British Columbia v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd. et al., [2005] B.C.T.C. 946 (SC)

JudgeR.R. Holmes, J.
CourtSupreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
Case DateJune 23, 2005
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations[2005] B.C.T.C. 946 (SC);2005 BCSC 946

B.C. v. Imperial Tobacco, [2005] B.C.T.C. 946 (SC)

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2005] B.C.T.C. TBEd. JL.038

Her Majesty the Queen in Right of British Columbia (plaintiff) v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Limited, Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc., Rothmans Inc., JTI-Macdonald Corp., Canadian Tobacco Manufacturers' Council, B.A.T. Industries p.l.c., British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited, Carreras Rothmans Limited, Philip Morris Incorporated, Philip Morris International Inc., R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco International Inc., Rothmans International Research Division and Ryesekks p.l.c. (defendants)

(S010421; 2005 BCSC 946)

Indexed As: British Columbia v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd. et al.

British Columbia Supreme Court

Vancouver

R.R. Holmes, J.

June 23, 2005.

Summary:

This headnote contains no summary.

Conflict of Laws - Topic 603

Jurisdiction - General principles - Jurisdiction simpliciter - See paragraphs 1 to 223.

Conflict of Laws - Topic 1662

Actions - General - Forum conveniens - Defined - See paragraphs 1 to 223.

Conflict of Laws - Topic 1668

Actions - General - Forum conveniens - Burden of proof - See paragraphs 1 to 223.

Practice - Topic 2567

Service - Service of notice, writ or statement of claim out of jurisdiction - Grounds for setting aside service or order for service ex juris - See paragraphs 1 to 223.

Cases Noticed:

British Columbia v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd., [2003] B.C.T.C. 877; 227 D.L.R.(4th) 323 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 8].

British Columbia v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd. (2004), 199 B.C.A.C. 195; 326 W.A.C. 195; 239 D.L.R.(4th) 412; 2004 BCCA 269, refd to. [para. 9].

Muscutt et al. v. Courcelles et al. (2002), 160 O.A.C. 1; 213 D.L.R.(4th) 577 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 20].

Morguard Investments Ltd. et al. v. De Savoye, [1990] 3 S.C.R. 1077; 122 N.R. 81, refd to. [para. 20].

Hunt v. Lac d'Amiante du Québec Ltée et al., [1993] 4 S.C.R. 289; 161 N.R. 81; 37 B.C.A.C. 161; 60 W.A.C. 161, refd to. [para. 20].

Tolofson v. Jensen and Tolofson, [1994] 3 S.C.R. 1022; 175 N.R. 161; 77 O.A.C. 81; 51 B.C.A.C. 241; 84 W.A.C. 241, refd to. [para. 20].

Amchem Products Inc. et al. v. Workers Compensation Board (B.C.), [1993] 1 S.C.R. 897; 150 N.R. 321; 23 B.C.A.C. 1; 39 W.A.C. 1, refd to. [para. 20].

Cook et al v. Parcel, Mauro, Hulton & Spaanstra, P.C. (1997), 87 B.C.A.C. 97; 143 W.A.C. 97; 31 B.C.L.R.(3d) 24 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 22].

AG Armeno Mines and Minerals Inc. v. PT Pukuafu Indah et al. (2000), 140 B.C.A.C. 93; 229 W.A.C. 93; 77 B.C.L.R.(3d) 1 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 25].

Furlan et al. v. Shell Oil Co. et al. (2000), 140 B.C.A.C. 235; 229 W.A.C. 235; 77 B.C.L.R.(3d) 35 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 29].

Moran v. Pyle National (Canada) Ltd., [1975] 1 S.C.R. 393; 1 N.R. 122; 43 D.L.R.(3d) 239, refd to. [para. 32].

Nutreco Canada Inc. et al. v. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. et al., [2001] B.C.T.C. 1146; 10 C.P.C.(5th) 351 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 37].

Unifund Assurance Co. v. Insurance Corp. of British Columbia, [2003] 2 S.C.R. 63; 306 N.R. 201; 176 O.A.C. 1, refd to. [para. 44].

United States of America v. Harden, [1963] S.C.R. 366, refd to. [para. 58].

India v. Taylor, [1955] A.C. 491 (H.L.), refd to. [para. 58].

Buchanan (Peter) Ltd. v. McVey, [1955] A.C. 516, refd to. [para. 58].

Moore v. Mitchell (1929), 30 F.2d 660, refd to. [para. 58].

Marion et al. v. Monarch Co., [1998] B.C.T.C. Uned. 46 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 77].

Extra-Sea Charters Ltd. v. Formalog Ltd. (1991), 55 B.C.L.R.(2d) 197 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 77].

Michalski v. Olson (1997), 123 Man.R.(2d) 101; 159 W.A.C. 101; 15 C.P.C.(4th) 106, refd to. [para. 81].

Canadian Westinghouse Co. v. Davey and United Engineering Co., [1964] 2 O.R. 282 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 90].

Poulsen (Jan) & Co. v. Seaboard Shipping Co., [1994] B.C.T.C. Uned. H90; 100 B.C.L.R.(2d) 175 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 93].

Bangkok Bank of Commerce Public Co. v. City Trading Corp. et al., [1997] B.C.T.C. Uned. D92; 13 C.P.C.(4th) 324 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 93].

Northland Properties Ltd. v. Equitable Trust Co., [1991] B.C.J. No. 4068 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 97].

Bushell v. T & N plc (1991), 60 B.C.L.R.(2d) 294 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 98].

Teja et al. v. Rai (2002), 162 B.C.A.C. 187; 264 W.A.C. 187; 97 B.C.L.R.(3d) 44 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 98].

Ambrose v. Ambrose (1959), 21 D.L.R.(2d) 722 (B.C.S.C.), affd. (1960), 25 D.L.R.(2d) 1 (B.C.C.A.), refd to. [para. 107].

Canadian International Marketing Distributing Ltd. v. Nitsuko Ltd. (1990), 56 B.C.L.R.(2d) 130 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 127].

Jordan v. Schatz (2000), 140 B.C.A.C. 86; 229 W.A.C. 86; 77 B.C.L.R.(3d) 134 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 127].

Ell v. Con-Pro Industries Ltd. and Kowalsky (1992), 11 B.C.A.C. 174; 22 W.A.C. 174 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 127].

Harrington v. Dow Corning Corp. et al., (2000), 144 B.C.A.C. 51; 236 W.A.C. 51; 82 B.C.L.R.(3d) 1 (C.A.), refd to. [para 127].

Moellenbeck v. Ford Motor Co. of Canada Ltd. et al. (2000), 145 B.C.A.C. 269; 237 W.A.C. 269 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 130].

Moellenbeck v. TRW Vehicle Safety Systems Inc. - see Moellenbeck v. Ford Motor Co. of Canada Ltd. et al.

Ford et al. v. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. et al., [2002] O.T.C. 57; 20 C.P.C.(5th) 351 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [para. 138].

Vitapharm Canada Ltd. v. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. - see Ford et al. v. Hoffmann-LaRoche Ltd. et al.

WIC Premium Television Ltd. v. General Instrument Corp. et al. (1999), 243 A.R. 329; 73 Alta. L.R.(3d) 365 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 138].

Yu-Ccan Corp. v. Master Professional Services Ltd., [2000] B.C.T.C. 387; 2000 BCSC 676, refd to. [para. 139].

Robson v. Chrysler Canada Ltd. et al. (2002), 170 B.C.A.C. 60; 279 W.A.C. 60; 2 B.C.L.R.(4th) 1 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 147].

Morton-Norwich Products Inc. et al. v. Intercen Ltd., [1978] R.P.C. 501 (Ch. D.), refd to. [para. 152].

McNichol Estate v. Woldnik et al. (2001), 150 O.A.C. 68; 13 C.P.C.(5th) 61 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 153].

United States Securities and Exchange Commission v. Cosby et al., [2000] B.C.T.C. 219; 2000 BCSC 338, refd to. [para. 164].

United States of America v. Levy, [1999] O.T.C. Uned. 868; 45 O.R.(3d) 129 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 164].

472900 B.C. Ltd. v. Thrifty Canada Ltd. (1998), 116 B.C.A.C. 233; 190 W.A.C. 233; 57 B.C.L.R.(3d) 332 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 165].

Westec Aerospace Inc. v. Raytheon Aircraft Co. (1999), 122 B.C.A.C. 18; 200 W.A.C. 18; 67 B.C.L.R.(3d) 278 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 166].

Western Union Insurance Co. et al. v. Re-Con Building Products Inc., [2002] B.C.T.C. 1088; 36 C.C.L.I.(3d) 242 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 166].

Spar Aerospace Ltd. v. American Mobile Satellite Corp. et al., [2002] 4 S.C.R. 205; 297 N.R. 83, refd to. [para. 167].

Na v. Renfrew Security Bank & Trust (Offshore) Ltd. et al., [2003] B.C.T.C. 1204; 16 B.C.L.R.(4th) 345 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 167].

Vanderpol v. Aspen Trailer Co. et al., [2002] B.C.T.C. 518; 100 B.C.L.R.(3d) 381 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 167].

Imagis Technologies Inc. v. Red Herring Communications, Inc., [2003] B.C.T.C. 366; 15 C.C.L.T.(3d) 140 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 167].

Great Canadian Gaming Corp. v. Allegiance Capital Corp., [2003] B.C.T.C. 1799; 2003 BCSC 1799, refd to. [para. 168].

JLA & Associates Inc. v. Kenny et al., [2003] B.C.T.C. Uned. 689; 41 C.P.C.(5th) 151 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 168].

SC International Enterprises Inc. v. Consolidated Freightways Corp. of Delaware et al., [2002] B.C.T.C. 767; 21 C.P.C.(5th) 238 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 169].

Leisure Time Distributors Ltd. v. Calzaturificio S.C.A.R.P.A.-S.P.A., [1996] B.C.T.C. Uned. D78; 5 C.P.C.(4th) 320 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 174].

Seine River Resources Inc. v. Pensa Inc. et al., [1998] B.C.T.C. Uned. C43; 25 C.P.C.(4th) 360 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 174].

Ontario (Attorney General) v. Canada (Attorney General) (1912), 3 D.L.R. 509 (P.C.), refd to. [para. 184].

Manitoba v. Interprovincial Co-operatives Ltd., [1973] 3 W.W.R. 673 (Man. C.A.), affd. on other grounds [1976] 1 S.C.R. 477, refd to. [para. 185].

Bell ExpressVu Limited Partnership v. Rex et al., [2002] 2 S.C.R. 559; 287 N.R. 248; 166 B.C.A.C. 1; 271 W.A.C. 1, refd to. [para. 185].

Wilson v. Servier Canada Inc. et al., [2000] O.T.C. 884; 50 O.R.(3d) 219 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [para. 187].

Armstrong v. Servier Canada Inc. et al., [2002] B.C.T.C. 1248; 24 C.P.C.(5th) 103 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 187].

Laker Airways v. Sabena, Belgian World Airlines (1984), 731 F.2d 909 (D.C. Cir.), refd to. [para. 187].

United Mexican States v. Metalclad Corp. et al., [2001] B.C.T.C. 664; 89 B.C.L.R.(3d) 259 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 192].

Petersen et al. v. A.B. Bahco Ventilation et al. (1979), 17 B.C.L.R. 335 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 199].

S.D. Eplett & Sons Ltd. v. Safety Freight Lines Ltd., [1955] O.W.N. 386 (H.C.), refd to. [para. 216].

Canadian Commercial Bank v. Carpenter (1989), 39 B.C.L.R.(2d) 312 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 218].

Original Blouse Co. v. Bruck Mills Ltd. (1963), 45 W.W.R.(N.S.) 150 (B.C.S.C.), refd to. [para. 218].

Strukoff v. Syncrude Canada Ltd., [1998] B.C.T.C. Uned. G23 (S.C.), affd. (2000), 143 B.C.A.C. 183; 235 W.A.C. 183; 2000 BCCA 537, refd to. [para. 222].

Counsel:

T. Berger, Q.C., D.A. Webster, Q.C., E. Myers, Q.C., E. Araujo, C. Jones and K. Kuntz, for the plaintiff;

P. Fraser, Q.C., and G. Clarke, for the defendant, Carreras Rothmans Ltd.;

J. Macaulay, Q.C., K. Affleck, Q.C., S. Kurelek and I. Christman, for the defendants, Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. and Rothmans Inc.;

R. Sugden, Q.C., C. Dennis and M. Westphal, for the defendants, B.A.T. Industries p.l.c. and British American Tobacco (Investments) Ltd.;

D.R. Clark, Q.C., and C.A. Millar, for the defendants, Philip Morris Inc. and Philip Morris International Inc.;

J. Giles, Q.C., J.J. Kay, Q.C., and D. Bloor, for the defendants, JTI-Macdonald Corp., R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. and R.J. Reynolds Tobacco International Inc.;

R.B. Lindsay, Q.C., S. Braun and C.H. Place, for the defendant, Ryesekks p.l.c.

This case was heard on November 4-8, 12, 13, 18-22 and 25-28, 2002 and October 12- 14, 2004, before R.R. Holmes, J., of the British Columbia Supreme Court, who delivered the following decision on June 23, 2005.

Please note: The following judgment has not been edited.

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    ...out pursuant to the conspiracy because it is alleged they conspired or acted in concert”: HMTQ v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Limited et al., 2005 BCSC 946 at para. 152 [Imperial Tobacco S.C.] (emphasis added). Further, citing Furlan v. Shell Oil Co., 2000 BCCA 404, “[o]nce jurisdiction over th......
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12 cases
  • Beijing Hehe Fengye Investment Co. Limited v. Fasken Martineau Dumoulin LLP, 2020 ONSC 934
    • Canada
    • Superior Court of Justice of Ontario (Canada)
    • February 11, 2020
    ...605 (S.C.J.) at para. 18. [20] Ontario v. Rothmans Inc., 2013 ONCA 353 at para. 110; British Columbia v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd., 2005 BCSC 946 at paras. 132-134; Ontario New Home Warranty Program v. General Electric Co. (1998), 36 O.R. (3d) 787 (Gen. Div.) at pp. [21] Ontario v. Rothm......
  • Ewert v. Höegh Autoliners AS, 2020 BCCA 181
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    ...out pursuant to the conspiracy because it is alleged they conspired or acted in concert”: HMTQ v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Limited et al., 2005 BCSC 946 at para. 152 [Imperial Tobacco S.C.] (emphasis added). Further, citing Furlan v. Shell Oil Co., 2000 BCCA 404, “[o]nce jurisdiction over th......
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    ...to. [para. 37]. British Columbia v. Imperial Tobacco Canada Ltd., [2005] B.C.T.C. 946 ; 44 B.C.L.R.(4th) 125 ; 13 C.P.C.(6th) 272 ; 2005 BCSC 946, affd. (2006), 232 B.C.A.C. 17 ; 385 W.A.C. 17 ; 273 D.L.R.(4th) 711 ; 2006 BCCA 398 , refd to. [para. 40]. New Brunswick v. Rothmans Inc.......
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