West Van Inc. v. Daisley et al., (2014) 317 O.A.C. 294 (CA)

JudgeHoy, A.C.J.O., LaForme and Pardu, JJ.A.
CourtCourt of Appeal (Ontario)
Case DateFebruary 13, 2014
JurisdictionOntario
Citations(2014), 317 O.A.C. 294 (CA);2014 ONCA 232

West Van Inc. v. Daisley (2014), 317 O.A.C. 294 (CA)

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2014] O.A.C. TBEd. AP.003

West Van Inc. (plaintiff/appellant) v. Michel C. Daisley and Wells Daisley Rabon, P.A. (defendants/respondents)

(C57017; 2014 ONCA 232)

Indexed As: West Van Inc. v. Daisley et al.

Ontario Court of Appeal

Hoy, A.C.J.O., LaForme and Pardu, JJ.A.

March 27, 2014.

Summary:

The defendants were lawyers in North Carolina. They unsuccessfully defended the plaintiff, an Ontario corporation with offices only in Ontario, in a North Carolina action. The plaintiff sued the defendants in Ontario alleging professional misconduct. The defendants moved to stay the Ontario action, asserting that it did not have a real and substantial connection to Ontario.

The Ontario Superior Court, in a decision reported at [2013] O.T.C. Uned. 1988, allowed the motion and stayed the Ontario action. The plaintiff appealed.

The Ontario Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal.

Conflict of Laws - Topic 614

Jurisdiction - General principles - Forum of necessity doctrine - The defendants were lawyers in North Carolina - They unsuccessfully defended the plaintiff, an Ontario corporation with offices only in Ontario, in a North Carolina action - The plaintiff sued the defendants in Ontario, alleging professional misconduct - The defendants obtained a stay of the Ontario action on the basis that it did not have a real and substantial connection to Ontario - The defendant appealed, asserting that the motions judge should have exercised it residual discretion to assume jurisdiction based on the forum of necessity doctrine - The Ontario Court of Appeal stated that although a court's reasons need not address every argument and that reasons should be read as a whole and in context, the motions judge erred by failing to address the forum of necessity doctrine argument, the only argument that was made by the plaintiff - However, the exemption did not apply in the circumstances - Despite that the plaintiff had been unsuccessful in retaining counsel in North Carolina after contacting a significant number of counsel who held themselves out as having expertise in professional misconduct matters, it had not discharged the onus of establishing that it could not reasonably seek relief in North Carolina - The doctrine was reserved for exceptional cases - It was unlikely to be successfully invoked on what was in essence a private, commercial matter, on the basis of inability to obtain counsel - That was especially so within the United States, a "litigation-hungry culture" with many lawyers - Here, the plaintiff did not seek counsel in North Carolina outside of its two main centres and did not address the feasibility of engaging out-of-state counsel - Nor did the plaintiff's expressed doubts about receiving a fair trial in North Carolina satisfy the heavy onus upon it.

Courts - Topic 583

Judges - Duties - Re reasons for decisions - [See Conflict of Laws - Topic 614 ].

Courts - Topic 584

Judges - Duties - To determine issues - [See Conflict of Laws - Topic 614 ].

Cases Noticed:

Van Breda et al. v. Village Resorts Ltd. et al. (2010), 264 O.A.C. 1; 98 O.R.(3d) 721; 2010 ONCA 84, refd to. [para. 1].

R. v. R.E.M., [2008] 3 S.C.R. 3; 380 N.R. 47; 260 B.C.A.C. 40; 439 W.A.C. 40; 2008 SCC 51, refd to. [para. 15].

Van Breda et al. v. Village Resorts Ltd. et al., [2012] 1 S.C.R. 572; 429 N.R. 217; 291 O.A.C. 201; 2012 SCC 17, refd to. [para. 19].

Bouzari v. Bahremani, [2011] O.J. No. 5009, refd to. [para. 21].

Josephson v. Balfour Recreation Commission et al., [2010] B.C.T.C. Uned. 603; 2010 BCSC 603, dist. [para. 21].

Lamborghini (Canada) Inc. v. Automobili Lamborghini S.P.A., [1997] R.J.Q. No. 58 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 22].

Anvil Mining Ltd. v. Association canadienne contre l'impunité, [2012] R.J.Q. No. 153; 2012 QCCA 117, refd to. [para. 22, footnote 2].

Bouzari et al. v. Islamic Republic of Iran (2003), 220 O.A.C. 1; 71 O.R.(3d) 675 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 26].

Bouzari v. Bahremani, 2013 ONSC 6337, dist. [para. 27].

Van Kessel v. Orsulak et al., [2010] O.T.C. Uned. 6919; 2010 ONSC 6919, refd to. [para. 34].

Elfarnawani v. International Olympic Committee et al., [2011] O.T.C. Uned. 6784; 2011 ONSC 6784, refd to. [para. 34].

Mitchell v. Jeckovich, 2013 ONSC 7494, refd to. [para. 34].

Lailey et al. v. International Student Volunteers Inc., [2008] B.C.T.C. Uned. 962; 88 B.C.L.R.(4th) 357; 2008 BCSC 1344, refd to. [para. 34].

Sooparayachetty v. Fox, [2010] B.C.T.C. Uned. 185; 2010 BCSC 185, refd to. [para. 34].

Aleong v. Aleong, [2013] B.C.T.C. Uned. 1428; 2013 BCSC 1428, refd to. [para. 34].

Obégi Chemicals LLC v. Kilani et al., [2011] O.T.C. Uned. 1636; 2011 ONSC 1636, refd to. [para. 37].

Wolfe et al. v. Wyeth et al., [2010] O.T.C. Uned. 2368; 2010 2368, affd. (2011), 282 O.A.C. 64; 332 D.L.R.(4th) 157; 2011 ONCA 347, refd to. [para. 37].

Authors and Works Noticed:

Archibald, Todd L., and Echlin, Randall Scott, Annual Review of Civil Litigation (2010), pp. 215, 216 [para. 18].

Monestier, Tanya J., A "Real and Substantial" Improvement? Van Breda Reformulates the Law of Jurisdiction in Ontario, in Archibald, Todd L., and Echlin, Randall Scott, Annual Review of Civil Litigation (2010), pp. 215-216 [para. 18].

Counsel:

Maurice J. Neirinck, for the plaintiff/appellant;

Paul Emerson, for the defendants/respondents.

This appeal was heard on February 13, 2014, by Hoy, A.C.J.O., LaForme and Pardu, JJ.A., of the Ontario Court of Appeal. Hoy, A.C.J.O., released the following reasons for judgment for the court on March 27, 2014.

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28 practice notes
  • Asset Preservation Orders - Mareva Injunctions
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books The Law of Equitable Remedies - Third edition
    • November 18, 2023
    ...action properly commenced in Ontario, where the defendant had attorned to the Ontario court’s jurisdiction. 79 West Van Inc v Daisley , 2014 ONCA 232 at para 37. 80 Pro Swing Inc v Elta Golf Inc , 2006 SCC 52. 81 Ibid at para 16. Asset Preser vation Orders — Mareva Injunctions 181 of proper......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books The Law of Equitable Remedies - Third edition
    • November 18, 2023
    ... ............. 94, 136 West Telemarketing Canada ULC v Titley, 2005 BCSC 1585 .............................591 West Van Inc v Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232 ........................................................... 180 Western Canada Pulpwood & Lumber Co, Re (1929), 38 Man R 378 , [1930] 1 DL......
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (November 30 ' December 4, 2020)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • December 9, 2020
    ...ONCA 21, Penner v. Niagara (Regional Police Services Board), 2013 SCC 19, Arsenault v. Nunavut, 2016 ONCA 207, West Van Inc. v. Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232, Forsythe v. Westfall, 2015 ONCA 810, Guarantee Co. of North America v. Gordon Capital Corp., [1999] 3 S.C.R. 423. Kawartha Capital Corp. v ......
  • Jurisdiction In Personam
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    • Irwin Books Conflict of Laws. Second Edition
    • June 21, 2016
    ...The Van Breda Quartet” (2012) 53 Canadian Business Law Journal 1. 277 See Mitchell vjeckovich, 2013 ONSC 7494; West Van Inc v Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232; Cook v 1293037 Alberta Ltd (cob Traveller’s Cloud 9), 2015 ONSC 278 See, for example, Ibrahim v Robinson, 2015 ONCA 21; Josephson, above note......
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18 cases
  • Quadrexx Hedge Capital Management Ltd. v. Ontario Securities Commission, 2020 ONSC 4392
    • Canada
    • Superior Court of Justice of Ontario (Canada)
    • July 29, 2020
    ...Roulston v. McKenny, 2017 ONCA 9 at para. 22; Waxman v. Waxman, [2004] O.J. No. 1765 at para. 343 (C.A.). [27] West Van Inc. v. Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232 at para. [28] Birkshire Group Inc. v. Wilkes, 2018 ONCA 631; Dovbush v. Mouzitchka, 2016 ONCA 381. [29] Todorov v. Ontario Securities Commis......
  • Fernandes v Wal-Mart Canada Corp., 2017 MBCA 96
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    • Court of Appeal (Manitoba)
    • October 3, 2017
    ...have increased. . . .[footnotes omitted] (See: Oliveira v Manitoba Public Insurance Corporation, 2009 ONCA 435; West Van Inc v Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232; Coady v Quadrangle Holdings Ltd, 2015 NSCA 13, leave to appeal to SCC refused, 2015 CarswellNS 841; and Garcia v Tahoe Resources Inc, 2017 B......
  • Stubicar v. Canada, 2020 FCA 66
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    • Court of Appeal (Canada)
    • March 27, 2020
    ...certificate, reasons need not address every argument raised by the parties. Reasons should be read as a whole (West Van Inc. v Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232 at para 15, 119 OR (3d) 481, citing R.E.M.). The assessment officer in this case was not required to address every subordinate issue raised b......
  • Bowles v. Al Mulla Group, 2020 ONCA 761
    • Canada
    • Court of Appeal (Ontario)
    • December 2, 2020
    ...where there is no other forum in which the plaintiff can reasonably seek relief: Van Breda, at para. 100; West Van Inc. v. Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232, 372 D.L.R. (4th) 613, at paras. 20, 40, leave to appeal refused, [2014] S.C.C.A. No. 236; Forsythe v. Westfall, 2015 ONCA 810, 393 D.L.R. (4th) ......
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6 firm's commentaries
  • Court Of Appeal Summaries (November 30 ' December 4, 2020)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • December 9, 2020
    ...ONCA 21, Penner v. Niagara (Regional Police Services Board), 2013 SCC 19, Arsenault v. Nunavut, 2016 ONCA 207, West Van Inc. v. Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232, Forsythe v. Westfall, 2015 ONCA 810, Guarantee Co. of North America v. Gordon Capital Corp., [1999] 3 S.C.R. 423. Kawartha Capital Corp. v ......
  • Appeal Court Confirms The Narrow Scope Of The 'Forum Of Necessity' Doctrine
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • March 31, 2014
    ...100. The Ontario Court of Appeal recently revisited and defined the parameters of the forum of necessity in West Van Inc. v. Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232. In West Van, the plaintiff sought to sue, in Ontario, a North Carolina attorney and law firm for alleged professional negligence in a North Ca......
  • Top 5 Civil Appeals From The Court of Appeal (February 2015)
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • February 25, 2015
    ...since the motion judge rendered his decision in this case, however, with the Court of Appeal determining in West Van Inc. v. Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232, 119 O.R. (3d) 481, leave to appeal refused, [2014] S.C.C.A. No. 236, that the expiry of the limitation period in a proper foreign forum does n......
  • Defendant’s Delay Gives Ontario Courts Jurisdiction Under Forum Of Necessity Test
    • Canada
    • Mondaq Canada
    • March 16, 2015
    ...a plaintiff who waits for a foreign limitation period to expire before suing in Ontario is likely out of luck (West Van Inc. v. Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232). Defendants have to understand that the tactic of delaying a jurisdictional challenge and waiting for a foreign limitation period to expire......
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4 books & journal articles
  • Asset Preservation Orders - Mareva Injunctions
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books The Law of Equitable Remedies - Third edition
    • November 18, 2023
    ...action properly commenced in Ontario, where the defendant had attorned to the Ontario court’s jurisdiction. 79 West Van Inc v Daisley , 2014 ONCA 232 at para 37. 80 Pro Swing Inc v Elta Golf Inc , 2006 SCC 52. 81 Ibid at para 16. Asset Preser vation Orders — Mareva Injunctions 181 of proper......
  • Table of cases
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books The Law of Equitable Remedies - Third edition
    • November 18, 2023
    ... ............. 94, 136 West Telemarketing Canada ULC v Titley, 2005 BCSC 1585 .............................591 West Van Inc v Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232 ........................................................... 180 Western Canada Pulpwood & Lumber Co, Re (1929), 38 Man R 378 , [1930] 1 DL......
  • Jurisdiction In Personam
    • Canada
    • Irwin Books Conflict of Laws. Second Edition
    • June 21, 2016
    ...The Van Breda Quartet” (2012) 53 Canadian Business Law Journal 1. 277 See Mitchell vjeckovich, 2013 ONSC 7494; West Van Inc v Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232; Cook v 1293037 Alberta Ltd (cob Traveller’s Cloud 9), 2015 ONSC 278 See, for example, Ibrahim v Robinson, 2015 ONCA 21; Josephson, above note......
  • CANADIAN LITIGATION FOR VIOLATIONS OF CUSTOMARY INTERNATIONAL LAW: QUESTIONS REMAINING AFTER NEVSUN V ARAYA.
    • Canada
    • University of Toronto Faculty of Law Review Vol. 80 No. 1, January 2022
    • January 1, 2022
    ...Access to Justice, International Criminal Law, and Proper Party" (2018) 55:1 Osgood Hall LJ 225 at 226. (190) West Van Inc v Daisley, 2014 ONCA 232 at para 18. See also Bouzari v Bahremani, [2011] OJ No 5009 (Sup Ct) [Bouzari ONSC], rev'd (on other grounds) 2015 ONCA 275 at para 5 (where th......

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