Trusts have been in existence for the past thousand years because of
the convenience they offer in corporate/commercial life and because
people need trusts in order to provide for those who are un able or
unlikely to prudently admi nister their own property. The desire for
convenience and to provide for those we love is part of the human
condition; therefore trust law is li kely to remain a thriv ing area of law.
In my view, it is likely that trust s will become increasingly im-
portant for the same reason t hat the legal system itself is undergoing
change: the demand that law become more relevant, more responsive,
and more accessible. Trust law is part of equity. As disc ussed in Chap-
ter 1, equity is characteri zed by f‌lexibility and considerations of fair-
ness. Because equity and trust law are less rigid than the common law,
they offer a more responsive system of law. Equity and trusts are con-
cerned with the beh aviour of those who come to the court and ask for
assistance; thus, they are more concerned with what happens outside
the courtroom than i s the common law. Accessibility, however, is not
something that tr ust law can readily claim. As the principles of trust
law cannot be found in a code or legislation, to become knowledgeable
about trust law, one needs to read and study caselaw a nd legal litera-
ture. It is hoped that thi s book will help make trust law more accessible.
In the f‌irst edition of this book, I predicted that pension trusts
would cause the f‌ield of trust law to undergo serious reconsideration
and change. This has, in fact, come to pass. Pensions in modern times
are most often funded by means of tr usts. As Canadian society ages
and the level of government assistance for seniors decreases, pensions
assume a greater import ance. This has increased the tension between
those who offer and administer pensions and those who receive them.
Often, a great deal of money is at stake. In such circumstances, the

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