R. v. M.E-H., (2015) 368 B.C.A.C. 89 (CA)

JudgeKirkpatrick, Garson and MacKenzie, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (British Columbia)
Case DateFebruary 18, 2015
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations(2015), 368 B.C.A.C. 89 (CA);2015 BCCA 54

R. v. M.E-H. (2015), 368 B.C.A.C. 89 (CA);

    633 W.A.C. 89

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2015] B.C.A.C. TBEd. FE.022

Regina (respondent) v. M.E-H. (appellant)

(CA041649; 2015 BCCA 54)

Indexed As: R. v. M.E-H.

British Columbia Court of Appeal

Kirkpatrick, Garson and MacKenzie, JJ.A.

February 18, 2015.

Summary:

Police responded to a "domestic dispute" at the accused's home. When the police left, the accused packed up his and his four children's belongings and drove to Seattle, Washington. He then checked into a hotel and purchased airline tickets for himself and the children to go to Egypt. Two days later, the accused was stopped from boarding the flight. The accused was charged with four counts of child abduction (Criminal Code, s. 283(1)).

The British Columbia Provincial Court found the accused guilty. The trial judge was satisfied beyond a reasonable doubt that the accused did not have his wife's consent to take the children to Egypt and that it was his specific intent to deprive her of possession of the children. The accused appealed, submitting that: (1) the Crown failed to establish that it obtained the required written intent of the Attorney General to institute the proceedings; (2) the trial judge erred in considering the wife's obtaining of ex parte court orders (denying him parenting time and a protection order in her favour) and her prior consistent statements; and (3) the trial judge erred in applying the specific intent requirement to the facts; and (4) the trial judge failed to consider relevant evidence.

The British Columbia Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal. The Attorney General's consent to instituting proceedings was presumed unless it was challenged at trial, which it was not. The wife's prior consistent statements were admissible as circumstantial evidence of a fact in issue (i.e., whether wife consented to the accused taking the children to Egypt). The trial judge did not use the prior consistent statements for the impermissible purpose of proving that the accused intended to deprive the wife of possession of the children. It was properly used only as circumstantial evidence of the wife's state of mind (that she feared the accused would take the children to Egypt) and to show her conduct.

Editor's Note: Certain names in the following case have been initialized or the case otherwise edited to prevent the disclosure of identities where required by law, publication ban, Maritime Law Book's editorial policy or otherwise.

Criminal Law - Topic 23

General principles - Prosecution of crime - Consent of Attorney General - Requirement for - See paragraphs 23 to 31.

Criminal Law - Topic 1452

Abduction of child - Intention or mens rea - See paragraphs 56 to 70.

Criminal Law - Topic 1453

Abduction of child - Defences - Consent - See paragraphs 56 to 70.

Evidence - Topic 1031

Relevant facts - Relevance and materiality - Admissibility - Prior consistent statements - See paragraphs 32 to 55.

Cases Noticed:

R. v. Chartrand (J.), [1994] 2 S.C.R. 864; 170 N.R. 161; 74 O.A.C. 257, refd to. [para. 16].

R. v. McDougall (1990), 42 O.A.C. 223; 1 O.R.(3d) 247 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 16].

R. v. Falkenberg (1974), 16 C.C.C.(2d) 525 (Ont. C.A.), refd to. [para. 27].

R. v. Breckenridge (1905), 10 O.L.R. 459; 10 C.C.C. 180 (Div. Ct.), refd to. [para. 27].

R. v. Minot (P.) (2011), 304 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 212; 944 A.P.R. 212; 2011 NLCA 7, refd to. [para. 28].

R. v. Samida et al. (1989), 78 Sask.R. 274 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 28].

R. v. Spicer (1992), 120 A.R. 139; 8 W.A.C. 139; 1 Alta. L.R.(3d) 383 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 28].

R. v. Dinardo (J.), [2008] 1 S.C.R. 788; 374 N.R. 198; 2008 SCC 24, refd to. [para. 41].

R. v. M.C. (2014), 325 O.A.C. 1; 2014 ONCA 611, refd to. [para. 41].

R. v. G.C., [2006] O.A.C. Uned. 274 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 46].

R. v. Ay (1994), 59 B.C.A.C. 161; 98 W.A.C. 161; 93 C.C.C.(3d) 456 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 46].

R. v. Evans (B.J.), [1993] 2 S.C.R. 629; 153 N.R. 212; 28 B.C.A.C. 81; 47 W.A.C. 81; 104 D.L.R.(4th) 200, refd to. [para. 46].

R. v. Stirling (B.J.), [2008] 1 S.C.R. 272; 371 N.R. 384; 251 B.C.A.C. 62; 420 W.A.C. 62; 2008 SCC 10, refd to. [para. 49].

R. v. Fair (J.E.) (1993), 67 O.A.C. 251; 16 O.R.(3d) 1; 85 C.C.C.(3d) 457 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 49].

R. v. Hehn (G.) (2008), 254 B.C.A.C. 215; 426 W.A.C. 215; 2008 BCCA 170, refd to. [para. 53].

R. v. Dawson (E.F.), [1996] 3 S.C.R. 783; 203 N.R. 254; 155 N.S.R.(2d) 241; 457 A.P.R. 241, refd to. [para. 56].

Kirton v. Mattie (2014), 365 B.C.A.C. 186; 627 W.A.C. 186; 2014 BCCA 513, refd to. [para. 65].

R. v. J.M.H., [2011] 3 S.C.R. 197; 421 N.R. 76; 283 O.A.C. 379; 2011 SCC 45, refd to. [para. 68].

R. v. R.E.M., [2008] 3 S.C.R. 3; 380 N.R. 47; 260 B.C.A.C. 40; 439 W.A.C. 40; 2008 SCC 51, refd to. [para. 68].

Counsel:

J.R. Ray, for the appellant;

G.S. Comer, for the Crown/respondent.

This appeal was heard on January 8, 2015, at Vancouver, B.C., before Kirkpatrick, Garson and MacKenzie, JJ.A., of the British Columbia Court of Appeal.

On February 18, 2015, MacKenzie, J.A., delivered the following judgment for the Court of Appeal.

To continue reading

Request your trial
24 practice notes
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Emond Casebooks The Practical Guide to Evidence and Proof in Criminal Cases, 9th Edition Preliminary Content
    • May 8, 2022
    ...60 Lyttle , 2004 SCC 5 ................................................................ 183 M E-H , 2015 BCCA 54 ............................................................ 100 M(FS) , 1996 CanLII 4012, 111 CCC (3d) 90 (Ont CA) ................................... 193 M(M) , 2001 CanLII 241......
  • Previous Consistent Statements
    • Canada
    • Emond Casebooks The Practical Guide to Evidence and Proof in Criminal Cases, 9th Edition Part II. Excluded Evidence
    • May 8, 2022
    ...Statements: Let’s Get It Right” (2013) 17 Can Crim L Rev 181. 51 Khan , supra note 50. 52 Dinardo , supra note 48 at para 39. 53 M E-H , 2015 BCCA 54 at para 46; Steele , 2021 ONCA 186 ; Gill , 2018 BCCA 275 ; Cain , 2017 NSCA 96 . Copyright © 2022 Emond Montgomery Publications. All Rights ......
  • R. v. Newman (M.B.), 2015 BCCA 237
    • Canada
    • British Columbia Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • May 28, 2015
    ...- Indictable offences - Grounds of appeal - Misapprehension of evidence - See paragraphs 53 to 60. Cases Noticed: R. v. M.E-H. (2015), 368 B.C.A.C. 89; 633 W.A.C. 89; 2015 BCCA 54, refd to. [para. R. v. Clark (D.M.), [2005] 1 S.C.R. 6; 329 N.R. 10; 208 B.C.A.C. 6; 344 W.A.C. 6; 2005 SCC 2, ......
  • R. v. C.M.M., 2020 BCCA 56
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • February 13, 2020
    ...and use of a complainant’s out‑of‑court statements raise questions of law. The standard of review is correctness: R. v. E. (M.), 2015 BCCA 54 at para. 41; R. v. Kaswandik, 2013 YKCA 8 at paras. [145] The appellant is correct that out‑of‑court statements consistent with a witness’ testimony ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
22 cases
  • R. v. Newman (M.B.), 2015 BCCA 237
    • Canada
    • British Columbia Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • May 28, 2015
    ...- Indictable offences - Grounds of appeal - Misapprehension of evidence - See paragraphs 53 to 60. Cases Noticed: R. v. M.E-H. (2015), 368 B.C.A.C. 89; 633 W.A.C. 89; 2015 BCCA 54, refd to. [para. R. v. Clark (D.M.), [2005] 1 S.C.R. 6; 329 N.R. 10; 208 B.C.A.C. 6; 344 W.A.C. 6; 2005 SCC 2, ......
  • R. v. C.M.M., 2020 BCCA 56
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • February 13, 2020
    ...and use of a complainant’s out‑of‑court statements raise questions of law. The standard of review is correctness: R. v. E. (M.), 2015 BCCA 54 at para. 41; R. v. Kaswandik, 2013 YKCA 8 at paras. [145] The appellant is correct that out‑of‑court statements consistent with a witness’ testimony ......
  • R. v. Langan, 2019 BCCA 467
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • December 19, 2019
    ...that a witness’ testimony is more likely to be true because it has been repeated more than once: Gill at para. 68; R. v. M. E‑H. 2015 BCCA 54 at para. 41. Where an exception is engaged, it is critical to distinguish the general question of admissibility from the specific issue of permissibl......
  • R. v. Ali (M.S.S.), 2015 BCCA 333
    • Canada
    • British Columbia Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • May 13, 2015
    ...1 to 17. Criminal Law - Topic 6951 Recognizances - Enforcement - Evidence - See paragraphs 18 to 30. Cases Noticed: R. v. M.E-H. (2015), 368 B.C.A.C. 89; 633 W.A.C. 89; 2015 BCCA 54, refd to. [para. R. v. J.M.H., [2011] 3 S.C.R. 197; 421 N.R. 76; 283 O.A.C. 379; 2011 SCC 45, refd to. [para.......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT