Mariyadas v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 741

JudgeRussell, J.
CourtFederal Court (Canada)
Case DateApril 20, 2015
JurisdictionCanada (Federal)
Citations2015 FC 741;[2015] F.T.R. TBEd. JN.056

Mariyadas v. Can. (M.C.I.), [2015] F.T.R. TBEd. JN.056

MLB being edited

Currently being edited for F.T.R. - judgment temporarily in rough form.

Temp. Cite: [2015] F.T.R. TBEd. JN.056

Eugene Mariyadas, Mary Dorin Chrishanthy Peter and Ashley Lydia Eugene (applicants) v. The Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (respondent)

(IMM-1634-14; 2015 FC 741)

Indexed As: Mariyadas v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration)

Federal Court

Russell, J.

June 11, 2015.

Summary:

The applicants, a Tamil family from Sri Lanka, applied for permanent residence under the Convention refugees abroad class. An immigration officer dismissed the application. The applicants applied for judicial review.

The Federal Court dismissed the application.

Aliens - Topic 1230

Admission - Immigrants - Application for admission - Immigrant visa - Duty of officer (incl. duty of fairness) - The applicants, a Tamil family from Sri Lanka, applied for permanent residence under the Convention refugees abroad class - An immigration officer dismissed the application - The applicants applied for judicial review, arguing that the officer erred by failing to consider all of the grounds for protection that could have been inferred from the evidence - The Federal Court dismissed the application - The officer could not invent fears - He had to rely upon what the applicants said they feared - The officer's role was not to suggest possible grounds for protection that the applicants could then adopt - The officer's role was to give the applicants a full opportunity to identify the basis of their fears and then to explore their subjective fears with a view to identifying an objective basis - That was precisely what the officer did in this case - See paragraphs 25 to 32.

Aliens - Topic 1316.1

Admission - Refugee protection, Convention refugees and persons in need of protection - Refugee classes (IRPA Regulations) - Convention refugees abroad - [See Aliens - Topic 1230 ].

Cases Noticed:

New Brunswick (Board of Management) v. Dunsmuir (2008), 372 N.R. 1; 329 N.B.R.(2d) 1; 844 A.P.R. 1; 2008 SCC 9, refd to. [para. 7].

Agraira v. Canada (Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness) et al. (2013), 446 N.R. 65; 2013 SCC 36, refd to. [para. 7].

Kastrati v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2008] F.T.R. Uned. 815; 2008 FC 1141, refd to. [para. 8].

Kamara et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2008] F.T.R. Uned. 561; 2008 FC 785, refd to. [para. 8].

Alakozai et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2009] F.T.R. Uned. 178; 2009 FC 266, refd to. [para. 8].

Alfred v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2011] F.T.R. Uned. 604; 2011 FC 987, refd to. [para. 8].

Sivakumaran v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2011] F.T.R. Uned. 372; 2011 FC 590, refd to. [para. 8].

Sribalaganeshamoorthy v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2010] F.T.R. Uned. 9; 2010 FC 11, refd to. [para. 8].

Aguebor v. Ministre de l'Emploi et de l'Immigration (1993), 160 N.R. 315 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 9].

Singh (Jora) v. Minister of Employment and Immigration (1994), 169 N.R. 107 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 9].

Khosa v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2009), 385 N.R. 206; 2009 SCC 12, refd to. [para. 10].

Canada (Attorney General) v. Ward, [1993] 2 S.C.R. 689; 153 N.R. 321, refd to. [para. 13].

Viafara v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2006] F.T.R. Uned. 880; 2006 FC 1526, refd to. [para. 13].

Adan v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (2011), 391 F.T.R. 33; 2011 FC 655, refd to. [para. 13].

Attakora v. Minister of Employment and Immigration (1989), 99 N.R. 168 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 14].

Seevaratnam v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) (1999), 167 F.T.R. 130 (T.D.), refd to. [para. 14].

Manickan v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2006] F.T.R. Uned. 870; 2006 FC 1525, refd to. [para. 14].

Saifee et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2010] F.T.R. Uned. 384; 2010 FC 589, refd to. [para. 14].

Guney v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2008] F.T.R. Uned. 810; 2008 FC 1134, refd to. [para. 15].

Xuan v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2013] F.T.R. Uned. 530; 2013 FC 673, refd to. [para. 16].

Paplekaj v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2012] F.T.R. Uned. 494; 2012 FC 947, refd to. [para. 16].

Aguilar Moncada v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2012] F.T.R. Uned. 57; 2012 FC 104, refd to. [para. 16].

Singh et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2011] F.T.R. Uned. 847; 2011 FC 1370, refd to. [para. 17].

Zsoldos v. Canada (Attorney General), [2003] N.R. Uned. 259; 2003 FCA 305, refd to. [para. 17].

Construction and Specialized Workers' Union, Local 1611 et al. v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) et al.(2013), 432 F.T.R. 260; 2013 FC 512, refd to. [para. 17].

Stemijon Investments Ltd. v. Canada (Attorney General) (2011), 425 N.R. 341; 2011 FCA 299, refd to. [para. 17].

Pirzadeh v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2011] F.T.R. Uned. 268; 2011 FC 461, refd to. [para. 18].

Toussaint v. Conseil canadien des relations du travail et al. (1993), 160 N.R. 396 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 20].

Abbott Laboratories Ltd. v. Canada (Attorney General) et al. (2009), 382 N.R. 280; 2008 FCA 354, refd to. [para. 20].

Ranganathan v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2001] 2 F.C. 164; 266 N.R. 380 (F.C.A.), refd to. [para. 21].

Paramanathan v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2012] F.T.R. Uned. 171; 2012 FC 338, refd to. [para. 21].

Suppaiah v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2013] F.T.R. Uned. 191; 2013 FC 429, refd to. [para. 21].

Mariko v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2004] F.T.R. Uned. 629; 2004 FC 1136, refd to. [para. 21].

Kanapathipillai v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2012] F.T.R. Uned. 222; 2012 FC 477, refd to. [para. 21].

Adams v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2007] F.T.R. Uned. 359; 2007 FC 529, refd to. [para. 22].

Aliball v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2004] F.T.R. Uned. 379; 2004 FC 657, refd to. [para. 23].

Jarrah v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), [2002] F.T.R. Uned. 110; 2002 FCT 180, refd to. [para. 23].

Counsel:

Krassina Kostadinov, for the applicants;

Bradley Bechard, for the respondent.

Solicitors of Record:

Waldman & Associates, Toronto, Ontario, for the applicants;

William F. Pentney, Deputy Attorney General of Canada, Toronto, Ontario, for the respondent.

This application for judicial review was heard at Toronto, Ontario, on April 20, 2015, before Russell, J., of the Federal Court, who delivered the following judgment and reasons at Ottawa, Ontario, on June 11, 2015.

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4 practice notes
  • Terante v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 1064
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Federal Court (Canada)
    • 26 Mayo 2015
    ...for permanent residence under the Convention refugees abroad class in Mariyadas v Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 741. This Court held that although applicants for permanent residence under that class were to be given a full opportunity to identify the basis of the......
  • Rendon Ocampo v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2023 FC 80
    • Canada
    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • 19 Enero 2023
    ...In this context, the RPD cannot now be faulted for failing to consider further issues: Mariyadas v Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 741 at paras 25, 32. [31] Further, in my view, the circumstances of this case are distinguishable from the specific jurisprudence cited by the App......
  • Barak v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2017 FC 648
    • Canada
    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • 5 Julio 2017
    ...the Officer to make out the claim for the Applicant. As stated by this Court recently in Mariyadas v Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 741 at para 25 “the Officer cannot invent fears and must rely upon what the Applicants say they [13]      &......
  • Hungbeke v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2020 FC 955
    • Canada
    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • 8 Octubre 2020
    ...to grounds that are neither raised by the Applicants nor inferable from the record (see Mariyadas v Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 741 at paras 25 and 32 (“The Officer cannot invent fears and must rely upon what the Applicants say they fear. The Officer repeatedly asked the A......
4 cases
  • Terante v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 1064
    • Canada
    • Canada (Federal) Federal Court (Canada)
    • 26 Mayo 2015
    ...for permanent residence under the Convention refugees abroad class in Mariyadas v Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 741. This Court held that although applicants for permanent residence under that class were to be given a full opportunity to identify the basis of the......
  • Rendon Ocampo v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2023 FC 80
    • Canada
    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • 19 Enero 2023
    ...In this context, the RPD cannot now be faulted for failing to consider further issues: Mariyadas v Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 741 at paras 25, 32. [31] Further, in my view, the circumstances of this case are distinguishable from the specific jurisprudence cited by the App......
  • Barak v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2017 FC 648
    • Canada
    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • 5 Julio 2017
    ...the Officer to make out the claim for the Applicant. As stated by this Court recently in Mariyadas v Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 741 at para 25 “the Officer cannot invent fears and must rely upon what the Applicants say they [13]      &......
  • Hungbeke v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2020 FC 955
    • Canada
    • Federal Court (Canada)
    • 8 Octubre 2020
    ...to grounds that are neither raised by the Applicants nor inferable from the record (see Mariyadas v Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2015 FC 741 at paras 25 and 32 (“The Officer cannot invent fears and must rely upon what the Applicants say they fear. The Officer repeatedly asked the A......

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