The Standard Form Trap

Author:Ms Eleonore Morris and Martin Fingerhut
Profession:Cassels Brock
 
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Takeaway

It's time to review your standard forms! They may not say what you think – and assuming they do can cost commercial lenders money, time and aggravation.

Case

Laurentian Bank of Canada v. Bonhomme, 2012 ONCA 515

Case Summary

Standard Forms. Businesses love them – but they are not always read carefully every time they are pulled out.

Standard Forms are an essential tool to any business. They assist in developing global practice standards, continuity in corporate communications and consistency in business transactions when serving a variety of client and customer needs. However, they may pose a hidden danger.

In Bonhomme, the Bank sought to recover amounts owing under a line of credit it had granted to B and M, as co-borrowers. 

B disputed his liability to pay the amounts claimed because the Bank had advanced them based on a cheque that only M had signed. B argued that, without his signature, he was not responsible for the funds drawn, and that the Bank should not have permitted the funds to be drawn without the signatures of both borrowers.

The Bank disagreed, asserting that the agreement permitted either B or M to draw funds under the line of credit.

Herein lies the standard form trap. The agreement provided in part as follows:

Signatories

The Bank shall be authorized to extend loans on presentation of any cheque or other written request bearing the signature of the Customer as subscribed to the present document...

"Customer" is described in the agreement as B and M.

The Bank obtained...

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