R. v. T.R., (1983) 46 A.R. 200 (ProvCt)

Judge:Catonio, P.C.J.
Court:Provincial Court (Alberta)
Case Date:June 13, 1983
Jurisdiction:Alberta
Citations:(1983), 46 A.R. 200 (ProvCt)
 
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R. v. T.R. (1983), 46 A.R. 200 (ProvCt)

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R. v. T.R.

Indexed As: R. v. T.R.

Alberta Provincial Court

Juvenile and Family Division

Catonio, P.C.J.

June 13, 1983.

Summary:

A juvenile, charged with murder, pleaded guilty to manslaughter in Juvenile Court and was placed on probation. A Crown application to transfer the charge to an ordinary criminal court had been dismissed. The juvenile breached probation and the Crown reapplied to transfer her to a criminal court.

The Alberta Provincial Court, Juvenile and Family Division, allowed the application.

Criminal Law - Topic 8782

Juveniles - Transfer out of juvenile court - Time for - A juvenile pleaded guilty to manslaughter in Juvenile Court and was placed on probation - A Crown application to transfer the charge to an ordinary criminal court had been dismissed - The juvenile breached probation and the Crown reapplied to have the original charge transferred to an ordinary criminal court - The Alberta Provincial Court, Juvenile and Family Division, allowed the application, holding that the transfer was permitted where a previous application was unsuccessful and a Juvenile Court probation order had been made and breached - See paragraph 12.

Civil Rights - Topic 8404

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms - Criminal proceedings - Double jeopardy - A juvenile pleaded guilty to manslaughter in Juvenile Court and was placed on probation - She breached probation - The Crown applied to transfer the charge to a Criminal Court, relying on s. 20(3) of the Juveniles Delinquents Act - Section 11(h) of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms prohibited further punishment where a person had been found guilty and punished - The Alberta Provincial Court, Juvenile and Family Division, held that s. 20(3) did not violate s. 11(h), because a juvenile delinquent subject to a probation order had not been "finally found guilty and punished" - See paragraphs 13 to 18.

Cases Noticed:

R. v. Gray (1971), 3 C.C.C.(2d) 289, refd to. [para. 12].

R. v. Olafson, [1969] 4 C.C.C. 318, refd to. [para. 12].

R. v. Lolich, [1963] 3 C.C.C. 14, refd to. [para. 12].

R. v. S.B., [1983] 1 W.W.R. 512, refd to. [para. 19].

R. v. W. and L. (1982), 30 R.F.L.(2d) 79; 30 C.R.(3d) 197 (Ont. Prov. Ct.), refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Allan (1983), 2 C.R.R. 46, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. M.(D.), 30 C.R.(3d) 210, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. W.(S.), 30 C.R.(3d) 197, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Altseimer (1983), 2 C.R.R. 119, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Duke, 7 C.C.C.(2d) 474, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Curr, 7 C.C.C.(2d) 181, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Burnshine, 15 C.C.C.(2d) 505, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Boggs, 19 C.R.(3d) 245, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Zelensky, [1978] 3 W.W.R. 693; 21 N.R. 372, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Walker, 71 C.C.C. 305, refd to. [para. 21].

Quebec Assoc. of Protestant School Boards et al. v. Attorney-General of Quebec et al. (1982), 140 D.L.R. 33, refd to. [para. 21].

Minister of Justice of Canada and Minister of Finance of Canada v. Borowski et al., [1982] 1 W.W.R. 97; 39 N.R. 331, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Morris, 43 C.C.C.(2d) 129, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Olafson, [1969] 4 C.C.C. 318, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Lalich, [1963] 3 C.C.C. 14, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. W. and R. v. L. (1982), 8 W.C.B. 361, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Gittens (1982), 68 C.C.C.(2d) 438, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. C and W Agricultural Services Limited (1982), 8 W.C.B. 495, refd to. [para. 21].

R. v. Mingo (1982), 8 W.C.B. 450, refd to. [para. 21].

Statutes Noticed:

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1982), sect. 11(h) [para. 11].

Juvenile Delinquents Act, R.S.C. 1970, c. J-3, sect. a(1) [para. 1]; sect. 20(3) [para. 10].

Counsel:

[None disclosed].

This case was heard before CATONIO, P.C.J., of the Alberta Provincial Court, Juvenile and Family Division, who delivered the following judgment on June 13, 1983:

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