Reception of International Labour, Refugee, Humanitarian and Criminal Laws

AuthorMark Freeman, Gibran Van Ert
The many rights and groups of rights described in Chapter Ten are the
pre-eminent rights enjoyed by human beings at international law. They
are not, however, the only international laws relating to human rights.
As we saw in Chapter Seven, the fields of international labour, refugee
protection, humanitarian and criminal law are closely related to human
rights. In this chapter we briefly consider Canada’s laws concerning
these related fields.
A. International Labour Law
As explained in Chapter One, international labour law is at once a pre-
cursor to and a subset of general international human rights law. The
international labour regime, elaborated principally by the ILO, is a vast
area of law in which Canada has participated in fairly limited ways.
Canada is a party to only 30 of the over 180 ILO conventions. Of the
ILO’s eight “fundamental conventions,” Canada is a party to only five.1
chapter 11
1 Canada is not a party to ILO Conventions Nos. 29 (forced labour), 98 (collec-
tive bargaining), and 138 (minimum age). On fundamental conventions, see the
discussion of international labour law in Chapter Seven.

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