R. v. Lea (J.S.), (2010) 251 Man.R.(2d) 277 (CA)

JudgeMonnin, Hamilton and Freedman, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (Manitoba)
Case DateApril 26, 2010
JurisdictionManitoba
Citations(2010), 251 Man.R.(2d) 277 (CA);2010 MBCA 37

R. v. Lea (J.S.) (2010), 251 Man.R.(2d) 277 (CA);

      478 W.A.C. 277

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2010] Man.R.(2d) TBEd. AP.021

Her Majesty The Queen (appellant) v. Justin Scott Lea (accused/respondent)

(AR 09-30-07170; 2010 MBCA 37)

Indexed As: R. v. Lea (J.S.)

Manitoba Court of Appeal

Monnin, Hamilton and Freedman, JJ.A.

April 26, 2010.

Summary:

The accused pleaded guilty to two counts of robbery and one count of mischief. He was sentenced to a conditional sentence of two years less a day for the robbery counts and to time served (20 days) for mischief. The Crown appealed, submitting that (1) a conditional sentence was illegal where the total sentence exceeded two years and (2) the robbery sentence was unfit.

The Manitoba Court of Appeal allowed the appeal. There was no such sentence as "time served". The sentence was one day's imprisonment for mischief. Combined with the two year less a day conditional sentence, the total sentence of two years made a conditional sentence illegal. However, the sentencing judge did not err in finding that the needs of the accused and the long-term benefits to the community and the interests of justice justified a conditional sentence. The court substituted one day's imprisonment for mischief and a conditional sentence of 23 months for the robberies.

Criminal Law - Topic 5720.4

Punishments (sentence) - Conditional sentence - When available or appropriate - The accused robbed two convenience stores while on a cocaine binge - He pleaded guilty to two counts of robbery and one count of mischief (minor incident during a domestic dispute) - He was sentenced to a conditional sentence of two years less a day for the robbery counts and to time served (20 days) for mischief - The Crown appealed, submitting that (1) the conditional sentence was illegal because the total sentence exceeded two years and (2) the robbery sentence was unfit - The Manitoba Court of Appeal allowed the appeal - There was no such sentence as "time served" - The court substituted a sentence of one day's imprisonment for mischief - When combined with the two year less a day conditional sentence, the total sentence of two years made a conditional sentence illegal - However, the sentencing judge did not err in finding that the needs of the accused and the long-term benefits to the community and the interests of justice justified a conditional sentence - It fell within the appropriate range - The court imposed a conditional sentence of 23 months for the robbery counts.

Criminal Law - Topic 5848.2

Sentencing - Considerations on imposing sentence - Time already served (incl. bail) - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5720.4 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 5855

Sentence - Robbery - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5720.4 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 5890

Sentence - Mischief (incl. vandalism) - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5720.4 ].

Cases Noticed:

R. v. Akkuardjuk (T.) (2007), 422 A.R. 244; 415 W.A.C. 244; 2007 NUCA 6, refd to. [para. 15].

R. v. Fice (L.), [2005] 1 S.C.R. 742; 333 N.R. 243; 198 O.A.C. 146; 2005 SCC 32, refd to. [para. 15].

R. v. Lyver (C.F.) (2007), 425 A.R. 320; 418 W.A.C. 320; 229 C.C.C.(3d) 535; 2007 ABCA 369, refd to. [para. 16].

R. v. Lagimodiere (S.M.E.) (2008), 231 Man.R.(2d) 261; 437 W.A.C. 261; 2008 MBCA 137, dist. [para. 21].

R. v. G.A.T. (2007), 214 Man.R.(2d) 272; 395 W.A.C. 272; 2007 MBCA 88, refd to. [para. 26].

R. v. Mizen (L.R.) (2009), 274 B.C.A.C. 17; 463 W.A.C. 17; 244 C.C.C.(3d) 395; 2009 BCCA 253, refd to. [para. 26].

R. v. Ploumis (F.) (2000), 140 O.A.C. 88; 150 C.C.C.(3d) 424 (C.A.), leave to appeal denied (2001), 271 N.R. 198; 149 O.A.C. 396 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 28].

Counsel:

A.Y. Kotler, for the appellant;

T.E. Bourcier, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard on October 20, 2009, before Monnin, Hamilton and Freedman, JJ.A., of the Manitoba Court of Appeal.

On April 26, 2010, Monnin, J.A., delivered the following judgment for the Court of Appeal.

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3 practice notes
  • R. v. Jackson (J.J.), 2010 BCCA 330
    • Canada
    • British Columbia Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • June 22, 2010
    ...11, refd to. [para. 6]. R. v. Ploumis (F.) (2000), 140 O.A.C. 88; 2000 CanLII 17033 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 9]. R. v. Lea (J.S.) (2010), 251 Man.R.(2d) 277; 478 W.A.C. 277; 2010 MBCA 37, refd to. [para. W.P. Riley, for the appellant (CA038055); J.M. Gordon, Q.C., for the appellant (CA038056......
  • R. v. Kishayinew (R.D.), 2010 SKCA 97
    • Canada
    • Saskatchewan Court of Appeal (Saskatchewan)
    • July 8, 2010
    ...(G.A.J.) (2001), 156 Man.R.(2d) 104; 246 W.A.C. 104; 154 C.C.C.(3d) 191; 2001 MBCA 66, refd to. [para. 18]. R. v. Lea (J.S.) (2010), 251 Man.R.(2d) 277; 478 W.A.C. 277; 2010 MBCA 37, refd to. [para. R. v. Ploumis (F.) (2000), 140 O.A.C. 88; 150 C.C.C.(3d) 424 (C.A.), leave to appeal refused......
  • R. v. G.C.D., (2011) 271 Man.R.(2d) 41 (QB)
    • Canada
    • Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba (Canada)
    • September 28, 2011
    ...MBCA 35, refd to. [para. 31]. R. v. Munilla and Santorelli (1986), 38 Man.R.(2d) 79 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 32]. R. v. Lea (J.S.), (2010), 251 Man.R.(2d) 277; 478 W.A.C. 277; 2010 MBCA 37, refd to. [para. 35]. R. v. Olah (S.) and Rushton (J.D.) (1997), 100 O.A.C. 1; 115 C.C.C.(3d) 389 (C.A.......
3 cases
  • R. v. Jackson (J.J.), 2010 BCCA 330
    • Canada
    • British Columbia Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • June 22, 2010
    ...11, refd to. [para. 6]. R. v. Ploumis (F.) (2000), 140 O.A.C. 88; 2000 CanLII 17033 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 9]. R. v. Lea (J.S.) (2010), 251 Man.R.(2d) 277; 478 W.A.C. 277; 2010 MBCA 37, refd to. [para. W.P. Riley, for the appellant (CA038055); J.M. Gordon, Q.C., for the appellant (CA038056......
  • R. v. Kishayinew (R.D.), 2010 SKCA 97
    • Canada
    • Saskatchewan Court of Appeal (Saskatchewan)
    • July 8, 2010
    ...(G.A.J.) (2001), 156 Man.R.(2d) 104; 246 W.A.C. 104; 154 C.C.C.(3d) 191; 2001 MBCA 66, refd to. [para. 18]. R. v. Lea (J.S.) (2010), 251 Man.R.(2d) 277; 478 W.A.C. 277; 2010 MBCA 37, refd to. [para. R. v. Ploumis (F.) (2000), 140 O.A.C. 88; 150 C.C.C.(3d) 424 (C.A.), leave to appeal refused......
  • R. v. G.C.D., (2011) 271 Man.R.(2d) 41 (QB)
    • Canada
    • Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba (Canada)
    • September 28, 2011
    ...MBCA 35, refd to. [para. 31]. R. v. Munilla and Santorelli (1986), 38 Man.R.(2d) 79 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 32]. R. v. Lea (J.S.), (2010), 251 Man.R.(2d) 277; 478 W.A.C. 277; 2010 MBCA 37, refd to. [para. 35]. R. v. Olah (S.) and Rushton (J.D.) (1997), 100 O.A.C. 1; 115 C.C.C.(3d) 389 (C.A.......

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