Case Law › Supreme Court of Canada
C.M. Callow Inc. v. Zollinger, 2020 SCC 45
 This appeal concerns a clause in a commercial winter maintenance agreement that permitted the clients to terminate the contract unilaterally, without cause, upon giving the contractor 10 days’ notice. The dispute does not turn on whether the clause represented a fair bargain between the parties. There is also no issue about the meaning of the termination clause....
Resolute FP Canada Inc. v. Hydro-Québec, 2020 SCC 43
 In 2011, the appellant, Resolute FP Canada Inc. (“Resolute”) — a forest products company — received an unexpected electricity bill. The respondent Hydro‑Québec, relying on a clause of a power contract dating from 1926, sought to significantly increase the price of electricity purchased from it by Resolute, citing taxes or charges Hydro‑Québec paid to the Quebec...
- R. v. Cortes Rivera, 2020 SCC 44
- R. v. W.M., 2020 SCC 42
- CO-Operators General Insurance Co. v. Sollio Groupe Coopératif, 2020 SCC 41
- R. v. Mehari, 2020 SCC 40
- R. v. Delmas, 2020 SCC 39
Ontario (Attorney General) v. G, 2020 SCC 38
 People with mental illnesses face persistent stigma and prejudicial treatment in Canadian society, which has imposed profound and widespread social, political, and legal disadvantage on them. In particular, discriminatory perceptions that those with mental illnesses are inherently and indefinitely dangerous persist. These perceptions have served to support some of
Hydro-Québec v. Matta, 2020 SCC 37
 Electricity is increasingly ubiquitous in our lives today . . . and in our land registers.
- R. v. Slatter, 2020 SCC 36
1688782 Ontario Inc. v. Maple Leaf Foods Inc., 2020 SCC 35
 This appeal is brought by 1688782 Ontario Inc., a former franchisee of Mr. Submarine Limited (“Mr. Sub”) and the class representative of 424 other Mr. Sub franchisees (“appellant” or “Mr. Sub franchisees”). The appellant says that class members were affected by the decision of the respondents (collectively, “Maple Leaf Foods”) to recall meat products that had been...
- R. v. Kishayinew, 2020 SCC 34
- R. v. Langan, 2020 SCC 33
Quebec (Attorney General) v. 9147-0732 Québec inc., 2020 SCC 32
 This appeal requires this Court to decide whether s. 12 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms protects corporations from cruel and unusual treatment or punishment. Like our colleagues, we conclude that it does not, because corporations lie beyond s. 12 ’s protective scope. Simply put, the text “cruel and unusual” denotes protection that “only human...
- R. v. Riley, 2020 SCC 31
Desjardins Financial Services Firm Inc. v. Asselin, 2020 SCC 30
 With the greatest respect for the contrary view, I agree with the Court of Appeal’s decision to authorize the class action proposed by the respondent, both against Desjardins Financial Services Firm Inc. (“Firm”) and against Desjardins Global Asset Management Inc. (“Management”). In my respectful opinion, the Superior Court judge erred in dismissing the Re‑amended...
Owners, Strata Plan LMS 3905 v. Crystal Square Parking Corp., 2020 SCC 29
 The narrow question raised by this appeal concerns the enforceability of a payment obligation in relation to parking rights provided for in an instrument that is registered on title. In answering this narrow question, however, the Court must consider more fundamental legal questions related to the distinction between property rights and contractual rights, general
Fraser v. Canada (Attorney General), 2020 SCC 28
 In 1970, the Royal Commission on the Status of Women in Canada set out a galvanic blueprint for redressing the legal, economic, social and political barriers to full and fair participation faced by Canadian women for generations. Many of the inequities it identified have been spectacularly reversed, and the result has been enormous progressive change for women in...
- R. v. Reilly, 2020 SCC 27
Matthews v. Ocean Nutrition Canada Ltd., 2020 SCC 26
 This appeal bears on the redress available to an employee who, by reason of the circumstances of his departure from a job he had held for many years, is treated in law as if he were dismissed. By extension, it concerns some of the proper contours of an employer’s common law right to determine the composition of its workforce.
- R. v. Chouhan*,
- R. v. Esseghaier*,
Chandos Construction Ltd. v. Deloitte Restructuring Inc., 2020 SCC 25
 This case concerns a common law rule (the “anti-deprivation rule”) that operates to prevent contracts from frustrating statutory insolvency schemes. Chandos Construction Ltd. (“Chandos”) entered into a construction contract (“Subcontract”) with Capital Steel Inc. (“Capital Steel”). A provision of the Subcontract would award Chandos a sum of money in the event of...
Michel v. Graydon, 2020 SCC 24
 At the conclusion of the hearing of this appeal, the Court allowed the appeal with costs throughout, and reinstated the order of Judge G. Smith of the Provincial Court of British Columbia, dated September 26, 2016, with reasons to follow. These are the reasons for that judgment.
1704604 Ontario Ltd. v. Pointes Protection Association, 2020 SCC 22
 Freedom of expression is a fundamental right and value; the ability to express oneself and engage in the interchange of ideas fosters a pluralistic and healthy democracy by generating fruitful public discourse and corresponding public participation in civil society. This case is about what happens when individuals and organizations use litigation as a tool to...
Bent v. Platnick, 2020 SCC 23
 Freedom of expression and its relationship to the protection of reputation has been subject to an assiduous and judicious balancing over the course of this Court’s jurisprudential history. While in 1704604 Ontario Ltd. v. Pointes Protection Association, 2020 SCC 22, this Court recognizes the importance of freedom of expression as the cornerstone of a pluralistic...
British Columbia (Attorney General) v. Provincial Court Judges’ Association of British Columbia, 2020 SCC 20
 This appeal arises in litigation that implicates the relationship between two branches of the state. It requires this Court to balance several constitutional imperatives relating to the administration of justice and the separation of powers between the executive, legislative and judicial branches of the state: the financial dimension of judicial independence; the...
Nova Scotia (Attorney General) v. Judges of the Provincial Court and Family Court of Nova Scotia, 2020 SCC 21
 This appeal, along with its companion appeal, British Columbia (Attorney General) v. Provincial Court Judges’ Association of British Columbia, 2020 SCC 20, requires that this Court balance several constitutional imperatives: the financial dimension of judicial independence, the shared responsibility of the executive and legislature to make decisions about public...
Atlantic Lottery Corp. Inc. v. Babstock, 2020 SCC 19
 The appellant Atlantic Lottery Corporation Inc. (“ALC”), constituted by the governments of the four Atlantic provinces, is empowered to approve the operation of video lottery terminal games (“VLTs”) in Newfoundland and Labrador by the Video Lottery Regulations, C.N.L.R. 760/96. The respondents Douglas Babstock and Fred Small (“the plaintiffs”) applied for...
R. v. Thanabalasingham, 2020 SCC 18
 The bulk of this case occurred before the release of this Court’s decision in R. v. Jordan, 2016 SCC 27,  1 S.C.R. 631. The facts leading to the respondent’s s. 11 (b) challenge are indicative of the culture of rampant and long-standing systemic delay — and complacency towards that delay — that had grown up in our criminal justice system. The manner in which