R. v. MacLennan (J.W.), (1994) 133 N.S.R.(2d) 196 (SC)

JudgeR. MacDonald, J.
CourtSupreme Court of Nova Scotia
Case DateJune 07, 1994
JurisdictionNova Scotia
Citations(1994), 133 N.S.R.(2d) 196 (SC)

R. v. MacLennan (J.W.) (1994), 133 N.S.R.(2d) 196 (SC);

  380 A.P.R. 196

MLB headnote and full text

Her Majesty The Queen (respondent) v. John Wayne MacLennan (appellant)

(S.K. No. 4306)

Indexed As: R. v. MacLennan (J.W.)

Nova Scotia Supreme Court

R. MacDonald, J.

June 22, 1994.

Summary:

The accused was charged with driving with an excessive blood-alcohol level contrary to s. 253(b) of the Criminal Code.

The Nova Scotia Provincial Court, in a decision not reported in this series of reports, convicted the accused. The accused appealed his conviction.

The Nova Scotia Supreme Court allowed the appeal and quashed the conviction.

Civil Rights - Topic 1404.1

Security of the person - Law enforcement - Breath samples - A police officer stopped the accused's car after she noted that a passenger "appeared" to be putting on his seat belt - The officer gave a breathalyzer demand after noting a strong odour of alcohol - The accused's speech and movements were slow, he fumbled with his documents and he swayed when he walked - The Nova Scotia Supreme Court held that the officer stopped the accused without a good reason and vio­lated the accused's right against arbitrary detention under s. 9 of the Charter and the following "search" violated the accused's s. 8 Charter rights - The court excluded the evidence on which the reasonable and probable grounds for the demand were based and the breathalyzer results.

Civil Rights - Topic 3603

Detention and imprisonment - Detention - What constitutes arbitrary detention - [See Civil Rights - Topic 1404.1 ].

Civil Rights - Topic 8368

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms - Denial of rights - Remedies - Exclusion of evidence - [See Civil Rights - Topic 1404.1 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 1372

Motor vehicles - Impaired driving - Breathalyzer demand - Reasonable grounds - [See Civil Rights - Topic 1404.1 ].

Cases Noticed:

R. v. Baroni (1989), 91 N.S.R.(2d) 295; 233 A.P.R. 295 (C.A.), consd. [para. 5].

R. v. Saunders (1988), 27 O.A.C. 184; 41 C.C.C.(3d) 532 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 5].

Baron et al. v. Minister of National Reve­nue et al., [1993] 1 S.C.R. 416; 146 N.R. 270; 78 C.C.C.(3d) 510, refd to. [para. 7].

R. v. Collins, [1987] 1 S.C.R. 265; 74 N.R. 276; 56 C.R.(3d) 193; [1987] 3 W.W.R. 699; 38 D.L.R.(4th) 508; 33 C.C.C.(3d) 1; 28 C.R.R. 122; 13 B.C.L.R.(2d) 1, refd to. [para. 16].

R. v. Rilling, [1976] 2 S.C.R. 183; 5 N.R. 237; 24 C.C.C.(2d) 81, consd. [para. 20].

Statutes Noticed:

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 1982, sect. 8 [para. 11]; sect. 9 [para. 12]; sect. 24 [para. 21].

Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, sect. 253(a), sect. 253(b) [para. 1].

Counsel:

Curtis C. Palmer, for the appellant;

Darrell I. Carmichael, for the Crown.

This appeal was heard by written sub­missions on June 7, 1994, in Kentville, Nova Scotia, by R. MacDonald, J., of the Nova Scotia Supreme Court, who delivered the following decision on June 22, 1994.

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2 practice notes
  • R. v. MacLennan (J.W.), [1995] NSJ No 77 (QL)
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Court of Appeal
    • January 30, 1995
    ...Provincial Court convicted the accused. The accused appealed his conviction. The Nova Scotia Supreme Court, in a decision reported at 133 N.S.R.(2d) 196; 380 A.P.R. 196, allowed the appeal and quashed the conviction. The Crown appealed. The Nova Scotia Court of Appeal allowed the appeal and......
  • R. v. Carlson (R.J.), (1995) 142 N.S.R.(2d) 248 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Court of Appeal
    • May 26, 1995
    ...dismissed the appeal. Cases Noticed: R. v. Emery (1981), 61 C.C.C.(2d) 84 (B.C.C.A.), refd to. [para. 10]. R. v. MacLennan (J.W.) (1994), 133 N.S.R.(2d) 196; 380 A.P.R. 196 (S.C.), revsd. (1995), 138 N.S.R.(2d) 369; 394 A.P.R. 369 (C.A.), dist. [para. R. v. Waite, [1965] 1 C.C.C. 301 (N.B.C......
2 cases
  • R. v. MacLennan (J.W.), [1995] NSJ No 77 (QL)
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Court of Appeal
    • January 30, 1995
    ...Provincial Court convicted the accused. The accused appealed his conviction. The Nova Scotia Supreme Court, in a decision reported at 133 N.S.R.(2d) 196; 380 A.P.R. 196, allowed the appeal and quashed the conviction. The Crown appealed. The Nova Scotia Court of Appeal allowed the appeal and......
  • R. v. Carlson (R.J.), (1995) 142 N.S.R.(2d) 248 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Court of Appeal
    • May 26, 1995
    ...dismissed the appeal. Cases Noticed: R. v. Emery (1981), 61 C.C.C.(2d) 84 (B.C.C.A.), refd to. [para. 10]. R. v. MacLennan (J.W.) (1994), 133 N.S.R.(2d) 196; 380 A.P.R. 196 (S.C.), revsd. (1995), 138 N.S.R.(2d) 369; 394 A.P.R. 369 (C.A.), dist. [para. R. v. Waite, [1965] 1 C.C.C. 301 (N.B.C......