Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co., (1998) 116 O.A.C. 92 (CA)

JudgeLaskin, Charron and O'Connor, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (Ontario)
Case DateAugust 26, 1998
JurisdictionOntario
Citations(1998), 116 O.A.C. 92 (CA);1998 CanLII 6874 (ON CA);41 OR (3d) 729;167 DLR (4th) 479;[1998] OJ No 4714 (QL);116 OAC 92;39 CCEL (2d) 46

Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co. (1998), 116 O.A.C. 92 (CA)

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [1998] O.A.C. TBEd. DE.042

Hermina Piko (plaintiff/appellant) v. Hudson's Bay Company (defendant/respondent)

(C26739)

Indexed As: Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co.

Ontario Court of Appeal

Laskin, Charron and

O'Connor, JJ.A.

November 19, 1998.

Summary:

Piko was charged with fraud because of an incident that took place in the workplace. The Crown withdrew the charge. Piko was discharged from her employment. Piko sued her employer for malicious prosecution and mental distress, alleging that her employer had initiated the criminal proceedings mali­ciously and without reasonable cause. The employer moved to dismiss the action on the ground that disputes between the parties should be settled under the collective agree­ment. The motions judge dismissed the action for lack of jurisdiction. Piko appealed.

The Ontario Court of Appeal allowed the appeal, because Piko's claim did not arise under the collective agreement.

Labour Law - Topic 7201

Industrial relations - Collective agreement -Enforcement - Civil action - When avail­able - Piko was charged with fraud be­cause of an incident that took place in the workplace - The Crown withdrew the charge - Piko was discharged from her employment - Piko sued her employer for malicious prosecution and mental distress, alleging that her employer had initiated the criminal proceedings maliciously and without reasonable cause - The employer moved to dismiss the action on the ground that disputes between the parties should be settled under the collective agreement - The motions judge dismissed the action for lack of jurisdiction - Piko appealed - The Ontario Court of Appeal allowed the appeal, because Piko's claim did not arise under the collective agreement.

Cases Noticed:

Weber v. Ontario Hydro, [1995] 2 S.C.R. 929; 183 N.R. 241; 82 O.A.C. 321; 125 D.L.R.(4th) 583; 95 C.L.L.C. 210-027; 12 C.C.E.L.(2d) 1; 24 C.C.L.T.(2d) 217, consd. [para. 1, footnote 1].

Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co. (1997), 24 O.T.C. 233 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 2, footnote 2].

Nelles v. Ontario et al., [1989] 2 S.C.R. 170; 98 N.R. 321; 35 O.A.C. 161; 60 D.L.R.(4th) 609; 49 C.C.L.T. 217, refd to. [para. 8, footnote 3].

St. Anne-Nackawic Pulp & Paper Co. v. Canadian Paper Workers Union, Local 219, [1986] 1 S.C.R. 704; 68 N.R. 112; 73 N.B.R.(2d) 236; 184 A.P.R. 236; 28 D.L.R.(4th) 1; 86 C.L.L.C. 14,037, refd to. [para. 10, footnote 5].

Ruscetta v. Graham et al. (1998), 114 O.A.C. 320 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 12, footnote 7].

Dwyer v. Canada Post, [1997] O.A.C. Uned. 237 (C.A.), affing. [1995] O.J. No. 3265 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 12, footnote 7].

Praskey v. Metropolitan Toronto Police Services Board et al. (1997), 96 O.A.C. 237; 143 D.L.R.(4th) 298 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 12, footnote 7].

Pilon v. International Minerals and Chem­ical Corp. (Canada) Ltd. et al. (1996), 97 O.A.C. 286; 31 O.R.(3d) 210 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 12, footnote 7].

Chapman v. 3M Canada Inc., [1995] O.J. No. 4564 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 12, footnote 7].

Kulyk v. Board of Education of Toronto et al. (1996), 11 O.T.C. 161; 139 D.L.R.(4th) 114 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 12, footnote 7].

Ortiz v. Patrk et al. (1998), 75 O.T.C. 81 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 12, footnote 7].

Electrical Contractors Association of Thunder Bay v. Daniels et al. (1997), 26 O.T.C. 209 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 12, footnote 7].

Giorno v. Pappas et al. (1998), 50 O.T.C. 198 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 12, foot­note 7].

Statutes Noticed:

Labour Relations Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. L-2, sect. 45(1) [para. 10, footnote 6].

Authors and Works Noticed:

Fleming, John G., The Law of Torts (9th Ed. 1998), p. 674 [para. 8, footnote 3].

Counsel:

T. James Treloar, for the appellant;

Michael Kennedy, for the respondent.

This appeal was heard on August 26, 1998, before Laskin, Charron and O'Connor, JJ.A., of the Ontario Court of Appeal. The decision of the court was delivered by Laskin, J.A., and released on November 19, 1998.

To continue reading

Request your trial
91 practice notes
  • Allen et al. v. Alberta et al., (2001) 286 A.R. 132 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • January 8, 2001
    ...Pacific Ltd., [1996] 2 S.C.R. 495; 198 N.R. 161; 78 B.C.A.C. 162; 128 W.A.C. 162, refd to. [para. 46]. Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co. (1998), 116 O.A.C. 92; 167 D.L.R.(4th) 479 (C.A.), leave to appeal denied (1999), 247 N.R. 197; 127 O.A.C. 399 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. Syndicat catholique des em......
  • Symington v. Halifax (Regional Municipality) et al., 2007 NSCA 90
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Court of Appeal of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • June 7, 2007
    ...382 (C.A.), leave to appeal denied (1999), 252 N.R. 193; 133 O.A.C. 197 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 85]. Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co. (1998), 116 O.A.C. 92; 41 O.R.(3d) 729 (C.A.), leave to appeal denied (1999), 247 N.R. 197; 127 O.A.C. 399 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 94]. Graham v. Strait Crossing......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Canadian Libel and Slander Actions
    • June 17, 2004
    ...[1994] 1 WWR. 23 (B.C.C.A.), leave to appeal to S.C.C. refused, [1993] S.C.C.A. No. 466 (S.C.C.) 22 8 Piko v. Hudson's Bay Company (1998), 41 O.R. (3d) 729 (C.A.) 14 4 Pilcher v. Knowles (1900), 19 N.Z.L.R. 368 74 7 Pilot Insurance Co. v. Jessome, [1993] O.J. No. 172 (Ont. Gen. Div.) 5 5 Pi......
  • Table of Cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Special Lectures 2007. Employment Law
    • September 2, 2007
    ...314, 326, 327 Piko v. Hudson’s Bay Company (1998), 41 O.R. (3d) 729, 39 C.C.E.L. (2d) 46, [1998] O.J. No. 4714 (C.A.) ............................................................ 183, 566 Pilato v. Hamilton Place Convention Centre Inc. (1984), 45 O.R. (2d) 652, 7 D.L.R. (4th) 342, [1984] O.......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
81 cases
  • Allen et al. v. Alberta et al., (2001) 286 A.R. 132 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Alberta)
    • January 8, 2001
    ...Pacific Ltd., [1996] 2 S.C.R. 495; 198 N.R. 161; 78 B.C.A.C. 162; 128 W.A.C. 162, refd to. [para. 46]. Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co. (1998), 116 O.A.C. 92; 167 D.L.R.(4th) 479 (C.A.), leave to appeal denied (1999), 247 N.R. 197; 127 O.A.C. 399 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. Syndicat catholique des em......
  • Symington v. Halifax (Regional Municipality) et al., 2007 NSCA 90
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Court of Appeal of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • June 7, 2007
    ...382 (C.A.), leave to appeal denied (1999), 252 N.R. 193; 133 O.A.C. 197 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 85]. Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co. (1998), 116 O.A.C. 92; 41 O.R.(3d) 729 (C.A.), leave to appeal denied (1999), 247 N.R. 197; 127 O.A.C. 399 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 94]. Graham v. Strait Crossing......
  • Cherubini Metal Works Ltd. v. Nova Scotia (Attorney General) et al., (2007) 253 N.S.R.(2d) 144 (CA)
    • Canada
    • Nova Scotia Court of Appeal of Nova Scotia (Canada)
    • April 5, 2007
    ...v. International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union et al., [1973] 2 O.R. 841 (Div. Ct.), refd to. [para. 34]. Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co. (1998), 116 O.A.C. 92; 41 O.R.(3d) 729 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 48]. Giorno v. Pappas et al. (1999), 117 O.A.C. 187; 42 O.R.(3d) 626; 170 D.L.R.(4th) 160 (C.A.)......
  • Ferreira v. Richmond (City) et al., (2007) 238 B.C.A.C. 64 (CA)
    • Canada
    • British Columbia Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • December 1, 2005
    ...2 S.C.R. 967; 183 N.R. 229; 163 N.B.R.(2d) 97; 419 A.P.R. 97; 125 D.L.R.(4th) 609, refd to. [para. 42]. Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co. (1998), 116 O.A.C. 92; 41 O.R.(3d) 729; 167 D.L.R.(4th) 479 (C.A.), refd to. [para. Phillips v. Harrison, [2001] 3 W.W.R. 589; 153 Man.R.(2d) 1; 238 W.A.C. 1; 196......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
3 firm's commentaries
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (November 16 ' November 20, 2020)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • November 24, 2020
    ...Canada (Attorney General), 2008 ONCA 892, aff'd 2010 SCC 62, Weber v. Ontario Hydro, [1995] 2 S.C.R. 929, Piko v. Hudson's Bay Co. (1998), 167 D.L.R. (4th) 479 (Ont. C.A.), leave to appeal refused, [1999] S.C.C.A. No. 23, Regina Police Assn. Inc. v. Regina (City) Board of Police Commissione......
  • Strong Support For Arbitration, Even In The Face Of Allegations Of Fraudulent Misrepresentation
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • November 3, 2016
    ...the Court to be wary of cases where a party seeks to avoid an arbitration agreement by pleading a tort (Piko v. Hudson's Bay Company (1998), 41 O.R. (3d) 729 (C.A.), at para. Fraud does not necessarily vitiate an arbitration agreement The motions judge assumed that a claim based in fraud vi......
  • COURT OF APPEAL SUMMARIES (August 24 – 28, 2020)
    • Canada
    • LexBlog Canada
    • September 1, 2020
    ...University of Western Ontario, 2015 ONCA 295, Adelaide Capital Corp. v. Toronto Dominion Bank, 2007 ONCA 456, Piko v. Hudson’s Bay Co., 41 O.R. (3d) 729 (C.A.), McNeil v. Brewers Retail Inc., 2008 ONCA 405, Weber v. Ontario Hydro, [1995] 2 S.C.R. 929, Regina Police Assn. Inc. v. Regina (Cit......
6 books & journal articles
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Canadian Libel and Slander Actions
    • June 17, 2004
    ...[1994] 1 WWR. 23 (B.C.C.A.), leave to appeal to S.C.C. refused, [1993] S.C.C.A. No. 466 (S.C.C.) 22 8 Piko v. Hudson's Bay Company (1998), 41 O.R. (3d) 729 (C.A.) 14 4 Pilcher v. Knowles (1900), 19 N.Z.L.R. 368 74 7 Pilot Insurance Co. v. Jessome, [1993] O.J. No. 172 (Ont. Gen. Div.) 5 5 Pi......
  • Table of Cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Special Lectures 2007. Employment Law
    • September 2, 2007
    ...314, 326, 327 Piko v. Hudson’s Bay Company (1998), 41 O.R. (3d) 729, 39 C.C.E.L. (2d) 46, [1998] O.J. No. 4714 (C.A.) ............................................................ 183, 566 Pilato v. Hamilton Place Convention Centre Inc. (1984), 45 O.R. (2d) 652, 7 D.L.R. (4th) 342, [1984] O.......
  • Table of Cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books One Law for All? Weber v Ontario Hydro and Canadian Labour Law
    • June 20, 2017
    ...R, 2004 FC 26 ..........................................................................................59, 60 Piko v Hudson’s Bay Co (1998), 41 OR (3d) 729, 167 DLR (4th) 479 ......................43 Pilon v International Minerals & Chemical Corp (Canada) Ltd (1996), 31 OR (3d) 210, 141 DL......
  • Weber, and Almost Everything After, Twenty Years Later: Its Impact on Individual Charter, Common Law, and Statutory Rights Claims
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books One Law for All? Weber v Ontario Hydro and Canadian Labour Law
    • June 20, 2017
    ...]. 51 Saiano , above note 49 at para 30. 52 The Court rejected the Court of Appeal for Ontario’s holding in Piko v Hudson’s Bay Co (1998), 41 OR (3d) 729, 167 DLR (4th) 479 that the involvement of criminal justice system actors changed the essential character of the dispute and deprived the......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT