R. v. Trapp (B.A.), (2011) 377 Sask.R. 246 (CA)

JudgeCameron, Jackson and Ottenbreit, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (Saskatchewan)
Case DateNovember 09, 2010
JurisdictionSaskatchewan
Citations(2011), 377 Sask.R. 246 (CA);2011 SKCA 143

R. v. Trapp (B.A.) (2011), 377 Sask.R. 246 (CA);

    528 W.A.C. 246

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2011] Sask.R. TBEd. DE.003

Brian Arnold Trapp (appellant) v. Her Majesty the Queen (respondent)

(1802-CR; 2011 SKCA 143)

Indexed As: R. v. Trapp (B.A.)

Saskatchewan Court of Appeal

Cameron, Jackson and Ottenbreit, JJ.A.

November 25, 2011.

Summary:

The accused was charged with distributing, possessing and accessing child pornography (Criminal Code, ss. 163.1(3), 163.1(4) and 163.1(4.1)). He brought an application respecting the proper constitutional interpretation of s. 29(2)(g) of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (Sask.) as it was allegedly used by the police. The accused was not seeking a declaration that s. 29(2)(g) was unconstitutional per se, but rather, that its use had infringed his Charter rights. As a result of an investigation into child pornography internet file sharing, the police had sought and obtained from SaskTel, the accused's Internet Service Provider, information about the IP Address that SaskTel had assigned to the accused as of a specific date and time: specifically, that the IP address was registered to the accused, the accused's civic address for billing purposes and his telephone number.

The Saskatchewan Provincial Court, in a decision reported at 330 Sask.R. 169, dismissed the accused's Charter application, holding that his Charter rights were not infringed.

The Saskatchewan Provincial Court, in a decision reported at 344 Sask.R. 300, found the accused guilty of all three counts. The accused appealed, submitting that his s. 8 Charter rights had been violated.

The Saskatchewan Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal, holding that there was no violation of s. 8. Cameron and Jackson, JJ.A., held that the accused had a reasonable expectation of privacy in the information (there was a search), but the search was reasonable. Ottenbreit, J.A., held that there was no reasonable expectation of privacy in the information and therefore no search.

Civil Rights - Topic 1508

Property - General principles - Expectation of privacy - As a result of an investigation into child pornography internet file sharing, the police, relying on s. 29(2)(g) of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (Sask.) (FIPPA), sought and obtained from SaskTel, information about the accused that: at a specific date and time a particular IP address had been registered to the accused, the accused's civic address for billing purposes; and his telephone number - The accused was ultimately charged with distributing, possessing and accessing child pornography (Criminal Code, s. 163.1) - The accused challenged this use of s. 29(2)(g) of the FIPPA - A Provincial Court judge held that the accused's Charter rights had not been violated - The accused was convicted - He appealed - The Saskatchewan Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal, holding that the accused's s. 8 Charter rights were not violated - Cameron and Jackson, JJ.A., stated that the question came down to whether the accused enjoyed a reasonable expectation of privacy in the information sought and obtained by the police from SaskTel for the purposes of furthering their investigation and laying the groundwork for obtaining a search warrant, a warrant that enabled them to search his home, seize his computer, and search the computer for evidence he accessed, possessed and made available child pornography - Cameron and Jackson, JJ.A., held that the accused had a reasonable expectation of privacy in the information and thus a search had occurred, but the search was reasonable - Ottenbreit, J.A., held that there was no reasonable expectation of privacy in the information and therefore no search.

Civil Rights - Topic 1508

Property - General principles - Expectation of privacy - The Saskatchewan Court of Appeal stated that "Section 8 of the Charter guarantees the right of everyone to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure. That being so, its principal purpose lies in protecting persons from unreasonable state intrusion upon their privacy or, expressed positively, to protect the person's reasonable expectation of privacy in relation to the state. This makes it necessary, when the section is invoked, to assess the person's interest in being left alone by the government against the government's interest in intruding upon the privacy of the person for the purpose of law enforcement: Hunter v. Southam, [1984] 2 S.C.R. 145. This assessment, when the section is invoked in relation to police conduct in the course of a criminal investigation, entails a two step inquiry: (1) whether the conduct of the police constituted a 'search' within the meaning of section 8 and, if so, (2) whether the search was reasonable: R. v. Tessling, 2004 SCC 67, [2004] 3 S.C.R. 432." - See paragraphs 5 and 6.

Civil Rights - Topic 1642

Property - Search and seizure - Search - What constitutes - [See first Civil Rights - Topic 1508 ].

Civil Rights - Topic 1646

Property - Search and seizure - Unreasonable search and seizure defined - [See first Civil Rights - Topic 1508 ].

Cases Noticed:

Hunter v. Southam - see Southam Inc. v. Hunter.

Southam Inc. v. Hunter, [1984] 2 S.C.R. 145; 55 N.R. 241; 55 A.R. 291, appld. [para. 5]; refd to. [para. 92].

R. v. Tessling (W.), [2004] 3 S.C.R. 432; 326 N.R. 228; 192 O.A.C. 168; 2004 SCC 67, appld. [para. 6]; refd to. [para. 94].

R. v. Plant (R.S.), [1993] 3 S.C.R. 281; 157 N.R. 321; 145 A.R. 104; 55 W.A.C. 104, agreed with [para. 16]; refd to. [para. 87].

R. v. Patrick (R.S.), [2009] 1 S.C.R. 579; 387 N.R. 44; 454 A.R. 1; 455 W.A.C. 1; 2009 SCC 17, refd to. [paras. 16, 100].

R. v. Gomboc (D.J.), [2010] 3 S.C.R. 211; 408 N.R. 1; 490 A.R. 327; 497 W.A.C. 327; 2010 SCC 55, agreed with [para. 16]; refd to. [para. 93].

R. v. Collins, [1987] 1 S.C.R. 265; 74 N.R. 276, refd to. [para. 16].

R. v. Kwok, [2008] O.J. No. 2414 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [para. 24]; dist. [para. 86].

R. v. Cuttell (2009), 247 C.C.C.(3d) 424; 2009 ONCJ 471, refd to. [para. 24]; dist. [para. 86].

R. v. U.P.M., [2010] 1 S.C.R. 253; 399 N.R. 200; 346 Sask.R. 1; 477 W.A.C. 1; 2010 SCC 8, agreed with [para. 24].

R. v. McNeice (K.G.), [2010] B.C.T.C. Uned. 1544; 2010 BCSC 1544, refd to. [paras. 34, 110].

R. v. Spencer (M.D.) (2009), 361 Sask.R. 1; 2009 SKQB 341, refd to. [para. 34].

Tele-Mobile Co. v. Ontario et al., [2008] 1 S.C.R. 305; 372 N.R. 157; 235 O.A.C. 369; 2008 SCC 12, refd to. [para. 68].

United States v. Maxwell (1995), 42 M.J. 568 (U.S. A.F. Crim. App.), dist. [para. 86].

R. v. Weir (D.T.), [1998] 8 W.W.R. 228; 213 A.R. 285; 1998 ABQB 56, dist. [para. 86].

R. v. A.M., [2008] 1 S.C.R. 569; 373 N.R. 198; 236 O.A.C. 267; 2008 SCC 19, refd to. [para. 98].

R. v. Chehil (M.S.) (2009), 284 N.S.R.(2d) 130; 901 A.P.R. 130; 248 C.C.C.(3d) 370; 2009 NSCA 111, refd to. [para. 105].

R. v. Ballendine (K.D.) (2011), 304 B.C.A.C. 20; 513 W.A.C. 20; 271 C.C.C.(3d) 418; 2011 BCCA 221, refd to. [para. 106].

R. v. Vasic (C.), [2009] O.T.C. Uned. 416; 185 C.R.R.(2d) 286 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [para. 107].

R. v. Brousseau (P.), [2010] O.T.C. Uned. 6753; 264 C.C.C.(3d) 562; 2010 ONSC 6753, refd to. [para. 109].

R. v. Wilson, [2009] O.J. No. 1067 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [para. 110].

United States v. Perrine (2008), 518 F.3d 1196 (10th Cir.), refd to. [para. 111].

United States v. Bynum (2010), 604 F.3d 161 (4th Cir.), refd to. [para. 111].

United States v. Stults (2009), 575 F.3d 834 (8th Cir.), refd to. [para. 111].

R. v. Ward (2009), 176 C.R.R.(2d) 90; 2008 ONCJ 355, refd to. [para. 114].

Statutes Noticed:

Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act, S.S. 1990-91, c. F-22.01, sect. 29(2)(g) [para. 49].

Counsel:

Ronald Piché, for the appellant;

Graeme Mitchell, Q.C., for the Crown.

This appeal was heard on November 9, 2010, by Cameron, Jackson and Ottenbreit, JJ.A., of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal. The Court of Appeal delivered its decision on November 25, 2011, which included the following opinions:

Cameron, J.A. (Jackson, J.A., concurring) - see paragraphs 1 to 72;

Ottenbreit, J.A. - see paragraphs 73 to 136.

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26 practice notes
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    ...R. v. Stillman, [1997] 1 S.C.R. 607; R. v. Law, 2002 SCC 10, [2002] 1 S.C.R. 227; R. v. Pugliese (1992), 71 C.C.C. (3d) 295; R. v. Trapp, 2011 SKCA 143, 377 Sask. R. 246; R. v. Gomboc, 2010 SCC 55, [2010] 3 S.C.R. 211; Rizzo & Rizzo Shoes Ltd. (Re), [1998] 1 S.C.R. 27; R. v. Belcourt, 2......
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1 firm's commentaries
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