R. v. Pittiman (R.), (2006) 346 N.R. 65 (SCC)

JudgeBastarache, Binnie, Deschamps, Abella and Charron, JJ.
CourtSupreme Court (Canada)
Case DateFebruary 10, 2006
JurisdictionCanada (Federal)
Citations(2006), 346 N.R. 65 (SCC);2006 SCC 9;EYB 2006-102797;346 NR 65;[2006] 1 SCR 381;68 WCB (2d) 612;206 CCC (3d) 6;36 CR (6th) 87;JE 2006-672;209 OAC 388;[2006] CarswellOnt 1695;264 DLR (4th) 1;[2006] SCJ No 9 (QL);[2006] ACS no 9

R. v. Pittiman (R.) (2006), 346 N.R. 65 (SCC)

MLB headnote and full text

[French language version follows English language version]

[La version française vient à la suite de la version anglaise]

....................

Temp. Cite: [2006] N.R. TBEd. MR.015

Roopnarine Pittiman (appellant) v. Her Majesty the Queen (respondent)

(31070; 2006 SCC 9; 2006 CSC 9)

Indexed As: R. v. Pittiman (R.)

Supreme Court of Canada

Bastarache, Binnie, Deschamps, Abella and Charron, JJ.

March 23, 2006.

Summary:

The accused and two others were charged with sexually assaulting the complainant. Only the accused was convicted. He was sen­tenced to three years' imprisonment, less credit for 126 days time served. The accused appealed, arguing that the verdicts were in­consistent and that his conviction was there­fore unreasonable. He also appealed his sen­tence, alleging that it was excessive and unduly harsh.

The Ontario Court of Appeal, in a decision reported at 199 O.A.C. 113, dismissed the ap­peal. Borins, J.A., dissenting, would have set aside the conviction. The accused ap­pealed his conviction.

The Supreme Court of Canada dismissed the appeal.

Criminal Law - Topic 4395

Procedure - Charge or directions - Jury or judge alone - Directions re inconsistent verdicts - The accused and two others were charged with sexually assaulting the com­plainant - Only the accused was convicted - The accused appealed - He submitted, in­ter alia, that the verdict was unreasonable because the Crown presented the case as an all-or-nothing case - The Ontario Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal - The ac­cused appealed - The Supreme Court of Can­ada dismissed the appeal - There was a rational basis for reconciling the different verdicts - The Crown's case against the ac­cused was stronger than that against his co-accused - Further, the jury was not bound to accept the Crown's theory - The jury was correctly instructed to arrive at a ver­dict separately in regard to each accused - See paragraphs 1 to 11.

Criminal Law - Topic 4438

Procedure - Verdicts - Discharges and dis­missals - Inconsistent verdicts - [See Crim­inal Law - Topic 4395 ].

Criminal Law - Topic 4438

Procedure - Verdicts - Discharges and dis­missals - Inconsistent verdicts - The ac­cused and two others were charged with sex­ually assaulting the com­plainant - Only the accused was convicted - On appeal, the accused submitted that the verdict was un­rea­sonable - The appeal was dismissed, with one judge dissenting - The Supreme Court of Canada held that the dissenting ap­peal court judge erred in stating that "the focus in an incon­sistent verdict case is the aber­rant verdict, which in this case is the acquittal of the co-accused" - The court stated that "While an appellate court inevi­tably com­pares the basis for acquittals as well as convictions in assess­ing inconsist­ent ver­dicts, the decis­ive question is not whether the acquittals are reasonable, but whether the conviction was not" - See para­graph 13.

Cases Noticed:

R. v. McLaughlin (1974), 15 C.C.C.(2d) 562 (Ont. C.A.), refd to. [para. 6].

R. v. McShannock (1980), 55 C.C.C.(2d) 53 (Ont. C.A.), agreed with [para. 7].

R. v. Tillekaratna (D.) (1998), 108 O.A.C. 281; 124 C.C.C.(3d) 549 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 8].

R. v. Wile and Capucciti (1990), 40 O.A.C. 192; 58 C.C.C.(3d) 85 (C.A.), disagreed with [para. 10].

R. v. Bergeron (1998), 132 C.C.C.(3d) 45 (Que. C.A.), refd to. [para. 13].

R. v. Harvey (A.W.) (2001), 152 O.A.C. 162; 160 C.C.C.(3d) 52 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 14].

Counsel:

James Lockyer, for the appellant;

Leslie Paine, for the respondent.

Solicitors of Record:

Lockyer Campbell Posner, Toronto, On­tario, for the appellant;

Attorney General of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard on February 10, 2006, by Bastarache, Binnie, Deschamps, Abella and Charron, JJ., of the Supreme Court of Canada. Charron, J., delivered the following decision for the court in both of­ficial languages on March 23, 2006.

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160 practice notes
  • R. v. Beaudry (A.), (2007) 356 N.R. 323 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court of Canada
    • May 12, 2006
    ...(J.), [2000] 1 S.C.R. 381; 252 N.R. 204; 134 B.C.A.C. 161; 219 W.A.C. 161; 2000 SCC 15, refd to. [paras. 55, 94]. R. v. Pittiman (R.), [2006] 1 S.C.R. 381; 346 N.R. 65; 209 O.A.C. 388; 2006 SCC 9, refd to. [para. 57]. R. v. A.G., [2000] 1 S.C.R. 439; 252 N.R. 272; 132 O.A.C. 1; 2000 SCC 17,......
  • R. v. West, 2010 NSCA 16
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • February 25, 2010
    ...285]. R. v. Abourached (N.) (2007), 259 N.S.R.(2d) 379; 828 A.P.R. 379; 2007 NSCA 109, refd to. [para. 290]. R. v. Pittiman (R.), [2006] 1 S.C.R. 381; 346 N.R. 65; 209 O.A.C. 388; 2006 SCC 9, refd to. [para. R. v. J.M. (2002), 207 N.S.R.(2d) 262; 649 A.P.R. 262; 2002 NSCA 99, refd to. [para......
  • R v Goforth, 2021 SKCA 20
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Saskatchewan)
    • February 2, 2021
    ...court that no reasonable jury, whose members have applied their minds to the evidence, could have arrived at that verdict (R v Pittiman, 2006 SCC 9 at para 6, [2006] 1 SCR 381). Justice Charron explained the practical effect of this in R v [7] The onus of establishing that a verdict is unre......
  • R. v. R.V., 2021 SCC 10
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court (Canada)
    • March 12, 2021
    ...Considered: R. v. Pittiman, 2006 SCC 9, [2006] 1 S.C.R. 381 ; R. v. J.F., 2008 SCC 60 , [2008] 3 S.C.R. 215 ; referred to: R. v. S.L., 2013 ONCA 176 , 303 O.A.C. 103 ; R. v. K.D.M., 2017 ONCA 510 ; R. v. Tyler, 2015 ONCA 599 ; R. v. Tremblay, 2016 ABCA 30 , 612 A.R. 147 ; R. v. L.B......
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128 cases
  • R. v. Beaudry (A.), (2007) 356 N.R. 323 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court of Canada
    • May 12, 2006
    ...(J.), [2000] 1 S.C.R. 381; 252 N.R. 204; 134 B.C.A.C. 161; 219 W.A.C. 161; 2000 SCC 15, refd to. [paras. 55, 94]. R. v. Pittiman (R.), [2006] 1 S.C.R. 381; 346 N.R. 65; 209 O.A.C. 388; 2006 SCC 9, refd to. [para. 57]. R. v. A.G., [2000] 1 S.C.R. 439; 252 N.R. 272; 132 O.A.C. 1; 2000 SCC 17,......
  • R. v. West, 2010 NSCA 16
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • February 25, 2010
    ...285]. R. v. Abourached (N.) (2007), 259 N.S.R.(2d) 379; 828 A.P.R. 379; 2007 NSCA 109, refd to. [para. 290]. R. v. Pittiman (R.), [2006] 1 S.C.R. 381; 346 N.R. 65; 209 O.A.C. 388; 2006 SCC 9, refd to. [para. R. v. J.M. (2002), 207 N.S.R.(2d) 262; 649 A.P.R. 262; 2002 NSCA 99, refd to. [para......
  • R v Goforth, 2021 SKCA 20
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Saskatchewan)
    • February 2, 2021
    ...court that no reasonable jury, whose members have applied their minds to the evidence, could have arrived at that verdict (R v Pittiman, 2006 SCC 9 at para 6, [2006] 1 SCR 381). Justice Charron explained the practical effect of this in R v [7] The onus of establishing that a verdict is unre......
  • R. v. R.V., 2021 SCC 10
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court (Canada)
    • March 12, 2021
    ...Considered: R. v. Pittiman, 2006 SCC 9, [2006] 1 S.C.R. 381 ; R. v. J.F., 2008 SCC 60 , [2008] 3 S.C.R. 215 ; referred to: R. v. S.L., 2013 ONCA 176 , 303 O.A.C. 103 ; R. v. K.D.M., 2017 ONCA 510 ; R. v. Tyler, 2015 ONCA 599 ; R. v. Tremblay, 2016 ABCA 30 , 612 A.R. 147 ; R. v. L.B......
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10 firm's commentaries
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (April 27 ' May 1)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • May 12, 2020
    ...R. v. Jeanvenne, 2010 ONCA 706, R. v. Dixon, [1998] 1 S.C.R. 244, R. v. McNeil, 2009 SCC 3, R. v. Jackson, 2015 ONCA 832, R. v. Pittiman, 2006 SCC 9, R. v. Shafia, 2016 ONCA 812, Yukon Francophone School Board, Education Area #23 v. Yukon (Attorney General), 2015 SCC 25, Committee for Justi......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (May 25 ' 29, 2020)
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    ...22, R. v. Burke, [1996] 1 S.C.R. 474, R. v. R.P., 2012 SCC 22, R. v. Tillekaratna (1998), 124 C.C.C. (3d) 549 (Ont. C.A.), R. v. Pittiman, 2006 SCC 9, R. v. R.E.M., 2008 SCC 51, R. v. Morrissey (1995), 22 O.R. (3d) 514 (C.A.), R. v. Stirling, 2008 SCC 10, R. v. Dinardo, 2008 SCC 24, R. v. K......
  • ONTARIO COURT OF APPEAL SUMMARIES (JUNE 19 – JUNE 23, 2017)
    • Canada
    • LexBlog Canada
    • June 23, 2017
    ...for the respondent Keywords: Criminal Law, Sexual Assault, Sexual Interference, Invitation to Sexual Touching, Sentencing, R. v. Pittiman, 2006 SCC 9, Multi-Count Indictment, Jury Verdict, R. v. Chase, [1987] 2 S.C.R. 293, R. v. Tremblay, 2016 ABCA 30, R. v. Brown, [1991] 2 S.C.R. 518, R. v......
  • COURT OF APPEAL SUMMARIES (APRIL 27 – MAY 1)
    • Canada
    • LexBlog Canada
    • May 4, 2020
    ...R. v. Jeanvenne, 2010 ONCA 706, R. v. Dixon, [1998] 1 S.C.R. 244, R. v. McNeil, 2009 SCC 3, R. v. Jackson, 2015 ONCA 832, R. v. Pittiman, 2006 SCC 9, R. v. Shafia, 2016 ONCA 812, Yukon Francophone School Board, Education Area #23 v. Yukon (Attorney General), 2015 SCC 25, Committee for Justi......
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16 books & journal articles
  • Table of Cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books The Anatomy of Criminal Procedure. A Visual Guide to the Law Post-trial matters Special Post-conviction Procedures
    • June 15, 2019
    ...16 R v Pires, [2005] 3 SCR 343................................................................................. 81 R v Pittiman, 2006 SCC 9...........................................................................328, 341 R v Pittman, 2006 NLTD 106 ...............................................
  • Person(s) of interest and missing women: legal abandonment in the Downtown Eastside.
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    • McGill Law Journal Vol. 60 No. 1, September - September 2014
    • September 1, 2014
    ...720, 87 OR (3d) 425 the Ontario Court of Appeal refused to recognize a third verdict of "factually innocent" on the basis that it would erode the significance of the not guilty verdict (ibid at para 25). Their reasoning, of course, recognizes the distinction between factual innocence (a truth acc......
  • Appeals
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    • Irwin Books Criminal Procedure. Fourth Edition
    • June 23, 2020
    ...two verdicts are clearly inconsistent with one another. 46 In the case of multiple accused charged with the same offence, 43 R v Pittiman , 2006 SCC 9 [ Pittiman ] at para 7, quoting R v McShannock (1980), 55 CCC (2d) 53 (Ont CA) at p 56. 44 As noted in R v Catton , 2015 ONCA 13 [ Catton ] ......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Criminal Procedure. Fourth Edition
    • June 23, 2020
    ...129 R v Pires; R v Lising, 2005 SCC 66, [2005] 3 SCR 343 ................................ 178–79 R v Pittiman, [2006] 1 SCR 381, 206 CCC (3d) 6, 2006 SCC 9 .......................................................................... 572, 573, 583, 584 R v Pizzacalla (1991), 5 OR (3d) 783, 7 C......
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