Donovan v. Donovan, (2000) 150 Man.R.(2d) 116 (CA)

JudgeHelper, Kroft and Steel, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (Manitoba)
Case DateJune 22, 2000
JurisdictionManitoba
Citations(2000), 150 Man.R.(2d) 116 (CA);[2000] 10 WWR 214;[2000] MJ No 407 (QL);190 DLR (4th) 696;9 RFL (5th) 306;230 WAC 116;150 Man R (2d) 116;2000 MBCA 80

Donovan v. Donovan (2000), 150 Man.R.(2d) 116 (CA);

    230 W.A.C. 116

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2000] Man.R.(2d) TBEd. SE.010

Richard Joseph William Donovan (petitioner/appellant) v. Judy Rose Donovan (Lee) (respondent/respondent)

(AF 00-30-04487; 2000 MBCA 80)

Indexed As: Donovan v. Donovan

Manitoba Court of Appeal

Helper, Kroft and Steel, JJ.A.

June 22, 2000.

Summary:

A father was ordered to pay $200/month support for his child. The father elected early retirement from the police force and began pursuing a writing career. The father applied to vary the support order.

The Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench, Family Division, in a decision reported at 141 Man.R.(2d) 313, imputed income to the father and ordered him to pay $249/month child support. The father appealed.

The Manitoba Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal.

Family Law - Topic 4045.5

Divorce - Corollary relief - Maintenance - Support guidelines (incl. nondivorce cases) - Calculation of income - The Manitoba Court of Appeal reviewed the law respecting imputing income under s. 19(1) of the Federal Child Support Guidelines and set out considerations relevant to determining whether to impute income - See paragraphs 13 to 21.

Family Law - Topic 4045.5

Divorce - Corollary relief - Maintenance - Support guidelines (incl. nondivorce cases) - Calculation of income - Parents had joint custody of their child with equal time sharing - The father, a police officer, retired early because of "burn out" and to pursue scriptwriting - Scriptwriting had not yielded income - The father applied to reduce child support of $200/month - The motions judge held that regardless of a legitimate reason for retiring, there was no evidence that the father could not work at a different career - The judge imputed employment income of $36,400, for a total income of $63,682, and ordered the father to pay $249/month (the difference between the amounts under the Manitoba Guidelines that he and the mother would have to pay) - The Manitoba Court of Appeal affirmed the order - The father had to prove that his income reduction was reasonable - Given his obligation to earn according to his capacity, he could have provided evidence of either the likelihood of income resulting from screenwriting within a reasonable time or the possibility of alternative employment and remuner­ation - Given the lack of alternative evi­dence, it was appropriate to consider edu­cation, job history, skills, etc. and impute income accordingly.

Cases Noticed:

Strand v. Strand (1999), 246 A.R. 79; 50 R.F.L.(4th) 174 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 16].

Martel v. Martel (2000), 193 Sask.R. 225 (F.L.D.), refd to. [para. 16].

Hanson v. Hanson, [1999] B.C.T.C. Uned. 688 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 17].

Van Gool v. Van Gool (1998), 113 B.C.A.C. 200; 184 W.A.C. 200; 166 D.L.R.(4th) 528 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 21].

Quintal v. Quintal (1997), 38 O.T.C. 68 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 34].

Statutes Noticed:

Divorce Act Regulations, Federal Child Support Guidelines, SOR/97-175, sect. 19(1) [para. 14].

Federal Child Support Guidelines - see Divorce Act Regulations (Can.).

Authors and Works Noticed:

McLeod, J.G., Annotation to A. (D.L.) v. A. (J.T.) (1999), 45 R.F.L.(4th) 2, p. 5 [para. 13].

Payne, Julien D., Child Support in Canada (1999), generally [paras. 21, 28].

Counsel:

P.R. Girdlestone, for the appellant;

The respondent appeared in person.

Helper, Kroft and Steel, JJ.A., of the Manitoba Court of Appeal, heard and decided this appeal on June 22, 2000. Steel, J.A., delivered the following written reasons for the court on September 1, 2000.

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244 practice notes
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Child Support Guidelines in Canada, 2020
    • June 23, 2019
    ...TCJ No 494, 2005 TCC 667 ..................................................................................... 334 Donovan v Donovan, 2000 MBCA 80, [2000] MJ No 407, 9 RFL (5th) 306, 150 Man R (2d) 116 (CA)...........................................................................................
  • Determination of income; disclosure of income
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Child Support Guidelines in Canada, 2020
    • June 23, 2019
    ...avoid child support obligations by a self-induced reduction of income. 444 See Sweeney v Sweeney, 2018 ONSC 6499 at para 15. 445 (2000), 150 Man R (2d) 116 at para 21 (CA). See also Hanson v Hanson, [1999] BCJ No 2532 (SC); Watts v Willie, [2004] BCJ No 2482 (CA); Beissner v Matheusik, 2015......
  • Table of Cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Child Support Guidelines in Canada, 2022
    • July 27, 2022
    ...TCJ No 494, 2005 TCC 667.......................................................................................352 Donovan v Donovan, 2000 MBCA 80, [2000] MJ No 407, 9 RFL (5th) 306, 150 Man R (2d) 116 (CA)...........................................................................................
  • Child Support on or after Divorce
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Canadian Family Law. Eighth Edition
    • August 3, 2020
    ...2018 ONSC 2495 at para 25 citing Ffrench v Williams, 2016 ONCJ 105. 538 See Sweeney v Sweeney, 2018 ONSC 6499 at para 15. 539 (2000), 150 Man R (2d) 116 at para 21 (CA); see also Thomas v Thomas, 2014 ABQB Hanson v Hanson, [1999] BCJ No 2532 (SC); Watts v Willie, [2004] BCJ No 2482 (CA); Be......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
212 cases
  • A.M.D.L. v. S.K., 2017 SKQB 380
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • December 19, 2017
    ...specific intent to evade child support is necessary. This was the approach adopted by the Manitoba Court of Appeal in Donovan v. Donovan, 2000 MBCA 80, (2000), 9 R.F.L. (5th) 306 (Man. C.A.), the Ontario Court of Appeal in Drygala v. Pauli (2002), 29 R.F.L. (5th) 293 (Ont. C.A.) and by Just......
  • IRVINE v. BEAUSOLEIL, 2020 SKQB 281
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • October 29, 2020
    ...sets out a non-exhaustive list of circumstances where a court may consider imputing income (See: Donovan v. Donovan, supra, at para. 13 [2000 MBCA 80, 150 Man R (2d) (ii)     The decision to impute income pursuant to s. 19 is discretionary one (See: Donovan v. Donovan, s......
  • KOLITSAS v. RATHOD, 2017 SKQB 245
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • August 18, 2017
    ...in D.M.B. v D.B.B., 2015 SKQB 65, Professor Julien Payne’s principles, set out by the Manitoba Court of Appeal in Donovan v Donovan, 2000 MBCA 80 at para 21, [2000] 10 WWR 214 are of assistance: 21 The following guidelines are helpful. (See Dr. Julien D. Payne, Imputing Income, “Determinati......
  • KRAMMER (ACKERMAN) v. ACKERMAN, 2020 SKQB 280
    • Canada
    • Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • October 29, 2020
    ...(i) Section 19 sets out a non-exhaustive list of circumstances where a court may consider imputing income (See: Donovan v. Donovan, supra [2000 MBCA 80, 150 Man R (2d) 116],, at para. (ii) The decision to impute income pursuant to s. 19 is a discretionary one (See: Donovan v. Donovan, supra......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
32 books & journal articles
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Child Support Guidelines in Canada, 2020
    • June 23, 2019
    ...TCJ No 494, 2005 TCC 667 ..................................................................................... 334 Donovan v Donovan, 2000 MBCA 80, [2000] MJ No 407, 9 RFL (5th) 306, 150 Man R (2d) 116 (CA)...........................................................................................
  • Determination of income; disclosure of income
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Child Support Guidelines in Canada, 2020
    • June 23, 2019
    ...avoid child support obligations by a self-induced reduction of income. 444 See Sweeney v Sweeney, 2018 ONSC 6499 at para 15. 445 (2000), 150 Man R (2d) 116 at para 21 (CA). See also Hanson v Hanson, [1999] BCJ No 2532 (SC); Watts v Willie, [2004] BCJ No 2482 (CA); Beissner v Matheusik, 2015......
  • Child Support on or after Divorce
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Canadian Family Law. Eighth Edition
    • August 3, 2020
    ...2018 ONSC 2495 at para 25 citing Ffrench v Williams, 2016 ONCJ 105. 538 See Sweeney v Sweeney, 2018 ONSC 6499 at para 15. 539 (2000), 150 Man R (2d) 116 at para 21 (CA); see also Thomas v Thomas, 2014 ABQB Hanson v Hanson, [1999] BCJ No 2532 (SC); Watts v Willie, [2004] BCJ No 2482 (CA); Be......
  • Determination of Income; Disclosure of Income
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Child Support Guidelines in Canada, 2022
    • July 27, 2022
    ...fundamental obligation of a parent to support his or her children takes precedence over the parent’s own interests and choices. 473 (2000), 150 Man R (2d) 116 at para 21 (CA). See also Hanson v Hanson, [1999] BCJ No 2532 (SC); Watts v Willie, [2004] BCJ No 2482 (CA); Beissner v Matheusik, 2......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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