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Latest documents

  • R. v. Hilbach, 2023 SCC 3

    [1]                             This appeal questions whether the mandatory minimum sentences for robbery imposed in s. 344(1)(a)(i) and (a.1) of the Criminal Code , R.S.C. 1985, c. C‑46 , constitute cruel and unusual punishment under s. 12  of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms . Specifically, Mr. Hilbach challenges the minimum of five years’ imprisonment prescribed under s. 344(1)(a)(i) where a robbery is committed with a restricted or prohibited firearm, arguing that it is a grossly disproportionate sentence in regards to his circumstances. Mr. Zwozdesky relies on a set of hypothetical scenarios to challenge the minimum of four years’ imprisonment previously imposed by s. 344(1)(a.1 ) where an ordinary firearm is used. The mandatory minimum sentence prescribed in s. 344(1)(a.1 ) was repealed after this appeal was heard. Despite this legislative change, these reasons examine the impugned mandatory minimum as previously enacted.

  • R. v. Hills, 2023 SCC 2

    [1]                              This appeal, and the companion appeal of R. v. Hilbach, 2023 SCC 3, provide the Court with an opportunity to clarify the legal principles that govern when the constitutionality of a mandatory minimum sentencing provision is challenged under s. 12  of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms . At issue in both appeals are three different offences under the Criminal Code , R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46 , which involve the use of a firearm. In this appeal, the appellant, Jesse Dallas Hills, was convicted of discharging a firearm into or at a home under s. 244.2(1) (a). Mr. Hills challenges the four‑year mandatory minimum sentence previously imposed by s. 244.2(3) (b) for this offence. The mandatory minimum sentence prescribed in s. 244.2(3) (b) was repealed after this appeal was heard. Despite this legislative change, the reasons examine the impugned mandatory minimum as previously enacted. In the companion case, Ocean William Storm Hilbach and Curtis Zwozdesky were convicted of armed robbery. They challenge, respectively, the five‑year mandatory minimum for robbery with a restricted or prohibited firearm under s. 344(1) (a)(i) and the former four‑year mandatory minimum for robbery with a firearm under s. 344(1) (a.1 ). The mandatory minimum sentence set out in s. 344(1) (a.1 ) was also repealed after the Hilbach appeal was heard.

  • Masuskapoe v. Ahtahkakoop Cree Nation, 2023 FC 124

    [1] This Application challenges the June 18, 2021 election [Election] results for a Councillor position at Ahtahkakoop Cree Nation [ACN] pursuant to section 31 of the First Nations Elections Act, SC 2014, c 5 [FNEA]. The Applicant, Kathy Masuskapoe, claims issues with the mail-in ballots impacted the Election results.

  • Cubias v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2022 FC 121

    [1] The Applicants have brought a Motion to Strike an affidavit (filed August 18, 2022), which was submitted by the Respondent, The Honourable Steven Guilbeault [Minister Guilbeault or Respondent], in the underlying Application. I will neither strike the affidavit, nor grant the alternate relief sought by the Applicants, for the reasons explained below.

  • Kaya v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2023 FC 123

    [1] Ismail Kaya [Applicant] seeks judicial review of the Refugee Protection Division’s [RPD] August 21, 2020 decision [Decision] ceasing his refugee protection pursuant to subsection 108(3) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, SC 2001, c 27 [IRPA]. The RPD found that the Applicant voluntarily re-availed himself of the protection of Turkey, his country of nationality, pursuant to paragraph 108(1)(a) of IRPA.

  • Kulasegaram v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2023 FC 108

    [1] Mr. Kogularajesh Kulasegaram (the “Applicant”) seeks judicial review of the decision of a Senior Immigration Officer (the “Officer”), dismissing his Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (“PRRA”) application, made pursuant to section 112 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, S.C. 2001, c. 27 (the “Act”). The Officer dismissed the application on the grounds that the Applicant did not present enough evidence to show that he is a Convention refugee or person in need of protection, within the scope of section 96 and subsection 97(1), respectively, of the Act.

  • Moreno Ordaz v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2023 FC 109

    [1] Mr. Luis Angel Moreno Ordaz (the “Applicant”) seeks judicial review of the decision of the Immigration and Refugee Board, Refugee Protection Division (the “RPD”), dismissing his claim for recognition as a Convention refugee, pursuant to section 96 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, S.C. 2001, c. 27 (the “Act”). The RPD dismissed his claim on the basis of negative credibility findings and the lack of prospective risk, assessed upon the balance of probabilities.

  • Kabba v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2023 FC 117

    [1] The Applicant seeks judicial review of a decision of the Refugee Appeal Division [RAD] that confirmed the determination of the Refugee Protection Division [RPD], both of which concluded that he is not a Convention refugee. I dismissed the Judicial Review from the bench, with reasons to follow. These are the reasons.

  • Lopez Escobedo v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2023 FC 116

    [1] Mr. Miguel Angel Lopez Escobedo (the “Principal Applicant”), his wife Diana Vanesa Arriaga Cardona and their daughters Catherine Bridgett Lopez Arriaga and Evelyn Scarlett Lopez Arriaga (collectively “the Applicants”), seek judicial review of the decision of the Immigration and Refugee Board, Refugee Appeal Division (the “RAD”). In its decision, the RAD confirmed the findings of the Immigration and Refugee Board, Refugee Protection Division (the “RPD”) that an Internal Flight Alternative (“IFA”) was available to the Applicants in Mexico, their country of citizenship.

  • Commissioner of Competition v. Rogers Communications Inc. et al., 2023 FCA 16

    [1] The Commissioner of Competition appeals to this Court from the Competition Tribunal’s order dated December 31, 2022: 2023 Comp Trib 1. The jurisdiction for this appeal is section 13 of the Competition Tribunal Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. 19 (2nd. Supp.).

Featured documents

  • D.B.S. v. S.R.G., (2006) 351 N.R. 201 (SCC)

    [1] Bastarache, J. : The present appeals involve the parental obligation to support one's children, and the question of whether this obligation compels parents to make child support payments for periods of time when the responsibility to do so was never identi­fied, much less enforced. This...

  • Young v. Young et al., (1993) 160 N.R. 1 (SCC)

    [1] McLachlin, J. : This case raises the question whether a divorced parent, who does not have custody, should be able to offer his children his religious views over the objection of the custodial parent. This issue raises, in turn, the question of the place of the "best interests of the child&...

  • Agraira v. Canada (Minister of Safety and Emergency Preparedness) et al., [2013] SCJ No 36 (QL)

    [1] LeBel, J. (McLachlin, C.J.C., Fish, Abella, Rothstein, Moldaver and Karakatsanis, JJ., concurring) : The appellant, Muhsen Ahmed Ramadan Agraira, a citizen of Libya, has been residing in Canada continuously since 1997, despite having been found to be inadmissible on security grounds in 2002....

  • New Brunswick (Board of Management) v. Dunsmuir, (2008) 329 N.B.R.(2d) 1 (SCC)

    [1] Bastarache and LeBel, JJ. : This appeal calls on the Court to consider, once again, the troubling question of the approach to be taken in judicial review of decisions of administrative tribunals. The recent history of judicial review in Canada has been marked by ebbs and flows of deference,...

  • R. v. K.G.B., (1993) 148 N.R. 241 (SCC)

    [1] Lamer, C.J.C. : The issue in this appeal is the substantive admissibility of prior inconsistent statements by a witness other than an accused. The Crown asks this court to reconsider the common law rule which limits the use of such statements to im­peaching the credibility of the witness. In my ...

  • R. v. Généreux, 8 CRR (2d) 89

    [1] Lamer, C.J.C. : This appeal involves a constitutional challenge, under ss. 7, 11(d) and 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms , to the proceedings of a General Court Martial convened under the National Defence Act , R.S.C. 1985, c. N-5. The principal question raised in this case...

  • Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) v. Vavilov, 2019 SCC 65

    [1]                              This appeal and its companion cases (see Bell Canada v. Canada (Attorney General), 2019 SCC 66), provide this Court with...

  • R. v. Nur, [2015] N.R. TBEd. AP.010

    [1] McLachlin, C.J.C. (LeBel, Abella, Cromwell, Karakatsanis and Gascon, JJ., concurring) : Gun-related crime poses grave danger to Canadians. Parliament has therefore chosen to prohibit some weapons outright, while restricting the possession of others. The Criminal Code , R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46,...

  • R. v. C.A.M., (1996) 194 N.R. 321 (SCC)

    [1] Lamer, C.J.C. : In 1992, the respondent, C.A.M., pleaded guilty to numerous counts of sexual assault, incest, assault with a weapon, in addition to other lesser offences, arising from a largely uncontested pattern of sexual, physical and emotional abuse inflicted upon his children over a number ...

  • R. v. Big M Drug Mart Ltd., (1985) 60 A.R. 161 (SCC)

    [1] Dickson, J. : Big M Drug Mart Ltd. was charged with unlawfully carrying on the sale of goods, on Sunday, May 30, 1982 in the City of Calgary, Alberta, contrary to the Lord's Day Act , R.S.C. 1970, c. L-13....

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