R. v. Morgan (D.N.), (2008) 446 A.R. 140 (NWTCA)

JudgeVertes, Hunt and Martin, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (Northwest Territories)
Case DateDecember 02, 2008
JurisdictionNorthwest Territories
Citations(2008), 446 A.R. 140 (NWTCA)

R. v. Morgan (D.N.) (2008), 446 A.R. 140 (NWTCA);

      442 W.A.C. 140

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2009] A.R. TBEd. JA.084

Her Majesty The Queen (respondent) v. Delroy Nicholas Morgan (appellant)

(A-1-AP-2007000011; 2008 NWTCA 12)

Indexed As: R. v. Morgan (D.N.)

Northwest Territories Court of Appeal

Vertes, Hunt and Martin, JJ.A.

December 2, 2008.

Summary:

The accused was convicted of aggravated assault for twice stabbing the victim in the head in a fight outside a bar. The accused was sentenced to 3.5 years' imprisonment. The accused appealed against sentence on the grounds that the sentence was excessive, particularly where the collateral consequence was deportation.

The Northwest Territories Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal.

Criminal Law - Topic 5840

Sentencing - Considerations on imposing sentence - Prospective deportation of convict - The accused twice stabbed the victim in the head in a fight outside a bar - He was convicted of aggravated assault and sentenced to 3.5 years' imprisonment - The accused appealed, submitting that the sentence was excessive, particularly because of the collateral consequence of deportation - The accused had lived in Canada for 10 years (since age 11) and the deportation issue was not raised before the sentencing judge - A sentence of two years' imprisonment or more required automatic deportation (Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, s. 64) - At the time of this appeal, the accused had been released on parole and was deported to Jamaica, where he was living with his mother - The Northwest Territories Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal - The use of a deadly weapon in what started out as a fistfight required a deterrent and denunciatory sentence - The sentence imposed was fit - The collateral consequence of deportation did not justify reducing a sentence outside of the appropriate range, although it could result in a lower sentence within that range - The rationale had been used to marginally reduce a sentence to avoid automatic deportation, but a reduction from 3.5 years' imprisonment to imprisonment for two years less a day (18 months) was not appropriate - The effect would be to defeat Parliament's clear intent to expeditiously remove non-citizens convicted of "serious criminality" from Canada.

Criminal Law - Topic 5938

Sentence - Aggravated assault - [See Criminal Law - Topic 5840 ].

Cases Noticed:

R. v. Hamilton (M.A.) et al. (2004), 189 O.A.C. 90; 72 O.R.(3d) 1 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 8].

R. v. Leila (M.A.) (2008), 250 B.C.A.C. 117; 416 W.A.C. 117; 2008 BCCA 8, refd to. [para. 9].

R. v. Sidhu (D.S.), [2008] B.C.A.C. Uned. 38; 2008 BCCA 157, refd to. [para. 9].

R. v. Leung (A.F.) (2004), 354 A.R. 2; 329 W.A.C. 2; 2004 ABCA 55, refd to. [para. 9].

Counsel:

J. MacFarlane, for the respondent;

R. Claus, for the appellant.

This appeal was heard on October 21, 2008, at Yellowknife, N.W.T., before Vertes, Hunt and Martin, JJ.A., of the Northwest Territories Court of Appeal.

On December 2, 2008, the following memorandum of judgment was delivered by the Court.

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5 practice notes
  • R. v. Duhra (H.S.), 2011 ABCA 165
    • Canada
    • Alberta Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • May 25, 2011
    ...R. v. Belenky (A.S.) (2010), 477 A.R. 354; 483 W.A.C. 354; 253 C.C.C.(3d) 344; 2010 ABCA 98, refd to. [para. 9]. R. v. Morgan (D.N.) (2008), 446 A.R. 140; 442 W.A.C. 140; 239 C.C.C.(3d) 187; 2008 NWTCA 12, refd to. [para. I. Kuklicz, for the respondent; A.A. Sanders, for the appellant. This......
  • R. v. Belenky (A.S.), (2010) 477 A.R. 354 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Alberta Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • March 16, 2010
    ...SCC 31, refd to. [para. 10]. R. v. Maskell (1981), 29 A.R. 107; 58 C.C.C.(2d) 408 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 11]. R. v. Morgan (D.N.) (2008), 446 A.R. 140; 442 W.A.C. 140 (N.W.T.C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Leung (A.F.) (2004), 354 A.R. 2; 329 W.A.C. 2; 2004 ABCA 55, refd to. [para. 18]. Couns......
  • R. v. Barkza (H.), (2011) 513 A.R. 333
    • Canada
    • Alberta Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • September 27, 2011
    ...R. v. Duhra (H.S.) (2011), 505 A.R. 248; 522 W.A.C. 248; 2011 CarswellAlta 914; 2011 ABCA 165, refd to. [para. 6]. R. v. Morgan (D.N.) (2008), 446 A.R. 140; 442 W.A.C. 140; 2008 NWTCA 12, refd to. [para. R. v. Belenky (A.S.) (2010), 477 A.R. 354; 483 W.A.C. 354; 2010 ABCA 98, refd to. [para......
  • R. v. Ly (T.Q.), (2012) 533 A.R. 192
    • Canada
    • Alberta Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • June 28, 2012
    ...dist. [para. 26]. R. v. Leila (M.A.) (2008), 250 B.C.A.C. 117; 416 W.A.C. 117; 2008 BCCA 8, refd to. [para. 29]. R. v. Morgan (D.N.) (2008), 446 A.R. 140; 442 W.A.C. 140 (N.W.T.C.A.), refd to. [para. D. Spaner, for the respondent; A.A. Sanders, for the appellant. This appeal was heard on Ma......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
5 cases
  • R. v. Ly (T.Q.), (2012) 533 A.R. 192
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • June 28, 2012
    ...dist. [para. 26]. R. v. Leila (M.A.) (2008), 250 B.C.A.C. 117; 416 W.A.C. 117; 2008 BCCA 8, refd to. [para. 29]. R. v. Morgan (D.N.) (2008), 446 A.R. 140; 442 W.A.C. 140 (N.W.T.C.A.), refd to. [para. D. Spaner, for the respondent; A.A. Sanders, for the appellant. This appeal was heard on Ma......
  • R. v. Belenky (A.S.), (2010) 477 A.R. 354 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • March 16, 2010
    ...SCC 31, refd to. [para. 10]. R. v. Maskell (1981), 29 A.R. 107; 58 C.C.C.(2d) 408 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 11]. R. v. Morgan (D.N.) (2008), 446 A.R. 140; 442 W.A.C. 140 (N.W.T.C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Leung (A.F.) (2004), 354 A.R. 2; 329 W.A.C. 2; 2004 ABCA 55, refd to. [para. 18]. Couns......
  • R. v. Barkza (H.), (2011) 513 A.R. 333
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • September 27, 2011
    ...R. v. Duhra (H.S.) (2011), 505 A.R. 248; 522 W.A.C. 248; 2011 CarswellAlta 914; 2011 ABCA 165, refd to. [para. 6]. R. v. Morgan (D.N.) (2008), 446 A.R. 140; 442 W.A.C. 140; 2008 NWTCA 12, refd to. [para. R. v. Belenky (A.S.) (2010), 477 A.R. 354; 483 W.A.C. 354; 2010 ABCA 98, refd to. [para......
  • R. v. Duhra (H.S.), 2011 ABCA 165
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • May 25, 2011
    ...R. v. Belenky (A.S.) (2010), 477 A.R. 354; 483 W.A.C. 354; 253 C.C.C.(3d) 344; 2010 ABCA 98, refd to. [para. 9]. R. v. Morgan (D.N.) (2008), 446 A.R. 140; 442 W.A.C. 140; 239 C.C.C.(3d) 187; 2008 NWTCA 12, refd to. [para. I. Kuklicz, for the respondent; A.A. Sanders, for the appellant. This......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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