Banning Force

AuthorCraig Forcese
Chapter 25
Banning Force
All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the
threat or use of force again the territorial integrity or political
independence of any ate, or in any other manner inconsient with
the Purposes of the United Nations.
— artiCle 2(4), Charter of the united nationS
T   War did not end the ef‌fort to outlaw
war it galvanized it. In 1945, forty-nine states at that
time, ef‌fectively the international community concluded
the United Nations Charter, a treaty that is the closest thing to a con-
stitution in international law and relations. Like the League Coven-
ant, the Charter created an intergovernmental body: the United
Nations. This is not a world government capable of legislating, per se.
Instead, it is a venue for resolving international disputes and propos-
ing common policies on matters of international signif‌icance. The
United Nations comprises six main “organs” and an array of sub-
sidiary and specialized agencies and organizations. Among these are
the UN General Assembly (the body’s plenary forum for discussion
of international matters) and the International Court of Justice (ICJ)
(the standing arbitral body that succeeded the Permanent Court of
International Justice). Both the General Assembly and the ICJ occa-
sionally play roles in international security, but these are minor
functions: the General Assembly has powers under the Charter only
to recommend, and the ICJ hears cases only in those rare instances

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