Sengmueller v. Sengmueller, (1994) 69 O.A.C. 312 (CA)

JudgeMorden, A.C.J.O., McKinlay and Carthy, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (Ontario)
Case DateFebruary 16, 1994
JurisdictionOntario
Citations(1994), 69 O.A.C. 312 (CA);1994 CanLII 8711 (ON CA);1994 CanLII 8711 (NS CA);17 OR (3d) 208;111 DLR (4th) 19;2 RFL (4th) 232;[1994] OJ No 276 (QL);25 CPC (3d) 61;45 ACWS (3d) 1101;69 OAC 312

Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 69 O.A.C. 312 (CA)

MLB headnote and full text

Helga Sengmueller (petitioner/appellant) v. Frederick Sengmueller (respondent)

(No. C8706)

Indexed As: Sengmueller v. Sengmueller

Ontario Court of Appeal

Morden, A.C.J.O., McKinlay and Carthy, JJ.A.

February 16, 1994.

Summary:

A wife obtained a divorce and spousal and child support. The husband was ordered to pay her a $368,556.06 equalization payment under s. 5 of the Family Law Act. The wife appealed the equalization payment on the ground that the trial judge erred in deducting from net family property $137,697.69 in notional costs of disposition and that the rate of prejudgment interest should have been 15% rather than 11%. The husband cross-appealed, claiming there should be no pre­judgment or postjudgment interest and that no costs award should have been made at trial. The husband sought to adduce evidence of events occurring since the trial date.

The Ontario Court of Appeal dismissed both the appeal and the cross-appeal.

Family Law - Topic 882

Husband and wife - Marital property - Considerations in making distribution orders - Relevant considerations - Dispo­sition costs - The Ontario Court of Appeal stated that "costs of disposition as well as benefits should be shared equally" - If the evidence satisfied the trial judge, on a balance of probabilities, that the disposi­tion of any item of family property will take place at a particular time in the future, then the tax consequences (and other proven costs of disposition) are not specu­lative, and should be allowed either as reduction in value or as a deductible lia­bility - It would be unfair to limit deduc­tion of disposition costs to cases where disposition of assets was necessary to satisfy an equalization payment - There should be evidence to permit the trial judge to assess the likely time of disposi­tion, the likely disposition costs and the present value of those costs as at the valu­ation date - See paragraphs 16 to 36.

Practice - Topic 9031

Appeals - Evidence on appeal - Admis­sion of "new evidence" - In a marital property division action, valuation day was April 1988, the trial was held in May 1990 and judgment was given in September 1990 - On appeal, the husband sought to adduce evidence of changed property values and other matters occurring after the trial date - This evidence did not exist until after the trial date - The Ontario Court of Appeal exercised its discretion to admit the evidence, notwith­standing the evidence did not exist until after the trial and would normally not affect the result - The court set out the limited purposes for which the evidence would be considered - See para­graphs 6 to 10.

Cases Noticed:

Cook v. Mounce (1979), 26 O.R.(2d) 129 (Div. Ct.), refd to. [para. 9].

Mercer v. Sijan (1976), 14 O.R.(2d) 12 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 10].

McPherson v. McPherson (1988), 27 O.A.C. 167; 63 O.R.(2d) 641 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 16].

Starkman v. Starkman (1990), 43 O.A.C. 85; 75 O.R.(2d) 19 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 16].

Heon v. Heon (1989), 69 O.R.(2d) 758 (H.C.), disapprvd. [para. 16].

Statutes Noticed:

Courts of Justice Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C-43, sect. 134(4)(b) [para. 8].

Family Law Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. F-3, sect. 4(1) [para. 16]; sect. 4(3) [para. 32]; sect. 5 [para. 1].

Family Law Reform Act, R.S.O. 1980, c. 152, generally [para. 17].

Counsel:

C.C. Mark, Q.C., for the appellant;

Thomas G. Bastedo, Q.C., for the respon­dent.

This appeal and cross-appeal were heard on June 1, 1993, before Morden, A.C.J.O., McKinlay and Carthy, JJ.A., of the Ontario Court of Appeal.

The judgment of the Court of Appeal was delivered by McKinlay, J.A., and was released on February 16, 1994.

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184 practice notes
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    ...SKCA 148; Cory v. Marsh (1993), 77 B.C.L.R. (2d) 248; Radcliff v. Radcliff (2000), 7 R.F.L. (5th) 425; Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 17 O.R. (3d) 208; R. v. Owen, 2003 SCC 33, [2003] 1 S.C.R. 779; Bent v. Platnick, 2020 SCC 23; Van de Perre v. Edwards, 2001 SCC 60, [2001] 2 S.C.R. 1014......
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    ...S.C.C.A. No. 409, Vout v. Hay, [1995] 2 S.C.R. 876 , Palmer v. The Queen, [1980] 1 S.C.R. 759 , Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 111 D.L.R. (4th) 19 (Ont. C.A.) Pichelli v. Kegalj , 2021 ONCA 445 Keywords: Torts, Fraud, Deceit, Misrepresentation, Breach of Trust, Unjust Enrichment, Ci......
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    ...Alberta v. Alberta (Attorney General), [2000] 1 S.C.R. 44, R. v. Powley (2001), 53 O.R. (3d) 35 (C.A.), Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 17 O.R. (3d) 208 (C.A.) Fanshawe College of Applied Arts and Technology v. Hitachi, Ltd., 2022 ONCA 480 Keywords: Civil Procedure, Class Proceedings, Cl......
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    ...S.C.C.A. No. 409, Vout v. Hay, [1995] 2 S.C.R. 876 , Palmer v. The Queen, [1980] 1 S.C.R. 759 , Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 111 D.L.R. (4th) 19 (Ont. C.A.) Pichelli v. Kegalj , 2021 ONCA 445 Keywords: Torts, Fraud, Deceit, Misrepresentation, Breach of Trust, Unjust Enrichment,......
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161 cases
  • Barendregt v. Grebliunas, 2022 SCC 22
    • Canada
    • Supreme Court (Canada)
    • May 20, 2022
    ...SKCA 148; Cory v. Marsh (1993), 77 B.C.L.R. (2d) 248; Radcliff v. Radcliff (2000), 7 R.F.L. (5th) 425; Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 17 O.R. (3d) 208; R. v. Owen, 2003 SCC 33, [2003] 1 S.C.R. 779; Bent v. Platnick, 2020 SCC 23; Van de Perre v. Edwards, 2001 SCC 60, [2001] 2 S.C.R. 1014......
  • N.R. v. B.B. et al., (2009) 266 B.C.A.C. 1 (SCC)
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    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court (Canada)
    • October 14, 2008
    ...to. [para. 55]. Starkman v. Starkman (1990), 43 O.A.C. 85; 75 O.R.(2d) 19 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 55]. Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 69 O.A.C. 312; 17 O.R.(3d) 208 (C.A.), refd to. [para. McCowan v. McCowan (1995), 84 O.A.C. 125; 14 R.F.L.(4th) 325 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 64]. Shacklet......
  • N.R. v. B.B. et al., (2009) 385 N.R. 85 (SCC)
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Supreme Court (Canada)
    • October 14, 2008
    ...to. [para. 55]. Starkman v. Starkman (1990), 43 O.A.C. 85; 75 O.R.(2d) 19 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 55]. Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 69 O.A.C. 312; 17 O.R.(3d) 208 (C.A.), refd to. [para. McCowan v. McCowan (1995), 84 O.A.C. 125; 14 R.F.L.(4th) 325 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 64]. Shacklet......
  • Frank v. Linn,
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    • Court of Queen's Bench of Saskatchewan (Canada)
    • January 28, 2013
    ...v. Dowling (1997), 43 B.C.L.R. (3d) 59 (C.A.); Starkman v. Starkman (1990), 75 O.R. (2d) 19 (C.A.); Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 17 O.R. (3d) 208 (C.A.)). [146] In Rick v. Brandsema , supra , there was "... no evidence as to the likelihood or date of an eventual sale...." In the case ......
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13 firm's commentaries
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (June 21 ' 25)
    • Canada
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    • June 29, 2021
    ...S.C.C.A. No. 409, Vout v. Hay, [1995] 2 S.C.R. 876 , Palmer v. The Queen, [1980] 1 S.C.R. 759 , Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 111 D.L.R. (4th) 19 (Ont. C.A.) Pichelli v. Kegalj , 2021 ONCA 445 Keywords: Torts, Fraud, Deceit, Misrepresentation, Breach of Trust, Unjust Enrichment, Ci......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (June 20 ' 24, 2022)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • June 27, 2022
    ...Alberta v. Alberta (Attorney General), [2000] 1 S.C.R. 44, R. v. Powley (2001), 53 O.R. (3d) 35 (C.A.), Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 17 O.R. (3d) 208 (C.A.) Fanshawe College of Applied Arts and Technology v. Hitachi, Ltd., 2022 ONCA 480 Keywords: Civil Procedure, Class Proceedings, Cl......
  • COURT OF APPEAL SUMMARIES (JUNE 21 – 25)
    • Canada
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    • June 27, 2021
    ...S.C.C.A. No. 409, Vout v. Hay, [1995] 2 S.C.R. 876 , Palmer v. The Queen, [1980] 1 S.C.R. 759 , Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 111 D.L.R. (4th) 19 (Ont. C.A.) Pichelli v. Kegalj , 2021 ONCA 445 Keywords: Torts, Fraud, Deceit, Misrepresentation, Breach of Trust, Unjust Enrichment,......
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    ...Real Property, Receiverships, Sale Process, Approval, Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 59.06(2)(a), Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994) 17 O.R. (3d) 208 (C.A.), Royal Bank of Canada v. Soundair Corp. (1991), 4 O.R. (3d) 1 (C.A.), Regal Constellation Hotel Ltd. (Re) (2004), 71 O.R. (3d) 355 (C.A......
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8 books & journal articles
  • Matrimonial Property Rights
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Canadian Family Law - Ninth edition
    • July 25, 2022
    ...the court should determine on the basis of the evidence whether it is more likely than not that the assets would be sold, at 147 (1994), 2 RFL (4th) 232 at 241 (Ont CA); see also Buttar v Buttar, 2013 ONCA 517; Tremblay v Tremblay, 2016 ONSC 588; Knight v Knight, 2018 ONSC 3294. And see PT ......
  • Matrimonial Property Rights
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Archive Canadian Family Law. Seventh Edition
    • August 29, 2017
    ...the owner disposes of the assets or is deemed to have disposed of them”: Sengmueller v. Sengmueller (1994), 1994 CanLII 8711 (ON CA), 17 O.R. (3d) 208 (C.A.), at pp. 216–17. An allowance for disposition costs from net family property should not be made in the case “where it is not clear whe......
  • Matrimonial Property Rights
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    • Irwin Books Archive Canadian Family Law. Sixth Edition
    • August 29, 2015
    ...selected may radically affect the determination of their value. 124 121 Starkman v Starkman (1990), 28 RFL (3d) 208 (Ont CA). 122 (1994), 2 RFL (4th) 232 at 241 (Ont CA); see also Buttar v Buttar , 2013 ONCA 517; Fielding v Fielding , 2014 ONSC 2272; Mowers v Acland , 2015 ONSC 1313. 123 Ke......
  • Matrimonial Property Rights
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    • Irwin Books Archive Canadian Family Law. Eighth Edition
    • August 3, 2020
    ...see also Livermore v Livermore (1992), 43 RFL (3d) 163 (Ont Gen Div). 144 Starkman v Starkman (1990), 28 RFL (3d) 208 (Ont CA). 145 (1994), 2 RFL (4th) 232 at 241 (Ont CA); see also Buttar v Buttar, 2013 ONCA 517; Tremblay v Tremblay, 2016 ONSC 588; Knight v Knight, 2018 ONSC 3294. And see ......
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