Umba v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), (2004) 257 F.T.R. 169 (FC)

JudgeMartineau, J.
CourtFederal Court (Canada)
Case DateDecember 04, 2003
JurisdictionCanada (Federal)
Citations(2004), 257 F.T.R. 169 (FC);2004 FC 25

Umba v. Can. (M.C.I.) (2004), 257 F.T.R. 169 (FC)

MLB headnote and full text

[French language version follows English language version]

[La version française vient à la suite de la version anglaise]

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Temp. Cite: [2004] F.T.R. TBEd. JA.048

Laetitia Masial Umba (applicant) v. The Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (respondent)

(IMM-6318-02; 2004 FC 25; 2004 CF 25)

Indexed As: Umba v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration)

Federal Court

Martineau, J.

January 9, 2004.

Summary:

Umba, a 23 year old citizen of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, claimed to be the daughter of a former dignitary of the Mobutu regime in that country. She claimed that because of her family relationship, she was charged with plotting by reactionary forces to destabilize the regime and placed into forced labour. She claimed that a guard helped her escape and she fled to Canada and claimed refugee status. The Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board determined that Umba was not a Convention refugee or a "person in need of protection" within the meaning of ss. 96 and 97 or the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. Umba applied for judicial review, arguing that the board erred in assessing her identity documents and her credibility.

The Federal Court dismissed the application.

Aliens - Topic 1331

Admission - Refugee protection, Convention refugees and persons in need of protection - Evidence - Identity documents - Umba, a 23 year old citizen of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, claimed to be the daughter of a former dignitary of the Mobutu regime in that country and sought refugee status in Canada - She provided three identity documents to support her claim: a student card, a birth certificate and a state diploma - The Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board rejected her claim, holding that the evidence filed was not sufficient to establish her identity - Umba applied for judicial review - The Federal Court held that the reasonableness simpliciter standard was applicable in this case respecting the assessment of the proof of identity - Applying that standard, the court dismissed the application holding that the board's reasons for rejecting the identity documents were reasonable - See paragraphs 34 to 48.

Aliens - Topic 1331

Admission - Refugee protection, Convention refugees and persons in need of protection - Evidence - Identity documents - The Federal Court, per Martineau, J., stated that "... I do not believe that in matters of establishing identity, the board must be so strict that the acceptance of the exhibits filed by a refugee claimant must depend on North American logic and reasoning. That said, if on their very face it is apparent that documents have various anomalies, the Board can certainly draw an unfavourable conclusion about the applicant's credibility in the absence of satisfactory explanations ... This is indeed what is contemplated by section 106 of the [Immigration and Refugee Protection] Act ..." - See paragraphs 45.

Aliens - Topic 1334

Admission - Refugee protection, Convention refugees and persons in need of protection - Appeals or judicial review - Scope of review - Umba applied for judicial review of a decision of the Refugee Protection Division of the Immigration and Refugee Board determined that she was neither a Convention refugee nor a "person in need of protection" within the meaning of ss. 96 and 97 or the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act - The Federal Court held that the standard of review applicable should be determined applying the pragmatic and functional analysis (i.e. the four factors) set out by the Supreme Court in Dr. Q. v. College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia (2003) - The court stated that balancing the four factors militated in favour of the application of two standards of judicial review: (1) the patent unreasonableness standard in the case of the analysis of the documentary evidence and the assessment of Umba's credibility; and 2) the reasonableness simpliciter standard in the case of the assessment of the proof of identity submitted by Umba - See paragraphs 6 to 32.

Cases Noticed:

Harb v. Canada (Ministre de la Citoyenneté et de l'Immigration) (2003), 302 N.R. 178 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 7].

R. v. Owen (T.) (2003), 304 N.R. 254; 173 O.A.C. 285; 2003 SCC 33, refd to. [para. 8].

Adviento v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2003), 242 F.T.R. 295; 2003 FC 1430, refd to. [para. 8].

Dr. Q., Re (2003), 302 N.R. 34; 179 B.C.A.C. 170; 295 W.A.C. 170; 2003 SCC 19, refd to. [para. 8].

Neighbouring Rights Collective of Canada (NRCC) v. Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of Canada (SOCAN) et al. (2003), 310 N.R. 263 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 12].

Pushpanathan v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [1998] 1 S.C.R. 982, addendum [1998] 1 S.C.R. 1222; 226 N.R. 201, refd to. [para. 13].

Conseil de la magistrature (N.-B.) v. Moreau-Bérubé, [2002] 1 S.C.R. 249; 281 N.R. 201; 245 N.B.R.(2d) 201; 636 A.P.R. 201, refd to. [para. 16].

Moreau-Bérubé v. New Brunswick (Judicial Council) - see Conseil de la magistrature (N.-B.) v. Moreau-Bérubé.

R.K.L. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2003] F.C.J. No. 162 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 17].

Reddy-Cheminor Inc. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al. (2003), 233 F.T.R. 271 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 21].

Yogeswaran v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2001] F.C.J. No. 193 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 45].

Husein et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [1998] F.T.R. Uned. 301 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 45].

Florea v. Minister of Employment and Immigration, [1993] F.C.J. No. 598 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 46].

Akinlolu v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [1997] F.C.J. No. 296 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 50].

Moyo v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2003] F.C.J. No. 1297 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 50].

Aboubacar v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2002] F.C.J. No. 214 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 55].

Keita v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2001] F.C.J. No. 376 (T.D.), dist. [para. 55].

Gasparyan v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2003] F.T.R. Uned. 453 (F.C.), refd to. [para. 55].

Toronto (City) et al. v. Canadian Union of Public Employees, Local 79 et al. (2003), 311 N.R. 201; 179 O.A.C. 291; 2003 SCC 63, refd to. [para. 57].

Fwamba v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [1993] F.C.J. No. 1247 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 61].

Liyanagamage v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (1994), 176 N.R. 4 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 61].

Counsel:

Alain Joffe, for the applicant;

Claudia Gagnon, for the respondent.

Solicitors of Record:

Alain Joffe, Montreal, Quebec, for the applicant;

Morris Rosenberg, Deputy Attorney General of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, for the respondent.

This application was heard on December 4, 2003, at Montreal, Quebec, before Martineau, J., of the Federal Court, who delivered the following decision on January 9, 2004.

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18 practice notes
  • Kim v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) et al., 2005 FC 437
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Federal Court (Canada)
    • January 27, 2005
    ...9]. Dr. Q. v. College of Physicians and Surgeons (B.C.) - see Dr. Q., Re. Umba v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2004), 257 F.T.R. 169 (F.C.), refd to. [para. Conseil de la magistrature (N.-B.) v. Moreau-Bérubé, [2002] 1 S.C.R. 249 ; 281 N.R. 201 ; 245 N.B.R.(2d) 201 ;......
  • Toora v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), (2006) 300 F.T.R. 7 (FC)
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    • June 20, 2006
    ...et de l'Immigration (1993), 160 N.R. 315 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 16]. Umba v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2004), 257 F.T.R. 169; 2004 FC 25 , refd to. [para. 16]. Kathirgamu v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2005] F.T.R. Uned. 180 ; 2005 FC 3......
  • Metuku v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), (2006) 307 F.T.R. 124 (FC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Federal Court (Canada)
    • June 21, 2006
    ...et de l'Immigration (1993), 160 N.R. 315 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 40]. Umba v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2004), 257 F.T.R. 169; 2004 FC 25 , refd to. [para. 40]. Kathirgamu v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2005] F.T.R. Uned. 180 ; 2005 FC 3......
  • Myle v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2006 FC 871
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    ...l'Immigration) (2003), 302 N.R. 178 ; 2003 FCA 39 , refd to. [para. 11]. Umba v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2004), 257 F.T.R. 169; 2004 FC 25 , refd to. [para. Canada (Attorney General) v. Ward, [1993] 2 S.C.R. 689 ; 153 N.R. 321 , refd to. [para. 12]. Chaves v. ......
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18 cases
  • Kim v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) et al., 2005 FC 437
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Federal Court (Canada)
    • January 27, 2005
    ...9]. Dr. Q. v. College of Physicians and Surgeons (B.C.) - see Dr. Q., Re. Umba v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2004), 257 F.T.R. 169 (F.C.), refd to. [para. Conseil de la magistrature (N.-B.) v. Moreau-Bérubé, [2002] 1 S.C.R. 249 ; 281 N.R. 201 ; 245 N.B.R.(2d) 201 ;......
  • Toora v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), (2006) 300 F.T.R. 7 (FC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Federal Court (Canada)
    • June 20, 2006
    ...et de l'Immigration (1993), 160 N.R. 315 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 16]. Umba v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2004), 257 F.T.R. 169; 2004 FC 25 , refd to. [para. 16]. Kathirgamu v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2005] F.T.R. Uned. 180 ; 2005 FC 3......
  • Metuku v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), (2006) 307 F.T.R. 124 (FC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Federal Court (Canada)
    • June 21, 2006
    ...et de l'Immigration (1993), 160 N.R. 315 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 40]. Umba v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2004), 257 F.T.R. 169; 2004 FC 25 , refd to. [para. 40]. Kathirgamu v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2005] F.T.R. Uned. 180 ; 2005 FC 3......
  • Lin v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2011] F.T.R. Uned. 758
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    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • October 31, 2011
    ...Minister of Citizenship and Immigration , 2008 FC 773, at paragraph 21. Further, in Umba v Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) 2004 FC 25, Justice Luc Martineau considered an immigration officer's assessment of a claimant's identity and conclusions on the acceptability of docum......
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