Dinyer-Fraser v. Laurentian Bk., 2005 BCSC 225

JudgeBallance, J.
CourtSupreme Court of British Columbia (Canada)
Case DateDecember 06, 2004
JurisdictionBritish Columbia
Citations2005 BCSC 225;[2005] B.C.T.C. 225 (SC)

Dinyer-Fraser v. Laurentian Bk., [2005] B.C.T.C. 225 (SC)

MLB headnote and full text

Temp. Cite: [2005] B.C.T.C. TBEd. MR.062

Irene Dinyer-Fraser (plaintiff) v. Laurentian Bank, B2B Trust, Ann Cosburn  and Carl Mercier (defendants)

(S022182; 2005 BCSC 225)

Indexed As: Dinyer-Fraser v. Laurentian Bank et al.

British Columbia Supreme Court

Vancouver

Ballance, J.

February 18, 2005.

Summary:

This headnote contains no summary.

Damage Awards - Topic 632

Torts/Quebec responsibility - Injury to the person - Libel and slander - See paragraphs 236 to 255.

Libel and Slander - Topic 641

The statement - What constitutes defamatory statements - General principles - General - See paragraphs 153 to 165.

Libel and Slander - Topic 644

The statement - What constitutes defamatory statements - General principles - Disparagement of reputation - See paragraphs 153 to 165.

Libel and Slander - Topic 2983

Defences - Qualified privilege - When available - See paragraphs 166 to 173.

Libel and Slander - Topic 4421

Damages - General damages (incl. measure of) - General principles - See paragraphs 236 to 255.

Libel and Slander - Topic 6025

Practice - Actions - Concurrent liability in defamation and negligence and other torts - See paragraphs 174 to 231.

Cases Noticed:

Color Your World Corp. v. Canadian Broadcasting Corp. et al. (1998), 106 O.A.C. 279; 38 O.R.(3d) 97; 156 D.L.R.(4th) 27 (C.A.), leave to appeal dismissed (1998), 232 N.R. 398; 119 O.A.C. 397 (S.C.C.), refd to. [para. 154].

Hiltz and Seamone Co. v. Nova Scotia (Attorney General) et al. (1997), 164 N.S.R.(2d) 161; 491 A.P.R. 161 (S.C.), affd. (1999), 173 N.S.R.(2d) 341; 527 A.P.R. 341; 172 D.L.R.(4th) 488 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 155].

Jones v. Skelton, [1963] 3 All E.R. 952 (P.C.), refd to. [para. 156].

Lewis v. Daily Telegraph Ltd., [1964] A.C. 234 (H.L.), refd to. [para. 156].

Hodgson v. Canadian Newspapers Co. et al. (2000), 133 O.A.C. 174; 49 O.R.(3d) 161; 189 D.L.R.(4th) 241 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 156].

Sykes v. Fraser, [1974] S.C.R. 526; 39 D.L.R.(3d) 321, refd to. [para. 23].

Grassi v. WIC Radio Ltd. et al., [2000] B.C.T.C. 97; 49 C.C.L.T.(2d) 65 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 157].

Makow v. Winnipeg Sun et al. (2003), 172 Man.R.(2d) 213; 2003 MBQB 56, affd. (2004), 184 Man.R.(2d) 97; 318 W.A.C. 97; 2004 MBCA 41, refd to. [para. 157].

Bruce v. Odhams Press Ltd., [1936] 1 K.B. 697 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 159].

Newstead v. London Express Newspaper, [1940] 1 K.B. 377 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 159].

Downey v. Armstrong (1901), 1 O.L.R. 237 (Div. Ct.), refd to. [para. 161].

McCrea v. Canada Newspapers Co. et al. (1993), 126 N.S.R.(2d) 212; 352 A.P.R. 212; 109 D.L.R.(4th) 396 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 161].

Hill v. Church of Scientology of Toronto and Manning, [1995] 2 S.C.R. 1130; 184 N.R. 1; 84 O.A.C. 1; 126 D.L.R.(4th) 129, refd to. [para. 167].

Simmonds v. Murphy (1996), 137 Nfld. & P.E.I.R. 332; 428 A.P.R. 332 (P.E.I.T.D.), refd to. [para. 168].

Leenen v. Canadian Broadcasting Corp. et al. (2001), 147 O.A.C. 317; 54 O.R.(3d) 612 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 168].

Parisien v. Sasknative Economic Development Corp. et al. (1999), 181 Sask.R. 301 (Q.B.) refd to. [para. 168].

Halls v. Mitchell, [1928] S.C.R. 125; [1928] 2 D.L.R. 97, refd to. [para. 170].

Haas v. Davis (1998), 51 O.T.C. 285; 37 O.R.(3d) 528 (Gen. Div.), refd to. [para. 170].

Horrocks v. Lowe, [1974] A.C. 135 (H.L.), refd to. [para. 171].

Spring v. Guardian Assurance plc et al., [1995] 2 A.C. 296; 174 N.R. 164 (H.L.), consd. [para. 176].

Bell-Booth Group Ltd. v. Attorney General, [1989] 3 N.Z.L.R. 148 (C.A.), consd. [para. 179].

Balfour v. Attorney General, [1991] 1 N.Z.L.R. 519 (C.A.), consd. [para. 179].

South Pacific Manufacturing Co. v. New Zealand Security Consultants & Investigations Ltd., [1992] 2 N.Z.L.R. 282 (C.A.), consd. [para. 179].

Mortensen v. Laing - see South Pacific Manufacturing Co. v. New Zealand Security Consultants & Investigations Ltd.

Hedley Byrne & Co. v. Heller & Partners Ltd., [1964] A.C. 465 (H.L.), refd to. [para. 186].

Cornelius v. Hackney London Borough, [2002] E.W.J. No. 3594 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 198].

Farah v. British Airways, [1999] E.W.J. No. 6699 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 198].

Sattin v. Nationwide News Property Ltd. (1996), 39 N.S.W.L.R. 32 (Sup. Ct.), consd. [para. 199].

Wade v. State of Victoria, [1999] 1 V.R. 121 (S.C.), consd. [para. 200].

Fulton v. Globe and Mail et al. (1997), 207 A.R. 374 (Q.B.), reving. in part (1996), 194 A.R. 254 (Q.B. Master), consd. [para. 204].

Guccione v. Bell et al. (1998), 229 A.R. 365 (Q.B. Master), revd. in part (1999), 239 A.R. 277 (Q.B.), refd to. [para. 209].

Butler et al. v. Southam Inc. et al. (2000), 191 N.S.R.(2d) 158; 596 A.P.R. 158 (S.C.), consd. [para. 210].

Jurcevic et al. v. Thidrickson et al. (2001), 159 Man.R.(2d) 176; 2001 MBQB 208 (Master), consd. [para. 211].

Haskett v. Trans Union of Canada Inc. et al. (2003), 169 O.A.C. 201; 63 O.R.(3d) 577; 15 C.C.L.T.(3d) 194 (C.A.), leave to appeal refused (2003), 326 N.R. 397; 194 O.A.C. 400 (S.C.C.), consd. [para. 212].

Haskett v. Equifax Canada Inc. - see Haskett v. Trans Union of Canada Inc. et al.

Clark v. Scotiabank et al., [2004] O.T.C. 521; 25 C.C.L.T.(3d) 109 (Sup. Ct.), consd. [para. 214].

Musgrave v. Levesque Securities Inc. (2000), 183 N.S.R.(2d) 349; 568 A.P.R. 349; 3 B.L.R.(3d) 1 (S.C.), consd. [para. 215].

P.G. Restaurant Ltd. v. Northern Interior Regional Health Board et al., [2004] B.C.T.C. 294; [2004] 4 W.W.R. 287; 2004 BCSC 294, consd. [para. 216].

Trizec Properties Inc. et al. v. Citigroup Global Markets Inc. et al., [2004] O.T.C. 616 (Sup. Ct.), consd. [para. 218].

Anns v. Merton London Borough Council, [1978] A.C. 728 (H.L.), refd to. [para. 220].

Edwards et al. v. Law Society of Upper Canada et al., [2001] 3 S.C.R. 562; 277 N.R. 145; 153 O.A.C. 388; 2001 SCC 80, refd to. [para. 220].

Cooper v. Registrar of Mortgage Brokers (B.C.) et al., [2001] 3 S.C.R. 537; 277 N.R. 113; 160 B.C.A.C. 268; 261 W.A.C. 268; 2001 SCC 79, refd to. [para. 220].

Cooper v. Hobart - see Cooper v. Registrar of Mortgage Brokers (B.C.) et al.

BG Checo International Ltd. v. British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, [1993] 1 S.C.R. 12; 147 N.R. 81; 20 B.C.A.C. 241; 35 W.A.C. 241; 90 D.L.R.(4th) 577, refd to. [para. 227].

Snell v. Farrell, [1990] 2 S.C.R. 311; 110 N.R. 200; 107 N.B.R.(2d) 94; 267 A.P.R. 94; 72 D.L.R.(4th) 289, refd to. [para. 233].

Athey v. Leonati et al., [1996] 3 S.C.R. 458; 203 N.R. 36; 81 B.C.A.C. 243; 132 W.A.C. 243; 140 D.L.R.(4th) 235, refd to. [para. 234].

Botiuk v. Bardyn et al., [1995] 3 S.C.R. 3; 186 N.R. 1; 85 O.A.C. 81; 126 D.L.R.(4th) 609, refd to. [para. 238].

Botiuk v. Toronto Free Press Publications Ltd. - see Botiuk v. Bardyn et al.

Vogel v. Canadian Broadcasting Corp., [1982] 3 W.W.R. 97; 35 B.C.L.R. 7 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 239].

Myers v. Canadian Broadcasting Corp. et al. (2000), 103 O.T.C. 81; 47 C.C.L.T.(2d) 272 (Sup. Ct.), affd. (2001), 147 O.A.C. 310; 6 C.C.L.T.(3d) 112 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 239].

Gracey v. Scott et al., [2002] B.C.T.C. 1209; 2002 BCSC 1209, refd to. [para. 240].

Brown v. Cole et al., [1999] 7 W.W.R. 703; 114 B.C.A.C. 73; 186 W.A.C. 73; 61 B.C.L.R.(3d) 1 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 248].

Fiola v. LeBrun et al. (2002), 169 Man.R.(2d) 172; 2002 MBQB 312, refd to. [para. 249].

McKerron v. Marshall, [1999] O.T.C. 23 (Sup. Ct.), refd to. [para. 249].

Southam Inc. et al. v. Chelekis et al. (2000), 133 B.C.A.C. 253; 217 W.A.C. 253; 73 B.C.L.R.(3d) 161; 2000 BCCA 112, refd to. [para. 249].

Ager v. Canjex Publishing Ltd. et al., [2003] B.C.T.C. 891; 16 C.C.L.T.(3d) 188; 2003 BCSC 891, refd to. [para. 249].

Murphy v. Alexander et al., [2001] O.T.C. 969 (Sup. Ct.), varied (2004), 183 O.A.C. 325; 236 D.L.R.(4th) 302 (C.A.), refd to. [para. 249].

Lapointe v. Summach, [2001] B.C.T.C. 805; 2001 BCSC 805, affd. (2003), 192 B.C.A.C. 229; 315 W.A.C. 229; 2003 BCCA 709, refd to. [para. 250].

Fast v. Cowling, [1996] 10 W.W.R. 73; 24 B.C.L.R.(3d) 82 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 250].

Kothlow v. Olsen, [1994] B.C.J. No. 1431 (S.C.), refd to. [para. 250].

Jackson v. Gow et al., [2001] B.C.T.C. 54; 2001 BCSC 54, refd to. [para. 284].

Jackson v. Hennessy, [2003] B.C.T.C. Uned. 309; 2003 BCSC 663, refd to. [para. 284].

Hemsworth v. Hemsworth, [2002] B.C.T.C. 648; 2002 BCSC 648, refd to. [para. 284].

Authors and Works Noticed:

Brown, Raymond E., The Law of Defamation in Canada (2nd Ed.) (1999 Looseleaf Supp.), ss. 5-65 [para. 158]; 5-68 [para. 157]; 25-2 [para. 239]; 25-11 [para. 241].

Gatley, Clement, Libel and Slander (8th Ed. 1981), para. 102 [para. 161].

Linden, Allen M., Canadian Tort Law (6th Ed. 1997), p. 4 [para. 228].

Counsel:

Patrick Sullivan and James Buckley, for the plaintiff;

Shayne Strukoff and Katherine Robinson, for the defendants.

This action was heard on May 10-14, 17-21, 25 and 31 and June 1-4 and 7-11, 2004, with additional written submissions November 26 and December 6, 2004, before Ballance, J., of the British Columbia Supreme Court, who delivered the following decision on February 18, 2005.

Please note: The following judgment has not been edited.

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    ...in liquidation since 2004. The shares she claimed to have owned had been long sold. Monument relies on Dinyer-Fraser v. Laurentian Bank , 2005 BCSC 225 where Ballance J. found at para. 170: ... the prevailing Canadian jurisprudence seems to be that a defendant's honest belief in the existen......
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11 cases
  • Mann v. International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers et al., [2012] B.C.T.C. Uned. 181
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    • Court of Appeal (British Columbia)
    • 30 d4 Abril d4 2020
    ...Vander Zalm v. Times Publishers (1980), 109 D.L.R. (3d) 531 (B.C.C.A.) [Vander Zalm], at 535; Dinyer‑Fraser v. Laurentian Bank, 2005 BCSC 225, at para. [Emphasis in original.] [32] The phrase requiring that defamatory words must “genuinely threaten the plaintiff’s actual reputation” was rep......
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    ...in liquidation since 2004. The shares she claimed to have owned had been long sold. Monument relies on Dinyer-Fraser v. Laurentian Bank , 2005 BCSC 225 where Ballance J. found at para. 170: ... the prevailing Canadian jurisprudence seems to be that a defendant's honest belief in the existen......
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1 books & journal articles

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