A.P.R. 285 (N.L. Prov. Ct.), refd to. [para. 40].

R. v. Knott (D.W.) et al., [2012] 2 S.C.R. 470; 433 N.R. 38; 324 B.C.A.C. 1; 551 W.A.C. 1; 2012 SCC 42, refd to. [para. 43].

R. v. C.A.M., [1996] 1 S.C.R. 500; 194 N.R. 321; 73 B.C.A.C. 81; 120 W.A.C. 81, refd to. [para. 43].

R. v. Ipeelee (M.), [2012] 1 S.C.R. 433; 428 N.R. 1; 288 O.A.C. 224; 318 B.C.A.C. 1; 541 W.A.C. 1; 2012 SCC 13, refd to. [para. 46].

R. v. Anderson (F.), [2014] 2 S.C.R. 167; 458 N.R. 1; 350 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 289; 1088 A.P.R. 289; 2014 SCC 41, refd to. [para. 46].

R. v. Stanberry, [2015] Q.J. No. 1313, refd to. [para. 48].

R. v. Pham - see/voir R. v. Ly (T.Q.).

R. v. Ly (T.Q.), [2013] 1 S.C.R. 739; 441 N.R. 375; 544 A.R. 40; 567 W.A.C. 40; 2013 SCC 15, refd to. [para. 51].

R. v. Augustine (C.F.) (1992), 125 N.B.R.(2d) 382; 316 A.P.R. 382 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 55].

R. v. Bartibogue (D.J.) (1988), 94 N.B.R.(2d) 157; 239 A.P.R. 157 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Bernard (R.J.) (1989), 98 N.B.R.(2d) 54; 248 A.P.R. 54 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Aijo (E.A.) (1989), 100 N.B.R.(2d) 165; 252 A.P.R. 165 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Cloud (J.C.) and Cloud (R.) (1990), 104 N.B.R.(2d) 300; 261 A.P.R. 300 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Gallant (S.F.) (1992), 126 N.B.R.(2d) 421; 317 A.P.R. 421 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Ginnish (E.M.) (1992), 130 N.B.R.(2d) 324; 328 A.P.R. 324 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Augustine (T.A.) (1993), 136 N.B.R.(2d) 52; 347 A.P.R. 52 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Savoie (B.L.) (1994), 152 N.B.R.(2d) 310; 390 A.P.R. 310 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Guitare (E.), [2001] N.B.R.(2d) (Supp.) No. 61 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Augustine (C.C.) (2001), 244 N.B.R.(2d) 289; 634 A.P.R. 289; 2001 NBCA 112, refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Dedam (J.D.), [2002] N.B.R.(2d) (Supp.) No. 28; 2002 NBQB 90, refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Lumsden (J.I.) (2002), 249 N.B.R.(2d) 22; 648 A.P.R. 22; 2002 NBCA 18, refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Chiasson (G.) (2005), 289 N.B.R.(2d) 81; 753 A.P.R. 81; 2005 NBCA 78, refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Copp (J.S.) (2007), 319 N.B.R.(2d) 354; 823 A.P.R. 354; 2007 NBQB 271, refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Walton (D.J.) (2008), 332 N.B.R.(2d) 160; 852 A.P.R. 160; 2008 NBQB 181, refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Ginnish (D.) (2014), 415 N.B.R.(2d) 156; 1076 A.P.R. 156; 2014 NBCA 5, refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Simon (T.V.) (2014), 415 N.B.R.(2d) 140; 1076 A.P.R. 140; 2014 NBCA 4, refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Belliveau (J.) (2014), 421 N.B.R.(2d) 196; 1094 A.P.R. 196; 2014 NBQB 177, refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Richter (M.A.) (2014), 361 B.C.A.C. 196; 619 W.A.C. 196; 2014 BCCA 368, refd to. [para. 62].

Counsel:

Avocats:

Jean Guy Savoie, for the Crown;

Scott Fowler, Q.C., for the defence.

This matter was heard on February 19, 2015, before Ferguson, J., of the New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench, Trial Division, Judicial District of Miramichi, who delivered the following decision on March 31, 2015.

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