RJR-MacDonald Inc. et Imperial Tobacco Ltd. v. Canada (Procureur général), (1994) 164 N.R. 1 (SCC)

JudgeCory, McLachlin, Iacobucci and Major, JJ.
CourtSupreme Court of Canada
Case DateMarch 03, 1994
JurisdictionCanada (Federal)
Citations(1994), 164 N.R. 1 (SCC);[1994] 1 SCR 311;AZ-94111025;1994 CanLII 117 (SCC);111 DLR (4th) 385;164 NR 1;54 CPR (3d) 114;[1994] CarswellQue 120;JE 94-423;[1994] SCJ No 17 (QL);[1994] ACS no 17;46 ACWS (3d) 40;60 QAC 241

RJR-MacDonald Inc. v. Can. (P.g.) (1994), 164 N.R. 1 (SCC)

MLB headnote and full text

[French language version follows English language version]

[La version française vient à la suite de la version anglaise]

....................

R.J.R. - Macdonald Inc. (applicant) v. The Attorney General of Canada (respondent) and The Attorney General of Quebec (mis-en-cause) and The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, the Canadian Cancer Society, the Canadian Council on Smoking and Health, and Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada (interveners on the application for interlocutory relief).

Imperial Tobacco Ltd. (applicant) v. The Attorney General of Canada (respondent) and The Attorney General of Quebec (mis-en-cause) and The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, the Canadian Cancer Society, the Canadian Council on Smoking and Health, and Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada (interveners on the application for interlocutory relief).

(23460, 23490)

Indexed As: RJR-MacDonald Inc. et Imperial Tobacco Ltd. v. Canada (Procureur général)

Supreme Court of Canada

Lamer, C.J.C., La Forest,

L'Heureux-Dubé, Sopinka, Gonthier,

Cory, McLachlin, Iacobucci

and Major, JJ.

March 3, 1994.

Summary:

RJR-MacDonald Inc. sought a declaratory judgment declaring the Tobacco Products Control Act, S.C. 1988, c. 20, ultra vires the Parliament of Canada and contrary to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Imperial Tobacco Ltd. joined in the demand but limited itself to requesting the unconsti­tutionality of ss. 4, 5, 6 and 8 of the Act. The Quebec Superior Court (Chabot, J.), in a judgment reported [1991] R.J.Q. 2260; 82 D.L.R.(4th) 449, granted the demand. The Attorney General of Canada appealed.

The Quebec Court of Appeal, Brossard, J.A., dissenting in part, in a judgment dated January 15, 1993 and reported [1993] R.J.Q. 375; 53 Q.A.C. 79; 102 D.L.R.(4th) 289, allowed the appeal. The plaintiffs applied for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada.

On August 11, 1993, the Canadian Gov­ernment adopted the Tobacco Products Control Regulations, amendment, SOR/93-389. The amendments stipulated that larger, more prominent health warning had to be placed on all tobacco packets, and that these warnings could no longer be attributed to Health and Welfare Canada. The packaging changes had to be in effect within one year. The plaintiffs brought motions to the Supreme Court of Canada for a stay of the implementation of the new regulations pend­ing final decision on the appeal on the merits and for a delay in the implementation if the appeal were dismissed. These motions were heard on October 4, 1993.

On October 14, 1993, the Supreme Court of Canada granted leave to appeal on the merits.

On March 3, 1994, the Supreme Court of Canada dismissed the motions.

Civil Rights - Topic 8587

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms - Practice - Stay of proceedings or in­junc­tion pending litigation of Charter issue - Two tobacco products companies brought a Charter challenge against the Tobacco Products Control Act (Can.) - The Quebec Court of Appeal dismissed the challenge - The companies appealed - In the mean­time, the Canadian Government adopted new regulations under the Act - The amendments called for substantial modifi­cations of the health warnings on all tobacco products packets - The companies brought motions for a stay of implementa­tion of the new regulations pending the outcome of the appeal and for a delay in implementation if the appeal were unsuc­cessful - The Supreme Court of Canada followed its decision in Metropolitan Stores, held that the American Cyanamid test applied, discussed its application and dismissed the motions - See paragraphs 35 to 94.

Droits et libertés - Cote 8587

Charte canadienne des droits et libertés - Procédure - Suspension des procédures ou injonction en attendant de trancher sur la Charte - [Voir Civil Rights - Topic 8587 ].

Courts - Topic 3028

Supreme Court of Canada - Jurisdiction, general - Interlocutory relief - Two tobacco products companies brought a constitutional and Charter challenge against the Tobacco Products Control Act (Can.) - The Quebec Court of Appeal dismissed the challenge - The companies appealed - In the meantime, the Canadian Government adopted new regulations under the Act - The amendments called for substantial modifications of the health warnings on all tobacco products packets - The companies brought motions for a stay of implementation of the new regulations pending the outcome of the appeal and for a delay in implementation if the appeal were unsuccessful - Did the Supreme Court of Canada have jurisdiction to grant the interlocutory relief sought? - The court answered yes - See paragraphs 24 to 34.

Tribunaux - Cote 3028

Cour suprême du Canada - Compétence, généralités - Redressement de nature interlocutoire - [Voir Courts - Topic 3028 ].

Cases Noticed:

Met­ropolitan Stores (MTS) Ltd. v. Man­itoba Food and Commercial Workers, Local 832 and Labour Board (Man.), [1987] 1 S.C.R. 110; 73 N.R. 341; 46 Man.R.(2d) 241; 18 C.P.C.(2d) 273; 38 D.L.R.(4th) 321; 25 Admin. L.R. 20, appld. [para. 33].

Labatt Breweries of Canada Ltd. v. Canada (Attor­ney General), [1980] 1 S.C.R. 594; 27 N.R. 542, consd. [para. 31].

American Cyanamid Co. v. Ethicon Ltd., [1975] 1 All E.R. 504; [1975] A.C. 396; [1975] R.P.C. 513 (H.L.), refd to. [para. 44].

R. v. Crown Zellerbach Canada Ltd., [1988] 1 S.C.R. 401; 84 N.R. 1, refd to. [para. 20].

Keable v. Canada (Procureur général) et al., [1978] 2 S.C.R. 135; 20 N.R. 243, refd to. [para. 28].

Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Co. v. Kellogg Toasted Corn Flake Co. (1923), 55 O.L.R. 127 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 28].

Laboratoire Pentagone Ltée v. Parke, Davis & Co., [1968] S.C.R. 269, consd. [para. 46].

Adrian Messenger Services v. Jockey Club Ltd. (No. 2), [1972] 2 O.R. 619; 26 D.L.R.(3d) 287 (C.A.), consd. [para. 46].

Bear Island Foundation v. Ontario (1989), 70 O.R.(2d) 574 (H.C.), consd. [para. 46].

N.W.L. Ltd. v. Woods; N.W.L. v. Nelson, [1979] 1 W.L.R. 1294; [1979] 3 All E.R. 614 (H.L.), consd. [para. 51].

Trieger v. Canadian Broadcasting Corp. (1988), 54 D.L.R.(4th) 143; 66 O.R.(2d) 273 (H.C.), consd. [para. 52].

Daigle v. Tremblay, [1989] 2 S.C.R. 530; 102 N.R. 81; 27 Q.A.C. 81, refd to. [para. 53].

Dialadex Communications Inc. v. Crammond (1987), 34 D.L.R.(4th) 392; 57 O.R.(2d) 746 (H.C.), consd. [para. 56].

Crain (R.L.) Inc. v. Hendry (1988), 67 Sask.R. 123; 48 D.L.R.(4th) 228 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 59].

MacMillan Bloedel Ltd. v. Mullin, [1985] 3 W.W.R. 577; 61 B.C.L.R. 145 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 59].

Hubbard v. Pitt, [1976] Q.B. 142; [1975] 3 All E.R. 1 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 59].

R. v. Mills, [1986] 1 S.C.R. 863; 67 N.R. 241; 16 O.A.C. 161; 29 D.L.R.(4th) 161; 52 C.R.(3d) 1; 26 C.C.C.(3d) 481, refd to. [para. 61].

Nelles v. Ontario et al., [1989] 2 S.C.R. 170; 98 N.R. 321; 35 O.A.C. 161, refd to. [para. 61].

Ainsley Financial Corp. v. Ontario Secur­ities Commission (1993), 14 O.R.(3d) 280 (Gen. Div.), consd. [para. 64].

Morgentaler v. Ackroyd (1983), 150 D.L.R.(3d) 59; 42 O.R.(3d) 659 (H.C.), consd. [para. 67].

Canada v. Fishing Vessel Owners' Associ­ation of B.C., [1985] 1 F.C. 791; 61 N.R. 128 (F.C.A.), consd. [para. 69].

Esquimalt Anglers' Association et al. v. Canada (Minister of Fisheries and Oceans) (1988), 21 F.T.R. 304 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 69].

Island Telephone Co., Re (1987), 67 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 158; 206 A.P.R. 158 (P.E.I.C.A.), consd. [para. 70].

Black & Co. v. Law Society of Alberta (1983), 42 A.R. 118; 144 D.L.R.(3d) 439 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 73].

Vancouver General Hospital v. Stoffman (1985), 23 D.L.R.(4th) 146 (B.C.C.A.), refd to. [para. 73].

Rio Hotel v. Commission des licences et permis d'alcool (N.-B.), [1986] 2 S.C.R. ix, refd to. [para. 73].

Ontario Jockey Club v. Smith (1922), 22 O.W.N. 373 (H.C.), refd to. [para. 74].

R. v. Oakes, [1986] 1 S.C.R. 103; 65 N.R. 87; 14 O.A.C. 335; 26 D.L.R.(4th) 200; 50 C.R.(3d) 1; 24 C.C.C.(3d) 321; 19 C.R.R. 308, refd to. [para. 82].

Statutes Noticed:

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 1982/Charte canadienne des droits et libertés, 1982, sect. 1 [para. 8]; sect. 2(b) [para. 5]; sect. 24(1) [para. 34].

Code of Civil Procedure (Que.)/Code de procédure civile (Qué.), art. 523 [para. 18].

Constitution Act, 1867/Loi constitution­nelle de 1867, sect. 91 [para. 25].

Fisheries Act/Pêcheries, Loi sur les, R.S.C. 1970, c. F-14, generally [para. 69].

Produits du tabac, Règlements sur les, modification - voir Produits du tabac, Loi réglementant les.

Rules of the Supreme Court of Canada, 1888, General Order No. 85(17)/Règles de la Cour suprême du Canada, Ordonnance générale n o 85(17), generally [para. 28].

Rules of the Supreme Court of Canada, SOR/83-74/Règles de la Cour suprême du Canada, DORS/83-74, rule 27 [para. 11].

Supreme Court Act/Cour suprême, Loi sur la, R.S.C. 1985, c. S-26, sect. 65 [para. 28]; sect. 65.1 [para. 11]; sect. 97(1)(a) [para. 28].

Tobacco Products Control Act/Produits du tabac, Loi réglementant les, S.C. 1988, c. 20, gen­erally [para. 2]; ss. 3 [heading II]; 4-8, 9 [para. 3]; 11-16, 17, 17(f), 18(1)(b) [para. 4].

Tobacco Products Control Act Regulations (Can.), Tobacco Products Control Regu­lations, Amendment, SOR/93-389/Produits du tabac, Loi réglementant les, Règlements (Can.), Règlement sur les produits du tabac, modification, DORS/93-389, generally [para. 9]; ss. 3, 4, 6, 7, 10 [para. 11].

Tobacco Products Control Regulations - see Tobacco Products Control Act Regu­lations (Can.).

Authors and Works Noticed:

Canada, Minister of National Health and Welfare, Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement (Statement following Tobacco Products Control Regulations, amend­ment, SOR/93-389), in Canada Gazette, Part II, vol. 127, No. 16, p. 3284, at p. 3285 [para. 90].

Cassels, Jamie, An Inconvenient Balance: The Injunction as a Charter Remedy, in Jeffrey Berryman, ed. Remedies: Issues and Perspectives (1989), pp. 301 to 305 [para. 65].

Sharpe, Robert J., Injunctions and Specific Performance (2nd Ed. 1993), pp. 2-13 to 2-20 [para. 44].

Counsel:

Colin K. Irving, for the applicant, R.J.R.-MacDonald Inc.;

Simon V. Potter, for the applicant, Imperial Tobacco Inc.;

Claude Joyal and Yves Leboeuf, for the respondent;

W. Ian C. Binnie, Q.C., and Colin Baxter, for the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, the Canadian Cancer Society, the Canadian Council on Smoking and Health and Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada.

Solicitors of Record:

Mackenzie, Gervais & Assoc., Montreal, Que., for the applicant, RJR-MacDonald Inc.;

Ogilvy, Renault & Assoc., Montreal, Que., for the applicant, Imperial Tobacco Inc.;

Côté & Ouellet, Montreal, Que., for the respondent;

McCarthy, Tétrault, Toronto, Ont., for the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, the Canadian Cancer Society, the Cana­dian Council on Smoking and Health and Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada.

These applications were heard on October 4, 1993, by Lamer, C.J.C, La Forest, L'Heureux-Dubé, Sopinka, Gonthier, Cory, McLachlin, Iacobucci and Major, JJ., of the Supreme Court of Canada.

The judgment of the Supreme Court was delivered in both official languages on March 3, 1994, by Sopinka and Cory, JJ.

To continue reading

Request your trial
4318 practice notes
  • R. v. Trang (D.) et al., (2001) 295 A.R. 250 (QB)
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta (Canada)
    • 16 Mayo 2001
    ...A.J. No. 1226 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 71, footnote 25]. RJR-MacDonald Inc. et Imperial Tobacco Ltd. v. Canada (Procureur général), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311; 164 N.R. 1; 60 Q.A.C. 241;, 111 D.L.R.(4th) 385, refd to. [para. 74, footnote R. v. Mezzo, [1986] 1 S.C.R. 802; 68 N.R. 1; 42 Man.R.(2d) 16......
  • JP Morgan Asset Management (Canada) Inc. v. Minister of National Revenue et al., (2013) 450 N.R. 91 (FCA)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Federal Court of Appeal (Canada)
    • 24 Octubre 2013
    ...[2008] F.T.R. Uned. 746; 2008 FC 1049, refd to. [para. 52]. RJR-MacDonald Inc. et Imperial Tobacco Ltd. v. Canada (Procureur général), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311; 164 N.R. 1, refd to. [para. Air Canada v. Toronto Port Authority et al. (2011), 426 N.R. 131; 2011 FCA 347, refd to. [para. 68]. Markev......
  • Colombie-Britannique (Procureur général) c. Alberta (Procureur général),
    • Canada
    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • 24 Septiembre 2019
    ...du Nord). The plaintiff satisfied the test set out by the Supreme Court in RJR — MacDonald Inc. v. Canada (Attorney General), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311, (1994), 111 D.L.R. (4th) 385, i.e. demonstrating that that there was a serious question to be tried; that it would suffer irreparable harm if it......
  • Can v. Calgary Chief of Police et al.,
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • 6 Mayo 2014
    ...of America (1996), 517 U.S. 690, refd to. [para. 125]. RJR-MacDonald Inc. et Imperial Tobacco Ltd. v. Canada (Procureur général), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311; 164 N.R. 1; 60 Q.A.C. 241, refd to. [para. 127, footnote Porochnavy v. Scheie, [2014] A.R. Uned. 360; 2014 ABQB 316, refd to. [para. 127, fo......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
3960 cases
  • R. v. Trang (D.) et al., (2001) 295 A.R. 250 (QB)
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta (Canada)
    • 16 Mayo 2001
    ...A.J. No. 1226 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 71, footnote 25]. RJR-MacDonald Inc. et Imperial Tobacco Ltd. v. Canada (Procureur général), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311; 164 N.R. 1; 60 Q.A.C. 241;, 111 D.L.R.(4th) 385, refd to. [para. 74, footnote R. v. Mezzo, [1986] 1 S.C.R. 802; 68 N.R. 1; 42 Man.R.(2d) 16......
  • JP Morgan Asset Management (Canada) Inc. v. Minister of National Revenue et al., (2013) 450 N.R. 91 (FCA)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Federal Court of Appeal (Canada)
    • 24 Octubre 2013
    ...[2008] F.T.R. Uned. 746; 2008 FC 1049, refd to. [para. 52]. RJR-MacDonald Inc. et Imperial Tobacco Ltd. v. Canada (Procureur général), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311; 164 N.R. 1, refd to. [para. Air Canada v. Toronto Port Authority et al. (2011), 426 N.R. 131; 2011 FCA 347, refd to. [para. 68]. Markev......
  • Colombie-Britannique (Procureur général) c. Alberta (Procureur général),
    • Canada
    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • 24 Septiembre 2019
    ...du Nord). The plaintiff satisfied the test set out by the Supreme Court in RJR — MacDonald Inc. v. Canada (Attorney General), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311, (1994), 111 D.L.R. (4th) 385, i.e. demonstrating that that there was a serious question to be tried; that it would suffer irreparable harm if it......
  • Can v. Calgary Chief of Police et al.,
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • 6 Mayo 2014
    ...of America (1996), 517 U.S. 690, refd to. [para. 125]. RJR-MacDonald Inc. et Imperial Tobacco Ltd. v. Canada (Procureur général), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311; 164 N.R. 1; 60 Q.A.C. 241, refd to. [para. 127, footnote Porochnavy v. Scheie, [2014] A.R. Uned. 360; 2014 ABQB 316, refd to. [para. 127, fo......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
173 firm's commentaries
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (March 1 ' March 5, 2021)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 9 Marzo 2021
    ...Henderson v. Wright, 2016 ONCA 89, Morwald-Benvenides v. Benvenides, 2017 ONSC 3786, RJR-McDonald Inc. v. Canada (Attorney-General), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311 Manchanda v. Thethi, 2021 ONCA 127 Keywords: Family Law, Spousal Support, Property, Remedies, Constructive Trust, Vesting Orders, Family L......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (April 26 ' April 30, 2021)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 4 Mayo 2021
    ...Services Trust, 2011 ONCA 620, 2257573 Ontario Inc. v. Furney, 2020 ONCA 742, RJR-MacDonald Inc. v. Canada (Attorney General), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311, Circuit World Corp. v. Lesperance (1997), 33 O.R. (3d) 674 (CA), Heidari v. Naghshbandi, 2020 ONCA 757, Amchem Products Incorporated v. British......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (August 8, 2022 ' August 12, 2022)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 15 Agosto 2022
    ...Entertainment Services v. United Steelworkers of America, Local 440 (1998), 38 O.R. (3d) 448 (C.A.), RJR-MacDonald Inc. v. Canada, [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311, D.C. v. T.B., 2021 ONCA 562, K.K. v. M.M., 2021 ONCA 407, Lefebvre v. Lefebvre [(2002)], 167 O.A.C. 85 (C.A.), Toronto (City) v. Ontario (A......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (February 17 – February 21, 2020)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • 2 Abril 2020
    ...Rule 63.01, City Commercial Realty (Canada) Ltd v. Backich, [2005] O.J. No. 6443 (CA), RJR-MacDonald Inc v. Canada (Attorney General), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311 Amorosi v. Barker, 2020 ONCA 144 Keywords: Civil Procedure, Anti-SLAPP, Motions, Adjournments, Cross-Examination, Courts of Justice Act,......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
155 books & journal articles
  • Table of Cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Cyberlibel: Information Warfare in the 21st Century? Part VIII
    • 15 Junio 2011
    ...Limited, [2001] 2 A.C. 127 (H.L.) .................................. 295, 371 RJR-Macdonald Inc. v. Canada (Attorney-General), [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311 ........................ 18, 386 Robinson v. Robinson (1897), 13 T.L.R. 564 ..........................................................................
  • Interlocutory Injunctions: General Principles
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive The Law of Equitable Remedies. Second Edition
    • 18 Junio 2013
    ...the injunction? • The balance of convenience • Does the defendant’s interest merit equal consideration to that of the plaintiff? 27 [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311 [ RJR-MacDonald ]. 28 Ibid. at 338. Interlocutor y Injunctions: General Principles 35 rights. The Supreme Court’s application of the Americ......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Computer Law. Second Edition
    • 17 Junio 2003
    ...524 RJR-MacDonald Inc. v. Canada (A.G.) (1994), 54 C.P.R. (3d) 114 (S.C.C.) .... 120 Robbins v. Canadian Broadcasting Corp. (1957), 12 D.L.R. (2d) 35 (Que. Sup. Ct.)............................................................................................ 313 Robert Bowden, Inc. v. Aetna ......
  • Interlocutory Injunctions: Specific Areas
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive The Law of Equitable Remedies. Second Edition
    • 18 Junio 2013
    ...Ltd. v. Alfresh Beverages Canada Corp. , [2002] O.J. No. 4116 at para. 9 (S.C.J.). 8 [1975] A.C. 396 (H.L.) [ American Cyanamid ]. 9 [1994] 1 S.C.R. 311 [ RJR-MacDonald ]. 10 Quisno’s Canada Restaurant Corp. v. 1450987 Ontario Corp. , [2009] O.J. No. 1743 at paras. 37–46 (S.C.J.). 11 Hennig......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT