R. v. Murray (R.), (2000) 230 N.B.R.(2d) 11 (CA)

JurisdictionNew Brunswick
JudgeAyles, Ryan and Turnbull, JJ.A.
Neutral Citation2000 NBCA 2
Citation(2000), 230 N.B.R.(2d) 11 (CA),2000 NBCA 2,230 NBR (2d) 11,[2000] NBJ No 359 (QL),[2000] N.B.J. No 359 (QL),(2000), 230 NBR(2d) 11 (CA),230 N.B.R.(2d) 11,230 NBR(2d) 11
Date13 June 2000
CourtCourt of Appeal (New Brunswick)

R. v. Murray (R.) (2000), 230 N.B.R.(2d) 11 (CA);

    230 R.N.-B.(2e) 11; 593 A.P.R. 11

MLB headnote and full text

[French language version follows English language version]

[La version française vient à la suite de la version anglaise]

....................

Temp. Cite: [2000] N.B.R.(2d) TBEd. SE.026

Roy Murray (appellant) v. Her Majesty The Queen (respondent)

(216/99/CA; 2000 NBCA 2)

Indexed As: R. v. Murray (R.)

New Brunswick Court of Appeal

Ayles, Ryan and Turnbull, JJ.A.

September 15, 2000.

Summary:

During a jury trial, the accused pur­ported to change his plea to guilty of ut­tering a forged document. The Crown then withdrew two other charges. The trial judge sentenced the accused to one year of impris­onment and ordered him to repay the victim $250,000. The accused appealed his convic­tion and sentence.

The New Brunswick Court of Appeal dismissed the conviction appeal, allowed the sentence appeal and varied the sentence so that the term of imprisonment was served in the community.

Criminal Law - Topic 4220.1

Procedure - Pleas - Whether voluntary - During a jury trial, the accused purported to change his plea to guilty of uttering a forged document - The Crown then with­drew two other charges - He was sen­tenced to one year of imprisonment and ordered to repay the victim $250,000 - The ac­cused appealed arguing, inter alia, that he did not plead guilty but merely con­firmed a wish to change his plea and that his plea was not unequivocal - The New Brunswick Court of Appeal rejected the argument - The accused experienced a preliminary hearing and seven days of trial when his counsel informed the court that he wished to change his plea - There was no evidence that he did not understand the nature of the charge, his guilt, nor the potential conse­quences of his plea change - The plea was not qualified - See para­graphs 8 to 13 and 19 to 21.

Criminal Law - Topic 4226

Procedure - Pleas - Acceptance of guilty plea - [See Criminal Law - Topic 4220.1 and Criminal Law - Topic 4324 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 4233

Procedure - Pleas - Guilty plea - Expunge­ment or setting aside - [See Crim­inal Law - Topic 4220.1 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 4324

Procedure - Jury - General - Discharge of jury - During a jury trial, the accused purported to change his plea to guilty of uttering a forged document and was sen­tenced - The accused appealed, arguing, inter alia, that the trial judge lost jurisdic­tion by usurping the function of the jury - He argued that the trial judge was required to discharge the jury before placing the guilty plea on the record - The New Brun­swick Court of Appeal rejected the argu­ment - The procedure to be followed in relation to when the verdict was recorded and when the jury was to be discharged was not mandatory and was not to override the process and the timely and orderly disposition of the deliv­ery of jus­tice - See paragraphs 16 to 18.

Criminal Law - Topic 4335

Procedure - Jury - General - Acceptance of guilty plea during trial - [See Criminal Law - Topic 4324 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 5720.4

Punishments (sentence) - Conditional sentence - When available or appropriate - A contractor pled guilty to uttering a forged document - He filed false statutory declarations which enabled him to receive substantial progress payments - 57 years old - Successful business - Employed a number of people - No criminal record - Lack of remorse - The trial judge sen­tenced the accused to one year of impris­onment finding that a conditional sentence would be inconsistent with the fundamen­tal purposes of sentencing including de­nunci­ation, deterrence and responsibility by the accused - Also ordered to repay the victim $250,000 - The New Brunswick Court of Appeal allowed the accused's appeal and varied the sentence to allow it be served in the community - The trial judge's sentence was inconsistent with the Supreme Court of Canada's recent deci­sions on conditional sentencing - See paragraphs 22 to 40.

Criminal Law - Topic 5720.5

Punishments (sentence) - Conditional sentence - Conditions of - The New Bruns­wick Court of Appeal stated that a "condi­tional sentence is intended to address both punitive and rehabilitative objectives with­out incarceration in a prison institution. Accordingly, conditional sen­tences should generally include punitive conditions that are restrictive of the offen­der's liberty. Conditions such as house arrest or strict curfews should be the norm, not the excep­tion. This permits the offender to be in the community but under tight controls." - See paragraph 36.

Criminal Law - Topic 5876

Sentence - Particular offences - Forgery - Uttering a forged document - [See Crimi­nal Law - Topic 5720.4 ].

Cases Noticed:

R. v. Lyons, [1987] 2 S.C.R. 309; 80 N.R. 161; 82 N.S.R.(2d) 271; 207 A.P.R. 271; 37 C.C.C.(3d) 1, refd to. [para. 8].

R. v. Sheehan (C.A.) (1996), 174 N.B.R.(2d) 77; 444 A.P.R. 77 (T.D.), dist. [para. 9].

R. v. G.D.B. (2000), 253 N.R. 201; 261 A.R. 1; 225 W.A.C. 1 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 10].

R. v. Rowbotham (R.) and Roblin (D.), [1994] 2 S.C.R. 463; 168 N.R. 220; 72 O.A.C. 98, consd. [para. 16].

R. v. S.K. (1995), 82 O.A.C. 132; 99 C.C.C.(3d) 376 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. L.F.W., [2000] 1 S.C.R. 132; 249 N.R. 345; 185 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 1; 562 A.P.R. 1, refd to. [para. 24].

R. v. Proulx (J.K.D.), [2000] 1 S.C.R. 61; 249 N.R. 201; 142 Man.R.(2d) 161; 212 W.A.C. 161, refd to. [para. 24].

R. v. R.N.S., [2000] 1 S.C.R. 149; 249 N.R. 365; 132 B.C.A.C. 1; 215 W.A.C. 1, refd to. [para. 25].

R. v. R.A.R., [2000] 1 S.C.R. 163; 249 N.R. 322; 142 Man.R.(2d) 282; 212 W.A.C. 282, refd to. [para. 25].

R. v. Bunn (T.A.), [2000] 1 S.C.R. 183; 249 N.R. 296; 142 Man.R.(2d) 256; 212 W.A.C. 256, refd to. [para. 25].

R. v. C.A.M., [1996] 1 S.C.R. 500; 194 N.R. 321; 73 B.C.A.C. 81; 120 W.A.C. 81, refd to. [para. 29].

R. v. Shropshire (M.T.), [1995] 4 S.C.R. 227; 188 N.R. 284; 65 B.C.A.C. 37; 106 W.A.C. 37, refd to. [para. 37].

Statutes Noticed:

Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46, sect. 718, sect. 718.1, sect. 718.2, sect. 742.1 [para. 27].

Counsel:

Brian D. Munro, for the appellant;

Paul L. Hawkins, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard on June 13, 2000, before Ayles, Ryan and Turnbull, JJ.A., of the New Bruns­wick Court of Appeal. Ryan, J.A., delivered the following reasons for judgment for the court on September 15, 2000.

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13 practice notes
  • Plea Discussions
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Ethics and Criminal Law. Second Edition
    • June 19, 2015
    ...7 at para 39; Eizenga , above note 6 at para 43; RT , above note 7 at para 13. 10 R v GDB , 2000 SCC 22 at para 34 [ GDB ]; R v Murray , 2000 NBCA 2 at para 10; R v Laperrière (1996), 109 CCC (3d) 347 (SCC) [ Laperrière ], aff’g the dissent of Bisson JA in (1995), 101 CCC (3d) 462 at 470–71......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Ethics and Criminal Law. Second Edition
    • June 19, 2015
    ...220, 485−89, 496, 498, 500−1, 504, 505, 507, 509, 510, 512, 514, 518, 519, 520, 523, 527, 529, 533, 534, 535 R v Murray, 2000 NBCA 2 .................................................................................. 429 R v Murtha, 2009 NSSC 342 ...................................................
  • R. v. R.F.G., (2006) 308 N.B.R.(2d) 133 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (New Brunswick)
    • October 31, 2006
    ...refd to. [para. 22]. R. v. Augustine (P.E.) (1999), 221 N.B.R.(2d) 83; 567 A.P.R. 83 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 22]. R. v. Murray (R.) (2000), 230 N.B.R.(2d) 11; 593 A.P.R. 11; 2000 NBCA 2, refd to. [para. R. v. Steeves (C.E.) et al. (2005), 288 N.B.R.(2d) 1; 751 A.P.R. 1; 2005 NBCA 85, refd t......
  • R. v. (P.) R., (2001) 245 N.B.R.(2d) 179 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (New Brunswick)
    • December 6, 2001
    ...refd to. [para. 15]. R. v. Augustine (P.E.) (1999), 221 N.B.R.(2d) 83; 567 A.P.R. 83 (C.A.), refd to. [para 15]. R. v. Murray (R.) (2000), 230 N.B.R.(2d) 11; 593 A.P.R. 11 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Proulx (J.K.D.), [2000] 1 S.C.R. 61; 249 N.R. 201; 142 Man.R.(2d) 161; 212 W.A.C. 161, re......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
11 cases
  • R. v. R.F.G., (2006) 308 N.B.R.(2d) 133 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (New Brunswick)
    • October 31, 2006
    ...refd to. [para. 22]. R. v. Augustine (P.E.) (1999), 221 N.B.R.(2d) 83; 567 A.P.R. 83 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 22]. R. v. Murray (R.) (2000), 230 N.B.R.(2d) 11; 593 A.P.R. 11; 2000 NBCA 2, refd to. [para. R. v. Steeves (C.E.) et al. (2005), 288 N.B.R.(2d) 1; 751 A.P.R. 1; 2005 NBCA 85, refd t......
  • R. v. (P.) R., (2001) 245 N.B.R.(2d) 179 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (New Brunswick)
    • December 6, 2001
    ...refd to. [para. 15]. R. v. Augustine (P.E.) (1999), 221 N.B.R.(2d) 83; 567 A.P.R. 83 (C.A.), refd to. [para 15]. R. v. Murray (R.) (2000), 230 N.B.R.(2d) 11; 593 A.P.R. 11 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Proulx (J.K.D.), [2000] 1 S.C.R. 61; 249 N.R. 201; 142 Man.R.(2d) 161; 212 W.A.C. 161, re......
  • R. v. Richard (J.), 2002 NBQB 62
    • Canada
    • New Brunswick Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (Canada)
    • January 15, 2002
    ...R. v. Proulx (J.K.D.), [2000] 1 S.C.R. 61; 249 N.R. 201; 142 Man.R.(2d) 161; 212 W.A.C. 161, refd to. [para. 14]. R. v. Murray (R) (2000), 230 N.B.R.(2d) 11; 593 A.P.R. 11 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. L.F.W., [2000] 1 S.C.R. 132; 249 N.R. 345; 185 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 1; 562 A.P.R. 1, refd......
  • R. v. Bradbury (G.B.), (2002) 218 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 33 (NFTD)
    • Canada
    • Newfoundland and Labrador Supreme Court of Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada)
    • October 17, 2002
    ...(J.W.) (2000), 250 N.R. 364; 250 A.R. 273; 213 W.A.C. 273; 141 C.C.C.(3d) 368 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 16]. R. v. Murray (R.) (2000), 230 N.B.R.(2d) 11; 593 A.P.R. 11; 6 C.L.R.(3d) 159; 2000 CarswellNB 371 (C.A.), refd to. [para. R. v. Millward (R.C.) (2000), 264 A.R. 300; 2000 CarswellAlt......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
2 books & journal articles
  • Plea Discussions
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Ethics and Criminal Law. Second Edition
    • June 19, 2015
    ...7 at para 39; Eizenga , above note 6 at para 43; RT , above note 7 at para 13. 10 R v GDB , 2000 SCC 22 at para 34 [ GDB ]; R v Murray , 2000 NBCA 2 at para 10; R v Laperrière (1996), 109 CCC (3d) 347 (SCC) [ Laperrière ], aff’g the dissent of Bisson JA in (1995), 101 CCC (3d) 462 at 470–71......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Ethics and Criminal Law. Second Edition
    • June 19, 2015
    ...220, 485−89, 496, 498, 500−1, 504, 505, 507, 509, 510, 512, 514, 518, 519, 520, 523, 527, 529, 533, 534, 535 R v Murray, 2000 NBCA 2 .................................................................................. 429 R v Murtha, 2009 NSSC 342 ...................................................

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